Abstract

We demonstrated fast three-dimensional transmission terahertz computed tomography by using real-time line projection of intense terahertz beam generated by optical rectification in lithium niobate crystal. After emphasizing the advantage of intense terahertz pulse generation for two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging, peak-to-peak amplitudes of pulsed terahertz electric field have been used to obtain a series of projection images at different rotation angles. Then a standard reconstruction algorithm has been employed to perform final three-dimensional reconstruction. Test samples including a medicine capsule have been investigated with a total acquisition time to only 6 minutes.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. G. T. Herman, Image Reconstruction from Projections: The Fundamentals of Computerized Tomography (Academic, 1980).
  2. M. J. Aitken, Thermoluminescence Dating (Academic, 1985).
  3. W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Ferguson, S. Wang, D. Gray, D. Abbot, and X.-C. Zhang, “T-ray computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1312–1314 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. X. Yin, B. W. H. Ng, and D. Abbott, Terahertz Imaging for Biomedical Applications: Pattern Recognition and Tomographic Reconstruction (Springer, 2012).
  6. A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. Abraham, A. Younus, C. Aguerre, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Commun.283(10), 2050–2055 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. L. Nguyen, M. L. Johns, L. F. Gladden, C. H. Worrall, P. Alexander, H. E. Beere, M. Pepper, D. A. Ritchie, J. Alton, S. Barbieri, and E. H. Linfield, “Three-dimensional imaging with a terahertz quantum cascade laser,” Opt. Express14(6), 2123–2129 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. P. Caumes, A. Younus, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, B. Recur, A. Ziéglé, A. Dautant, and E. Abraham, “Terahertz tomographic imaging of XVIIIth dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3604–3608 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Bessou, B. Chassagne, J. P. Caumes, C. Pradère, P. Maire, M. Tondusson, and E. Abraham, “Three-dimensional terahertz computed tomography of human bones,” Appl. Opt.51(28), 6738–6744 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. N. Sunaguchi, Y. Sasaki, N. Maikusa, M. Kawai, T. Yuasa, and C. Otani, “Depth-resolving THz imaging with tomosynthesis,” Opt. Express17(12), 9558–9570 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Yasui, K. Sawanaka, A. Ihara, E. Abraham, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, “Real-time terahertz color scanner for moving objects,” Opt. Express16(2), 1208–1221 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 354–366 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Shan, A. S. Weling, E. Knoesel, L. Bartels, M. Bonn, A. Nahata, G. A. Reider, and T. F. Heinz, “Single-shot measurement of terahertz electromagnetic pulses by use of electro-optic sampling,” Opt. Lett.25(6), 426–428 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Hebling, K.-L. Yeh, M. C. Hoffmann, B. Bartal, and K. A. Nelson, “Generation of high-power terahertz pulses by tilted-pulse-front excitation and their application possibilities,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B25(7), B6–B19 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation by cascaded χ(2) processes in LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A101–A106 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. Nagai, E. Matsubara, and M. Ashida, “High-efficiency terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification by suppressing stimulated Raman scattering process,” Opt. Express20(6), 6509–6514 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express18(17), 18419–18424 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. Z. Jiang, X. G. Xu, and X.-C. Zhang, “Improvement of terahertz imaging with a dynamic subtraction technique,” Appl. Opt.39(17), 2982–2987 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. E. Abraham, Y. Ohgi, M. A. Minami, M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Real-time line projection for fast terahertz spectral computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2119–2121 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  32. F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  33. W. S. Rasband, ImageJ (U.S. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) http://imagej.nih.gov/ij/ , 1997–2012.
  34. B. Recur, A. Younus, S. Salort, P. Mounaix, B. Chassagne, P. Desbarats, J.-P. Caumes, and E. Abraham, “Investigation on reconstruction methods applied to 3D terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Express19(6), 5105–5117 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  36. T. T. L. Kristensen, W. Withayachumnankul, P. U. Jepsen, and D. Abbott, “Modeling terahertz heating effects on water,” Opt. Express18(5), 4727–4739 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

2011 (7)

2010 (7)

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Abraham, A. Younus, C. Aguerre, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Commun.283(10), 2050–2055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. T. L. Kristensen, W. Withayachumnankul, P. U. Jepsen, and D. Abbott, “Modeling terahertz heating effects on water,” Opt. Express18(5), 4727–4739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 354–366 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express18(17), 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1996 (1)

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abbot, D.

Abbott, D.

