Abstract

We demonstrate sub-millisecond tuning of a prototype parametric tunable dispersion compensator (P-TDC) based on cascaded polarization-diverse four-wave mixing (FWM) process with a fast tunable and highly wavelength-stable pump light source. The pump light source is developed using a tunable distributed amplification chirped sampled grating distributed reflector laser that is fully wavelength tunable by on-chip heaters with a 3-dB frequency response of 45 kHz, resulting in fast dispersion tuning of less than 50 μs without additional timing jitter. The P-TDC is developed as the first prototype to satisfy essential requirements for practical network uses: stable input-polarization diversity, input-wavelength preservation, and seamless dispersion tunability for entire C-band input wavelengths are simultaneously achieved.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).
  2. S. Namiki, “Wide-band and -range tunable dispersion compensation through parametric wavelength conversion and dispersive optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(1), 28–35 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, T. Kurosu, and S. Namiki, “Recent advances of parametric tunable dispersion compensators,” 38th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2012), We.2.A.4 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire CL-band based on pump-wavelength-tunable FWM in a HNLF,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010), OWP4 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Painchaud, M. Lapointe, F. Trépanier, R. L. Lachance, C. Paquet, and M. Guy, “Recent progress on FBG-based tunable dispersion compensators for 40 Gb/s applications,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007), OThP3 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. M. Lunardi, D. J. Moss, S. Chandrasekhar, L. L. Buhl, M. Lamont, S. McLaughlin, G. Randall, P. Colbourne, S. Kiran, and C. A. Hulse, “Tunable dispersion compensation at 40-Gb/s using a multicavity etalon all-pass filter with NRZ, RZ, and CS-RZ modulation,” J. Lightwave Technol.20(12), 2136–2144 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, H. Ishida, Y. Oikawa, N. Shiga, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Microsecond switching of parametric tunable dispersion compensator,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3039–3041 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. K. Tanizawa, “Practical issues of the tunable dispersion compensation using parametric wavelength conversion,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), OTu2D.3 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Takasaka, M. Takahashi, Y. Mimura, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Polarization insensitive arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire C-band using a PM-HNLF,” 36th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2010), Th.9.C.2 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. T. Kaneko, Y. Yamauchi, K. Uesaka, and H. Shoji, “A single-stripe tunable laser operated at constant temperature using thermo-optic effect,” 17th Microopics Conference (MOC2011), G-2 (2011).
  11. A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).
  12. K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “In-line polarization-insensitive parametric tunable dispersion compensator for WDM signals,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(11), 1750–1756 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Matsuura, T. Kaneko, K. Tanizawa, E. Banno, K. Uesaka, H. Kuwatsuka, S. Namiki, and H. Shoji, “Fast wavelength switching of fully heater-tuned CSG-DR lasers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC2013), OTh3I.1 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Matsuura, T. Kaneko, K. Tanizawa, E. Banno, K. Uesaka, H. Kuwatsuka, S. Namiki, and H. Shoji, “6.25 GHz flexible grid tuning of fully heater-tuned CSG-DR lasers with sub-millisecond wavelength switching,” 39th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2013), Th.1.B.4 (2013).
  15. T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Field demonstration of parametric tunable dispersion compensator employing polarization diversity scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(13), 926–928 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Hu, E. Palushani, M. Galili, H. C. H. Mulvad, A. Clausen, L. K. Oxenløwe, and P. Jeppesen, “640 Gbit/s and 1.28 Tbit/s polarisation insensitive all optical wavelength conversion,” Opt. Express18(10), 9961–9966 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

2012

2011

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Field demonstration of parametric tunable dispersion compensator employing polarization diversity scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(13), 926–928 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2008

2002

1993

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Clausen, A.

Colbourne, P.

Galili, M.

Hagimoto, K.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Hasama, T.

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

Hasegawa, T.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

Hulse, C. A.

Inoue, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, H.

Ishii, K.

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

Ishikawa, H.

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

Jeppesen, P.

Kataoka, T.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Kato, K.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Kiran, S.

Kurumida, J.

