Abstract

We investigate a variant of the d-scan technique, an intuitive pulse characterization method for retrieving the spectral phase of ultrashort laser pulses. In this variant a ramp of quadratic spectral phases is applied to the input pulses and the second harmonic spectra of the resulting pulses are measured for each chirp value. We demonstrate that a given field envelope produces a unique and unequivocal chirp-scan map and that, under some asymptotic assumptions, both the spectral amplitude and phase of the measured pulse can be retrieved analytically from only two measurements. An iterative algorithm can exploit the redundancy of the information contained in the chirp-scan map to discard experimental noise, artifacts, calibration errors and improve the reconstruction of both the spectral intensity and phase. This technique is compared to two reference characterization techniques (FROG and SRSI). Finally, we perform d-scan measurements with a simple grating-pair compressor.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. I. A. Walmsley and C. Dorrer, “Characterization of ultrashort electromagnetic pulses,” Adv. Opt. Photon.1, 308–437 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. O’shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, “Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement,” Opt. Lett.26, 932–934 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. S. Radunsky, I. A. Walmsley, S.-P. Gorza, and P. Wasylczyk, “Compact spectral shearing interferometer for ultrashort pulse characterization,” Opt. Lett.32, 181–183 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Iaconis and I. Walmsley, “Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett.23, 792–794 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. V. Lozovoy, I. Pastirk, and M. Dantus, “Multiphoton intrapulse interference. iv. ultrashort laser pulse spectral phase characterization and compensation,” Opt. Lett.29, 775–777 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. V. V. Lozovoy, B. Xu, Y. Coello, and M. Dantus, “Direct measurement of spectral phase for ultrashort laser pulses,” Opt. Express16, 592–597 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Xu, J. M. Gunn, J. M. D. Cruz, V. V. Lozovoy, and M. Dantus, “Quantitative investigation of the multiphoton intrapulse interference phase scan method for simultaneous phase measurement and compensation of femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B23, 750–759 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).
  10. S. Grabielle, “Manipulation et caractrisation du champ lectrique optique: applications aux impulsions femtosecondes,” Ph.D. thesis, Ecole Polytechnique (2011).
  11. “Application note 38 - automated control of amplitied pulse duration using the dazzler/dazcope solution,” Tech. rep., Newport Corporation (2009).
  12. M. Miranda, T. Fordell, C. Arnold, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Simultaneous compression and characterization of ultrashort laser pulses using chirped mirrors and glass wedges,” Opt. Express20, 688 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, T. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express20, 18732–18743 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).
  15. I. Pastirk, B. Resan, A. Fry, J. MacKay, and M. Dantus, “No loss spectral phase correction and arbitrary phase shaping of regeneratively amplified femtosecond pulses using miips,” Opt. Express14, 9537–9543 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. Forget, V. Crozatier, and T. Oksenhendler, “Pulse-measurement techniques using a single amplitude and phase spectral shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27, 742–756 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Baltuska, M. S. Pshenichnikov, and D. A. Wiersma, “Amplitude and phase characterization of 4.5-fs pulses by frequency-resolved optical gating.” Opt. Lett.23, 1474–1476 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  21. E. Chassande-mottin and P. Flandrin, “On the time-frequency detection of chirps,” Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.281, 252–281 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun.140, 245–249 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

2011

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2007

2006

2004

2001

1999

E. Chassande-mottin and P. Flandrin, “On the time-frequency detection of chirps,” Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.281, 252–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun.140, 245–249 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1968

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Akhmanov, S.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Alonso, B.

Arnold, C.

Arnold, C. L.

M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, T. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express20, 18732–18743 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Baltuska, A.

Binhammer, T.

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Chassande-mottin, E.

E. Chassande-mottin and P. Flandrin, “On the time-frequency detection of chirps,” Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.281, 252–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chirkin, A.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Coello, Y.

Cornaggia, C.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coudreau, S.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Crespo, H.

Crozatier, V.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Forget, V. Crozatier, and T. Oksenhendler, “Pulse-measurement techniques using a single amplitude and phase spectral shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27, 742–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, J. M. D.

Dantus, M.

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dorrer, C.

Drabovich, K.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Flandrin, P.

E. Chassande-mottin and P. Flandrin, “On the time-frequency detection of chirps,” Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.281, 252–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fordell, T.

Forget, N.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Forget, V. Crozatier, and T. Oksenhendler, “Pulse-measurement techniques using a single amplitude and phase spectral shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27, 742–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Fry, A.

