Abstract

We present experimental studies on surface plasmon (SP) enhanced transverse magnetic second-harmonic generation (T-MSHG) in single-crystal iron films grown by molecular beam epitaxy at room temperature on MgO (001) substrates. We show that it is possible to achieve both strongly enhanced T-MSHG intensity and high magnetic contrast ratio under attenuated total reflection configuration without using complex heterostructures because MSHG is generated directly at the iron surface where SPs are present. The T-MSHG has a much larger contrast ratio than transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect (T-MOKE) and shows great potential for a new generation of bio-chemical sensors due to its very high surface sensitivity. In addition, by analyzing the experimental results and the simulations based on SP field-enhancement theory, we demonstrate that the second-order susceptibility of MSHG shows great anisotropy and the tensorχxzzoddis dominant in our sample.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Y. Demidenko, D. Makarov, O. G. Schmidt, and V. Lozovski, “Surface plasmon-induced enhancement of the magneto-optical Kerr effect in magnetoplasmonic heterostructures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(9), 2115–2122 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

P. Berini, “Long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Advances in Optics and Photonics1(3), 484–588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Palomba and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(5), 056802 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

1981 (1)

1978 (1)

1974 (1)

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, and J. G. Watson, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.33(26), 1531–1534 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexander, R. W.

Ameloot, M.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Armelles, G.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1085–1087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aslan, K.

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Baryshev, A. V.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beauvillain, P.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bell, R. J.

Bell, R. R.

Bell, S. E.

Berini, P.

P. Berini, “Long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Advances in Optics and Photonics1(3), 484–588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biris, C. G.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonod, N.

Bratschitschs, R.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Calle, A.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1085–1087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cebollada, A.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chetvertukhin, A. V.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

De Clercq, B.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demidenko, Y.

Dolgova, T. V.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fariña, D.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferré, J.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, M.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, G. W.

Fröhlich, D.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia-Martin, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Martin, J.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geddes, C. D.

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gillijns, W.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goswami, R.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grunin, A. A.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guzatov, D.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hanbicki, A. T.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hermann, C.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hortle, E.

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, M.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jeyaram, Y.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonker, B. T.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosobukin, V. A.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kovacs, G. J.

Krichevtsov, B. B.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lampel, G.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lechuga, L. M.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1085–1087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfers, A.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. H.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Long, L. L.

Lozovski, V.

Lüpke, G.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makarov, D.

Malouin, C.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marlière, C.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matelon, R. J.

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mchugh, D.

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, P.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, D. E.

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, and J. G. Watson, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.33(26), 1531–1534 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nevière, M.

Newman, D. M.

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

S. Palomba and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(5), 056802 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ordal, M. A.

Paddubrouskaya, H.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Palomba, S.

S. Palomba and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(5), 056802 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pavlov, V. V.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Peretti, J.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pisarev, R. V.

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popov, E.

Regatos, D.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Reinisch, R.

Renard, D.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Safarov, V. I.

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, O. G.

Sepúlveda, B.

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Sepúlveda, A. Calle, L. M. Lechuga, and G. Armelles, “Highly sensitive detection of biomolecules with the magneto-optic surface-plasmon-resonance sensor,” Opt. Lett.31(8), 1085–1087 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silhanek, A. V.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simon, H. J.

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, and J. G. Watson, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.33(26), 1531–1534 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K. J.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Temnov, V. V.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tessier, G.

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thomays, T.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, T. Y. F.

Uchida, H.

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Valev, V. K.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verbiest, T.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volodin, A.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ward, C. A.

Watson, J. G.

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, and J. G. Watson, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.33(26), 1531–1534 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wears, M. L.

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, W. H.

Weisenberg, M.

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Woggon, U.

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H. B.

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Advances in Optics and Photonics (1)

P. Berini, “Long-range surface plasmon polaritons,” Advances in Optics and Photonics1(3), 484–588 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Tessier, C. Malouin, P. Georges, A. Brun, D. Renard, V. V. Pavlov, P. Meyer, J. Ferré, and P. Beauvillain, “Magnetization-induced second-harmonic generation enhanced by surface plasmons in ultrathin Au/Co/Au metallic films,” Appl. Phys. B68(3), 545–548 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Newman, M. L. Wears, R. J. Matelon, and D. Mchugh, “Non-linear optics and magneto-optics on nano-structured interfaces,” Appl. Phys. B74(7-8), 719–722 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

