Abstract

We demonstrate for the first time the possibility to generate long plasma channels up to a distance of 1 km, using the terawatt femtosecond T&T laser facility. The plasma density was optimized by adjusting the chirp, the focusing and beam diameter. The interaction of filaments with transparent and opaque targets was studied.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Chen, F. Théberge, O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Evolution and termination of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3477–3479 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. F. Théberge, M. Châteauneuf, V. Ross, P. Mathieu, and J. Dubois, “Ultrabroadband conical emission generated from the ultraviolet up to the far-infrared during the optical filamentation in air,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2515–2517 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  9. S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  12. A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. R. Shen, “Self-focusing: Experimental,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1–34 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. I. Talanov, “Focusing of light in cubic media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 11, 199–201 (1970).
  15. Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  17. S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. W. Liu and S. L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, F. Théberge, O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Evolution and termination of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3477–3479 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (4)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

W. Liu and S. L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

Y. R. Shen, “Self-focusing: Experimental,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1–34 (1975).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

V. I. Talanov, “Focusing of light in cubic media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 11, 199–201 (1970).

Ackermann, R.

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Akozbek, N.

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

Aközbek, N.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Aközbek, N. N.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

André, Y.-B.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baudelet, M.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Beaudin, G.

Becker, A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bondiou-Clergerie, A.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bourayou, R.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bourdon, P.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Brodeur, A.

Châteauneuf, M.

Chen, Y.

Chien, C. Y.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chin, S. L.

Y. Chen, F. Théberge, O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Evolution and termination of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3477–3479 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Liu and S. L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Brodeur and S. L. Chin, “Ultrafast white-light continuum generation and self-focusing in transparent condensed media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(4), 637–650 (1999).
[Crossref]

Comtois, D.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Couairon, A.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

Couture, P.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

D’Amico, C.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

Desparois, A.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dubois, J.

Durand, M.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Durécu, A.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Encrenaz, P.

Ferland, B.

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fleury, B.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Franco, M.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Frey, S.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallimberti, I.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Génin, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gheudin, M.

Gravel, J.-F.

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grillon, G.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, S. A.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Houard, A.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hüller, S.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jarry, G.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Johnston, T. W.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kandidov, V. P.

Y. Chen, F. Théberge, O. Kosareva, N. Panov, V. P. Kandidov, and S. L. Chin, “Evolution and termination of a femtosecond laser filament in air,” Opt. Lett. 32(24), 3477–3479 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kasparian, J.

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J.-C.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kosareva, O.

Kosareva, O. G.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

La Fontaine, B.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lange, R.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Lascoux, N.

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lim, K.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

W. Liu and S. L. Chin, “Direct measurement of the critical power of femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser pulse in air,” Opt. Express 13(15), 5750–5755 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lombard, L.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, Q.

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Martin, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Mathieu, P.

Mawassi, R.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Méchain, G.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Méjean, G.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mercure, H. P.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Michau, V.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mora, P.

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munier, J.-M.

Mysyrowicz, A.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nibbering, E.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Panov, N.

Panov, N. A.

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

Patalano, G.

Pépin, H.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Potvin, C.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Prade, B.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ramme, M.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Richardson, M.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ripoche, J.-F.

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rizk, F. A. M.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Robert, C.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rodriguez, M.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ross, V.

Roy, G.

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

Salamé, R.

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

Salmon, E.

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauerbrey, R.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schroeder, H.

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

Shen, Y. R.

Y. R. Shen, “Self-focusing: Experimental,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1–34 (1975).
[Crossref]

Talanov, V. I.

V. I. Talanov, “Focusing of light in cubic media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 11, 199–201 (1970).

Théberge, F.

Tzortzakis, S.

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Tzortzakis, G. Méchain, G. Patalano, Y.-B. André, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, J.-M. Munier, M. Gheudin, G. Beaudin, and P. Encrenaz, “Coherent subterahertz radiation from femtosecond infrared filaments in air,” Opt. Lett. 27(21), 1944–1946 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vasseur, O.

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vidal, F.

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

Weidman, M.

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wille, H.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, J.-P.

J. Kasparian and J.-P. Wolf, “Physics and applications of atmospheric nonlinear optics and filamentation,” Opt. Express 16(1), 466–493 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wöste, L.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

G. Méchain, A. Couairon, Y.-B. André, C. D’Amico, M. Franco, B. Prade, S. Tzortzakis, A. Mysyrowicz, and R. Sauerbrey, “Long range self-channeling of Infrared laser pulses in air: A new propagation regime without ionization,” Appl. Phys. B 79(3), 379–382 (2004).
[Crossref]