Gobert, O.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Gorza, S.-P.

Grabielle, S.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Grabielle, “Manipulation et caractrisation du champ lectrique optique: applications aux impulsions femtosecondes,” Ph.D. thesis, Ecole Polytechnique (2011).

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Gu, X.

Gunn, J. M.

Guo, C.

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Hergott, J.-F.

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Herzog, R.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kaplan, D.

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Kapteyn, H. C.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Khokhlov, R.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kimmel, M.

Kovrigin, A.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Krumbugel, M.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L’Huillier, A.

Lozovoy, V. V.

MacKay, J.

Miranda, M.

Moulet, A.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murnane, M. M.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O’shea, P.

Oksenhendler, T.

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Moulet, S. Grabielle, C. Cornaggia, N. Forget, and T. Oksenhendler, “Single-shot, high-dynamic-range measurement of sub-15 fs pulses by self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Opt. Lett.35, 3856–3858 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Forget, V. Crozatier, and T. Oksenhendler, “Pulse-measurement techniques using a single amplitude and phase spectral shaper,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27, 742–756 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

Pastirk, I.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

Radunsky, A. S.

Resan, B.

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rudawski, P.

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Rundquist, A.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Silva, F.

M. Miranda, C. L. Arnold, T. Fordell, F. Silva, B. Alonso, R. Weigand, A. L’Huillier, and H. Crespo, “Characterization of broadband few-cycle laser pulses with the d-scan technique,” Opt. Express20, 18732–18743 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Sukhorukov, A.

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Taft, G.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tournois, P.

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun.140, 245–249 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

P. O’shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, “Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement,” Opt. Lett.26, 932–934 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I.

Walmsley, I. A.

Wasylczyk, P.

Weigand, R.

Wiersma, D. A.

Xu, B.

Adv. Opt. Photon.

Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.

E. Chassande-mottin and P. Flandrin, “On the time-frequency detection of chirps,” Appl. Comput. Harmon. Anal.281, 252–281 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

T. Oksenhendler, S. Coudreau, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Grabielle, R. Herzog, O. Gobert, and D. Kaplan, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry,” Appl. Phys. B99, 7–12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron

S. Akhmanov, A. Chirkin, K. Drabovich, A. Kovrigin, R. Khokhlov, and A. Sukhorukov, “Nonstationary nonlinear optical effects and ultrashort light pulse formation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron., 4, 598–605 (1968).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. Krumbugel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.2, 575–585 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A

S. Grabielle, A. Moulet, N. Forget, V. Crozatier, S. Coudreau, R. Herzog, T. Oksenhendler, C. Cornaggia, and O. Gobert, “Self-referenced spectral interferometry cross-checked with spider on sub-15fs pulses,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A653, 121–125 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun.140, 245–249 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, “Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.68, 3277–3295 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Grabielle, N. Forget, S. Coudreau, T. Oksenhendler, D. Kaplan, J.-F. Hergott, and O. Gobert, “Local spectral compression method for cpa lasers,” in “CLEO Europe-EQEC 2009” (IEEE, 2009).

S. Grabielle, “Manipulation et caractrisation du champ lectrique optique: applications aux impulsions femtosecondes,” Ph.D. thesis, Ecole Polytechnique (2011).

“Application note 38 - automated control of amplitied pulse duration using the dazzler/dazcope solution,” Tech. rep., Newport Corporation (2009).

M. Miranda, P. Rudawski, C. Guo, F. Silva, C. L. Arnold, T. Binhammer, H. Crespo, and A. L’Huillier, “Ultrashort laser pulse characterization from dispersion scans: a comparison with spider,” in “CLEO: QELS Fundamental Science,” (OSA, 2013).

