Abstract

We demonstrate efficient downconversion of a near-IR broadband optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (OPCPA) pulse to a 1.1-octave-spanning mid-IR pulse (measured at −10 dB of peak) via a single nonlinearly and adiabatically chirped quasi-phase-matching grating in magnesium oxide doped lithium niobate. We report a spectrum spanning from 2 to 5 μm and obtained by near full photon number conversion of μJ-energy OPCPA pulses spanning 680-870 nm mixed with a narrowband 1047-nm pulse. The conversion process is shown to be robust for various input broadband OPA pulses and suitable for post-amplification conversion for many near-IR systems.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Brida, M. Marangoni, C. Manzoni, S. D. Silvestri, and G. Cerullo, “Two-optical-cycle pulses in the mid-infrared from an optical parametric amplifier,” Opt. Lett.33(24), 2901–2903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Geometrical representation of sum frequency generation and adiabatic frequency conversion,” Phys. Rev. A78(6), 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

1997

1993

N. Baranova, “Adiabatic transition of the pump into second optical harmonic,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett.57, 790–793 (1993).

1932

L. D. Landau, “Theorie der energieubertragung. II,” Phys. Sov. Union2, 46–51 (1932).

C. Zener, “Non-adiabatic crossing of energy levels,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., A Contain. Pap. Math. Phys. Character137(833), 696–702 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Adler, F.

Agostini, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Arie, A.

G. Porat and A. Arie, “Efficient, broadband, and robust frequency conversion by fully nonlinear adiabatic three-wave mixing,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B30(5), 1342–1351 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, V. Prabhudesai, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Robust adiabatic sum frequency conversion,” Opt. Express17(15), 12731–12740 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Geometrical representation of sum frequency generation and adiabatic frequency conversion,” Phys. Rev. A78(6), 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Austin, A.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

Baranova, N.

N. Baranova, “Adiabatic transition of the pump into second optical harmonic,” Sov. Phys. JETP Lett.57, 790–793 (1993).

Baudisch, M.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Benedick, A.

Biegert, J.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, “Mid-infrared difference-frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 µm from a compact fiber source,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1138–1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blaga, C. I.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Blank, V.

Bolger, J. A.

Brida, D.

Bruner, B. D.

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Catoire, F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

Chang, D.

Chirla, R.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colosimo, P.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Couairon,

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dergachev, A.

DiMauro, L. F.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Doumy, G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Erny, C.

Faccio, A.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Falcão-Filho, E. L.

Fejer, M.

B. Mayer, C. Phillips, L. Gallmann, M. Fejer, and U. Keller, “Sub-4-cycle laser pulses directly from a high-repetition-rate, mid-infrared OPCPA at 3.4 µm,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Fejer, M. M.

Fermann, M.

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Gallmann, L.

Galun, E.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Galvanauskas, A.

Ganany-Padowicz, A.

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gayer, O.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, X.

Hartl, I.

Hauri, C.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Heese, C.

Hemmer, D.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

Huang, S.-W.

Huber, R.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F. Ö.

Ishii, N.

Ito, R.

Jiang, J.

Juwiler, I.

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

Kitamoto, A.

Kondo, T.

Krausz, F.

Kühlke, D.

Landau, L. D.

L. D. Landau, “Theorie der energieubertragung. II,” Phys. Sov. Union2, 46–51 (1932).

Langrock, C.

Leindecker, N.

Leitenstorfer, A.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Erny, K. Moutzouris, J. Biegert, D. Kühlke, F. Adler, A. Leitenstorfer, and U. Keller, “Mid-infrared difference-frequency generation of ultrashort pulses tunable between 3.2 and 4.8 µm from a compact fiber source,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1138–1140 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. W.

Manzoni, C.

Marandi, A.

Marangoni, M.

March, A. M.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mayer, B.

B. Mayer, C. Phillips, L. Gallmann, M. Fejer, and U. Keller, “Sub-4-cycle laser pulses directly from a high-repetition-rate, mid-infrared OPCPA at 3.4 µm,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Mayer, B. W.

Metzger, T.

Moses, J.

Moutzouris, K.

Mücke, O. D.

Muller, H. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

H. Suchowski, V. Prabhudesai, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Robust adiabatic sum frequency conversion,” Opt. Express17(15), 12731–12740 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Geometrical representation of sum frequency generation and adiabatic frequency conversion,” Phys. Rev. A78(6), 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, P. B.

Phillips, C.