Q. Luo, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, J.-F. Gravel, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. Akozbek, V. P. Kandidov, G. Roy, and S. L. Chin, “Effect of beam diameter on the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 80, 35–38 (2005).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Salamé, N. Lascoux, E. Salmon, R. Ackermann, J. Kasparian, and J.-P. Wolf, “Propagation of laser filaments through an extended turbulent region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(17), 171106 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Comtois, C. Y. Chien, A. Desparois, F. Génin, G. Jarry, T. W. Johnston, J.-C. Kieffer, B. La Fontaine, F. Martin, R. Mawassi, H. Pépin, F. A. M. Rizk, F. Vidal, P. Couture, H. P. Mercure, C. Potvin, A. Bondiou-Clergerie, and I. Gallimberti, “Triggering and guiding leader discharges using a plasma channel created by an ultrashort laser pulse,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76(7), 819–821 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. Weidman, K. Lim, M. Ramme, M. Durand, M. Baudelet, and M. Richardson, “Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(3), 034101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

S. L. Chin, S. A. Hosseini, W. Liu, Q. Luo, F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, A. Becker, V. P. Kandidov, O. G. Kosareva, and H. Schroeder, “The propagation of powerful femtosecond laser pulses in optical media: physics, applications, and new challenges,” Can. J. Phys. 83(9), 863–905 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J.-F. Ripoche, G. Grillon, B. Prade, M. Franco, E. Nibbering, R. Lange, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Determination of the time dependence of n2 in air,” Opt. Commun. 135(4-6), 310–314 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Méchain, C. D’Amico, Y.-B. André, S. Tzortzakis, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Mysyrowicz, A. Couairon, E. Salmon, and R. Sauerbrey, “Range of plasma filaments created in air by a multi-terawatt femtosecond laser,” Opt. Commun. 247(1–3), 171–180 (2005).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rep. (1)

A. Couairon and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media,” Phys. Rep. 441(2-4), 47–189 (2007).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. A. Hosseini, Q. Luo, B. Ferland, W. Liu, S. L. Chin, O. G. Kosareva, N. A. Panov, N. N. Aközbek, and V. P. Kandidov, “Competition of multiple filaments during the propagation of intense femtosecond laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 70(3), 033802 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Houard, M. Franco, B. Prade, A. Durécu, L. Lombard, P. Bourdon, O. Vasseur, B. Fleury, C. Robert, V. Michau, A. Couairon, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Femtosecond filamentation in turbulent air,” Phys. Rev. A 78, 033804 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

S. Tzortzakis, B. Prade, M. Franco, A. Mysyrowicz, S. Hüller, and P. Mora, “Femtosecond laser-guided electric discharge in air,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 64(5 Pt 2), 057401 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. R. Shen, “Self-focusing: Experimental,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 4, 1–34 (1975).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Kasparian, M. Rodriguez, G. Méjean, J. Yu, E. Salmon, H. Wille, R. Bourayou, S. Frey, Y.-B. André, A. Mysyrowicz, R. Sauerbrey, J.-P. Wolf, and L. Wöste, “White-light filaments for atmospheric analysis,” Science 301(5629), 61–64 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

V. I. Talanov, “Focusing of light in cubic media,” Sov. Phys. JETP 11, 199–201 (1970).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic of the interior of the T&T container. The clean room with the laser system is shown on the left-hand side and the control room is at the right-hand side of this schema. (b) Picture of the 2.5 km long firing range at DRDC Valcartier, where the tests were conducted.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement of position of the plasma channels (black dot) and the position of the light channels (grey large line) for different distances Di. Inset: impacts on a photographic paper showing a plasma channel and a light channel at 700 m for optimized parameters at 1 km.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measurement of the length over which ionization occurs (square) and average number (bars) of filaments across the laser profile as a function of the value of Di.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Red shift of the spectrum after 1 km of propagation in air as a function of the initial pulse duration. Measurements (red point) and calculation (continuous black curve) based on Eq. (11). Insert: spectrum for 6 ps (black curve) and spectrum for 0.84 ps (red curve).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Generated spectrum in different transparent materials after a propagation of 500 m. The black curve shows the spectrum of the laser pulse before the sample.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Damage impacts on Ge at different distances (left: 500 m, right: 1000 m).

Equations (11)

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z f = 0.367k a 2 { [ ( P P cr ) 1/2 0.852 ] 2 0.0219 } 1/2 ,
z f ' = z f f eff z f + f eff ,
dF dz =ik + n(t)E e i2πνt dt.
d | F | 2 dz =ik + n(t)EF* e i2πνt dt+C.C.
ν = + ν | F(ν) | 2 dν + | F(ν) | 2 dν .
d ν dz = ik + νdν + n(t)EF* e i2πνt dt / + I(t)dt +C.C.
d ν dz = k 2π + n(t)E dE* dt dt / + I(t)dt +C.C.
n(t)= n 2 τ 0 + e u/τ I(tu)du ,
d ω dz = 2k n 2 I 0 Δ t 0 τ (Δt) 4 π + 0 + t e t 2 /Δ t 2 e u/τ e (tu) 2 /Δ t 2 dtdu .
d ω dz = k n 2 I 0 Δ t 0 2τ π { 2π Δt + π τ e Δ t 2 /2 τ 2 [ erf( Δt 2 2τ ) ]1 }.
Δ λ λ 0 = Δ ω ω 0 = k n 2 I 0 τ 2 ω 0 Δ t 0 Δt z,

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