Abstract

Photon sources are fundamental components for any quantum photonic technology. The ability to generate high count-rate and low-noise correlated photon pairs via spontaneous parametric down-conversion using bulk crystals has been the cornerstone of modern quantum optics. However, future practical quantum technologies will require a scalable integration approach, and waveguide-based photon sources with high-count rate and low-noise characteristics will be an essential part of chip-based quantum technologies. Here, we demonstrate photon pair generation through spontaneous four-wave mixing in a silicon micro-ring resonator, reporting separately a maximum coincidence-to-accidental (CAR) ratio of 602 ± 37 (for a generation rate of 827kHz), and a maximum photon pair generation rate of 123 MHz ± 11 kHz (with a CAR value of 37). To overcome free-carrier related performance degradations we have investigated reverse biased p-i-n structures, demonstrating an improvement in the pair generation rate by a factor of up to 2 with negligible impact on CAR.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science325(5945), 1221 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(25), 12388–12393 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).
  9. D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Xu, Z. Xie, J. Zheng, J. Liang, T. Zhong, M. Yu, S. Kocaman, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, D. R. Englund, F. N. C. Wong, and C. W. Wong, “Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel interference on a silicon quantum photonic chip,” Opt. Express21(4), 5014–5024 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. C. Xiong, C. Monat, A. S. Clark, C. Grillet, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Steel, J. Li, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, J. G. Rarity, and B. J. Eggleton, “Slow-light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in a silicon photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett.36(17), 3413–3415 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Matsuda, H. Takesue, K. Shimizu, Y. Tokura, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, “Slow light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express21(7), 8596–8604 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Clemmen, K. Phan Huy, W. Bogaerts, R. G. Baets, P. Emplit, and S. Massar, “Continuous wave photon pair generation in silicon-on-insulator waveguides and ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(19), 16558–16570 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23100–23107 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  16. I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Analytical study of optical bistability in silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Lett.35(1), 55–57 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express18(4), 3582–3591 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Design rules for p-i-n diode carriers sweeping in nano-rib waveguides on SOI,” Opt. Express19(10), 9915–9922 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in microring resonators,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3006–3008 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

X. Xu, Z. Xie, J. Zheng, J. Liang, T. Zhong, M. Yu, S. Kocaman, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, D. R. Englund, F. N. C. Wong, and C. W. Wong, “Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel interference on a silicon quantum photonic chip,” Opt. Express21(4), 5014–5024 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Matsuda, H. Takesue, K. Shimizu, Y. Tokura, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, “Slow light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express21(7), 8596–8604 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23100–23107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Design rules for p-i-n diode carriers sweeping in nano-rib waveguides on SOI,” Opt. Express19(10), 9915–9922 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Xiong, C. Monat, A. S. Clark, C. Grillet, G. D. Marshall, M. J. Steel, J. Li, L. O’Faolain, T. F. Krauss, J. G. Rarity, and B. J. Eggleton, “Slow-light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in a silicon photonic crystal waveguide,” Opt. Lett.36(17), 3413–3415 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

I. D. Rukhlenko, M. Premaratne, and G. P. Agrawal, “Analytical study of optical bistability in silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Lett.35(1), 55–57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express18(4), 3582–3591 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. G. Helt, Z. Yang, M. Liscidini, and J. E. Sipe, “Spontaneous four-wave mixing in microring resonators,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3006–3008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

2006

2005

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

Azzini, S.

Baek, B.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R. G.

Bajoni, D.

Bogaerts, W.

Bonneau, D.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Branning, D.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bromberg, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruns, J.

Castelletto, S.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Clark, A. S.

Clemmen, S.

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cryan, M. J.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dorenbos, S. N.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Emplit, P.

Engin, E.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Englund, D. R.

Ezaki, M.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

Fukuda, H.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

Gajda, A.

Galli, M.

Gerrits, T.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gol'tsman, G.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Grassani, D.

Grillet, C.

Hadfield, R. H.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hak, D.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harada, K.

Harada, K. I.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Harrington, S.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Helt, L. G.

Iizuka, N.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, N.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Itabashi, S.

Itabashi, S. I.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klapwijk, T. M.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kocaman, S.

Krauss, T. F.

Kumar, P.

Kuo, Y. H.

Kuramochi, E.

Kwong, D. L.

Lahini, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laing, A.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. F.

Levy, J. S.

Li, J.

Li, M.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Liang, J.

Lipson, M.