B. Mayer, C. Phillips, L. Gallmann, M. Fejer, and U. Keller, “Sub-4-cycle laser pulses directly from a high-repetition-rate, mid-infrared OPCPA at 3.4 µm,” Opt. Lett. (to be published).

Phillips, C. R.

Porat, G.

Prabhudesai, V.

Roskos, H. G.

Sacks, Z.

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scheu, R.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Sell, A.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shirane, M.

Shoji, I.

Silberberg, Y.

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, V. Prabhudesai, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Robust adiabatic sum frequency conversion,” Opt. Express17(15), 12731–12740 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Geometrical representation of sum frequency generation and adiabatic frequency conversion,” Phys. Rev. A78(6), 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Silva, D. R.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Silvestri, S. D.

Suchowski, H.

J. Moses, H. Suchowski, and F. X. Kärtner, “Fully efficient adiabatic frequency conversion of broadband Ti:sapphire oscillator pulses,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1589–1591 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Suchowski, V. Prabhudesai, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Robust adiabatic sum frequency conversion,” Opt. Express17(15), 12731–12740 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Suchowski, D. Oron, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Geometrical representation of sum frequency generation and adiabatic frequency conversion,” Phys. Rev. A78(6), 063821 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tate, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

Thai, M.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

Tokmakoff, A.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Wheeler, J.

P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, C. I. Blaga, J. Wheeler, C. Hauri, F. Catoire, J. Tate, R. Chirla, A. M. March, G. G. Paulus, H. G. Muller, P. Agostini, and L. F. DiMauro, “Scaling strong-field interactions towards the classical limit,” Nat. Phys.4(5), 386–389 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zener, C.

C. Zener, “Non-adiabatic crossing of energy levels,” Proc. R. Soc. Lond., A Contain. Pap. Math. Phys. Character137(833), 696–702 (1932).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

H. Suchowski, B. D. Bruner, A. Ganany-Padowicz, I. Juwiler, A. Arie, and Y. Silberberg, “Adiabatic frequency conversion of ultrafast pulses,” Appl. Phys. B105(4), 697–702 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Gayer, Z. Sacks, E. Galun, and A. Arie, “Temperature and wavelength dependent refractive index equations for MgO-doped congruent and stoichiometric LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. B91(2), 343–348 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(25), 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Comm.

D. R. Silva, A. Austin, M. Thai, M. Baudisch, D. Hemmer, A. Faccio, Couairon, and J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat. Comm.3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The octave-spanning adiabatic difference frequency design. Main figure: two-dimensional map of the conversion efficiency as a function of generated wavelength (y-axis) and the location along the adiabatic aperiodically poled nonlinear crystal (x-axis). The pump intensity is 8.1 GW/cm2. The upper panel shows the conversion efficiency for several wavelengths along the propagation axis. As seen, all are designed to have adiabatic trajectories for efficient conversion from near IR to mid IR. At the output facet of the nonlinear crystal (L = 2 cm), high conversion efficiency is achieved for the 1300-5500 nm spectral range. The details of the design are explained in the main text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for adiabatic difference frequency conversion of OPCPA pulses (top) and detail of the OPCPA system (bottom). Further details can be found in the main text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Octave-spanning mid-IR spectrum. The red solid curve is the experimental spectrum, while the dashed black line is the normalized expected spectrum, assuming a100% photon number conversion efficiency. Inset: the inputted near-IR spectrum from the OPCPA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Conversion efficiency (solid curves), following Eq. (2), retrieved from the experimentally observed depletion of the near-IR power spectra as a function of pump intensity .The simulated conversion efficiencies at the output facet of the nonlinear crystal are also plotted (dashed lines), using values of the pump intensity a factor of 1.6 lower than the two experimental values, respectively. The measured near-IR spectral power densities are shown explicitly in the inset, where black, red and green curves are for pump intensities of 0, 5.2 and 13.2 GW/cm2, respectively. The numerical predictions and the measured conversion efficiencies are in very good agreement for spectral components as high as 870 nm (which corresponds to 5500 nm).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Efficient and robust conversion of amplitude-shaped spectra. (a) Various OPCPA near-IR pulses that were shaped by a Dazzler in order to eliminate certain wavelength components in their spectral power densities. (b) The converted mid-IR spectra. As seen, one-to-one correspondence of the spectral hole locations and widths is achieved for all spectra.

Equations (2)

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η LZ ( z  )=1 e 2π | κ | 2 |dΔk/dz| ,
η ( λ ) = P 0 ( λ ) P I p ( λ ) P 0 ( λ ) ,

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