Abstract

A 600-μm long-cavity laser diode with a front-facet reflectance of 2% is demonstrated as a colorless OC-192 transmitter for the future DWDM-PON, which is packed in a TO-56-can package of only 4-GHz frequency bandwidth but can be over-bandwidth modulated with 10-Gbit/s non-return-to-zero data-stream. The coherent injection-locking successfully suppresses its side-mode intensity and noise floor level, which further improves its modulation throughput at higher frequencies. With increasing the coherent injection-locking power from −12 to −3 dBm, the side-mode suppression ratio significantly increases from 39 to 50 dB, which also suppresses the frequency chirp from −12 to −4 GHz within a temporal range of 150 ps. The dense but weak longitudinal modes (with 0.6-nm spacing) in the long-cavity laser diode suppresses to one single-mode in a 100-GHz wide DWDM channel for carrying the OC-192 data at 9.953 Gbit/s. Such an over-bandwidth modulated laser diode still exhibits an on/off extinction ratio of 6.68 dB and a signal-to-noise ratio of 4.96 dB, which can provide a back-to-back receiving power sensitivity of −12.2 dBm at BER of 10−9. After 25-km DSF transmission of the OOK data-stream at a bit rate up to 10 Gbit/s, the receiving power sensitivity is −10.1 dBm at a requested BER of 10−9.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (2)

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, Y.-F. Wu, S.-P. Huang, Y.-L. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “Performance of long-reach passive access networks using injection-locked fabry–perot laser diodes with finite front-facet reflectivities,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(12), 1929–1934 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

2009 (5)

2008 (5)

2007 (2)

2006 (4)

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA,” Electron. Lett.42(5), 299–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Jin and S. L. Chuang, “Bandwidth enhancement of Fabry-Perot quantum-well lasers by injection-locking,” Solid-State Electron.50(6), 1141–1149 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

P. J. Winzer, F. Fidler, M. J. Matthews, L. E. Nelson, H. J. Thiele, J. H. Sinsky, S. Chandrasekhar, M. Winter, D. Castagnozzi, L. W. Stulz, and L. L. Buhl, “10-Gb/s upgrade of bidirectional CWDM systems using electronic equalization and FEC,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 203–210 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrow-band ASE,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1797–1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry-Pe´ rot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Iwatsuki, J. Kani, H. Suzuki, and M. Fujiwara, “Access and metro networks based on WDM technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.22(11), 2623–2630 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Sivaprakasam and R. Singh, “Gain change and threshold reduction of diode laser by injection locking,” Opt. Commun.151(4-6), 253–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Yabre, “Effect of relatively strong light injection on the chirp-to-power ratio and the 3 dB bandwidth of directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(10), 2367–2373 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, and A. Gavrielides, “Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(7), 709–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

L. Li, “Static and dynamic properties of injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1701–1708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/S by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

S. Kobayashi, J. Yamada, S. Machida, and T. Kimura, “Single mode operation of 500 Mbit/s modulated AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett.16(19), 746–747 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Al-Qazwini, Z.

An, F.-T.

Anderson, T.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA,” Electron. Lett.42(5), 299–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Birbas, A. N.

I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and I. Tomkos, “Performance improvement of low-cost 2.5-Gb/s rated DML sources operated at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(23), 1983–1985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Buhl, L. L.

Burkhard, H.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/S by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Castagnozzi, D.

Chae, C.-J.

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry-Pe´ rot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C.

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Wu, C. Chang-Hasnain, E. K. Lau, and X. Zhao, “High-speed modulation of optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC)2008, San Diego, CA, Feb. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

Chen, H.-Y.

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.-J.

Cheng, T. K.

Cheng, T.-K.

Cheng, X.-F.