Liscidini, M.

Lita, A. E.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A.

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lo, G. Q.

Lobino, M.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marshall, G. D.

Marsili, F.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Massar, S.

Matsuda, N.

N. Matsuda, H. Takesue, K. Shimizu, Y. Tokura, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, “Slow light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express21(7), 8596–8604 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matthews, J. C. F.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Minaeva, O.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Mirin, R. P.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

Nam, S.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nam, S. W.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Natarajan, C. M.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nicolaescu, R.

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notomi, M.

O’Brien, J. L.

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O’Faolain, L.

OBrien, J. L.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Brien, J. L.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O'Connor, J. A.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohira, K.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M.

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pernice, W. H. P.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Peruzzo, A.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petermann, K.

Phan Huy, K.

Poitras, C. B.

Politi, A.

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pottapenjara, V. K.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Poulios, K.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Premaratne, M.

Rarity, J. G.

Rong, H.

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rukhlenko, I. D.

Salem, R.

Schmidt, B. S.

Schuck, C.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Sergienko, A. V.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Shadbolt, P. J.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J. E.

Shaw, M. D.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Silberberg, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

Sorel, M.

Steel, M. J.

Stern, J. A.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Strain, M. J.

Suzuki, N.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Takesue, H.

Tang, H. X.

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Tanner, M. G.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, M. G.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tillack, B.

Tokura, Y.

Tsuchizawa, T.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner, A. C.

Turner-Foster, A. C.

Urena, B.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vayshenker, I.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Verde, M. R.

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Verma, V. B.

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Warburton, R. J.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, T.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wong, C. W.

Wong, F. N. C.

Wörhoff, K.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, Z.

Xiong, C.

Xu, X.

Yamada, K.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

Yoshida, H.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

Yu, S.

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Zhong, T.

Zhou, X. Q.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zijlstra, T.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zimmermann, L.

Zwiller, V.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. G. Tanner, C. M. Natarajan, V. K. Pottapenjara, J. A. O'Connor, R. J. Warburton, R. H. Hadfield, B. Baek, S. Nam, S. N. Dorenbos, B. Urena, T. Zijlstra, T. M. Klapwijk, and V. Zwiller, “Enhanced telecom wavelength single-photon detection with NbTiN superconducting nanowires on oxidized silicon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(22), 221109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET

M. G. Thompson, A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O'Brien, “Integrated waveguide circuits for optical quantum computing,” Circuits, Devices & Systems, IET5(2), 94–102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. I. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. I. Itabashi, “Frequency and polarization characteristics of correlated photon-pair generation using a silicon wire waveguide,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16(1), 325–331 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Transactions on

C. Schuck, W. H. P. Pernice, O. Minaeva, M. Li, G. Gol'tsman, A. V. Sergienko, and H. X. Tang, “Matrix of integrated superconducting single-photon detectors with high timing resolution. applied superconductivity,” IEEE Transactions on23, 2201007–2201014 (2013).

Nat. Photonics

P. J. Shadbolt, M. R. Verde, A. Peruzzo, A. Politi, A. Laing, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O'Brien, “Generating, manipulating and measuring entanglement and mixture with a reconfigurable photonic circuit,” Nat. Photonics6(1), 45–49 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Marsili, V. B. Verma, J. A. Stern, S. Harrington, A. E. Lita, T. Gerrits, I. Vayshenker, B. Baek, M. D. Shaw, R. P. Mirin, and S. W. Nam, “Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency,” Nat. Photonics7(3), 210–214 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nature

H. Rong, A. Liu, R. Jones, O. Cohen, D. Hak, R. Nicolaescu, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “An all-silicon Raman laser,” Nature433(7023), 292–294 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys.

D. Bonneau, E. Engin, K. Ohira, N. Suzuki, H. Yoshida, N. Iizuka, M. Ezaki, C. M. Natarajan, M. G. Tanner, R. H. Hadfield, S. N. Dorenbos, V. Zwiller, J. L. O'Brien, and M. G. Thompson, “Quantum interference and manipulation of entanglement in silicon wire waveguide quantum circuits,” New J. Phys.14(4), 045003–045014 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

