Abstract

We demonstrate an average ultraviolet (UV) power generation of 20 W by harmonically converting the output of an all-fiber master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) system. The third-harmonic generation (THG) UV output provides a conversion efficiency of 40% from the amplified fundamental output. The seed source, which consists of a 1064-nm-wavelength continuous-wave laser diode and two cascaded intensity modulators, produces chirp-free pulses with tunable durations from 100 ps to 2 ns at arbitrary repetition rates and a high dynamic extinction ratio. The fiber MOPA system generates a maximum average power of 50 W and a maximum peak power of 83 kW.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. D. Brooks and F. di Teodoro, “High peak power operation and harmonic generation of a single-polarization, Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 424–430 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. L. Koch and J. E. Bowers, “Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett.20(25-26), 1038–1040 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Lin, T. P. Lee, and C. A. Burrus, “Picosecond frequency chirping and dynamic line broadening in InGaAsP injection lasers under fast excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.42(2), 141–143 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. K. K. Chen, J. H. Price, S. U. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “Polarization maintaining 100W Yb-fiber MOPA producing µJ pulses tunable in duration from 1 to 21 ps,” Opt. Express18(14), 14385–14394 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. L. Lago, A. Mussol, M. Douay, and E. Hugonnot, “Single-mode narrow-bandwidth temporally shaped nanosecond-pulse ytterbium-doped fiber MOPA for a large-scale laser facility front-end,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), 2231–2236 (2010).
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  15. Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 μm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fiber: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
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  18. R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

2009

A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

C. D. Brooks and F. di Teodoro, “High peak power operation and harmonic generation of a single-polarization, Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 424–430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1984

T. L. Koch and J. E. Bowers, “Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett.20(25-26), 1038–1040 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

C. Lin, T. P. Lee, and C. A. Burrus, “Picosecond frequency chirping and dynamic line broadening in InGaAsP injection lasers under fast excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.42(2), 141–143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, K.

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adams, F. J.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S.

Alam, S. U.

K. K. Chen, J. H. Price, S. U. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “Polarization maintaining 100W Yb-fiber MOPA producing µJ pulses tunable in duration from 1 to 21 ps,” Opt. Express18(14), 14385–14394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Arbore, M. A.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Attanasio, D. V.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bossi, D. E.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

T. L. Koch and J. E. Bowers, “Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett.20(25-26), 1038–1040 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Brooks, C. D.

C. D. Brooks and F. di Teodoro, “High peak power operation and harmonic generation of a single-polarization, Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 424–430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

C. Lin, T. P. Lee, and C. A. Burrus, “Picosecond frequency chirping and dynamic line broadening in InGaAsP injection lasers under fast excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.42(2), 141–143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Byer, M. W.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cai, S.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Chen, K.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. K.

di Teodoro, F.

C. D. Brooks and F. di Teodoro, “High peak power operation and harmonic generation of a single-polarization, Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 424–430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dilley, C.

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Douay, M.

Dupriez, P.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Q.

Frede, M.

Fritz, D. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guzsella, S.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hallemeier, P. F.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hayes, J. R.

Hickey, L. M. B.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Honea, E. C.

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Horiuchi, R.

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hugonnot, E.

Ibsen, M.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, P.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jones, P.

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kanzelmeyer, S.

Keaton, G. L.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kieu, K.

Kissa, K. M.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Koch, T. L.

T. L. Koch and J. E. Bowers, “Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett.20(25-26), 1038–1040 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

Lafaw, D. A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lago, L.

Lee, T. P.

C. Lin, T. P. Lee, and C. A. Burrus, “Picosecond frequency chirping and dynamic line broadening in InGaAsP injection lasers under fast excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.42(2), 141–143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Leigh, M.

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Leonard, M. J.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Lin, T. P. Lee, and C. A. Burrus, “Picosecond frequency chirping and dynamic line broadening in InGaAsP injection lasers under fast excitation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.42(2), 141–143 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lin, D.

Maack, D.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Malinowski, A.

K. K. Chen, J. H. Price, S. U. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “Polarization maintaining 100W Yb-fiber MOPA producing µJ pulses tunable in duration from 1 to 21 ps,” Opt. Express18(14), 14385–14394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McBrien, G. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, E. J.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mussol, A.

Neumann, J.

Nightigale, J. L.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, E.

Peyghambarian, N.

Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 μm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fiber: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Piper, A.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H.

Richard, D. J.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

K. K. Chen, J. H. Price, S. U. Alam, J. R. Hayes, D. Lin, A. Malinowski, and D. J. Richardson, “Polarization maintaining 100W Yb-fiber MOPA producing µJ pulses tunable in duration from 1 to 21 ps,” Opt. Express18(14), 14385–14394 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Malinowski, K. T. Vu, K. K. Chen, J. Nilsson, Y. Jeong, S. Alam, D. Lin, and D. J. Richardson, “High power pulsed fiber MOPA system incorporating electro-optic modulator based adaptive pulse shaping,” Opt. Express17(23), 20927–20937 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Saiki, K.