Chi, S.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Wavelength-tunable laser for signal remodulation in WDM access networks using DPSK downlink and OOK uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1710–1712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chi, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Z.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, and G.-C. Lin, “A pulsated weak-resonant-cavity laser diode with transient wavelength scanning and tracking for injection-locked RZ transmission,” Opt. Express20(13), 13622–13635 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-C. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, P.-C. Peng, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and G.-R. Lin, “Beyond-bandwidth electrical pulse modulation of a TO-Can packaged VCSEL for 10 Gbit/s injection-locked NRZ-to-RZ transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(6), 830–841 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-C. Lin, “Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 676–685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-J. Chen, “Long-xavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(20), 2925–2932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T. K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-H. Lin, “200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE,” Opt. Express17(20), 17739–17746 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-H. Peng, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-R. Lin, “DWDM channel spacing tunable optical TDM carrier from a mode-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode based fiber ring,” Opt. Express16(17), 13405–13413 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Choi, K.-M.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrow-band ASE,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1797–1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Wavelength-tunable laser for signal remodulation in WDM access networks using DPSK downlink and OOK uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1710–1712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C.-W.

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, Y.-F. Wu, S.-P. Huang, Y.-L. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “Performance of long-reach passive access networks using injection-locked fabry–perot laser diodes with finite front-facet reflectivities,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(12), 1929–1934 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chuang, S. L.

X. Jin and S. L. Chuang, “Bandwidth enhancement of Fabry-Perot quantum-well lasers by injection-locking,” Solid-State Electron.50(6), 1141–1149 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fidler, F.

Frigo, N. J.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

Gavrielides, A.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, and A. Gavrielides, “Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(7), 709–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gobel, R.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, D.

Haldar, M. K.

J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. K.

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hillmer, H.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hsueh, Y.-L.

Huang, S.-P.

Huang, Y.-H.

Iannone, P. P.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Iwatsuki, K.

Ji, H.-C.

Jin, X.

X. Jin and S. L. Chuang, “Bandwidth enhancement of Fabry-Perot quantum-well lasers by injection-locking,” Solid-State Electron.50(6), 1141–1149 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kang, S. B.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kani, J.

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kikidis, J.

I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and I. Tomkos, “Performance improvement of low-cost 2.5-Gb/s rated DML sources operated at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(23), 1983–1985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kim, T. Y.

T. Y. Kim and S. K. Han, “Reflective SOA-based bidirectional WDM-PON sharing optical source for up/downlink data and broadcasting transmission,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(22), 2350–2352 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Kobayashi, J. Yamada, S. Machida, and T. Kimura, “Single mode operation of 500 Mbit/s modulated AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett.16(19), 746–747 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kitayama, K.-I.

Klonidis, D.

I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and I. Tomkos, “Performance improvement of low-cost 2.5-Gb/s rated DML sources operated at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(23), 1983–1985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

S. Kobayashi, J. Yamada, S. Machida, and T. Kimura, “Single mode operation of 500 Mbit/s modulated AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett.16(19), 746–747 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H.-C.

Lau, E. K.

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. C. Wu, C. Chang-Hasnain, E. K. Lau, and X. Zhao, “High-speed modulation of optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC)2008, San Diego, CA, Feb. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrow-band ASE,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1797–1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. K.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-L.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA,” Electron. Lett.42(5), 299–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.-M.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, “Static and dynamic properties of injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(8), 1701–1708 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Liao, J.-W.

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Liao, Y.-S.

Liao, Z.-W.

Lim, D. S.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-C.

Lin, C.-J.

Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier,” Opt. Express19(5), 4067–4075 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-C. Lin, “Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 676–685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.-C.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Z.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, and G.-C. Lin, “A pulsated weak-resonant-cavity laser diode with transient wavelength scanning and tracking for injection-locked RZ transmission,” Opt. Express20(13), 13622–13635 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier,” Opt. Express19(5), 4067–4075 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-C. Lin, “Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 676–685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and H.-L. Wang, “A weak-resonant-cavity Fabry–Perot laser diode with injection-locking mode number-dependent transmission and noise performances,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(9), 1349–1355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-J. Chen, “Long-xavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(20), 2925–2932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T. K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-H. Lin, “200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE,” Opt. Express17(20), 17739–17746 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, and T.-K. Cheng, “Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in wdm-pon system,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(14), 2779–2785 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, T.-K. Cheng, and G.-C. Lin, “Suppressing chirp and power penalty of channelized ASE injection-locked mode-number tunable weak-resonant-cavity FPLD transmitter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.45(9), 1106–1113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Lin, G.-R.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Z.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, and G.-C. Lin, “A pulsated weak-resonant-cavity laser diode with transient wavelength scanning and tracking for injection-locked RZ transmission,” Opt. Express20(13), 13622–13635 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-C. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, P.-C. Peng, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, and G.-R. Lin, “Beyond-bandwidth electrical pulse modulation of a TO-Can packaged VCSEL for 10 Gbit/s injection-locked NRZ-to-RZ transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(6), 830–841 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Saturated signal-to-noise ratio of up-stream WRC-FPLD transmitter injection-locked by down-stream data-erased ASE carrier,” Opt. Express19(5), 4067–4075 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-H. Lin, C.-J. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-C. Lin, “Reusing a data-erased ASE carrier in a weak-resonant-cavity laser diode for noise-suppressed error-free transmission,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.47(5), 676–685 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and H.-L. Wang, “A weak-resonant-cavity Fabry–Perot laser diode with injection-locking mode number-dependent transmission and noise performances,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(9), 1349–1355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-J. Chen, “Long-xavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(20), 2925–2932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T. K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-H. Lin, “200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE,” Opt. Express17(20), 17739–17746 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Lin, G.-H. Peng, and G.-R. Lin, “Compression of 200 GHz DWDM channelized TDM pulsed carrier from optically modelocking WRC-FPLD fiber ring at 10 GHz,” Opt. Express17(7), 5526–5532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, and T.-K. Cheng, “Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in wdm-pon system,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(14), 2779–2785 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, T.-K. Cheng, and G.-C. Lin, “Suppressing chirp and power penalty of channelized ASE injection-locked mode-number tunable weak-resonant-cavity FPLD transmitter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.45(9), 1106–1113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G.-H. Peng, Y.-C. Chi, and G.-R. Lin, “DWDM channel spacing tunable optical TDM carrier from a mode-locked weak-resonant-cavity Fabry-Perot laser diode based fiber ring,” Opt. Express16(17), 13405–13413 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry-Pe´ rot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Lin, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Lin, Y.-C.

Lin, Y.-H.

Liu, J. M.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, and A. Gavrielides, “Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(7), 709–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.-L.

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, Y.-F. Wu, S.-P. Huang, Y.-L. Liu, and C.-L. Pan, “Performance of long-reach passive access networks using injection-locked fabry–perot laser diodes with finite front-facet reflectivities,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(12), 1929–1934 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Losch, R.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Machida, S.

S. Kobayashi, J. Yamada, S. Machida, and T. Kimura, “Single mode operation of 500 Mbit/s modulated AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett.16(19), 746–747 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, M. J.

Mendis, F. V. C.

J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mohrdiek, S.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/S by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Moon, J.-H.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mun, S.-G.

S.-M. Lee, K.-M. Choi, S.-G. Mun, J.-H. Moon, and C.-H. Lee, “Dense WDM-PON based on wavelength-locked Fabry-Pérot laser diodes,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(7), 1579–1581 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrow-band ASE,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1797–1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, L. E.

Pan, C.-L.

Papagiannakis, I.

I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and I. Tomkos, “Performance improvement of low-cost 2.5-Gb/s rated DML sources operated at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(23), 1983–1985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Parekh, D.

Park, K.-Y.

K.-Y. Park, S.-G. Mun, K.-M. Choi, and C.-H. Lee, “A theoretical model of a wavelength-locked Fabry–Pérot laser diode to the externally injected narrow-band ASE,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(9), 1797–1799 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peng, G.-H.

Peng, P.-C.

Reichmann, K. C.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rogge, M.

Schlapp, W.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shankar, J.

Shaw, W.-T.

Shih, F. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Wavelength-tunable laser for signal remodulation in WDM access networks using DPSK downlink and OOK uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1710–1712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, T. B.

T. B. Simpson, J. M. Liu, and A. Gavrielides, “Bandwidth enhancement and broadband noise reduction in injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(7), 709–711 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

S. Sivaprakasam and R. Singh, “Gain change and threshold reduction of diode laser by injection locking,” Opt. Commun.151(4-6), 253–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sinsky, J. H.

