Abstract

Ultrashort ultraviolet pulses at 267 nm were generated through four-wave mixing processes in dual-color femtosecond filaments. The generated ultrashort ultraviolet pulses experienced intensity modulation due to molecular-alignment-induced spatial (de)focusing effects, and the output beam profiles were shown to vary observably at different molecular alignment revivals, facilitating all-optical field-free and ultrafast spatial shaping and profile optimization of the ultraviolet pulses.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, “Vacuum ultraviolet pulses of 11 fs from fifth-harmonic generation of a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 723–725 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(2), 021107 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Wu, Y. Tong, X. Yang, H. Cai, P. Lu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Interaction of two parallel femtosecond filaments at different wavelengths in air,” Opt. Lett.34(20), 3211–3213 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A80(6), 063822 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2009 (6)

H. Cai, J. Wu, A. Couairon, and H. Zeng, “Spectral modulation of femtosecond laser pulse induced by molecular alignment revivals,” Opt. Lett.34(6), 827–829 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, X. Yang, H. Cai, P. Lu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Interaction of two parallel femtosecond filaments at different wavelengths in air,” Opt. Lett.34(20), 3211–3213 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cai, J. Wu, H. Li, X. Bai, and H. Zeng, “Elongation of femtosecond filament by molecular alignment in air,” Opt. Express17(23), 21060–21065 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kosma, S. A. Trushin, W. E. Schmid, and W. Fuss, “Vacuum ultraviolet pulses of 11 fs from fifth-harmonic generation of a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 723–725 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(2), 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bai, X.

J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Cai, J. Wu, H. Li, X. Bai, and H. Zeng, “Elongation of femtosecond filament by molecular alignment in air,” Opt. Express17(23), 21060–21065 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benedetti, E.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bradforth, S. E.

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(2), 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cai, H.

Calegari, F.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, C.

Chen, Y.-H.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Christov, I. P.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Couairon, A.

De Silvestri, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, L.

J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Fuji, T.

Fuss, W.

Gasilov, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, E. A.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Horio, T.

Jailaubekov, A. E.

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(2), 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosma, K.

Li, H.

Li, M.

Liu, J.

Lu, P.

J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, X. Yang, H. Cai, P. Lu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Interaction of two parallel femtosecond filaments at different wavelengths in air,” Opt. Lett.34(20), 3211–3213 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lytle, A.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Misoguti, L.

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, L. Misoguti, S. Backus, H. C. Kapteyn, and M. M. Murnane, “Phase matching in cascaded third-order processes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(4), 822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohno, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

Paul, A.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Y.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Popmintchev, T.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmid, W. E.

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Stagira, S.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, T.

Tong, Y.

Trushin, S. A.

Varma, S.

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vozzi, C.

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.

Xu, Z.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, Y. Tong, X. Yang, H. Cai, P. Lu, H. Pan, and H. Zeng, “Interaction of two parallel femtosecond filaments at different wavelengths in air,” Opt. Lett.34(20), 3211–3213 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, S.

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Zhang, X.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. E. Jailaubekov and S. E. Bradforth, “Tunable 30-femtosecond pulses across the deep ultraviolet,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(2), 021107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, J. Wu, Y. Peng, Y. Tong, S. Yuan, L. Ding, Z. Xu, and H. Zeng, “Noncollinear interaction of femtosecond filaments with enhanced third harmonic generation in air,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(11), 111103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Wu, H. Cai, P. Lu, X. Bai, L. Ding, and H. Zeng, “Intense ultrafast light kick by rotational Raman wake in atmosphere,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221502 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Paul, E. A. Gibson, X. Zhang, A. Lytle, T. Popmintchev, X. Zhou, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Theoretical and Experimental Study on the Self-Raman Laser with Nd:YVO4 Crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.42, 14 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

T. Fuji and T. Suzuki, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, I. P. Christov, S. Backus, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Nonlinear wave-mixing processes in the extreme ultraviolet,” Phys. Rev. A72(6), 063803 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, S. Gasilov, E. Benedetti, G. Sansone, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Rotational Raman Effects in the Wake of Optical Filamentation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(12), 123006 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of High-Order Harmonic by Compensating the Atomic Dipole Phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett.83(13), 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of Broadband VUV Light Using Third-Order Cascaded Processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett.87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Varma, Y.-H. Chen, and H. M. Milchberg, “Trapping and Destruction of Long-Range High-Intensity Optical Filaments by Molecular Quantum Wakes in Air,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 205001 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The M-pulse used to excite the molecular alignment was tuned from 0.2 to 0.4 mJ by using HWP-1 and Brewster plate. HWP-2 was placed to adjust the relative polarization between the M-pulse and dual-color pulse. The focal lengths of the L1 and L2 were 60 and 50 cm, respectively. β-BBO crystal made a dual-color pulse with orthogonal polarization. The thickness of the α-BBO was 3 mm. DWP was a dual-wave plate: half-wave plate for FW and full-wave plate for the SH. The prism was used to distinguish the UV pulse from the dual-color pulse after the filament. The change of the UV pulse intensity as the function of the M-pulse time delay was detected by a spatial (de)focusing method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Calculated molecular alignment metric <<cos2θ>> of air versus time delay as the M-pulse polarization was parallel to that of the probe pulse. (b) Measured change of the UV pulse intensity along with the molecular alignment signal with the M-pulse polarization parallel to that of the dual-color pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The variation of the measured UV pulse intensity contained in the central part at whole revival for N2 and 3/4 revival for O2 (The revival periods for N2 and O2 are 8.3 and 11.6 ps, respectively). This alignment-induced variation was obtained by subtracting the constant UV pulse energy under circumstance of random molecular alignment. Positive (negative) signals corresponded to the case of parallel (perpendicular) molecular alignment.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The UV pulse beam profiles at different molecular alignment revivals with the M-pulse energy 0.3mJ. The beam intensity was strengthened under focusing effect in (c) and decreased in (b) and (d) due to defocusing effect. Image in (a) presented the pulse beam at random molecular alignment.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured 3D graphs of the UV pulse beam while the M-pulse energy was (a) 0.2mJ, (b) 0.3mJ and (c) 0.4mJ for parallel molecular alignment revivals. The central part intensity of the UV pulse increased as the aligning M-pulse increased in energy.

Equations (1)

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δ n mol (r,t)~2π ρ 0 α/ n 0 [<< cos 2 θ(r,t)>>1/3]

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