Abstract

We employ conical refraction of light in a biaxial crystal to create an optical bottle for photophoretic trapping and manipulation of particles in gaseous media. We show that by only varying the polarization state of the input light beam the optical bottle can be opened and closed in order to load and unload particles in a highly controllable manner.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Dholakia, P. Reece, and M. Gu, “Optical micromanipulation,” Chem. Soc. Rev.37(1), 42–55 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Applications of spatial light modulators in atom optics,” Opt. Express11(2), 158–166 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  20. J. G. O’Hara, “The prediction and discovery of conical refraction by William Rowan Hamilton and Humphrey Lloyd,” Proc. R. Ir. Acad.82A, 231–257 (1982).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  27. A. S. Desyatnikov, V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Photophoretic manipulation of absorbing aerosol particles with vortex beams: Theory versus experiment,” Opt. Express17(10), 8201–8211 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Giant optical manipulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 118103 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

K. Dholakia, P. Reece, and M. Gu, “Optical micromanipulation,” Chem. Soc. Rev.37(1), 42–55 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Berry and M. R. Jeffrey, “Conical diffraction: Hamiltons diabolical point at the heart of crystal optics,” Prog. Opt.50, 13–50 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2004

M. V. Berry, “Conical diffraction asymptotics: Fine structure of Poggendorff rings and axial spike,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.6(4), 289–300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2000

1999

A. M. Belsky and M. A. Stepanov, “Internal conical refraction of coherent light beams,” Opt. Commun.167(1-6), 1–5 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Ashkin, “Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.94(10), 4853–4860 (1997) (PNAS).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

1982

J. G. O’Hara, “The prediction and discovery of conical refraction by William Rowan Hamilton and Humphrey Lloyd,” Proc. R. Ir. Acad.82A, 231–257 (1982).

1978

A. M. Belskii and A. P. Khapalyuk, “Internal conical refraction of bounded light beams in biaxial crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc.44, 436–439 (1978).

Ahluwalia, B. P. S.

Alpmann, C.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photon. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, “Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.94(10), 4853–4860 (1997) (PNAS).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ballantine, K. E.

Bashkansky, M.

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Belskii, A. M.

A. M. Belskii and A. P. Khapalyuk, “Internal conical refraction of bounded light beams in biaxial crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc.44, 436–439 (1978).

Belsky, A. M.

A. M. Belsky and M. A. Stepanov, “Internal conical refraction of coherent light beams,” Opt. Commun.167(1-6), 1–5 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Berry, M. V.

M. V. Berry and M. R. Jeffrey, “Conical diffraction: Hamiltons diabolical point at the heart of crystal optics,” Prog. Opt.50, 13–50 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. V. Berry, “Conical diffraction asymptotics: Fine structure of Poggendorff rings and axial spike,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.6(4), 289–300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, R.

Bragheri, F.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bu, J.

Capasso, F.

Chen, Z.

Cheong, W. C.

Christodoulides, D. N.

Cluzel, B.

Cristiani, I.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dally, A.

De Angelis, F.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Fornel, F.

Dellinger, J.

Denz, C.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photon. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Desyatnikov, A. S.

Dholakia, K.

Di Fabrizio, E.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Donegan, J. F.

Esseling, M.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photon. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Fatemi, F. K.

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gahagan, K. T.

Genevet, P.

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, M.

K. Dholakia, P. Reece, and M. Gu, “Optical micromanipulation,” Chem. Soc. Rev.37(1), 42–55 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, X.

Hernandez, D.

Hnatovsky, C.

Huang, S.

Isenhower, L.

Izdebskaya, Y. V.

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Giant optical manipulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 118103 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeffrey, M. R.

M. V. Berry and M. R. Jeffrey, “Conical diffraction: Hamiltons diabolical point at the heart of crystal optics,” Prog. Opt.50, 13–50 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, O.

O. Jovanovic, “Photophoresis-light induced motion of particles suspended in gas,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110(11), 889–901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kalkandjiev, T. K.

Kats, M. A.

Khapalyuk, A. P.

A. M. Belskii and A. P. Khapalyuk, “Internal conical refraction of bounded light beams in biaxial crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc.44, 436–439 (1978).

Kivshar, Y. S.

Krolikowski, W.

Li, G.

Liberale, C.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Loiko, Y. V.

Lunney, J. G.

Maller, K.

McGloin, D.

Melville, H.

Minzioni, P.

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mompart, J.

O’Dwyer, D. P.

O’Hara, J. G.

J. G. O’Hara, “The prediction and discovery of conical refraction by William Rowan Hamilton and Humphrey Lloyd,” Proc. R. Ir. Acad.82A, 231–257 (1982).

Olson, S. E.

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Padgett, M. J.

Petit, M.

Phelan, C. F.

Prakash, J.

Rakovich, Y. P.

Reece, P.

K. Dholakia, P. Reece, and M. Gu, “Optical micromanipulation,” Chem. Soc. Rev.37(1), 42–55 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rode, A. V.

Saffman, M.

Salazar, M.

She, A.

Shostka, N.

Shvedov, V. G.

Sibbett, W.

Spalding, G. C.

Stepanov, M. A.

A. M. Belsky and M. A. Stepanov, “Internal conical refraction of coherent light beams,” Opt. Commun.167(1-6), 1–5 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Swartzlander, G. A.

Tao, S.-H.

Terraciano, M. L.

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tomizawa, H.

Turpin, A.

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Williams, W.

Woerdemann, M.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photon. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Xu, P.

Yuan, X.-C.

Zhan, M.

Zhang, L.-S.

Zhang, P.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, Z.