A. C. Turner-Foster, M. A. Foster, J. S. Levy, C. B. Poitras, R. Salem, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultrashort free-carrier lifetime in low-loss silicon nanowaveguides,” Opt. Express18(4), 3582–3591 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rong, Y. H. Kuo, A. Liu, M. Paniccia, and O. Cohen, “High efficiency wavelength conversion of 10 Gb/s data in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(3), 1182–1188 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Sharping, K. F. Lee, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, A. L. Gaeta, and P. Kumar, “Generation of correlated photons in nanoscale silicon waveguides,” Opt. Express14(25), 12388–12393 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Harada, H. Takesue, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and S. Itabashi, “Generation of high-purity entangled photon pairs using silicon wire waveguide,” Opt. Express16(25), 20368–20373 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Clemmen, K. Phan Huy, W. Bogaerts, R. G. Baets, P. Emplit, and S. Massar, “Continuous wave photon pair generation in silicon-on-insulator waveguides and ring resonators,” Opt. Express17(19), 16558–16570 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gajda, L. Zimmermann, J. Bruns, B. Tillack, and K. Petermann, “Design rules for p-i-n diode carriers sweeping in nano-rib waveguides on SOI,” Opt. Express19(10), 9915–9922 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Azzini, D. Grassani, M. J. Strain, M. Sorel, L. G. Helt, J. E. Sipe, M. Liscidini, M. Galli, and D. Bajoni, “Ultra-low power generation of twin photons in a compact silicon ring resonator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23100–23107 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Xu, Z. Xie, J. Zheng, J. Liang, T. Zhong, M. Yu, S. Kocaman, G. Q. Lo, D. L. Kwong, D. R. Englund, F. N. C. Wong, and C. W. Wong, “Near-infrared Hong-Ou-Mandel interference on a silicon quantum photonic chip,” Opt. Express21(4), 5014–5024 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Matsuda, H. Takesue, K. Shimizu, Y. Tokura, E. Kuramochi, and M. Notomi, “Slow light enhanced correlated photon pair generation in photonic-crystal coupled-resonator optical waveguides,” Opt. Express21(7), 8596–8604 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, “Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a single photon on-demand source,” Phys. Rev. A66(5), 053805–053809 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science

A. Politi, M. J. Cryan, J. G. Rarity, S. Yu, and J. L. O’Brien, “Silica-on-silicon waveguide quantum circuits,” Science320(5876), 646–649 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Politi, J. C. F. Matthews, and J. L. O’Brien, “Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip,” Science325(5945), 1221 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Wörhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. OBrien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329(5998), 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. A tunable external cavity diode laser (ECDL) is amplified and the noise is removed using a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) with circulator and a dense wavelength division multiplexer (DWDM). The light is coupled in an out of the device using lensed fibers. The output pump and generated photons are separated with another FBG and DWDM. The channels of the DWDM are input into the two channels of the superconducting single photon detector (SSPD) and the response is recorded using a time interval analyzer (TIA). The device is a ring resonator with a 10 µm radius and 5 µm coupling region. The inset shows the cross section of the waveguide and p-i-n junction. b) Transmission spectrum of the device.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Results for pair count and CAR. (a) The on-chip photon pair generation rate versus the power input to the device for off-resonance, on-resonance and 8 V reverse bias applied. Count rate is taken as the integral over the FWHM of coincidence histogram. (b) The CAR plotted for these three cases and taken also as the integral over the FWHM - see section 3.2 for more details.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Extraction of coincidence count-rates and CAR values from the coincidence histogram. (a-c) Coincidence histograms acquired by time interval analysis, with Gaussian fit (red), for different input powers (dotted vertical lines represent the FWHM). (d-f) Total coincident counts (solid, right axis) and CAR values (error bars, left axis) vs. coincidence window duration, calculated from histograms in (a-c). The dashed red curves in (d-f) is the CAR values computed from the Gaussian fit, and the dashed vertical line in (d-f) is the coincidence window durations corresponding to the FWHM of the histograms in (a-c).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Selection of silicon-based sources in the literature, showing maximum values for CAR and associated photon count rates for pulsed excitation and continuous wave excitation for both straight waveguide sources and ring resonator sources.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Tabulate results of the CAR and pair generation rate for coincidence window durations covering FWHM and ± 3 standard deviations of the Gaussian fit to the coincidence histogram.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P in = CC η 1 η 2 α ring 1 t 2 ( 1rτ [ 1+CC β η 1 η 2 α ring ] 1 4 ) 2
α= ( t 1rτ ) 2 α ring
C 1 = η 1 α P 2 + η 1 P+d c 1
C 2 = η 2 α P 2 + η 2 P+d c 2
CC= η 1 η 2 α P 2 +acc

Metrics