Sivaprakasam, S.

S. Sivaprakasam and R. Singh, “Gain change and threshold reduction of diode laser by injection locking,” Opt. Commun.151(4-6), 253–256 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sorin, W. V.

K. Lee, S. B. Kang, D. S. Lim, H. K. Lee, and W. V. Sorin, “Fiber link loss monitoring scheme in bidirectional WDM transmission using ASE-injected FP-LD,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(3), 523–525 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Steinhagen, F.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, F. Steinhagen, H. Hillmer, R. Losch, W. Schlapp, and R. Gobel, “10-Gb/s standard fiber transmission using directly modulated 1.55-pm quantum-well DFB lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.7(11), 1357–1359 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

Su, Y.-C.

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Sung, H.-K.

Sung, J.-Y.

H.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Yeh, C.-W. Chow, J.-Y. Sung, Y.-L. Liu, and J. Chen, “Investigation of using injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with 10% front-facet reflectivity for short-reach to long-reach upstream PON access,” IEEE Photon. J.5(3), 7901208 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, H.

Thiele, H. J.

Tomkos, I.

I. Papagiannakis, D. Klonidis, A. N. Birbas, J. Kikidis, and I. Tomkos, “Performance improvement of low-cost 2.5-Gb/s rated DML sources operated at 10 Gb/s,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(23), 1983–1985 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Walter, H.

S. Mohrdiek, H. Burkhard, and H. Walter, “Chirp reduction of directly modulated semiconductor lasers at 10 Gb/S by strong CW light injection,” J. Lightwave Technol.12(3), 418–424 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Wavelength-tunable laser for signal remodulation in WDM access networks using DPSK downlink and OOK uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1710–1712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.-L.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-S. Liao, H.-C. Kuo, Z.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, and G.-C. Lin, “A pulsated weak-resonant-cavity laser diode with transient wavelength scanning and tracking for injection-locked RZ transmission,” Opt. Express20(13), 13622–13635 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, T.-K. Cheng, Y.-H. Lin, G.-C. Lin, and H.-L. Wang, “A weak-resonant-cavity Fabry–Perot laser diode with injection-locking mode number-dependent transmission and noise performances,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(9), 1349–1355 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, Y.-S. Liao, Y.-C. Chi, H.-C. Kuo, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-J. Chen, “Long-xavity Fabry–Perot laser amplifier transmitter with enhanced injection-locking bandwidth for WDM-PON application,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(20), 2925–2932 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, T. K. Cheng, Y.-C. Chi, G.-C. Lin, H.-L. Wang, and Y.-H. Lin, “200-GHz and 50-GHz AWG channelized linewidth dependent transmission of weak-resonant-cavity FPLD injection-locked by spectrally sliced ASE,” Opt. Express17(20), 17739–17746 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, Y.-H. Huang, Y.-H. Lin, and T.-K. Cheng, “Comparison on injection-locked Fabry–Perot laser diode with front-facet reflectivity of 1% and 30% for optical data transmission in wdm-pon system,” J. Lightwave Technol.27(14), 2779–2785 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin, H.-L. Wang, T.-K. Cheng, and G.-C. Lin, “Suppressing chirp and power penalty of channelized ASE injection-locked mode-number tunable weak-resonant-cavity FPLD transmitter,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.45(9), 1106–1113 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S.-Y. Lin, Y.-C. Chi, Y.-C. Su, J.-W. Liao, H.-L. Wang, G.-C. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Coherent injection-locking of long-cavity colorless laser diodes with low front-facet reflectance for DWDM-PON transmission,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.in press.

Wang, J.

J. Wang, M. K. Haldar, L. Li, and F. V. C. Mendis, “Enhancement of modulation bandwidth of laser diodes by injection locking,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.8(1), 34–36 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wen, Y. J.

Winter, M.

Winzer, P. J.

Wong, E.

E. Wong, K.-L. Lee, and T. Anderson, “Low-cost WDM passive optical network with directly-modulated self-seeding reflective SOA,” Electron. Lett.42(5), 299–301 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wong, G.

Woodward, S. L.

