Abstract

A novel monolithic fiber-optic chirped pulse amplification (CPA) system for high energy, femtosecond pulse generation is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. By employing a high gain amplifier comprising merely 20 cm of high efficiency media (HEM) gain fiber, an optimal balance of output pulse energy, optical efficiency, and B-integral is achieved. The HEM amplifier is fabricated from erbium-doped phosphate glass fiber and yields gain of 1.443 dB/cm with slope efficiency >45%. We experimentally demonstrate near diffraction-limited beam quality and near transform-limited femtosecond pulse quality at 1.55 µm wavelength. With pulse energy >100 µJ and pulse duration of 636 fs (FWHM), the peak power is estimated to be ~160 MW. NAVAIR Public Release Distribution Statement A-“Approved for Public release; distribution is unlimited”.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express17(10), 8237–8245 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

F. Doutre, D. Pagnoux, V. Couderc, A. Tonello, B. Vergne, and A. Jalocha, “Large temporal narrowing of subnanosecond pulses in a low-birefringence optical fiber,” Opt. Lett.33(16), 1789–1791 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yilmaz, L. Vaissie, M. Akbulut, D. M. Gaudiosi, L. Collura, T. J. Booth, J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, C. E. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Large-mode-area Er-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system for high-energy sub-picosecond pulses at 1.55 μm,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731I, 68731I-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er/Yb co-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Fini, “Intuitive modeling of bend distortion in large-mode-area fibers,” Opt. Lett.32(12), 1632–1634 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Dong, X. Peng, and J. Li, “Leakage channel optical fibers with large effective area,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B24(8), 1689–1697 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Polynkin, D. Panasenko, N. Peyghambarian, and J. V. Moloney, “All-fiber picoseconds laser system at 1.5 µm based on amplification in short and heavily doped phosphate-glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2194–2196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z–1, 61020Z-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, and L. Liu, “A review of the fabrication of optic fiber,” Proc. SPIE6034, 60341D, 60341D-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

2003

W. J. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, P. Russell, and P. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express11(1), 48–53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, “Photonic crystal fibres,” Nature424(6950), 847–851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Sekiguchi, K. Ito, A. Tanaka, H. Yamaura, H. Kan, and K. Ueda, “1 kW output fibre lasers,” Rev. Laser Eng.31(8), 525–529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, H. Zellmer, and A. Tünnermann, “500 W continuous-wave fibre laser with excellent beam quality,” Electron. Lett.39(8), 645–647 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

S. Tanabe, “Rare-earth-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers in broadband telecommunication,” C. R. Chim.5(12), 815–824 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

1998

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids239(1-3), 143–148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Knight, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. Myslinki, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effect of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett.22(13), 961–963 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996

1993

J. L. Wagener, P. F. Wysocki, M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, and D. J. Digiovanni, “Effects of concentration and clusters in erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Lett.18(23), 2014–2016 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair induced quenching in erbium doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1988

1986

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, and M. E. Fermann, “Fabrication of low loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” Electron. Lett.21(17), 737–738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol.14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1964

Akbulut, M.

T. Yilmaz, L. Vaissie, M. Akbulut, D. M. Gaudiosi, L. Collura, T. J. Booth, J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, C. E. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Large-mode-area Er-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system for high-energy sub-picosecond pulses at 1.55 μm,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731I, 68731I-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Andrejco, M. J.

T. Yilmaz, L. Vaissie, M. Akbulut, D. M. Gaudiosi, L. Collura, T. J. Booth, J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, C. E. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Large-mode-area Er-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system for high-energy sub-picosecond pulses at 1.55 μm,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731I, 68731I-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Atkin, D. M.

Bajwa, S.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bayon, J. F.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair induced quenching in erbium doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Booth, T. J.

T. Yilmaz, L. Vaissie, M. Akbulut, D. M. Gaudiosi, L. Collura, T. J. Booth, J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, C. E. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Large-mode-area Er-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system for high-energy sub-picosecond pulses at 1.55 μm,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731I, 68731I-8 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

Byer, R. L.

Y. W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Carstens, H.

Chavez-Pirson, A.

Cho, G. C.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z–1, 61020Z-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chong, A.

Chrostowski, J.

P. Myslinki, D. Nguyen, and J. Chrostowski, “Effect of concentration on the performance of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol.15(1), 112–120 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Collura, L.

