Abstract

We have generated multi-color optical vortices in a Raman-active crystal PbWO4 using two-color Fourier-transform limited femtosecond laser pulses. This setup overcomes some of the limitation of our previous research by allowing for the production of subcycle femtosecond optical vortices without the need for compensating for added chirp. In addition, the use of an OPA allows for greater flexibility in exciting different Raman modes. We verified the topological charges using two different methods. These diagnostic experiments verify not only theoretically predicted OAM algebra but demonstrated instabilities in high-order OVs. We have also studied factors which affect the high-order vortex sidebands such as the diameter and intensity of the input beams.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (3)

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Padgett, “Light in a twist: optical angular momentum,” Proc. SPIE8637, 863702, 863702-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Vaity, J. Banerji, and R. P. Singh, “Measuring the topological charge of an optical vortex by using a tilted convex lens,” Phys. Lett. A377(15), 1154–1156 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (8)

M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, “Toward single-cycle pulse generation in Raman-active crystals,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics on Ultrafast Science and Technology18(1), 460–466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. R. M. Robb, “Superradiant exchange of orbital angular momentum between light and cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A85(2), 023426 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Yu. Okulov, “Cold matter trapping via slowly rotating helical potential,” Phys. Lett. A376(4), 650–655 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Anderson, H. Bigman, L. E. E. de Araujo, and J. L. Chaloupka, “Measuring the topological charge of ultrabroadband, optical-vortex beams with a triangular aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B29(8), 1968–1976 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Strohaber, M. Zhi, A. V. Sokolov, A. A. Kolomenskii, G. G. Paulus, and H. A. Schuessler, “Coherent transfer of optical orbital angular momentum in multi-order Raman sideband generation,” Opt. Lett.37(16), 3411–3413 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ricci, W. Löffler, and M. P. van Exter, “Instability of higher-order optical vortices analyzed with a multi-pinhole interferometer,” Opt. Express20(20), 22961–22975 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (6)

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon.3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhi, K. Wang, X. Hua, and A. V. Sokolov, “Pulse-shaper-assisted phase control of a coherent broadband spectrum of Raman sidebands,” Opt. Lett.36(20), 4032–4034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. A. Bovino, M. Braccini, M. Giardina, and C. Sibilia, “Orbital angular momentum in noncollinear second-harmonic generation by off-axis vortex beams,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B28(11), 2806–2811 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Fazal and S. M. Block, “Optical tweezers study life under tension,” Nat. Photonics5(6), 318–321 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and C. N. Harvey, “Vortex solitons in an off-resonant Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. A77(6), 063810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Zhi, X. Wang, and A. V. Sokolov, “Broadband coherent light generation in diamond driven by femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express16(16), 12139–12147 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2005 (2)

I. Mariyenko, J. Strohaber, and C. Uiterwaal, “Creation of optical vortices in femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express13(19), 7599–7608 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

1996 (1)

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

’t Hooft, G. W.

Allen, L.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. E.

Aoki, N.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arecchi, F. T.

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Banerji, J.

P. Vaity, J. Banerji, and R. P. Singh, “Measuring the topological charge of an optical vortex by using a tilted convex lens,” Phys. Lett. A377(15), 1154–1156 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bezuhanov, K.

Bigman, H.

Block, S. M.

F. M. Fazal and S. M. Block, “Optical tweezers study life under tension,” Nat. Photonics5(6), 318–321 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bortolozzo, U.

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bovino, F. A.

Braccini, M.

Burzo, A. M.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chaloupka, J. L.

Chan, H. S.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiu, D. T.

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Araujo, L. E. E.

Dholakia, K.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dreischuh, A.

Eliel, E. R.

Fazal, F. M.

F. M. Fazal and S. M. Block, “Optical tweezers study life under tension,” Nat. Photonics5(6), 318–321 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giardina, M.

Gorbach, A. V.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and C. N. Harvey, “Vortex solitons in an off-resonant Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. A77(6), 063810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guo, C.-S.

Harris, S. E.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Harvey, C. N.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and C. N. Harvey, “Vortex solitons in an off-resonant Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. A77(6), 063810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hnatovsky, C.

Hsieh, Z. M.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hua, X.

Kloosterboer, J. G.

Kolomenskii, A. A.

Krolikowski, W.

Kung, A. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, C. J.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C. K.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lenzini, F.

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liang, W. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Löffler, W.

Lu, L.-L.

Mariyenko, I.

Miyamoto, K.

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morita, R.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neupane, B.

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oemrawsingh, S. S. R.

Okulov, A. Yu.

A. Yu. Okulov, “Cold matter trapping via slowly rotating helical potential,” Phys. Lett. A376(4), 650–655 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yusufu, Y. Tokizane, M. Yamada, K. Miyamoto, and T. Omatsu, “Tunable 2-μm optical vortex parametric oscillator,” Opt. Express20(21), 23666–23675 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Padgett, M. J.

M. J. Padgett, “Light in a twist: optical angular momentum,” Proc. SPIE8637, 863702, 863702-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photon.3(2), 161–204 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pan, R. P.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

Peng, L. H.

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, C.

Residori, S.

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, F.

Robb, G. R. M.

G. R. M. Robb, “Superradiant exchange of orbital angular momentum between light and cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A85(2), 023426 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rode, A. V.

Schätzel, M. G.

Schuessler, H. A.

Shvedov, V. G.

