Abstract

An all-optical AND logic gate in a single silicon microring resonator is experimentally demonstrated at 10 Gb/s with 50% RZ-OOK signals. By setting the wavelengths of two intensity-modulated input pumps on the resonances of the microring resonator, field-enhanced four-wave mixing with a total input power of only 8.5 dBm takes place in the ring, resulting in the generation of an idler whose intensity follows the logic operation between the pumps. Clear and open eye diagrams with a bit-error- ratio below 10−9 are achieved.

© 2013 OSA

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2013

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, R. Q. Ji, L. X. Jia, L. Yang, P. Zhou, Y. H. Tian, P. Chen, Y. Y. Lu, Z. Y. Jiang, Y. L. Liu, Q. Fang, and M. B. Yu, “Demonstration of directed XOR/XNOR logic gates using two cascaded microring resonators,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1620–1622 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Ye, C. S. Yan, Y. Y. Lu, F. F. Liu, and Y. K. Su, “All-optical regenerative NRZ-to-RZ format conversion using coupled ring-resonator optical waveguide,” Opt. Express16(20), 15325–15331 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

2006

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. M. Saleh and J. M. Simmons, “Evolution toward the next-generation core optical network,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(9), 3303–3321 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. L. Cai, D. X. Huang, and X. L. Zhang, “Numerical analysis of polarization splitter based on vertically coupled microring resonator,” Opt. Express14(23), 11304–11311 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aguinaldo, R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Berrettini, G.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bogoni, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Byun, Y. T.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cai, X. L.

Calhoun, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Canciamilla, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2009).

Chen, P.

Chipouras, A.

Christian H Mulvad, H.

Demokan, M. S.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Densmore, A.

Dumon, P.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Fang, Q.

Fejer, M. M.

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, C.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foster, M. A.

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaeta, A. L.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galili, M.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geraghty, D. F.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Green, W. M. J.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grover, R.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P. T.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Homma, H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, H.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D. X.

Huh, J. H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Husko, C.

Hvam, J. M.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ibrahim, T. A.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Janz, S.

Jeon, Y. M.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeppesen, P.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ji, H.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ji, R. Q.

Jia, L. X.

Jiang, Z. Y.

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kanakaraju, S.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khorasaninejad, M.

Kim, J. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, L. C.

T. A. Ibrahim, R. Grover, L. C. Kuo, S. Kanakaraju, L. C. Calhoun, and P. T. Ho, “All-optical AND/NAND logic gates using semiconductor microresonators,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1422–1424 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. H. Kim, J. H. Kim, B. G. Yu, Y. T. Byun, Y. M. Jeon, S. Lee, D. H. Woo, and S. H. Kim, “All-optical NAND gate using cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Electron. Lett.41(18), 1027–1028 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Liang, T.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Xu and M. Lipson, “All-optical logic based on silicon micro-ring resonators,” Opt. Express15(3), 924–929 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, D. M.

Liu, F. F.

Liu, L.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. L.

Lu, Y. Y.

Lui, L.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ma, R.

Maeda, Y.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Malacarne, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Melloni, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mikroulis, S.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyazaki, T.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mookherjea, S.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Morichetti, F.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morita, H.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moses, B.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Nakayama, H.

J. H. Huh, H. Homma, H. Nakayama, and Y. Maeda, “All optical switching triode based on cross-gain modulation in semiconductor optical amplifier,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Photonics in Switching, pp. 73–74 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nunes, L.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ong, J. R.

J. R. Ong, R. Kumar, R. Aguinaldo, and S. Mookherjea, “Efficient CW four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator micro-rings with active carrier removal,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(17), 1699–1702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Osgood, R. M.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ou, H. Y.

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Oxenløwe, L. K.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pelusi, M.

Peucheret, C.

H. Hu, H. Ji, M. Galili, M. Pu, C. Peucheret, H. Christian H Mulvad, K. Yvind, J. M. Hvam, P. Jeppesen, and L. K. Oxenløwe, “Ultra-high-speed wavelength conversion in a silicon photonic chip,” Opt. Express19(21), 19886–19894 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Poti, L.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pu, M.

Pu, M. H.

M. H. Pu, H. Hu, M. Galili, H. Ji, C. Peucheret, L. K. Oxenløwe, K. Yvind, P. Jeppesen, and J. M. Hvam, “15-THz tunable wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses in a silicon waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(19), 1409–1411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Pu, L. Liu, H. Y. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Ultra-low-loss inverted taper coupler for silicon-on-insulator ridge waveguide,” Opt. Commun.283(19), 3678–3682 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2009).

Qureshi, K. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2009).

Roditi, E.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saini, S. S.

Saleh, A. A. M.

Salem, R.