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T. Yilmaz, L. Vaissie, M. Akbulut, D. M. Gaudiosi, L. Collura, T. J. Booth, J. C. Jasapara, M. J. Andrejco, A. D. Yablon, C. E. Headley, and D. J. DiGiovanni, “Large-mode-area Er-doped fiber chirped-pulse amplification system for high-energy sub-picosecond pulses at 1.55 μm,” Proc. SPIE6873, 68731I, 68731I-8 (2008).
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D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er/Yb co-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
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E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair induced quenching in erbium doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
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E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
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Lee, Y. W.

Y. W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 93–102 (2009).
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Li, J.

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T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
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J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
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J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
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J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express13(4), 1055–1058 (2005).
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Liu, Z.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z–1, 61020Z-5 (2006).
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Manek-Hönninger, I.

Matitsin, S. M.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol.14(4), 189–196 (1982).
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Mears, R. J.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(7), 870–876 (1986).
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J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
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A. Polynkin, D. Panasenko, N. Peyghambarian, and J. V. Moloney, “All-fiber picoseconds laser system at 1.5 µm based on amplification in short and heavily doped phosphate-glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2194–2196 (2006).
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Monerie, M.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
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E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J. F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair induced quenching in erbium doped silica fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.5(1), 73–75 (1993).
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S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids239(1-3), 143–148 (1998).
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D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er/Yb co-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
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Nichsolson, J. W.

Nie, Q.

X. Wang, Q. Nie, T. Xu, and L. Liu, “A review of the fabrication of optic fiber,” Proc. SPIE6034, 60341D, 60341D-9 (2006).
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K. Hougaard and F. D. Nielsen, “Amplifiers and lasers in PCF configurations,” J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep.1(1), 63–83 (2004).
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Nolte, S.

Ortiz, R.

Pagnoux, D.

Palsdottir, B.

Panasenko, D.

A. Polynkin, D. Panasenko, N. Peyghambarian, and J. V. Moloney, “All-fiber picoseconds laser system at 1.5 µm based on amplification in short and heavily doped phosphate-glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2194–2196 (2006).
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Payne, D.

Payne, D. N.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(7), 870–876 (1986).
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S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, and M. E. Fermann, “Fabrication of low loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” Electron. Lett.21(17), 737–738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

Percival, R.

Petersen, E. B.

Petersson, A.

Peyghambarian, N.

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, Z. Yao, D. T. Nguyen, J. Zong, M. A. Stephen, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Kilowatt-level stimulated-Brillouin-scattering-threshold monolithic transform-limited 100 ns pulsed fiber laser at 1530 nm,” Opt. Lett.35(14), 2418–2420 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi, E. B. Petersen, M. Leigh, J. Zong, Z. Yao, A. Chavez-Pirson, and N. Peyghambarian, “High SBS-threshold single-mode single-frequency monolithic pulsed fiber laser in the C-band,” Opt. Express17(10), 8237–8245 (2009).
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D. T. Nguyen, A. Chavez-Pirson, S. Jiang, and N. Peyghambarian, “A novel approach of modeling cladding-pumped highly Er/Yb co-doped fiber amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.43(11), 1018–1027 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Polynkin, D. Panasenko, N. Peyghambarian, and J. V. Moloney, “All-fiber picoseconds laser system at 1.5 µm based on amplification in short and heavily doped phosphate-glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2194–2196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. Jiang, M. J. Myers, and N. Peyghambarian, “Er doped phosphate glasses and lasers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids239(1-3), 143–148 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Peygham-barian, N.

Polynkin, A.

A. Polynkin, D. Panasenko, N. Peyghambarian, and J. V. Moloney, “All-fiber picoseconds laser system at 1.5 µm based on amplification in short and heavily doped phosphate-glass fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(21), 2194–2196 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Poole, S. B.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol.4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, and M. E. Fermann, “Fabrication of low loss optical fibers containing rare earth ions,” Electron. Lett.21(17), 737–738 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, X.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Richardson, D. J.

Roser, F.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, T. Schreiber, and A. Tunnermann, “High-power ultrafast fiber laser systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.12(2), 233–244 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rossin, V.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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T. Eidam, J. Rothhardt, F. Stutzki, F. Jansen, S. Hädrich, H. Carstens, C. Jauregui, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, “Fiber chirped-pulse amplification system emitting 3.8 GW peak power,” Opt. Express19(1), 255–260 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P.

Russell, P. S. J.

J. C. Knight, R. F. Cregan, P. S. J. Russell, and J. P. de Sandro, “Large mode area photonic crystal fibre,” Electron. Lett.34(13), 1347–1348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Rusteika, N.

