Abstract

Based on composite optical transformation, we propose a rotatable illusion media with positive permittivity and permeability to manipulate terahertz waves, and a new way to realize singular parameter-independent cloaks when the incident wave with a certain width propagates from specific incident directions. The fundamental mechanism of this kind of cloak is that the illusion media can be able to avoid the incident wave interacting with the objects. Comparing with traditional transformation-coordinate-based cloaks such as cylindrical-shaped cloaks, our cloaks are independent of singular material parameters. Furthermore, this type of rotatable illusion media can be applied to design tunable miniaturized high-directivity antenna (a small antenna array covered with the rotatable illusion media appears like a large one and meanwhile, the radiation directions of the small antenna array is tunable via this rotatable illusion media). Full wave simulations are performed to confirm these points.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. F. Zolla, S. Guenneau, A. Nicolet, and J. B. Pendry, “Electromagnetic analysis of cylindrical invisibility cloaks and the mirage effect,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1069–1071 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express19(21), 20827–20832 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).
  24. W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express16(17), 13414–13420 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  27. T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  30. S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express19(21), 20827–20832 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (7)

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (9)

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Li and F. Li, “Two-dimensional electromagnetic cloaks with arbitrary geometries,” Opt. Express16(17), 13414–13420 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

F. Zolla, S. Guenneau, A. Nicolet, and J. B. Pendry, “Electromagnetic analysis of cylindrical invisibility cloaks and the mirage effect,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1069–1071 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (4)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burokur, S. N.

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cao, W.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cardenas, J.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chan, C. T.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, T.

B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

Chen, H. S.

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. Z.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, X.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chettiar, U. K.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Lustrac, A.

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ding, C. L.

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gabrielli, L. H.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Germain, D.

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Greenleaf, A.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guenneau, S.

Han, D. Z.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, J.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, T. C.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

Huang, Z.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, K.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, W. X.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

Johnson, S. G.

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kante, B.

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kildishev, A. V.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kivshar, Y.

Kong, J. A.

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurylev, Y.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, Y.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lassas, M.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, C.

Li, F.

Li, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, D.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, X. Q.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R. P.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lu, W.

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

Lustrac, A.

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ma, H. F.

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moser, H. O.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ng, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicolet, A.

Pendry, J. B.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Zolla, S. Guenneau, A. Nicolet, and J. B. Pendry, “Electromagnetic analysis of cylindrical invisibility cloaks and the mirage effect,” Opt. Lett.32(9), 1069–1071 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poitras, C.

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Powell, D.

Qiu, C. W.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qu, S.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahm, M.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ran, L.

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

Roberts, D. A.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shadrivov, I.

Shalaev, V. M.

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Z.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, P.

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Calculation of material properties and ray tracing in transformation media,” Opt. Express14(21), 9794–9804 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stuart, C. T.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, X. H.

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “Adaptive waveguide bends with homogeneous, nonmagnetic, and isotropic materials,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 181–183 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tichit, P.-H.

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Uhlmann, G.

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, B. I.

B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, B.-I.

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xi, S.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, J.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Y.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X. M.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, Y.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, F.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, G. X.

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, B. L.

B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Qiu, L. Hu, B. L. Zhang, B. I. Wu, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Spherical cloaking using nonlinear transformations for improved segmentation into concentric isotropic coatings,” Opt. Express17(16), 13467–13478 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

Zhang, J. J.

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, R.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. L.

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z. Q.

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, X. P.

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, F.

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, W. R.

W. R. Zhu, I. Shadrivov, D. Powell, and Y. Kivshar, “Hiding in the corner,” Opt. Express19(21), 20827–20832 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zolla, F.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

W. X. Jiang, C. W. Qiu, T. C. Han, S. Zhang, and T. J. Cui, “Creation of ghost illusions using wave dynamics in metamaterials,” Adv. Funct. Mater.23(32), 4028–4034 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. Liang, J. Gu, J. Han, Y. Yang, S. Zhang, and W. L. Zhang, “Robust large dimension terahertz cloaking,” Adv. Mater.24(7), 916–921 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, H. F. Ma, and Q. Cheng, “Layered high-gain lens antennas via discrete optical transformation,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(22), 221906 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Ma, S. Qu, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “The open cloak,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(10), 103501 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. C. Han, C. W. Qiu, and X. H. Tang, “The general two-dimensional open-closed cloak with tunable inherent discontinuity and directional communication,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(12), 124104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zhu, C. L. Ding, and X. P. Zhao, “Numerical method for designing acoustic cloak with homogeneous metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(13), 131902 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Chen and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media that rotate electromagnetic fields,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(24), 241105 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, X. M. Yan, Q. Cheng, R. P. Liu, and D. R. Smith, “Invisibility cloak without singularity,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(19), 194102 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

W. X. Jiang, T. J. Cui, G. X. Yu, X. Q. Lin, Q. Cheng, and J. Y. Chin, “Arbitrarily elliptical-cylindrical invisible cloaking,” J. Phys. D41(8), 085504 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Lu, Z. Lin, H. Y. Chen, and C. T. Chan, “Transformation media based super focusing antenna,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.42(21), 212002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun (2)

H. F. Ma and T. J. Cui, “Three-dimensional broadband ground-plane cloak made of metamaterials,” Nat Commun1(3), 21 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Z. Chen, Y. Luo, J. J. Zhang, K. Jiang, J. B. Pendry, and S. Zhang, “Macroscopic invisibility cloaking of visible light,” Nat Commun2, 176–181 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (2)

J. Valentine, J. Li, T. Zentgraf, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “An optical cloak made of dielectrics,” Nat. Mater.8(7), 568–571 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Y. Chen, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Transformation optics and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9(5), 387–396 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

