Abstract

We proposed and investigated a novel type of all-glass hybrid fiber where light is confined in the low-index core due to both total internal reflection and coherent Fresnel reflection (a photonic bandgap mechanism). The hybrid mode has an anomalous dispersion of 13 ps/(nm km) at 1064 nm and low loss (~6 dB/km), and it can be easily excited by splicing with a single-mode step-index fiber. The compression of positively chirped 8 ps pulses down to 330 fs was demonstrated with the fabricated hybrid fiber.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

A. S. Belanov and S. V. Tsvetkov, “High-index-ring three-layer fibres for mode-locked sub-1.3 μm fibre lasers,” Quantum Electron.40(2), 160–162 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

R. Goto, S. D. Jackson, S. Fleming, B. T. Kuhlmey, B. J. Eggleton, and K. Himeno, “Birefringent all-solid hybrid microstructured fiber,” Opt. Express16(23), 18752–18763 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

1981 (1)

H.-T. Shang, “Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on metre-length single-mode optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.17(17), 603–605 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

Belanov, A. S.

A. S. Belanov and S. V. Tsvetkov, “High-index-ring three-layer fibres for mode-locked sub-1.3 μm fibre lasers,” Quantum Electron.40(2), 160–162 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blondy, J.-M.

Bubnov, M. M.

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Dong, X.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fang, Q.

Fevrier, S.

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Février, S.

Fleming, S.

Ghalmi, S.

Goto, R.

Guryanov, A. N.

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Herda, R.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Himeno, K.

Humbert, G.

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F.

Isomäki, A.

Jackson, S. D.

Jamier, R.

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Jin, L.

Kai, G.

Kaminow, I. P.

Khopin, V. F.

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Kivistö, S.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosolapov, A. F.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Levchenko, A. E.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Likhachev, M. E.

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Lim, H.

Liu, J.

Liu, Y.

Monberg, E.

Nicholson, J. W.

Okhotnikov, O. G.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Isomäki and O. G. Okhotnikov, “All-fiber ytterbium soliton mode-locked laser with dispersion control by solid-core photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(10), 4368–4373 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Presby, H. M.

Ramachandran, S.

Saitoh, K.

Salganskii, M. Y.

Salganskii, M. Yu.

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

Semjonov, S. L.

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Février, R. Jamier, J.-M. Blondy, S. L. Semjonov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, E. M. Dianov, V. F. Khopin, M. Y. Salganskii, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express14(2), 562–569 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shang, H.-T.

H.-T. Shang, “Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on metre-length single-mode optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.17(17), 603–605 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Szabó, Á.

Szipocs, R.

Tsvetkov, S. V.

A. S. Belanov and S. V. Tsvetkov, “High-index-ring three-layer fibres for mode-locked sub-1.3 μm fibre lasers,” Quantum Electron.40(2), 160–162 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Várallyay, Z.

Wang, Z.

Wise, F.

Wisk, P.

Yan, M. F.

Yuan, S.

Yue, Y.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Electron. Lett. (1)

H.-T. Shang, “Chromatic dispersion measurement by white-light interferometry on metre-length single-mode optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.17(17), 603–605 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (7)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photonics Technology Letters (1)

R. Herda, S. Kivistö, O. G. Okhotnikov, A. F. Kosolapov, A. E. Levchenko, S. L. Semjonov, and E. M. Dianov, “Environmentally Stable Mode-Locked Fiber Laser With Dispersion Compensation by Index-Guided Photonic Crystal Fiber,” Photonics Technology Letters20(3), 217–219 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. S. Belanov and S. V. Tsvetkov, “High-index-ring three-layer fibres for mode-locked sub-1.3 μm fibre lasers,” Quantum Electron.40(2), 160–162 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

M. E. Likhachev, A. E. Levchenko, M. M. Bubnov, S. Fevrier, R. Jamier, G. Humbert, M. Yu. Salganskii, V. F. Khopin, and A. N. Guryanov, “Low-Loss Dispersion-Shifted Solid-Core Photonic Bandgap Bragg Fiber,” in European Conference on Optical Communication 2007, Berlin, Germany, We7.1.2. (2007)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Refractive index profiles of the BF [3] (a) and the hybrid fiber (b) and intensities of the guided mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

a – refractive index profile of hybrid fiber with different number of high index layers (1, 4 and 8); b - calculated dispersion of the hybrid mode in hybrid fibers with different number of high-index layers (1, 2, 3, 4 and 8).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a – RIP of the hybrid fiber with outer depressed layer (Δn(-) = 0.010) and electrical field intensity distributions of the propagating modes; b - calculated dispersion for a Bragg fiber (1), a three-layer hybrid fiber design (2), a four-layer hybrid fiber design with Δn(-) = 0.005 (3) and a four-layer hybrid fiber design with Δn(-) = 0.010 (4).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a - RIP of the fabricated hybrid fiber, insets are mode field distributions of the LP02 operating mode (top) and the LP12 second hybrid mode (bottom); b - measured dispersion of the hybrid fibers and optical losses of the hybrid fiber with outer diameter of 110 mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

a: dispersion curves for the hybrid fiber modes; b: measured splicing losses between the hybrid fiber with OD = 110 µm and a SMF.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the pulse duration on the length of the hybrid fiber; inset – autocorrelation traces measured with and without 69 m of hybrid fiber.

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