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MOV (1746 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (11)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Chirp scan maps for basic cases of Gaussian shape spectra centered around λ = 800 nm with Δλ =30 nm FWHM. The initial spectral phase coefficient of the pulse is set to be (a) zero, (b) 3000 fs2, (c) 70000 fs3, (d) 2.106 fs4, (e) 2.108 fs5 and (f) 0.5 × sin(100 fs×(ωω0)). The overlay white dashed line corresponds to −φ″(ω).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Snapshot of the video ( Media 1) showing some typical chirp-scan maps as a function of the spectral amplitude and/or phase distortions. The spectral components ( blue line for intensity and green line for phase) are plotted on the left side while the map is on the right side.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) SH spectra recorded at +5000 fs2(black line) and −5000 fs2( magenta line). The reconstructed spectral intensity (b) and the second derivative of the phase (c) shown in blue solid line for the CRT reconstruction technique and in red dashed line for our 2D-fit technique described in the following.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measurement and feedback experiment. (a) and (d) experimental chirp-scan map the reconstructed map before phase feedback. (b) and (e) same as (a) and (d) but after feedback. (c) and (f) the retrieved spectrum, spectral phase, and temporal intensity before ( blue dashes (intensity) and black dashes (phase)) and after ( red line (intensity) and gray line (phase)) correction. The retrieved spectral phase before and after the phase feedback are respectively displayed in solid gray and dashed black (c).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Same legend as Figure 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Robustness of the ϕ2 axis retrieval. To ease the reading, the negative (a) and positive (b) portions of the ϕ2 axis are displayed separately. In solid lines are presented the ϕ2 initial values: expected values from the AOPDF (black), 1.5× the expected values (red) and 0.75× the expected values (blue). The symbols represent the final (i.e. retrieved) values by the least-square algorithm (same color code than for the initial values).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Comparison of the spectral (a) intensity and (b) phase and (c) the temporal profile reconstructed by the b-FROG (blue dashed line) and the chirp-scan (red solid line).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Spectral and temporal characteristic of the pulse measured by SRSI [23, 24] (blue dashed line) and chirp-scan (red solid line).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

d-scan measurements realized when the diffraction grating is before (a), at (b) and after (c) the compression optimization.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Correlation of the order 2 with (a) the order 3 and (b) the order 4 of the phase dispersion induced by the CPA compressor. Error-bars are displayed vertically and horizontally. A linear fit (solid line) has been realized for (a).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Grating d-scan acquisition “on-the-fly” (a) and its respective fit (c). The spectral intensity (solid line) and phase (dash line) are presented in (b) for the present measurement (red) and a reference measurement realized with a standard d-scan (blue). The retrieved linear chirp ϕ2 that we have introduce with the grating is shown in (d) and the third order is given by the equation (12).

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I SHG ( 2 ω ) | E ( ω Ω ) E ( ω + Ω ) d Ω | 2 .
I SHG ( 2 ω , ϕ 2 ) | E ( ω Ω ) E ( ω + Ω ) e i ϕ 2 Ω 2 d Ω | 2 .
I SHG ( 2 ω , ϕ 2 ) | F T [ E 2 ( t ) e i t 2 / ( 2 ϕ 2 ) d t ] ( 2 ω ) | 2 ,
a ( x ) e i ϕ ( x ) / h d x h 0 2 π a ( x 0 ) e i ϕ ( x 0 ) / h ± i π 4 | ϕ ( x 0 ) / h | + O ( h 3 2 ) ,
I SHG ( ϕ 2 , 2 ω ) I ( ω ) 2 | ϕ 2 + ϕ ( ω ) | .
I ( ω ) I min ( 2 ω ) × I max ( 2 ω ) I min ( 2 ω ) + I max ( 2 ω ) ( ϕ 2 max ϕ 2 min ) and φ ( ω ) = I min ( 2 ω ) ϕ 2 min + I max ( 2 ω ) ϕ 2 max I min ( 2 ω ) + I max ( 2 ω ) ,
I ( ω ) 2 | ϕ 2 | I min ( 2 ω ) × I max ( 2 ω ) I min ( 2 ω ) + I max ( 2 ω ) and φ ( ω ) = | ϕ 2 | I max ( 2 ω ) I min ( 2 ω ) I min ( 2 ω ) + I max ( 2 ω ) .
I SHG ( 2 ω , ϕ 2 ) 2 E ( ω Ω ) E ( ω + Ω ) E * ( ω Ω ) E * ( ω + Ω ) e i ϕ 2 ( Ω 2 Ω 2 ) d Ω d Ω .
2 E ( ω u + v 2 ) E ( ω + u + v 2 ) E * ( ω u v 2 ) E * ( ω + u v 2 ) e i ϕ 2 u v d u d v d ϕ 2 ,
I SHG ( 2 ω , ϕ 2 ) d ϕ 2 Δ φ 2 2 f ( u , v ) sinc ( Δ φ 2 u v 2 ) e i φ 2 u v d u d v ,
I SHG ( 2 ω , ϕ 2 ) d ϕ 2 α Δ φ 2 f ( 0 , 0 ) = α Δ φ 2 I ( ω ) 2 ,
ϕ 3 ϕ 2 = ( 2.067 ± 0.026 ) fs .

Metrics