A simple but effective decoupling control algorithm based on Zernike mode decomposition for adaptive optics systems with dual deformable mirrors is proposed. One of the two deformable mirrors is characterized with a large stroke (woofer) and the other with high spatial resolutions (tweeter). The algorithm works as follows: wavefront gradient vector is decoupled using the Zernike modes at first, and then the control vector for the woofer is generated with low order Zernike coefficients to eliminate high order modes. At the same time the control vector for the tweeter is reset by a constraint matrix in order to avoid coupling error accumulation. Simulation indicates the algorithm could get better performance compared with traditional Zernike mode decomposition control algorithms. Experiments demonstrate that this algorithm can effectively compensate for phase distortions and significantly suppress the coupling between the woofer and tweeter.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

PDF Article


  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Hu, B. Xu, X. Zhang, J. Hou, J. Wu, and W. Jiang, “Double-deformable-mirror adaptive optics system for phase compensation,” Appl. Opt.45(12), 2638–2642 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. C. Chen, S. M. Jones, D. A. Silva, and S. S. Olivier, “High-resolution adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope with dual deformable mirrors,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24(5), 1305–1312 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. H. Yang, G. Liu, C. Rao, Y. Zhang, and W. Jiang, “Combinational-deformable-mirror adaptive optics system for compensation of high-order modes of wavefront,” Chin. Opt. Lett.5, 435–437 (2007).
  4. W. Zou, X. Qi, and S. A. Burns, “Woofer-tweeter adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopic imaging based on Lagrange-multiplier damped least-squares algorithm,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(7), 1986–2004 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. Zawadzki, S. Choi, S. M. Jones, S. S. Oliver, and J. S. Werner, “Adaptive optics-optical coherence tomography: optimizing visualizarion of microscopic retinal structures in three dimensions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A24(5), 1373–1383 (2007).
  6. B. Cense, E. Koperda, J. M. Brown, O. P. Kocaoglu, W. Gao, R. S. Jonnal, and D. T. Miller, “Volumetric retinal imaging with ultrahigh-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography and adaptive optics using two broadband light sources,” Opt. Express17(5), 4095–4111 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. X. Lei, S. Wang, H. Yan, W. Liu, L. Dong, P. Yang, and B. Xu, “Double-deformable-mirror adaptive optics system for laser beam cleanup using blind optimization,” Opt. Express20(20), 22143–22157 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Li, N. Sredar, K. M. Ivers, H. Queener, and J. Porter, “A correction algorithm to simultaneously control dual deformable mirrors in a woofer-tweeter adaptive optics system,” Opt. Express18(16), 16671–16684 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. F. Lavigne and J. P. Véran, “Woofer-tweeter control in an adaptive optics system using a Fourier reconstructor,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(9), 2271–2279 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. J. Hampton, P. Agathoklis, R. Conan, and C. Bradley, “Closed-loop control of a woofer-tweeter adaptive optics system using wavelet-based phase reconstruction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A27(11), A145–A156 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. Conan, C. Bradley, P. Hampton, O. Keskin, A. Hilton, and C. Blain, “Distributed modal command for a two-deformable-mirror adaptive optics system,” Appl. Opt.46(20), 4329–4340 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. Zou, X. Qi, and S. A. Burns, “Wavefront-aberration sorting and correction for a dual-deformable-mirror adaptive-optics system,” Opt. Lett.33(22), 2602–2604 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Zou and S. A. Burns, “High-accuracy wavefront control for retinal imaging with Adaptive-Influence-Matrix adaptive optics,” Opt. Express17(22), 20167–20177 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Ning, B. Chen, H. Yu, H. Zhou, H. Yang, C. Guan, C. Rao, and W. Jiang, “Decoupling algorithm of a double-layer bimorph deformable mirror: analysis and experimental test,” Appl. Opt.48(17), 3154–3159 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. W. Zou and S. A. Burns, “Testing of Lagrange multiplier damped least-squares control algorithm for woofer-tweeter adaptive optics,” Appl. Opt.51(9), 1198–1208 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (4)

2006 (1)

Agathoklis, P.

Blain, C.

Bradley, C.

Brown, J. M.

Burns, S. A.

Cense, B.

Chen, B.

Chen, D. C.

Choi, S.

Conan, R.

Dong, L.

Gao, W.

Guan, C.

Hampton, P.

Hampton, P. J.

Hilton, A.

Hou, J.

Hu, S.

Ivers, K. M.

Jiang, W.

Jones, S. M.

Jonnal, R. S.

Keskin, O.

Kocaoglu, O. P.

Koperda, E.

Lavigne, J. F.

Lei, X.

Li, C.

Liu, G.

Liu, W.

Miller, D. T.

Ning, Y.

Oliver, S. S.

Olivier, S. S.

Porter, J.

Qi, X.

Queener, H.

Rao, C.

Silva, D. A.

Sredar, N.

Véran, J. P.

Wang, S.

Werner, J. S.

Wu, J.

Xu, B.

Yan, H.

Yang, H.

Yang, P.

Yu, H.

Zawadzki, R.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, H.

Zou, W.

Appl. Opt. (4)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (4)

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.