Abstract

A passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser operating at cryogenic temperature with a Cr2+:ZnS saturable absorber pumped with continuous wave LDs was demonstrated. The performance of the laser was investigated through changing the distance between Cr2+:ZnS and output coupler. The maximum pulse energy of 70.5 μJ was obtained at 10 W input power. The maximum average output power of PQS laser was up to 3.2 W at the pump power of 22.8 W, corresponding to CW output power of 7.4 W, pulse repetition frequency of 52 kHz, and a pulse width of 389 ns. The M2 factor measured by the traveling knife-edge method was ~1.1 in x and y directions with near-diffraction limited beam quality.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  3. H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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  5. B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  25. M. Kovalsky and A. Hnilo, “Chaos in the pulse spacing of passive Q-switched all-solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3498–3500 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. D. Y. Tang, S. P. Ng, L. J. Qin, and X. L. Meng, “Deterministic chaos in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser passively Q switched by a Cr4+:YAG crystal,” Opt. Lett.28(5), 325–327 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Passively Q-switched Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser with a GaAs output coupler,” Opt. Express12(15), 3560–3566 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2013

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Zhang, L. Yu, S. Zhang, L. Li, J. Q. Zhao, and J. H. Cui, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:LLF laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express21(10), 12629–12634 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. H. Yu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, and M. Tonelli, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:LiLuF4 laser with 1.26 mJ output energy,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2544–2546 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Faoro, M. Kadankov, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Segura, and X. Mateos, “Passively Q-switched Tm:YLF laser,” Opt. Lett.37(9), 1517–1519 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Sorokin, N. Tolstik, K. I. Schaffers, and I. T. Sorokina, “Femtosecond SESAM-modelocked Cr:ZnS laser,” Opt. Express20(27), 28947–28952 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. Fromzel, and M. Dubinskii, “Linear thermal expansion and thermo-optic coefficients of YVO4 crystals the 80-320 K temperature range,” Opt. Mater. Express2(11), 1624–1631 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kovalsky and A. Hnilo, “Chaos in the pulse spacing of passive Q-switched all-solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3498–3500 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

J. Kong, D. Y. Tang, J. Lu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, “Passively Q-switched Yb:Y2O3 ceramic laser with a GaAs output coupler,” Opt. Express12(15), 3560–3566 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett.1(6), 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Y. Tang, S. P. Ng, L. J. Qin, and X. L. Meng, “Deterministic chaos in a diode-pumped Nd:YAG laser passively Q switched by a Cr4+:YAG crystal,” Opt. Lett.28(5), 325–327 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

1990

N. S. Nishioka and Y. Domankevitz, “Comparison of tissue ablation with pulsed holmium and thulium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.26(12), 2271–2275 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Aggarwal, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V. V.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bao, X. J.

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Batay, L. E.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chann, B.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W. B.

Cui, J. H.

X. L. Zhang, L. Yu, S. Zhang, L. Li, J. Q. Zhao, and J. H. Cui, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:LLF laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express21(10), 12629–12634 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Demchuk, M. I.

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Demidovich, A. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Domankevitz, Y.

N. S. Nishioka and Y. Domankevitz, “Comparison of tissue ablation with pulsed holmium and thulium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.26(12), 2271–2275 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faoro, R.

Fedorov, V.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

Gaponenko, M.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grabtchikov, A. S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Hale, C. P.

He, W. J.

W. J. He, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped efficient Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Opt. Express14(24), 11653–11659 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Henderson, S. W.

Heumann, E.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett.1(6), 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hnilo, A.

Hou, J. Y.

Huang, M. J.

Huber, G.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett.1(6), 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Huffaker, A. V.

Ishii, S.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, H.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y. L.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. J. He, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped efficient Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Opt. Express14(24), 11653–11659 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kadankov, M.

Kavaya, M. J.

Kim, C.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J.

Kovalsky, M.

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kuck, S.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, G.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

X. L. Zhang, L. Yu, S. Zhang, L. Li, J. Q. Zhao, and J. H. Cui, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:LLF laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express21(10), 12629–12634 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, L. J.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. F.

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lipovskii, A. A.

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lisinetskii, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. T.

Lu, J.

Magee, J. R.

Malyarevich, A.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Malyarevich, A. M.

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Martyshkin, D.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mateos, X.

Meng, P. B.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. L.

Mirov, S.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, K.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moskalev, I.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Murayama, Y.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ng, S. P.

Nishioka, N. S.

N. S. Nishioka and Y. Domankevitz, “Comparison of tissue ablation with pulsed holmium and thulium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.26(12), 2271–2275 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ochoa, J. R.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oda, R.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Onushchenko, A.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Orlovich, V. A.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V. L.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parisi, D.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

Prokoshin, P. V.

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Qin, L. J.

Qu, Z. S.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

Scholle, K.

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett.1(6), 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Schwettman, H. A.

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Segura, M.

Sekizawa, S.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sheina, S. G.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shu, S. J.

Simanovskii, D. M.

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

Sorokina, I. T.

Spitzberg, J.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Su, L. B.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Tian, Y.

Tilleman, M.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Titov, A. N.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tolstik, N.