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Savage-Leuchs, M.

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sayinc, H.

Shen, Y.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shi, W.

Q. Fang, W. Shi, K. Kieu, E. Petersen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High power and high energy monolithic single frequency 2 μm nanosecond pulsed fiber laser by using large core Tm-doped germanate fiber: experiment and modeling,” Opt. Express20(15), 16410–16420 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smoliar, L. A.

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tei, K.

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Theeg, T.

Thomson, B. C.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vu, K. T.

Watanabe, G.

Wooten, E. L.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B.

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, S.

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Horiuchi, K. Adachi, G. Watanabe, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “1.4-MHz repetition rate electro-optic Q-switched Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Express16(21), 16729–16734 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yao, Z.

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yi-Yan, A.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zervas, M. N.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zong, J.

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

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[CrossRef]

M. Leigh, W. Shi, J. Zong, Z. Yao, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “High peak power single frequency pulses using a short polarization-maintaining phosphate glass fiber with a large core,” Appl. Phys. Lett.92(18), 181108 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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T. L. Koch and J. E. Bowers, “Nature of wavelength chirping in directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” Electron. Lett.20(25-26), 1038–1040 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

E. L. Wooten, K. M. Kissa, A. Yi-Yan, E. J. Murphy, D. A. Lafaw, P. F. Hallemeier, D. Maack, D. V. Attanasio, D. J. Fritz, G. J. McBrien, and D. E. Bossi, “A review of Lithium Niobate Modulator for fiber-optic communications systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(1), 69–82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

P. Dupriez, A. Piper, A. Malinowski, J. K. Sahu, M. Ibsen, B. C. Thomson, Y. Jeong, L. M. B. Hickey, M. N. Zervas, J. Nilsson, and D. J. Richardson, “High average power, high repetition rate, picosecond pulsed fiber master oscillator power amplifier source seeded by gain-switched laser diode at 1060 nm,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(9), 1013–1015 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

C. D. Brooks and F. di Teodoro, “High peak power operation and harmonic generation of a single-polarization, Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Commun.280(2), 424–430 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Rev.

R. Horiuchi, K. Saiki, K. Adachi, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “High-peak-power second-harmonic generation of single-stage Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Opt. Rev.15(3), 136–139 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

E. C. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, P. Jones, and C. Dilley, “Green and UV frequency conversion of a variable pulse repetition frequency photonic crystal fiber system,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731W, 68731W-4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Leonard, M. W. Byer, G. L. Keaton, D. J. Richard, F. J. Adams, J. L. Nightigale, M. A. Arbore, S. Guzsella, and L. A. Smoliar, “Fiber amplifier based UV laser source,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950F, 71950F-10 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. U. Alam, K. Chen, D. Lin, Y. Shen, S. Cai, B. Wu, P. Jiang, A. Malinowski, and D. Richardson, “Externally modulated, diode seeded Yb3+-doped fiber MOPA pumped high power optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE7197, 71970H, 71970H-9 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic Press, 1995) Chap. 9.

Y. Kamba, K. Tei, and S. Yamaguchi, “75kW peak power 50ps pulsed fiber laser system” CLEO/Europe and EQEC2013Conference Digest, paper CJ-5.2.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagrams of two seed sources.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical temporal pulse shapes for a seed source operating at various pulse widths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pulse definition and (b) average output power of a seed source with two MZIMs for various duty cycles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic diagram for the MZIM feed back bias control.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic diagram of the all-fiber MOPA system and the harmonic generation stage.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Average output power from the final amplifier for 200 ps at 2 MHz and (b) spectra at an average output power of 33 W.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

THG output power for 200 ps at 2 MHz.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Over-pumped average output power from the final amplifier and (b) spectrum at an average output power of 50.8 W.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

THG output power for 2 ns at 400 kHz (red), for 200 ps at 4 MHz (blue), and for 100 ps at 8 MHz (green).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Spectrum of the DFB-LD and (b) spectrum when the DFB-LD is amplified to an average power of 33 W.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Average Output Power of Two MZIMs in Cascade Modulation

Equations (8)

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SER=10lo g 10 ( P min P max ),
DER=10lo g 10 ( h min h max ).
p ave =( h max h min )× τ T + h min
P= P 0 cos 2 φ 2 ,
φ= φ 0 + π V π V DC + π V π V RF ,
P= 1 2 P 0 ( α v d ) 2 +2 P 0 α 2 v d ΔVsin( 2π f d t ) 1 2 P 0 ( α v d ) 2 cos( 2π2 f d t ).
Y= P 0 α 2 v d ΔVsinθ.
EXTINCTIONLIMIT=10log( π 2 v d 2 8 V π 2 ).

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