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “In-line polarization-insensitive parametric tunable dispersion compensator for WDM signals,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(11), 1750–1756 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Field demonstration of parametric tunable dispersion compensator employing polarization diversity scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(13), 926–928 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, H. Ishida, Y. Oikawa, N. Shiga, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Microsecond switching of parametric tunable dispersion compensator,” Opt. Lett.35(18), 3039–3041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamont, M.

Lunardi, L. M.

McLaughlin, S.

Moss, D. J.

Mulvad, H. C. H.

Namiki, S.

Oda, K.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oikawa, Y.

Oxenløwe, L. K.

Palushani, E.

Randall, G.

Sano, A.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Sato, K.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Shiga, N.

Takahashi, M.

Tanizawa, K.

Tomizawa, M.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Wakita, K.

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

Yagi, T.

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

T. Hasegawa, K. Inoue, and K. Oda, “Polarization independent frequency conversion by fiber four-wave mixing with a polarization diversity technique,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.5(8), 947–949 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, M. Takahashi, T. Yagi, and S. Namiki, “Field demonstration of parametric tunable dispersion compensator employing polarization diversity scheme,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.23(13), 926–928 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

K. Ishii, J. Kurumida, S. Namiki, T. Hasama, and H. Ishikawa, “Energy consumption and traffic scaling of dynamic optical path networks,” Proc. SPIE8646, 86460A (2013).

Other

K. Tanizawa, J. Kurumida, T. Kurosu, and S. Namiki, “Recent advances of parametric tunable dispersion compensators,” 38th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2012), We.2.A.4 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Takahashi, S. Takasaka, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire CL-band based on pump-wavelength-tunable FWM in a HNLF,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2010), OWP4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Painchaud, M. Lapointe, F. Trépanier, R. L. Lachance, C. Paquet, and M. Guy, “Recent progress on FBG-based tunable dispersion compensators for 40 Gb/s applications,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2007), OThP3 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanizawa, “Practical issues of the tunable dispersion compensation using parametric wavelength conversion,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC 2013), OTu2D.3 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Takasaka, M. Takahashi, Y. Mimura, M. Tadakuma, R. Sugizaki, and T. Yagi, “Polarization insensitive arbitrary wavelength conversion in entire C-band using a PM-HNLF,” 36th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2010), Th.9.C.2 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Kaneko, Y. Yamauchi, K. Uesaka, and H. Shoji, “A single-stripe tunable laser operated at constant temperature using thermo-optic effect,” 17th Microopics Conference (MOC2011), G-2 (2011).

A. Sano, T. Kataoka, M. Tomizawa, K. Hagimoto, K. Sato, K. Wakita, and K. Kato, “Automatic dispersion equalization by monitoring extracted-clock power level in a 40-Gbit/s, 200-km transmission line,” 22nd European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 1996), 2, 207–210 (1996).

H. Matsuura, T. Kaneko, K. Tanizawa, E. Banno, K. Uesaka, H. Kuwatsuka, S. Namiki, and H. Shoji, “Fast wavelength switching of fully heater-tuned CSG-DR lasers,” Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition / National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC2013), OTh3I.1 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Matsuura, T. Kaneko, K. Tanizawa, E. Banno, K. Uesaka, H. Kuwatsuka, S. Namiki, and H. Shoji, “6.25 GHz flexible grid tuning of fully heater-tuned CSG-DR lasers with sub-millisecond wavelength switching,” 39th European Conference on Optical Fiber Communications (ECOC 2013), Th.1.B.4 (2013).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Design of the prototype P-TDC.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Tuning characteristics of the P-TDC.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Conversion efficiency of degenerate FWM in the PM-HNLF.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength-tuning response times of over 1000 source and destination combinations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration of the P-TDC.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Spectra of degenerate FWM at (a) the first T-FC and (b) the second T-FC.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Tuning responses of P-TDC and eye diagrams (a) from 0 to plus GVD and (b) from 0 to minus GVD.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

BER characteristics and eye diagrams after P-TDC with GVD setting of 0 ps2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Amount of GVD generated from the P-TDC for various pump wavelengths, and wavelength-tuning response times from the zero-setting wavelength at input signal wavelength of 1549.72 nm.

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