Abstract

1.6 μm eye-safe emission of a diode pumped Er,Yb co-doped YAG ceramic laser is firstly demonstrated. Operation of the ceramic laser under different ceramic sample lengths, co-doping concentrations and control temperatures were experimentally investigated. A maximum output power of 222 mW was achieved at an absorbed pump power of 8.1 W, corresponding to a conversion efficiency of 2.74%. Laser emission at 1.05 μm for transition of the Yb3+ ions was also studied on the same ceramic samples. The results clearly show the existence of resonantly energy transfer from the Yb3+ ions to Er3+ ions.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (3)

2012 (3)

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, J. H. Huang, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Acousto-optic Q-switched self-frequency-doubling Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1565–1567 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

2009 (3)

2007 (1)

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Binks, D. J.

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burns, P. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. L.

Chang, N. W. H.

Chang, Y. T.

Chen, H.

Chen, H. B.

Chen, W. B.

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Chen, Y. J.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, J. H. Huang, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Acousto-optic Q-switched self-frequency-doubling Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1565–1567 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cong, Z. H.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dawes, J. M.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B. I.

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y. M.

Fan, D. Y.

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B. I.

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gong, X. H.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, J. H. Huang, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Acousto-optic Q-switched self-frequency-doubling Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1565–1567 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gorbachenya, K. N.

Guo, J. K.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

He, J. L.

Heumann, E.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hosken, D. J.

Huang, C. H.

Huang, H. T.

Huang, J. H.

Huang, T. D.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. D.

Huber, G.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, B. X.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

Kuleshov, N. V.

Leonyuk, N. I.

Li, J.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, P.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y. F.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, J. H. Huang, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Acousto-optic Q-switched self-frequency-doubling Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1565–1567 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. B.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. J.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, D. W.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. D.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, J. H. Huang, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Acousto-optic Q-switched self-frequency-doubling Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1565–1567 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ma, J.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maltsev, V. V.

Munch, J.

Osiko, V. V.

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ottaway, D. J.

Pan, Y. B.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qin, X. P.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, G.

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

Simakov, N.

Su, K. W.

Sverchkov, S. E.

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tan, Q. G.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsang, Y. H.

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Veitch, P. J.

Wang, H. Y.

Wang, J.

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M. J.

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q. P.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wei, Y.

Xu, C. W.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yasukevich, A. S.

Zhang, G.

Zhang, H. J.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. X.

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. Y.

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, H. Y.

Zhu, L.

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, Q. P. Wang, P. Li, Z. J. Liu, Z. H. Cong, L. Li, and H. J. Zhang, “Highly efficient double-ended diffusion-bonded Nd:YVO4 1525-nm eye-safe Raman laser under direct 880-nm pumping,” Appl. Phys. B106(3), 653–656 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, X. H. Gong, Q. G. Tan, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “2.0 W diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(24), 241111 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

J. Zhou, W. X. Zhang, T. D. Huang, L. Wang, J. Li, W. B. Liu, B. X. Jiang, Y. B. Pan, and J. K. Guo, “Optical properties of Er,Yb co-doped YAG transparent ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(2), 513–519 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Burns, J. M. Dawes, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, H. Jiang, and J. Wang, “Optimization of Er, Yb:YCOB for CW laser operation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.40(11), 1575–1582 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. J. Wang, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, W. B. Chen, and D. Y. Fan, “Performance of an actively Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(8), 085806 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and diode pumped 1.6μm laser performance in Yb-codoped Er: Y3A15O12 and Er: Y2SiO5,” Opt. Commun.118(5-6), 557–561 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

D. W. Luo, J. Zhang, C. W. Xu, X. P. Qin, D. Y. Tang, and J. Ma, “Fabrication and laser properties of transparent Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater.34(6), 936–939 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Efficiency of population of the 4I13/2 level of the Er3+ ion and the possibility of lasing at 1.5μm in Yb, Er:YAG at high temperatures,” Quantum Electron.37(10), 971–973 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmittance spectrum of Er,Yb:YAG ceramic.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption coefficients of the Er,Yb:YAG ceramic samples.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup for LD end-pumped Er,Yb:YAG ceramic laser: IM, input mirror; OC, output coupler.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output powers and spectra (inset) for 1.6 μm laser versus incident pump power using different output couplers.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output powers of the 1.6 μm laser versus incident pump power using different Er,Yb:YAG ceramic samples.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Output powers of the 1.6 μm laser versus absorbed pump power with different control temperature of ceramic.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output power of the 1.05 μm laser versus incident pump power using different Er,Yb:YAG ceramic samples.

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