Abstract

A phase-sensitive four-wave mixing (FWM) scheme enabling the simultaneous conversion of the two orthogonal quadratures of an optical signal to different wavelengths is demonstrated for the first time under dynamic operation using a highly nonlinear optical fiber (HNLF) as the nonlinear medium. The scheme is first optimized with respect to the power levels and phases of the four phase-coherent pumps. The successful modulation and wavelength conversion of the two complex quadratures of a quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) signal to two binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) signals is then demonstrated experimentally with no power penalty at a bit-error-ratio (BER) of 10−9 compared to direct interferometric demodulation of the QPSK signal.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,”, in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.2.
  5. R.P. Webb, J.M. Dailey, R.J. Manning, and A.D. Ellis, “Phase discrimination and simultaneous frequency conversion of the orthogonal components of an optical signal by four-wave mixing in an SOA,” Opt. Express19, 20015–20022 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R.P. Webb, M. Power, and R.J. Manning, “Phase-sensitive frequency conversion of quadrature modulated signals,” Opt. Express21, 12713–12727 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.
  9. M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.
  10. B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Fini, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and S. Radic, “Dispersion-stabilized highly-nonlinear fiber for wide-band parametric mixer synthesis,” Opt. Express20, 18611–18619 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Slavík, J. Kakande, and D. J. Richardson, “Practical issues and some lessons learned from realization of phase sensitive parametric regenerators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C-4.
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.
  13. M. Seimetz, High-Order Modulation for Optical Fiber Transmission (Springer, Berlin, 2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R.P. Webb, J.M. Dailey, R.J. Manning, and A.D. Ellis, “Phase discrimination and simultaneous frequency conversion of the orthogonal components of an optical signal by four-wave mixing in an SOA,” Opt. Express19, 20015–20022 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

Calabrese, P. M.

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

Clausen, A.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Da Ros, F.

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.

Dailey, J.M.

Dasgupta, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A.D.

Elschner, R.

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,”, in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.2.

Fini, J. M.

Galili, M.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Gao, M.

M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

B. P.-P. Kuo, J. M. Fini, L. Grüner-Nielsen, and S. Radic, “Dispersion-stabilized highly-nonlinear fiber for wide-band parametric mixer synthesis,” Opt. Express20, 18611–18619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hansen Mulvad, H. C.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Herstrøm, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, T.

M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.

Jakobsen, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Kakande, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, J. Kakande, and D. J. Richardson, “Practical issues and some lessons learned from realization of phase sensitive parametric regenerators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C-4.
[CrossRef]

Kang, N.

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B. P.-P.

Kurosu, T.

M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.

Lei, L.

F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R.J.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Namiki, S.

M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.

O’Gorman, J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

Palushani, E.

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

Parmigiani, F.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

Peucheret, C.

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.

Phelan, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Power, M.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

Richardson, D. J.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, J. Kakande, and D. J. Richardson, “Practical issues and some lessons learned from realization of phase sensitive parametric regenerators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C-4.
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

Richter, T.

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,”, in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.2.

Schubert, C.

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,”, in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.2.

Seimetz, M.

M. Seimetz, High-Order Modulation for Optical Fiber Transmission (Springer, Berlin, 2009).
[CrossRef]

Sjödin, M.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Slavík, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

R. Slavík, J. Kakande, and D. J. Richardson, “Practical issues and some lessons learned from realization of phase sensitive parametric regenerators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C-4.
[CrossRef]

Sygletos, S.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Webb, R.P.

Weerasuriya, R.

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.

Nat. Photonics

R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, J. Kakande, C. Lundström, M. Sjödin, P. A. Andrekson, R. Weerasuriya, S. Sygletos, A. D. Ellis, L. Grüner-Nielsen, D. Jakobsen, S. Herstrøm, R. Phelan, J. O’Gorman, A. Bogris, D. Syvridis, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “All-optical phase and amplitude regenerator for next-generation telecommunications systems,” Nat. Photonics4, 690–695 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5, 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Other

R. Slavík, J. Kakande, and D. J. Richardson, “Practical issues and some lessons learned from realization of phase sensitive parametric regenerators,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C-4.
[CrossRef]

F. Da Ros, J. Xu, L. Lei, and C. Peucheret, “Phase noise tolerant QPSK receiver using phase sensitive wavelength conversion,” in OptoElectronics and Communications Conference/Photonics in Switching(2013), paper TuS2-5.

M. Seimetz, High-Order Modulation for Optical Fiber Transmission (Springer, Berlin, 2009).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Oxenløwe, A. Clausen, M. Galili, H. C. Hansen Mulvad, H. Ji, H. Hu, and E. Palushani, “Ultra-high-speed optical time division multiplexing”, in Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIA, I. P. Kaminow, T. Li, and A. E. Willner, eds (Academic Press, Oxford, 2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Da Ros, P. M. Calabrese, N. Kang, E. Palushani, and C. Peucheret, “Orthogonal phase quadratures conversion to different wavelengths through phase-sensitive four-wave mixing in an highly nonlinear fiber,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper OW4C-3.

M. Gao, T. Kurosu, T. Inoue, and S. Namiki, “Low-penalty phase de-multiplexing of QPSK signal by dual pump phase sensitive amplifiers,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.5.

J. Kakande, A. Bogris, R. Slavík, F. Parmigiani, D. Syvridis, P. Petropoulos, and D. J. Richardson, “First demonstration of all-optical QPSK signal regeneration in a novel multi-format phase sensitive amplifier,” in European Conference on Optical Communication(2010), postdeadline paper 3.3.
[CrossRef]

T. Richter, R. Elschner, and C. Schubert, “QAM phase-regeneration in a phase-sensitive fiber-amplifier,”, in European Conference on Optical Communication(2013), paper We.3.A.2.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Operation principle sketching the waves allocation at the input and output of the HNLF together with the conversion efficiencies and output phases for the two idlers (I and Q) as a function of the input signal phase. The curves have been obtained through numerical simulations.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Block diagrams of the experimental setup: static characterization (case a) and system experiment (case b).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Conversion efficiencies for I and Q as a function of the input signal phase. (b) Spectra measured at the HNLF output for three values of the signal phase showing the maximum amplification for Is = 60°) and Qs = 150°), as well as the quadrature point (Φs = 105°) where the idlers output powers are 3 dB below their maximum.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental setup for dynamic phase-sensitive wavelength and format conversion of a 10-Gbaud QPSK signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra: (a) frequency comb, (b) input (showing the four pumps and the input QPSK signal) and (c) output in phase-locking operation (showing the generated BPSK idlers) of the HNLF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Temporal waveforms saved by a digital sampling oscilloscope at the receiver side after interferometric demodulation and balanced detection for (a) I (corresponding to a 27 – 1 PRBS) and (b) Q (corresponding to a 29 – 1 PRBS).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) BER performances for the converted idlers together with back-to-back QPSK and BPSK as references. Eye diagrams for (b) I, (c) Q and (d) one quadrature of the demodulated back-to-back QPSK signal for a received power of −35 dBm and 10 s of acquisition time.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimental optimization results: power levels and phases of the five waves at the HNLF input. The phase of the signal is swept in order to produce the phase-dependent wavelength conversion curves.

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