Abstract

We present the first demonstration of sub-3 cycle optical pulses at 3.1 μm central wavelength generated through self-compression in the anomalous dispersion regime in a dielectric. The pulses emerging from this compact and efficient self-compression setup could be focused to intensities exceeding 1014 W/cm2, a suitable range for high field physics experiments. Numerical simulations performed with a 3D nonlinear propagation code, provide theoretical insight on the processes involved and support our experimental findings.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. P. Hauri, R. B. Lopez-Martens, C. I. Blaga, K. D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A. M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L. F. Dimauro, E. P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 microm from an optical filament,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 868–870 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Fibich, A. L. Gaeta, “Critical power for self-focusing in bulk media and in hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 25(5), 335–337 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. O. D. Mücke, S. Ališauskas, A. J. Verhoef, A. Pugžlys, A. Baltuška, V. Smilgevičius, J. Pocius, L. Giniūnas, R. Danielius, N. Forget, “Self-compression of millijoule 1.5 microm pulses,” Opt. Lett. 34(16), 2498–2500 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. N. Milosevic, G. Tempea, T. Brabec, “Optical pulse compression: bulk media versus hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 25(9), 672–674 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. Biegert, J. C. Diels, “Compression of pulses of a few optical cycles through harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(8), 1218–1226 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Chalus, A. Thai, P. K. Bates, J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 35(19), 3204–3206 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, “Ultrashort pulse characterization in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1377–1379 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. D. Filer, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, and N. P. Barnes, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1990), pp. 354–370.
  16. L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).
  17. F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Darginavičius, D. Majus, V. Jukna, N. Garejev, G. Valiulis, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation in bulk solids with two optical-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25210–25220 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. M. Hemmer, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, J. Biegert, “18-μJ energy, 160-kHz repetition rate, 250-MW peak power mid-IR OPCPA,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 013202 (2013).

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (2)

1998 (1)

J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Ališauskas, S.

Austin, D. R.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

Bates, P. K.

Baudisch, M.

M. Hemmer, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, J. Biegert, “18-μJ energy, 160-kHz repetition rate, 250-MW peak power mid-IR OPCPA,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 013202 (2013).

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biegert, J.

M. Hemmer, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, J. Biegert, “18-μJ energy, 160-kHz repetition rate, 250-MW peak power mid-IR OPCPA,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 013202 (2013).

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. Chalus, A. Thai, P. K. Bates, J. Biegert, “Six-cycle mid-infrared source with 3.8 μJ at 100 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 35(19), 3204–3206 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Bates, O. Chalus, J. Biegert, “Ultrashort pulse characterization in the mid-infrared,” Opt. Lett. 35(9), 1377–1379 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Biegert, J. C. Diels, “Compression of pulses of a few optical cycles through harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(8), 1218–1226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Blaga, C. I.

Brabec, T.

Brambilla, E.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chalus, O.

Chirla, R.

Colosimo, P.

Corkum, P. B.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Corti, T.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

J. Darginavičius, D. Majus, V. Jukna, N. Garejev, G. Valiulis, A. Couairon, A. Dubietis, “Ultrabroadband supercontinuum and third-harmonic generation in bulk solids with two optical-cycle carrier-envelope phase-stable pulses at 2 μm,” Opt. Express 21(21), 25210–25220 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Zaïr, A. Guandalini, F. Schapper, M. Holler, J. Biegert, L. Gallmann, A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, U. Keller, “Spatio-temporal characterization of few-cycle pulses obtained by filamentation,” Opt. Express 15(9), 5394–5404 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Couairon, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Pulse self-compression to the single-cycle limit by filamentation in a gas with a pressure gradient,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2657–2659 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cryan, J.

Danielius, R.

Darginavicius, J.

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diels, J. C.

J. Biegert, J. C. Diels, “Compression of pulses of a few optical cycles through harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(8), 1218–1226 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dimauro, L. F.

Doumy, G.

Dubietis, A.

Faccio, D.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fibich, G.

Forget, N.

Franco, M.

Gaeta, A. L.

Gallmann, L.

Garejev, N.

Giguère, M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giniunas, L.

Guandalini, A.

Hauri, C. P.

C. P. Hauri, R. B. Lopez-Martens, C. I. Blaga, K. D. Schultz, J. Cryan, R. Chirla, P. Colosimo, G. Doumy, A. M. March, C. Roedig, E. Sistrunk, J. Tate, J. Wheeler, L. F. Dimauro, E. P. Power, “Intense self-compressed, self-phase-stabilized few-cycle pulses at 2 microm from an optical filament,” Opt. Lett. 32(7), 868–870 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Heinrich, A.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Helbing, F. W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, M.

M. Hemmer, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, H. Ishizuki, T. Taira, J. Biegert, “18-μJ energy, 160-kHz repetition rate, 250-MW peak power mid-IR OPCPA,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 013202 (2013).

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Holler, M.