S. L. Woodward, P. P. Iannone, K. C. Reichmann, and N. J. Frigo, “A spectrally sliced PON employing Fabry–Perot lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.10(9), 1337–1339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, J.-R.

G.-R. Lin, Y.-C. Chang, and J.-R. Wu, “Rational harmonic mode-locking of erbium-doped fiber laser at 40 GHz using a loss-modulated Fabry-Pe´ rot laser diode,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(8), 1810–1812 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

E. K. Lau, X. Zhao, H.-K. Sung, D. Parekh, C. Chang-Hasnain, and M. C. Wu, “Strong optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers demonstrating > 100-GHz resonance frequencies and 80-GHz intrinsic bandwidths,” Opt. Express16(9), 6609–6618 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. K. Lau, H.-K. Sung, and M. C. Wu, “Frequency response enhancement of optical injection-locked lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.44(1), 90–99 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Wu, C. Chang-Hasnain, E. K. Lau, and X. Zhao, “High-speed modulation of optical injection-locked semiconductor lasers,” in Proc. Optical Fiber Commun. Conf. (OFC)2008, San Diego, CA, Feb. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y. F.

C. H. Yeh, C. W. Chow, F. Y. Shih, C. H. Wang, Y. F. Wu, and S. Chi, “Wavelength-tunable laser for signal remodulation in WDM access networks using DPSK downlink and OOK uplink,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(22), 1710–1712 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.-F.

Xu, Z.

Yabre, G.

G. Yabre, “Effect of relatively strong light injection on the chirp-to-power ratio and the 3 dB bandwidth of directly modulated semiconductor lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol.14(10), 2367–2373 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, J.

S. Kobayashi, J. Yamada, S. Machida, and T. Kimura, “Single mode operation of 500 Mbit/s modulated AlGaAs semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett.16(19), 746–747 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, I.

Yeh, C. H.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Left: A DWDM-PON testing system with wavelength-tunable laser source for analyzing the coherently injection-locked and directly NRZ modulated long-cavity colorless laser diode transmitter for OC-192 transmission. Right: The illustration of the TO-56-can packed long-cavity colorless laser diode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

spectra without (left) and with injection locking (middle) and power-current responses (right) of the long-cavity colorless laser diode.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Left: the frequency responses of the long-cavity colorless laser diode at different injection-locking power level. Right: the SMSR and frequency bandwidth of the coherently injection-locked long-cavity colorless laser diode with different injection powers.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) the modulation response in frequency domain, (b) the FFT of modulation response in time domain, (c) the FFT (solid) and fitting function (dashed), and (d) the simulated eye-diagram.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The optical eye-diagrams and BER of the directly OC-192 NRZ modulated long-cavity colorless laser diode without and with injection power from −12 to −3 dBm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmitted data chirp of injection-locked long-cavity colorless laser diode without and with coherent injection at different power levels.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Left: the measured eye-diagrams of (a) the optical data-stream and (b) the OC-192 filtered and reshaped electrical data-stream from the directly modulated long-cavity colorless laser diode with injection-locking power of −6 dBm at bit rate of 10 Gbit/s under 25-km DSF transmission. Right: the BER responses of the directly modulated long-cavity colorless laser diode at bit rate of (a) 7 Gbit/s, (b) 8 Gbit/s, and (c) 10 Gbit/s under back-to-back (short dashed), 25-km DSF (solid), and 25-km SMF (dashed) transmissions.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Characteristic Parameters of Laser Diodes for Simulation

Equations (4)

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dN(t) dt = η i I(t) q N(t) τ s ν g a V [N(t) N tr ]S(t),
dϕ(t) dt = α 2 { Γ ν g a V [N(t) N tr ] 1 τ p }κ S inj S(t) sinϕ(t)Δ ω inj ,
dS(t) dt = 1 2 { Γ ν g a V [N(t) N tr ] 1 τ p }S(t)+κ S inj S(t) cosϕ(t),
Δ ν c (t)= 1 2π dϕ(t) dt = α 4π = 1 2π { α 2 g[ N(t)( N th 2κ g 1+ α 2 S inj S Lm ) ] },

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