Shverdin, M. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sibilia, C.

Simpson, N. B.

K. Dholakia, N. B. Simpson, M. J. Padgett, and L. Allen, “Second-harmonic generation and the orbital angular momentum of light,” Phys. Rev. A54(5), R3742–R3745 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Singh, R. P.

P. Vaity, J. Banerji, and R. P. Singh, “Measuring the topological charge of an optical vortex by using a tilted convex lens,” Phys. Lett. A377(15), 1154–1156 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Skryabin, D. V.

A. V. Gorbach, D. V. Skryabin, and C. N. Harvey, “Vortex solitons in an off-resonant Raman medium,” Phys. Rev. A77(6), 063810 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sokolov, A. V.

Strohaber, J.

Sun, W.

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokizane, Y.

Toyoda, K.

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiterwaal, C.

Uiterwaal, C. J. G. J.

Vaity, P.

P. Vaity, J. Banerji, and R. P. Singh, “Measuring the topological charge of an optical vortex by using a tilted convex lens,” Phys. Lett. A377(15), 1154–1156 (2013).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

van Houwelingen, J. A. W.

Verstegen, E. J. K.

Walker, D. R.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Walther, H.

Wang, G. F.

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.-T.

Wang, K.

Wang, X.

Woerdman, J. P.

Yamada, M.

Yao, A. M.

Yavuz, D. D.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yusufu, T.

Zhi, M.

Zhi, M. C.

Adv. Opt. Photon. (1)

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics on Ultrafast Science and Technology (1)

M. Zhi and A. V. Sokolov, “Toward single-cycle pulse generation in Raman-active crystals,” IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics on Ultrafast Science and Technology18(1), 460–466 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. V. Sokolov, M. Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D. D. Yavuz, A. M. Burzo, G. Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, “Generation and control of femtosecond pulses by molecular modulation,” J. Mod. Opt.52, 285–304 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nano Lett. (1)

K. Toyoda, K. Miyamoto, N. Aoki, R. Morita, and T. Omatsu, “Using Optical Vortex To Control the Chirality of Twisted Metal Nanostructures,” Nano Lett.12(7), 3645–3649 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

F. M. Fazal and S. M. Block, “Optical tweezers study life under tension,” Nat. Photonics5(6), 318–321 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Lett. A (2)

A. Yu. Okulov, “Cold matter trapping via slowly rotating helical potential,” Phys. Lett. A376(4), 650–655 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Vaity, J. Banerji, and R. P. Singh, “Measuring the topological charge of an optical vortex by using a tilted convex lens,” Phys. Lett. A377(15), 1154–1156 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

G. R. M. Robb, “Superradiant exchange of orbital angular momentum between light and cold atoms,” Phys. Rev. A85(2), 023426 (2012).
[CrossRef]

F. Lenzini, S. Residori, F. T. Arecchi, and U. Bortolozzo, “Optical vortex interaction and generation via nonlinear wave mixing,” Phys. Rev. A84(6), 061801 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. J. Padgett, “Light in a twist: optical angular momentum,” Proc. SPIE8637, 863702, 863702-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

B. Neupane, F. Chen, W. Sun, D. T. Chiu, and G. F. Wang, “Tuning donut profile for spatial resolution in stimulated emission depletion microscopy,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.84(4), 043701–043709 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

H. S. Chan, Z. M. Hsieh, W. H. Liang, A. H. Kung, C. K. Lee, C. J. Lai, R. P. Pan, and L. H. Peng, “Synthesis and Measurement of Ultrafast Waveforms from Five Discrete Optical Harmonics,” Science331(6021), 1165–1168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

M. Zhi, K. Wang, and A. V. Sokolov, “Toward single-cycle pulse generation in single-crystal diamond,” 17th International conference on ultrafast phenomena, Snowmass, Colorado (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of the experiment layout. Two pairs of beams are focused in different part of a Raman-active crystal—PbWO4. The beams are close and overlap partially. The interference of the beams occurs and gives the phase profiles of the optical vortices. The insets (a) and (b) are the typical spectrum and FROG measurement of AS1 generated from Raman crystal (diamond), performed using Phazzler (FastLite). The center wavelength of AS 1 is at 940 nm. The dispersion of the pulse has been corrected by Phazzler. The full-width-half-maximum (FWHM) is measured to be 32.8 fs.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Different diameter of OVs generated in a Raman crystal by controlling the intensity and the beam diameter. (a): OVs are overlapped because the divergence of OV is bigger than the separation angle between two sidebands. (b): Decreasing the beam waist with iris before SPP to reduce the divergence. OVs are separated. (c): Adjusting the power of pump and Stokes. When the intensity of the pump and Stokes beams are attenuated, low-order sidebands OVs have symmetric beam profiles; OV are ready to be measured. All pictures were taken with a digital camera. (d): The top are beam profiles AS1 to AS4 and the bottom are beam profiles of AS5 to AS8.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

OV sidebands topological charge measurement using a tilted lens. Row a (b, c), AS1 (2, 3) are the OVs before the lens, after the lens and interference with a Gaussian reference beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Interference patterns of the Raman sidebands orders AS1 to AS5. We also show the spectrum of the AS11 OV (black dotted line) with a Gaussian spectrum (red line) fit that is centered on 479nm. This spectral profile is Gaussian, and is capable of supporting a Fourier-transform-limited pulse duration of 68 fs.

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