Ishizuki, H.

Jukna, V.

Keldysh, L. V.

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Keller, U.

Kieffer, J.-C.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kolesik, M.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kornelis, W.

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kubecek, V.

J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lassonde, P.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Légaré, F.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lopez-Martens, R. B.

Majus, D.

March, A. M.

Milosevic, N.

Mücke, O. D.

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pocius, J.

Power, E. P.

Pugžlys, A.

Ramirez-Gongora, O.

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Roedig, C.

Schapper, F.

Schmidt, B. E.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Schultz, K. D.

Shiner, A. D.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Silva, F.

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sistrunk, E.

Smilgevicius, V.

Svelto, O.

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Tate, J.

Tempea, G.

Thai, A.

Trallero-Herrero, C. A.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Valiulis, G.

Verhoef, A. J.

Villeneuve, D. M.

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wheeler, J.

Zaïr, A.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. P. Hauri, W. Kornelis, F. W. Helbing, A. Heinrich, A. Couairon, A. Mysyrowicz, J. Biegert, U. Keller, “Generation of intense, carrier-envelope phase-locked few-cycle laser pulses through filamentation,” Appl. Phys. B 79(6), 673–677 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, O. Svelto, “Generation of high energy 10 fs pulses by a new pulse compression technique,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(20), 2793–2795 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. (1)

A. Couairon, E. Brambilla, T. Corti, D. Majus, O. Ramirez-Gongora, M. Kolesik, “Practitioner’s guide to laser pulse propagation models and simulation,” Eur. Phys. J. Spec. Top. 199(1), 5–76 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. (1)

B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, M. Giguère, P. Lassonde, C. A. Trallero-Herrero, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, F. Légaré, “High harmonic generation with long-wavelength few-cycle laser pulses,” J. Phys. At. Mol. Opt. Phys. 45(7), 074008 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun (1)

F. Silva, D. R. Austin, A. Thai, M. Baudisch, M. Hemmer, D. Faccio, A. Couairon, J. Biegert, “Multi-octave supercontinuum generation from mid-infrared filamentation in a bulk crystal,” Nat Commun 3, 807 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (7)

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

L. V. Keldysh, “Ionization in the field of a strong electromagnetic wave,” Sov. Phys. JETP 20, 1307–1314 (1965).

Springer Series in Chemical Physics (1)

J. Biegert, V. Kubecek, J. C. Diels, “Second harmonic pulse compression,” Springer Series in Chemical Physics 63, 84–86 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Filer, C. A. Morrison, G. A. Turner, and N. P. Barnes, in Advanced Solid-State Lasers (Optical Society of America, 1990), pp. 354–370.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Layout of the self-compression setup. The input beam is focused by a 10 cm focal length CaF2 lens into a 3 mm-thick YAG plate. The beam emerging from the plate is collimated with a 15 cm focal length silver coated mirror and directed toward diagnostic tools. In this study, the YAG plate was moved along the beam propagation axis to investigate the behavior of the self-compression process. The Fresnel losses of the uncoated optics amount to 15%. Shown is also a cartoon zoom-out depicting spatio-temporal reshaping upon propagation predicted by our simulations – the zoom-out picture sequence depicts the spatio-temporal profile of the optical pulse at the input of the YAG plate, during propagation, and emerging from the YAG plate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured and simulated evolution of the pulse duration as the seed pulse undergoes self-compression while the YAG plate is scanned through focus. (a) Retrieved experimental temporal profile of the pulse intensity as a function of the YAG plate position; (b) experimentally measured (black dots) and simulated (blue line) evolution of the pulse duration as a function of YAG plate position through focus.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured and simulated evolution of the spectrum as the seed pulse undergoes temporal self-compression. (a) Measured evolution of the spectral intensity profile as the YAG plate is scanned through focus; (b) simulated evolution of the spectral intensity profile as the YAG plate is scanned through focus.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement of spectro-temporal profile of the self-compressed pulses. (a) Retrieved normalized 70 fs (6.8-cycles) duration intensity profile of the seed pulses; (b) measured (black line) and retrieved (shadow) spectra of the seed pulses; (c) retrieved normalized 32 fs (2.9-cycle) duration intensity profile of the self-compressed pulses; (d) measured (black line) and retrieved (shadow) spectra of the self-compressed pulses; (e) measured and retrieved SHG-FROG traces of the seed pulses on logarithmic color scale (f) measured and retrieved SHG-FROG traces of the self-compressed pulses on logarithmic color scale.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured and simulated transmission of the self-compression setup and contribution of ionization and plasma absorption losses as the YAG plate is scanned through focus. Simulated (a) (blue line) and measured (a) (squares) transmission reveal the high efficiency of the process and suggest potential throughput of 80% if anti-reflection coating is applied to the YAG plate. The proportion of losses inherent to the self-compression attributed to ionization (b) (black curve) and plasma absorption (b) (red curve) have been identified.

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