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Samarelli, A.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saruwatari, M.

M. Saruwatari, “All-optical signal processing for terabit/second optical transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.6(6), 1363–1374 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. S.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharping, J. E.

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shoji, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Simi, A.

G. Berrettini, A. Simi, A. Malacarne, A. Bogoni, and L. Poti, “Ultrafast integrable and reconfigurable XNOR, AND, NOR, and NOT photonic logic gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(8), 917–919 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Simmons, J. M.

Simos, H.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sorel, M.

F. Morichetti, A. Canciamilla, C. Ferrari, A. Samarelli, M. Sorel, and A. Melloni, “Travelling-wave resonant four-wave mixing breaks the limits of cavity-enhanced all-optical wavelength conversion,” Nat Commun2, 296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, Y. K.

Sun, J. Q.

Sun, K.

K. Sun, J. Qiu, M. Rochette, and L. R. Chen, “All-optical logic gates (XOR, AND, and OR) based on cross phase modulation in a highly nonlinear fiber,” in Proceedings of the 35th European Conference and Exhibition on Optical Communication, (2009).

Sun, Q. Z.

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, and J. Q. Sun, “All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express17(15), 12555–12563 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Syvridis, D.

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, A. Chipouras, and D. Syvridis, “40-Gb/s NRZ and RZ operation of an all-optical AND logic gate based on a passive InGaAsP/InP microring resonator,” J. Lightwave Technol.24(3), 1159–1164 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Mikroulis, H. Simos, E. Roditi, and D. Syvridis, “Ultrafast all-optical AND logic operation based on four-wave mixing in a passive InGaAsP-InP microring resonator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1878–1880 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, K. Yiannopoulos, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, “All-optical packet address and payload separation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.14(12), 1728–1730 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y. H.

Tsang, H.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchiya, M.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchizawa, T.

T. Shoji, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and H. Morita, “Low loss mode size converter from 0.3 μm square Si wire waveguides to single mode fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(25), 1669–1670 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Turner, A. C.

A. C. Turner, M. A. Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Ultra-low power parametric frequency conversion in a silicon microring resonator,” Opt. Express16(7), 4881–4887 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Signal regeneration using low-power four-wave mixing on silicon chip,” Nat. Photonics2(1), 35–38 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Salem, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, D. F. Geraghty, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “All-optical regeneration on a silicon chip,” Opt. Express15(12), 7802–7809 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner, J. E. Sharping, B. S. Schmidt, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Broad-band optical parametric gain on a silicon photonic chip,” Nature441(7096), 960–963 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Thourhout, D.

T. Liang, L. Nunes, M. Tsuchiya, K. Abedin, T. Miyazaki, D. Van Thourhout, W. Bogaerts, P. Dumon, R. Baets, and H. Tsang, “High speed logic gate using two photon absorption in silicon waveguides,” Opt. Commun.265(1), 171–174 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

X. Liu, R. M. Osgood, Y. A. Vlasov, and W. M. J. Green, “Mid-infrared optical parametric amplifier using silicon nanophotonic waveguides,” Nat. Photonics4(8), 557–560 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vo, T. D.

Wai, P. K. A.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, “All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical NOR gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 593–595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D. L.

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Q. Z. Sun, and J. Q. Sun, “All-optical 40 Gbit/s CSRZ-DPSK logic XOR gate and format conversion using four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express17(15), 12555–12563 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J. Q. Sun, Q. Z. Sun, D. L. Wang, X. F. Zhang, D. X. Huang, and M. M. Fejer, “PPLN-based flexible optical logic AND gate,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(3), 211–213 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Principle of the AND logic gate. (a) Scanning electron microscope (SEM) picture of the top view of the MRR. (b) Spectra of the input RZ-OOK signals and transmission function of the MRR. (c) Spectra of the output RZ-OOK signals along with the converted AND idlers. (d) Truth table of the AND logic gate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for AND logic gate demonstration.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Transmission function of the MRR; inset: detail around the MRR resonance coinciding with one of the signals (represented using a linear scale). Measured spectra of (b) the two input RZ-OOK signals, (c) the output from the MRR, and (d) the output from the WG. The resolution bandwidth is 0.01 nm for all spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Pulse traces of (a) input RZ-OOK signal at 1550.97 nm, (b) input RZ-OOK signal at 1552.70 nm, (c) AND logic output idler from the MRR at 1554.44 nm, (d) AND logic output idler from the WG at 1554.44 nm, and their corresponding eye diagrams (e)-(h).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

BER measurements for the input RZ-OOK signal at 1550.97 nm (black) and at 1552.70 nm (purple), as well as for the AND logic idler generated in the MRR (red) and WG (blue) at 1554.44 nm.

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