Chem. Soc. Rev.

K. Dholakia, P. Reece, and M. Gu, “Optical micromanipulation,” Chem. Soc. Rev.37(1), 42–55 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

M. V. Berry, “Conical diffraction asymptotics: Fine structure of Poggendorff rings and axial spike,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.6(4), 289–300 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.

O. Jovanovic, “Photophoresis-light induced motion of particles suspended in gas,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf.110(11), 889–901 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laser Photon. Rev.

M. Woerdemann, C. Alpmann, M. Esseling, and C. Denz, “Advanced optical trapping by complex beam shaping,” Laser Photon. Rev. (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

C. Liberale, P. Minzioni, F. Bragheri, F. De Angelis, E. Di Fabrizio, and I. Cristiani, “Miniaturized all-fibre probe for three-dimensional optical trapping and manipulation,” Nat. Photonics1(12), 723–727 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature

D. G. Grier, “A revolution in optical manipulation,” Nature424(6950), 810–816 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun.

A. M. Belsky and M. A. Stepanov, “Internal conical refraction of coherent light beams,” Opt. Commun.167(1-6), 1–5 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

D. P. O’Dwyer, K. E. Ballantine, C. F. Phelan, J. G. Lunney, and J. F. Donegan, “Optical trapping using cascade conical refraction of light,” Opt. Express20(19), 21119–21125 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Turpin, Y. V. Loiko, T. K. Kalkandjiev, H. Tomizawa, and J. Mompart, “Wave-vector and polarization dependence of conical refraction,” Opt. Express21(4), 4503–4511 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, J. Dellinger, R. Blanchard, A. She, M. Petit, B. Cluzel, M. A. Kats, F. de Fornel, and F. Capasso, “Generation of two-dimensional plasmonic bottle beams,” Opt. Express21(8), 10295–10300 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. S. Desyatnikov, V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Photophoretic manipulation of absorbing aerosol particles with vortex beams: Theory versus experiment,” Opt. Express17(10), 8201–8211 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. P. O’Dwyer, C. F. Phelan, K. E. Ballantine, Y. P. Rakovich, J. G. Lunney, and J. F. Donegan, “Conical diffraction of linearly polarised light controls the angular position of a microscopic object,” Opt. Express18(26), 27319–27326 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. G. Shvedov, C. Hnatovsky, A. V. Rode, and W. Krolikowski, “Robust trapping and manipulation of airborne particles with a bottle beam,” Opt. Express19(18), 17350–17356 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. McGloin, G. C. Spalding, H. Melville, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Applications of spatial light modulators in atom optics,” Opt. Express11(2), 158–166 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc.

A. M. Belskii and A. P. Khapalyuk, “Internal conical refraction of bounded light beams in biaxial crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc.44, 436–439 (1978).

Phys. Rev. A

S. E. Olson, M. L. Terraciano, M. Bashkansky, and F. K. Fatemi, “Cold-atom confinement in an all-optical dark ring trap,” Phys. Rev. A76(6), 061404 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

V. G. Shvedov, A. V. Rode, Y. V. Izdebskaya, A. S. Desyatnikov, W. Krolikowski, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Giant optical manipulation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(11), 118103 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

A. Ashkin, “Optical trapping and manipulation of neutral particles using lasers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.94(10), 4853–4860 (1997) (PNAS).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. R. Ir. Acad.

J. G. O’Hara, “The prediction and discovery of conical refraction by William Rowan Hamilton and Humphrey Lloyd,” Proc. R. Ir. Acad.82A, 231–257 (1982).

Prog. Opt.

M. V. Berry and M. R. Jeffrey, “Conical diffraction: Hamiltons diabolical point at the heart of crystal optics,” Prog. Opt.50, 13–50 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Supplementary Material (4)

» Media 1: AVI (1149 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1373 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (1348 KB)     
» Media 4: AVI (1462 KB)     

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated light intensity distributions of a light beam conically refracted in a biaxial crystal (ρ0 = 10). (a) a circularly polarized input beam (Eq. (1) leads to a fully closed optical bottle (Media 1); (b) a linearly polarized input beam (Eq. (2) leads to an open-top optical bottle (Media 2). The 2-D images depict the principal cross sections of the light intensity distribution. Bright (dark) corresponds to high (low) light intensity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup. λ/2 and λ/4 respectively denote the half- and quarter-wave plate used to reconfigure the bottle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimentally recorded 3-D structure of an optical bottle beam formed by conical refraction of light in a KTP crystal (ρ0 = 18). (a) The bottle is fully closed for a circularly polarized input beam (Media 3) and (b) opened for a linearly polarized input beam (Media 4). The hole in the top wall of the bottle is clearly visible. The 2-D images depict the principal cross sections of the light intensity distribution. The size of the 2-D images is 970 µm along the x- and y-directions, and 26000 µm along the z-direction. Bright (dark) corresponds to high (low) light intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental images of hollow glass shells of different size trapped inside the bottle beam (ρ0 = 18). In (a-c), the shell’s diameter is respectively 40 µm, 85 µm and 95 µm. (d) Simultaneous trapping of two 40 µm glass shells.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

An experimentally recorded sequence of images illustrating unloading of the trapped 40 µm glass shell from the bottle (ρ0 = 18). The sequence of graphs (i-iv) represents different stages of opening the bottle.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I CP (ρ,Z)= | B C | 2 + | B S | 2
I LP (ρ,ϕ,Z)= I CP +( B C B S * + B S B C * )cos( 2Φ(ϕ ϕ C ) )
Δz= 4 3 k w 0 R 0

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