D. Regatos, D. Fariña, A. Calle, A. Cebollada, B. Sepúlveda, G. Armelles, and L. M. Lechuga, “Au/Fe/Au multilayer transducers for magneto-optic surface plasmon resonance sensing,” J. Appl. Phys.108(5), 054502 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Aslan, M. Weisenberg, E. Hortle, and C. D. Geddes, “Surface plasmon coupled chemiluminescence from iron thin films: directional and approaching fixed angle observation,” J. Appl. Phys.106(1), 014131 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Magn. Mater. (1)

A. V. Chetvertukhin, A. A. Grunin, A. V. Baryshev, T. V. Dolgova, H. Uchida, M. Inoue, and A. A. Fedyanin, “Magneto-optical Kerr effect enhancement at the Wood’s anomaly in magnetoplasmonic crystals,” J. Magn. Magn. Mater.324(21), 3516–3518 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

Y. Fan, K. J. Smith, G. Lüpke, A. T. Hanbicki, R. Goswami, C. H. Li, H. B. Zhao, and B. T. Jonker, “Exchange bias of the interface spin system at the Fe/MgO interface,” Nat. Nanotechnol.8(6), 438–444 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. V. Temnov, G. Armelles, U. Woggon, D. Guzatov, A. Cebollada, A. Garcia-Martin, J. Garcia-Martin, T. Thomays, A. Leitenstorfers, and R. Bratschitschs, “Active magneto-plasmonics in hybrid metal–ferromagnet structures,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 107–110 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

M. Fiebig, D. Fröhlich, B. B. Krichevtsov, and R. V. Pisarev, “Second harmonic generation and magnetic-dipole-electric-dipole interference in antiferromagnetic Cr2O3.,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(15), 2127–2130 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Simon, D. E. Mitchell, and J. G. Watson, “Optical second-harmonic generation with surface plasmons in silver films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.33(26), 1531–1534 (1974).
[CrossRef]

S. Palomba and L. Novotny, “Nonlinear excitation of surface plasmon polaritons by four-wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(5), 056802 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. I. Safarov, V. A. Kosobukin, C. Hermann, G. Lampel, J. Peretti, and C. Marlière, “Magneto-optical effects enhanced by surface plasmons in metallic multilayer films,” Phys. Rev. Lett.73(26), 3584–3587 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

H. Raether, “Surface plasmons on smooth and rough surfaces and on gratings,” in Tracts in Modern Physics (Springer-Verlag, 1988, Vol. 111).

Y. R. Shen, The Principles of Nonlinear Optics (Wiley, 1984).

A. Kirilyuk and T. Rasing, “Magnetization-induced second harmonic generation,” in Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials, Volume 3: Novel Techniques for Characterizing and Preparing Samples (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2007).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup and (b) coordinate system.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) MSHG signal from sample I with large SPs enhancement but no apparent magnetic contrast; (b) Sample II with large SPs enhancement and huge magnetic contrast.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Contrast ratio of T-MSHG and T-MOKE under ATR condition; (b) and (c) hysteresis loops obtained when the incident angle is 45.6° for P-polarized light-in and P-polarized light-out configuration. T-MSHG has much larger contrast ratio than T-MOKE.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Simulated ATR and SHG for sample I (a) and II (b).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Field strength of Ex and Ez, (b) Simulated T-MSHG signal. Set 1: χ x x x o d d / χ x z z o d d = 1:100, Set 2: χ x x x o d d / χ x z z o d d = 100:1.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P nl (2ω)= ε 0 χ cr E(ω)E(ω)± ε 0 χ magn (±M)E(ω)E(ω),
I 2ω = ( P nl (2ω) ) 2 ,
A= I 2ω (+M) I 2ω (M) I 2ω (+M)+ I 2ω (M) ,
χ ijk (T) =[ χ xxx odd χ xyy odd χ xzz odd 0 χ xzx even 0 0 0 0 χ yzy even 0 χ yxy odd χ zxx even χ zyy even χ zzz even 0 χ zxz odd 0 ],
[ P x P y P z ] (T) = ε 0 χ ijk (T) ( E x 2 0 E z 2 0 2 E x E z 0 )= ε 0 [ χ xxx odd E x 2 + χ xzz odd E z 2 + χ xzx even 2 E z E x 0 χ zxx even E x 2 + χ zzz even E z 2 + χ zxz odd 2 E z E x ].
I T M S H G ( + M ) = ε 0 2 ( χ x x x o d d E x 2 + χ x z z o d d E z 2 + χ x z x e v e n 2 E z E x ) 2
and         I T M S H G ( M ) = ε 0 2 ( χ x x x o d d E x 2 χ x z z o d d E z 2 + χ x z x e v e n 2 E z E x ) 2 ,
I TMSHG (±M)= ε 0 2 ( ± χ xzz odd E z 2 + χ xzx even 2 E z E x ) 2 .

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