Abstract

We present an experimental investigation of the 60 GHz optical carrier suppressed radio over fiber systems with less than 5 dB carrier suppression. As a case study, the 60 GHz RoF signal is generated using a 12.5 Gb/s commercially available Mach-Zehnder modulator biased at its minimum point. We report on error free transmission over 20 km of standard single mode fiber and 1 m of wireless distance. Furthermore, the efficiency of photonic RF generation depending on the value of carrier suppression is reported. We argue that transport of RoF signals with low carrier suppression assisted with simplified techniques of lightwave generation, baseband data modulation, and RF downconversion might be a promising enabling technology for fiber support of close-proximity wireless terminals.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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2013 (2)

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, M. Bakaul, P. Gamage, K.-L. Lee, Y. Yang, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Fiber-Wireless Networks and Subsystem Technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 390–405 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

1992 (1)

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals,” Electron. Lett.8, 2309–2311 (1992).

Babiel, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bahi, P.

S. Kandula, J. Padhye, and P. Bahi, “Flyways to de-congest data center networks,” in Proceeding of Eighth ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, 2009.

Bakaul, M.

Belisle, C.

Beltran, M.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Cabon, B.

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Cannard, P. J.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Charbonnier, B.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Corrao, N.

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Fedderwitz, S.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Forchhammer, S.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gamage, P.

George, J.

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, D. Thelen, and J. George, “Data throughput tripling by Feed-Forward Equalization and photonic QPSK in a 7 Gbps single-carrier RoF link at 60 GHz,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), pp.213–216, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Heidemann, R.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals,” Electron. Lett.8, 2309–2311 (1992).

Hofstetter, R.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals,” Electron. Lett.8, 2309–2311 (1992).

Insua, I. G.

I. G. Insua, K. Kojucharow, and C. G. Schaeffer, “MultiGbit/s transmission over a fiber optic mm-wave link,” in Proceedings of 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, pp.495–498, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Kandula, S.

S. Kandula, J. Padhye, and P. Bahi, “Flyways to de-congest data center networks,” in Proceeding of Eighth ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, 2009.

Kashyap, R.

Kojucharow, K.

I. G. Insua, K. Kojucharow, and C. G. Schaeffer, “MultiGbit/s transmission over a fiber optic mm-wave link,” in Proceedings of 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, pp.495–498, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Koonen, A. M. J.

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. M.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals,” Electron. Lett.8, 2309–2311 (1992).

Le Guennec, Y.

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Lebedev, A.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.-L.

Lim, C.

Llorente, R.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Maury, G.

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Moodie, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morant, M.

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ng'oma, A.

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, D. Thelen, and J. George, “Data throughput tripling by Feed-Forward Equalization and photonic QPSK in a 7 Gbps single-carrier RoF link at 60 GHz,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), pp.213–216, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Nirmalathas, A.

Novak, D.

O’Reilly, J. J.

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimeter wave signals,” Electron. Lett.8, 2309–2311 (1992).

Okonkwo, C.

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Padhye, J.

S. Kandula, J. Padhye, and P. Bahi, “Flyways to de-congest data center networks,” in Proceeding of Eighth ACM Workshop on Hot Topics in Networks, 2009.

Pang, X.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paquet, S.

Paresys, F.

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Pavlovic, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ponnampalam, L.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qi, G.

Renaud, C. C.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rymanov, V.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sauer, M.

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, D. Thelen, and J. George, “Data throughput tripling by Feed-Forward Equalization and photonic QPSK in a 7 Gbps single-carrier RoF link at 60 GHz,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), pp.213–216, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Schaeffer, C. G.

I. G. Insua, K. Kojucharow, and C. G. Schaeffer, “MultiGbit/s transmission over a fiber optic mm-wave link,” in Proceedings of 2008 IEEE MTT-S International Microwave Symposium, pp.495–498, June 2008.
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seregelyi, J.

Shao, T.

F. Paresys, T. Shao, G. Maury, Y. Le Guennec, and B. Cabon, “Bidirectional Millimeter-Wave Radio-Over-Fiber System Based on Photodiode Mixing and Optical Heterodyning,” J. Opt. Commun. Netw.5(1), 74–80 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Shao, F. Paresys, Y. Le Guennec, G. Maury, N. Corrao, and B. Cabon, “Simultaneous Transmission of Gigabit WirelineSignal and ECMA 387 mmW over Fiber Using a Single MZM in Multi-Band Modulation,” in Proceedings of Microwave Photonics Conference, pp.149–152, 2011.

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Steffan, A. G.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Stöhr, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tafur Monroy, I.

A. Lebedev, X. Pang, J. J. Vegas Olmos, M. Beltran, R. Llorente, S. Forchhammer, and I. Tafur Monroy, “Feasibility study and experimental verification of simplified fiber-supported 60 GHz picocell mobile backhaul links,” IEEE Photon. J5(4), 7200913 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Y. Shi, M. Morant, C. Okonkwo, R. Llorente, E. Tangdiongga, and A. M. J. Koonen, “Multistandard Wireless Transmission Over SSMF and Large-Core POF for Access and In-Home Networks,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(9), 736–738 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Thelen, D.

A. Ng'oma, M. Sauer, D. Thelen, and J. George, “Data throughput tripling by Feed-Forward Equalization and photonic QPSK in a 7 Gbps single-carrier RoF link at 60 GHz,” in Proceedings of International Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP), pp.213–216, Oct. 2008.
[CrossRef]

Umbach, A.

A. Stöhr, S. Babiel, P. J. Cannard, B. Charbonnier, F. van Dijk, S. Fedderwitz, D. Moodie, L. Pavlovic, L. Ponnampalam, C. C. Renaud, D. Rogers, V. Rymanov, A. J. Seeds, A. G. Steffan, A. Umbach, and M. Weiß, “Millimeter-wave photonic components for broadband wireless systems,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3071–3082 (2010).
[CrossRef]

van Dijk, F.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Network scenario for 60 GHz RoF signals’ delivery to close proximity communication terminals. CO: central office.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup demonstrating 60 GHz RoF generation, fiber and wireless transmission and baseband data recovery with low carrier suppression. PPG: pulse pattern generator, DFB-EAM: distributed feedback laser integrated with electro absorption modulator, PC: polarization controller, MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, EDFA: Erbium doped fiber amplifier, VOA: variable optical attenuator, PD: photodiode, LNA: low noise amplifier, BPF: bandpass filter, PA: power amplifier, BERT: bit error rate tester, E/O: electrical-to-optical conversion, O/E-optical-to-electrical conversion.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

RF spectrum of the signal (a) and S21 performance of 12.5 Gb/s and 40 Gb/s MZMs (b).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

60 GHz RF power after the PD as a function of carrier suppression for a constant level of optical power.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Optical spectra of the RF- and data-modulated lightwave before fiber propagation (a) and after fiber propagation at 16 dBm optical power into the fiber (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER performance back-to-back and after fiber transmission for 2 cases: (a) wireless transmission distance is omitted and (b) up to 1 m wireless transmission is performed. NZDSF: non-zero dispersion shifted fiber, DSF: dispersion shifted fiber, SSMF: standard single mode fiber.

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