Sahu, J.

Salin, F.

Schimpf, D. N.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

J. Limpert, F. Roser, D. N. Schimpf, E. Seise, T. Eidam, S. Hadrich, J. Rothhardt, C. J. Misas, and A. Tunnermann, “High repetition rate gigawatt peak power fiber laser systems: challenges, design, and experiment,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 159–169 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sekiguchi, H.

H. Sekiguchi, K. Ito, A. Tanaka, H. Yamaura, H. Kan, and K. Ueda, “1 kW output fibre lasers,” Rev. Laser Eng.31(8), 525–529 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shah, L.

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. C. Cho, and M. E. Fermann, “Ultrafast high energy amplifiers beyond the B-integral limit,” Proc. SPIE6102, 61020Z–1, 61020Z-5 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

Shi, W.

Sinha, S.

Y. W. Lee, M. J. F. Digonnet, S. Sinha, K. E. Urbanek, R. L. Byer, and S. Jiang, “High-power Yb3+-doped phosphate fiber amplifier,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(1), 93–102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Skidmore, J.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

Sorbello, G.

Steinmetz, A.

Stephen, M. A.

Stutzki, F.

Supradeepa, V. R.

Tai, K.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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H. Sekiguchi, K. Ito, A. Tanaka, H. Yamaura, H. Kan, and K. Ueda, “1 kW output fibre lasers,” Rev. Laser Eng.31(8), 525–529 (2003).
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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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Wong, V.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

Yalamanchili, P.

P. Yalamanchili, V. Rossin, J. Skidmore, K. Tai, X. Qiu, R. Duesterberg, V. Wong, S. Bajwa, K. Duncan, D. Venables, R. Verbera, Y. Dai, J. P. Feve, and E. Zucker, “High-power, high-efficiency fiber-coupled multimode laser-diode pump module (9XX nm) with high reliability,” Proc. SPIE6876, 687612, 687612-9 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Yao, Z.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Optimal fiber length vs. erbium doping concentration up to 23.8 × 1025 ions/m3. The solid line shows the LAD simulation output, and the open squares show experimental results for several silica fibers.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simulated output signal power (red solid lines) and B-integral (blue solid lines) vs. fiber length in silica glass LMA fiber with erbium concentration of 4 × 1025 ions/m3 and 9.2% clustering (a) and phosphate HEM glass LMA fiber with erbium concentration of 2.38 × 1026 ions/m3 and 7.2% clustering (b). Blue dashed lines show the B-integral ceiling at π radians. Red dashed lines show the output power achieved for this B-integral limit. Both cases use the same core pump source (39 W at 1480 nm) and input signal level (18.7 mW at 100 kHz and 1552.5 nm with 1.4 ns pulse duration)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pump-to-signal efficiency for silica fibers with erbium concentration up to 4 × 1025 ions/m3 (red line and symbols) and HEM phosphate fibers with erbium concentration up to 2.38 × 1026 ions/m3 (blue line and symbols).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic of the HEM fiber based CPA laser system pumped by a high power 1480 nm Raman fiber laser. WDM: wavelength division multiplexer. OSA: optical spectrum analyzer. AC: autocorrelator. NIRCCD: near infrared CCD camera.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

HEM fiber amplifier output signal pulse energy at 100 kHz (left axis) and average power (right axis) vs. coupled 1480 nm pump power. Red dots show measurement data and the blue line is a linear fit to the data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Beam diameter vs. axial distance from the focal plane of a reference lens. These data are used to calculate M2 of the HEM amplifier output, with pulse energy of 144 μJ, following ISO11146-2 protocol. The inset shows the near field beam profile captured with CCD camera.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

HEM amplifier output degree of polarization (DoP) vs. pulse energy at 100 kHz repetition rate.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Optical spectra of the HEM amplifier input signal (black line) and output signals at pulse energy of 24 µJ (red line), 55 µJ (blue line), 90 µJ (green line), and 144 µJ (purple line) at 100 kHz pulse repetition rate. The inset shows the optical spectrum taken at 144 µJ in linear scale.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Background-free SHG intensity autocorrelation of the fully compressed 102 μJ pulses (blue solid line), and the transform limited pulse shape and the theoretical sech2-shaped pulses (red dashed line) for reference. The measured pulse duration is 1.13 × the transform limited pulse for the output spectrum.

Equations (2)

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B= 2π λ 0 L n 2 I(z)dz= 2π λ A eff 0 L n 2 P(z)dz .
DoP=( P max P min )/( P max + P min )

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