W. Cai, U. K. Chettiar, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Optical cloaking with metamaterial,” Nat. Photonics1(4), 224–227 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Gabrielli, J. Cardenas, C. Poitras, and M. Lipson, “Silicon nanostructure cloak operating at optical frequencies,” Nat. Photonics3(8), 461–463 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl. (1)

M. Rahm, D. Schurig, D. A. Roberts, S. A. Cummer, D. R. Smith, and J. B. Pendry, “Design of electromagnetic cloaks and concentrators using form-invariant coordinate transformations of Maxwell’s equations,” Photon. Nanostr. Fundam. Appl.6(1), 87–95 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

P.-H. Tichit, S. N. Burokur, D. Germain, and A. de Lustrac, “Design and experimental demonstration of high-directive emission with transformation optics,” Phys. Rev. B83(15), 155108 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Kante, D. Germain, and A. Lustrac, “A experimental demonstration of a nonmagnetic metamaterial cloak at microwave fequency,” Phys. Rev. B80(20), 201104 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

S. Xu, X. Cheng, S. Xi, R. Zhang, H. O. Moser, Z. Shen, Y. Xu, Z. Huang, X. Zhang, F. Yu, B. Zhang, and H. Chen, “Experimental demonstration of a free-space cylindrical cloak without superluminal propagation,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109(22), 223903 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101(20), 203901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, T. Chan, and B. I. Wu, “Lateral shift makes a ground-plane cloak detectable,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104(23), 233903 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Rahm, S. A. Cummer, D. Schurig, J. B. Pendry, and D. R. Smith, “Optical design of reflectionless complex media by finite embedded coordinate transformations,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063903 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Greenleaf, Y. Kurylev, M. Lassas, and G. Uhlmann, “Electromagnetic wormholes and virtual magnetic monopoles from metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(18), 183901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Lai, J. Ng, H. Y. Chen, D. Z. Han, J. Xiao, Z. Q. Zhang, and C. T. Chan, “Illusion Optics: The Optical Transformation of an Object into Another Object,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(25), 253902 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. S. Chen, B.-I. Wu, B. L. Zhang, and J. A. Kong, “Electromagnetic wave interactions with a metamaterial cloak,” Phys. Rev. Lett.99(6), 063903 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. L. Zhang, H. Chen, B. I. Wu, and J. A. Kong, “Extraordinary Surface Voltage Effect in the Invisibility Cloak with an Active Device Inside,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(6), 063904 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

PIER. Online. (1)

Y. Luo, J. Zhang, L. Ran, H. Chen, and J. A. Kong, “Controlling the emission of electromagnetic source” PIER. Online.4(7), 795–800 (2008).

Sci Rep (1)

F. Zhou, Y. Bao, W. Cao, C. T. Stuart, J. Gu, W. L. Zhang, and C. Sun, “Hiding a realistic object using a broadband terahertz invisibility cloak,” Sci Rep1, 78 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science312(5781), 1780–1782 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Leonhardt, “Optical conformal mapping,” Science312(5781), 1777–1780 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The principle and parameter distribution of the rotatable illusion media. (a) The power flow in isotropic and homogeneous material (air) illuminated by plane wave. (b) The power flow of the plane wave propagates in a free space (air) embedded with a rotatable illusion media. (c1-c3) The parameter distribution of μ1(c1), μ2(c2), εz(c3) of the rotatable illusion media.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Electric field distribution of the rotatable illusion, when the plane wave propagating from the left side with α = 0°(a) and α = 90°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electric field distribution when a Gaussian beam is launched from the left side and scattered with a semi-ellipse shaped PEC (a1) or two arbitrary-shaped PECs (b1). (a2) and (b2) are the same as (a1) and (b1), but both of them are covered with the rotatable illusion for α = 90°. (c) Electric field distribution in free space when a Gaussian beam is launched from the left side. (d) The corresponding far-field patterns of (a1) (red curve), (b1) (dark yellow curve), (a2) (blue curve), (b2) (wine curve), (c) (green curve).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Electric field distributions of tunable miniaturized high-directivity antenna. (a1) and(b1) are the electric field distributions of two identical small antenna arrays embedded in the rotatable media with α = 0°, 90°, respectively. (a2) and(b2) are the two corresponding electric field distributions of two larger antenna arrays. (a3) is the far-field patterns of (a1) and(a2), while (b3) is the far-field patterns of (b1) and(b2).

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ ε ¯ '=Λ ε ¯ Λ T /det(Λ) μ ¯ '=Λ μ ¯ Λ T /det(Λ) ,
{ r'= R 3 R 1 R 3 R 2 r R 2 R 1 R 3 R 2 R 3 θ'=θ+α R 3 r' R 3 R 1 z'=z ,
Λ=[ p 0 0 αpr' R 3 R 1 r'p r'+q 0 0 0 1 ],
ε ¯ '= μ ¯ '=[ μ xx μ xy 0 μ xy μ yy 0 0 0 ε zz ] =[ A rr cos 2 θ2 A rθ sinθcosθ+ A θθ sin 2 θ ( A rr A θθ )sinθcosθ+ A rθ ( cos 2 θ sin 2 θ) 0 ( A rr A θθ )sinθcosθ+ A rθ ( cos 2 θ sin 2 θ) A rr sin 2 θ+2 A rθ sinθcosθ+ A θθ cos 2 θ 0 0 0 r'+q r' p 2 ],
{ μ 1 = μ xx + μ yy ( μ xx μ yy ) 2 +4 μ xy 2 2 μ 2 = μ xx + μ yy + ( μ xx μ yy ) 2 +4 μ xy 2 2 , ε z = ε zz
{ r'=( R 2 / R 1 )r θ'=θ z'=z ,
ε ¯ '= μ ¯ '=[ 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 ( R 2 / R 1 ) 2 ].

Metrics