Tonelli, M.

Ueda, K.

Veronesi, S.

Wang, Y. G.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. Z.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. J. He, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped efficient Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Opt. Express14(24), 11653–11659 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Welch, A. J.

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, C. T.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

Yanagitani, T.

Yao, B. Q.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, Y. Tian, G. Li, and Y. Z. Wang, “InGaAs/GaAs saturable absorber for diode-pumped passively Q-switched dual-wavelength Tm:YAP lasers,” Opt. Express18(13), 13574–13579 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. J. He, B. Q. Yao, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Diode-pumped efficient Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with near-diffraction limited beam quality,” Opt. Express14(24), 11653–11659 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. H.

Yu, L.

Yu, T.

Yumashev, K.

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K. V.

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

Zhang, X. B.

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. L.

X. L. Zhang, L. Yu, S. Zhang, L. Li, J. Q. Zhao, and J. H. Cui, “Diode-pumped continuous wave and passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:LLF laser at 2 µm,” Opt. Express21(10), 12629–12634 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J. Q.

Zheng, L. H.

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G. L.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

Z. S. Qu, Y. G. Wang, J. Liu, L. H. Zheng, L. B. Su, and J. Xu, “Performance of 2 μm Tm:YAP pulse laser based on a carbon nanotube absorber,” Appl. Phys. B109(1), 143–147 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. E. Batay, A. N. Kuzmin, A. S. Grabtchikov, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, A. A. Demidovich, A. N. Titov, V. V. Badikov, S. G. Sheina, V. L. Panyutin, M. Mond, and S. Kuck, “Efficient diode-pumped passively Q-switched laser operation around 1.9 μm and self-frequency Raman conversion of Tm-doped KY(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. Lett.81(16), 2926–2928 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Malyarevich, P. V. Prokoshin, M. I. Demchuk, K. V. Yumashev, and A. A. Lipovskii, “Passively Q-switched Ho3+:Y3Al5O12 laser using a PbSe-doped glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.78(5), 572–573 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Chin. Phys. B

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, G. L. Zhu, P. B. Meng, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “Comparative investigation of long-wave infrared generation based on ZnGeP2 and CdSe optical parametric oscillators,” Chin. Phys. B21(3), 0342131–0342136 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Phys. Lett.

B. Q. Yao, W. J. He, Y. Z. Wang, X. B. Zhang, and Y. F. Li, “High efficiency continuous-wave Tm:Ho:GdVO4 laser pumped by a diode,” Chin. Phys. Lett.21(11), 2182–2183 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Nishioka and Y. Domankevitz, “Comparison of tissue ablation with pulsed holmium and thulium lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.26(12), 2271–2275 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.

T. Y. Fan, D. J. Ripin, R. L. Aggarwal, J. R. Ochoa, B. Chann, M. Tilleman, and J. Spitzberg, “Cryogenic Yb3+-doped solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant.13(3), 448–459 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.

H. Iwai, S. Ishii, R. Oda, K. Mizutani, S. Sekizawa, and Y. Murayama, “Performance and technique of coherent 2-μm differential absorption and wind lidar for wind measurement,” J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.30(3), 429–449 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, I. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photon. Rev.4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys.

L. J. Li, B. Q. Yao, C. T. Wu, Y. L. Ju, Y. J. Zhang, and Y. Z. Wang, “Thermal focal length measurement of an LD-end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser,” Laser Phys.19(6), 1213–1215 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

B. Q. Yao, G. Li, P. B. Meng, G. L. Zhu, Y. L. Ju, and Y. Z. Wang, “High power diode-pumped continuous wave and Q-switch operation of Tm,Ho:YVO4 laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(12), 857–861 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Scholle, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Single mode Tm and Tm,Ho:LuAG lasers for LIDAR applications,” Laser Phys. Lett.1(6), 285–290 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Gaponenko, A. Onushchenko, V. Kisel, A. Malyarevich, K. Yumashev, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Compact passively Q-switched diode-pumped Tm:KY(WO4)2 laser with 8 ns/30μJ pulses,” Laser Phys. Lett.9(4), 291–294 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

X. L. Zhang, X. J. Bao, L. Li, H. Li, and J. H. Cui, “Laser diode end-pumped passively Q-switched Tm,Ho:YLF laser with Cr:ZnS as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Commun.285(8), 2122–2127 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater. Express

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. M. Simanovskii, H. A. Schwettman, H. Lee, and A. J. Welch, “Midinfrared optical breakdown in transparent dielectrics,” Phys. Rev. Lett.91(10), 107601 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the PQS Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser. (b) Absorption coefficient of Cr:ZnS between 1.2 and 2.2 μm .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output power of (a) CW and (b) PQS Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse energy and (b) pulse width versus pump power for different L.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse repetition frequency (PRF) versus pump power for different L.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Typical expanded shape of a single pulse, and a train of output pulses at 9.9W pump power (L = 25 mm). (b) The unstable pulses at 22.8 W pump power (L = 25 mm).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Beam radius versus the distance from a lens at 22.8 W pump power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output spectrum of CW and PQS laser for (a) different pump power (L = 7mm), and (b) different L at 10 W pump power.

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