Abstract

We conceived a unique fully parametric source based on two independent cylindrical OPOs simultaneously pumped by the same Nd:YAG laser. Each OPO delivers more than 2 mJ and is continuously tunable between 1.41 µm and 4.3 µm. This source is of particular interest for the study of the generation of infrared parametric light in nonlinear crystals. It was validated by performing difference frequency generation experiments in CdSe crystals with output in the range 8 – 10 µm.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Koichi, K. Miyamoto, S. Ujita, T. Saito, H. Ito, and T. Omatsu, “Dual-frequency picosecond optical parametric generator pumped by a Nd-doped vanadate bounce laser,” Opt. Express19(19), 18523–18528 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. Tang, H. Minamide, Y. Wang, T. Notake, S. Ohno, and H. Ito, “Dual-wavelength single-crystal double-pass KTP optical parametric oscillator and its application in terahertz wave generation,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1698–1700 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Kemlin, D. Jegouso, J. Debray, P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, H. Ishizuki, and T. Taira, “Widely tunable optical parametric oscillator in a 5 mm thick 5% MgO:PPLN partial cylinder,” Opt. Lett.38(6), 860–862 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).
  6. R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Efficient parametric mixing in CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(12), 527–530 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. A. Watson, M. V. O’Connor, D. P. Shepherd, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped CdSe optical parametric oscillator in the 9-10 µ region,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1957–1959 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. H. Allik, S. Chandra, D. M. Rines, P. G. Schunemann, J. A. Hutchinson, and R. Utano, “Tunable 7 12-µ optical parametric oscillator using a Cr,Er:YSGG laser to pump CdSe and ZnGeP2 crystals,” Opt. Lett.22(9), 597–599 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. Rines, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “CdSe OPO Pumped by a 2.79 µm Cr,Er:YSGG Laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, paper PO7.

2013 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2007 (1)

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

2003 (1)

1997 (1)

1991 (1)

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Efficient parametric mixing in CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(12), 527–530 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Allik, T. H.

Anstett, G.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Bartschke, J.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Bauer, T.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Bhar, G. C.

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Boulanger, B.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Buehler, E.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Burger, A.

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Efficient parametric mixing in CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(12), 527–530 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

Debray, J.

Hanna, D. C.

M. A. Watson, M. V. O’Connor, D. P. Shepherd, and D. C. Hanna, “Synchronously pumped CdSe optical parametric oscillator in the 9-10 µ region,” Opt. Lett.28(20), 1957–1959 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, D. O.

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Herbst, R. L.

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Efficient parametric mixing in CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(12), 527–530 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

Ishizuki, H.

Ito, H.

Jegouso, D.

Kemlin, V.

Koichi, M.

L’Huillier, J. A.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Luther-Davies, B.

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Menaert, B.

Minamide, H.

Miyamoto, K.

Mogan, S. H.

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Nittmann, M.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Notake, T.

O’Connor, M. V.

Ohno, S.

Omatsu, T.

Paul, O.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Quosig, A.

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

Rines, D. M.

Saito, T.

Schunemann, P. G.

Segonds, P.

Shepherd, D. P.

Siberman, E.

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. C.

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Storz, F. G.

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Tang, M.

Ujita, S.

Utano, R.

Wang, Y.

Watson, M. A.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. D. Boyd, E. Buehler, and F. G. Storz, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ZnGeP2 and CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.18(7), 301–304 (1971).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Herbst and R. L. Byer, “Efficient parametric mixing in CdSe,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(12), 527–530 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. B. (1)

O. Paul, A. Quosig, T. Bauer, M. Nittmann, J. Bartschke, G. Anstett, and J. A. L’Huillier, “Temperature-dependent Sellmeier equation in the MIR for the extraordinary refractive index of 5% MgO doped congruent LiNbO3,” J. Appl. Phys. B.86, 111–115 (2007).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

A. Burger, D. O. Henderson, S. H. Mogan, and E. Siberman, “Purification, crystal growth and characterization of CdSe single crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth109(1-4), 298–308 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. C. Bhar, D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, “Tunable down-conversion from an optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun.6(4), 323–326 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (1)

D. Rines, G. Rines, and P. Moulton, “CdSe OPO Pumped by a 2.79 µm Cr,Er:YSGG Laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, Vol. 24 of OSA Proceedings Series, paper PO7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic view of the dual wavelength source made of two optical parametric oscillators, OPO 1 and OPO 2, based on two identical 5%MgO:PPLN crystals pumped by the same Nd:YAG laser at λp = 1.064 µm. The beams emitted at λ1 and λ2, are independently tunable using the rotations by the angles Φ1 and Φ2 of the two nonlinear crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Angular tuning curve of the partial cylinder OPO 1 or OPO 2 with respect to angles Φ1 or Φ2, and comparison with calculations from [5] assuming a collinear QPM configuration. The index e refers to the extraordinary polarization of the interacting waves.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Normalized type III DFG intensity in a 40-mm-long CdSe crystal oriented at θ = 90° as a function of the wavelength λ2e. The intensity of the generated beam is plotted as a function of λ2e while the other wavelength λ1o is kept fixed at 2.72 µm. λ2,PM is the measured phase-matching wavelength. The indices o and e stand for the “ordinary” and “extraordinary” polarizations respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength tuning curve of type III DFG phase-matching in CdSe cut at θ = 90°; the index o stands for the “ordinary” polarization.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

DFG energy measured in the 40-mm-long CdSe crystal cut at θ = 90° as a function of the incident energy E2 for three different levels of energy E1 ; the indices o and e stand for “ordinary” and “extraordinary” polarizations, respectively.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Type III DFG phase-matching angular tuning curve measured (red circles) in the 4.9-mm-diameter CdSe cylinder (in insert) with an ordinary polarized pump beam at λ1 = 2.79 µm.

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