Abraham, E.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Bessou, B. Chassagne, J. P. Caumes, C. Pradère, P. Maire, M. Tondusson, and E. Abraham, “Three-dimensional terahertz computed tomography of human bones,” Appl. Opt.51(28), 6738–6744 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Caumes, A. Younus, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, B. Recur, A. Ziéglé, A. Dautant, and E. Abraham, “Terahertz tomographic imaging of XVIIIth dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3604–3608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Abraham, Y. Ohgi, M. A. Minami, M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Real-time line projection for fast terahertz spectral computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2119–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Recur, A. Younus, S. Salort, P. Mounaix, B. Chassagne, P. Desbarats, J.-P. Caumes, and E. Abraham, “Investigation on reconstruction methods applied to 3D terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Express19(6), 5105–5117 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Abraham, A. Younus, C. Aguerre, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Commun.283(10), 2050–2055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, K. Sawanaka, A. Ihara, E. Abraham, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, “Real-time terahertz color scanner for moving objects,” Opt. Express16(2), 1208–1221 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Aguerre, C.

E. Abraham, A. Younus, C. Aguerre, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Commun.283(10), 2050–2055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, P.

Almási, G.

Alton, J.

Araki, T.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

E. Abraham, Y. Ohgi, M. A. Minami, M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Real-time line projection for fast terahertz spectral computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2119–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 354–366 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasui, K. Sawanaka, A. Ihara, E. Abraham, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, “Real-time terahertz color scanner for moving objects,” Opt. Express16(2), 1208–1221 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ashida, M.

Barbieri, S.

Bartal, B.

Bartels, L.

Beere, H. E.

Bessou, M.

M. Bessou, B. Chassagne, J. P. Caumes, C. Pradère, P. Maire, M. Tondusson, and E. Abraham, “Three-dimensional terahertz computed tomography of human bones,” Appl. Opt.51(28), 6738–6744 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

Bonn, M.

Brahm, A.

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Caumes, J. P.

Caumes, J.-P.

Chan, W. L.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chassagne, B.

Dautant, A.

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Caumes, A. Younus, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, B. Recur, A. Ziéglé, A. Dautant, and E. Abraham, “Terahertz tomographic imaging of XVIIIth dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3604–3608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deibel, J.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Desbarats, P.

Doi, A.

Duday, H.

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, B.

Fujio, M.

Fülöp, J. A.

Gladden, L. F.

Gray, D.

Hangyo, M.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, M.

Hebling, J.

Heinz, T. F.

Hewitt, T. D.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hirori, H.

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express18(17), 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, M. C.

Ihara, A.

Jepsen, P. U.

Jewariya, M.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

E. Abraham, Y. Ohgi, M. A. Minami, M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Real-time line projection for fast terahertz spectral computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2119–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation by cascaded χ(2) processes in LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A101–A106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Johns, M. L.

Kadoya, Y.

Kawai, M.

Knoesel, E.

Kreß, M.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, T. T. L.

Kunz, M.

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Linfield, E. H.

Löffler, T.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maikusa, N.

Maire, P.

Matsubara, E.

Minami, M.

Minami, M. A.

Mittleman, D. M.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Miura, J.

Miyamaru, F.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mounaix, P.

Nagai, M.

Nahata, A.

Nelson, K. A.

Nguyen, K. L.

Notni, G.

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ohgi, Y.

Otani, C.

Pálfalvi, L.

Pepper, M.

Pradère, C.

Recur, B.

Reider, G. A.

Riehemann, S.

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ritchie, D. A.

Roskos, H. G.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Salort, S.

Saneyoshi, E.

T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

Sawanaka, K.

Schirmer, M.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 354–366 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shan, J.

Sunaguchi, N.

Tanaka, H.

Tanaka, K.

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express18(17), 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Enhancement of terahertz wave generation by cascaded χ(2) processes in LiNbO3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B26(9), A101–A106 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, T.

Tani, M.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thomson, M. D.

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tondusson, M.

Tünnermann, A.

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.

Weling, A. S.

Withayachumnankul, W.

Worrall, C. H.

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X. G.

Yasuda, T.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yasui, T.

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

E. Abraham, Y. Ohgi, M. A. Minami, M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Real-time line projection for fast terahertz spectral computed tomography,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2119–2121 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Schirmer, M. Fujio, M. Minami, J. Miura, T. Araki, and T. Yasui, “Biomedical applications of a real-time terahertz color scanner,” Biomed. Opt. Express1(2), 354–366 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasui, K. Sawanaka, A. Ihara, E. Abraham, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, “Real-time terahertz color scanner for moving objects,” Opt. Express16(2), 1208–1221 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K.-L.

Yonera, T.

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Younus, A.

Yuasa, T.

Zhang, X.-C.

Ziéglé, A.

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Caumes, A. Younus, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, B. Recur, A. Ziéglé, A. Dautant, and E. Abraham, “Terahertz tomographic imaging of XVIIIth dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Appl. Opt.50(20), 3604–3608 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Brahm, M. Kunz, S. Riehemann, G. Notni, and A. Tünnermann, “Volumetric spectral analysis of materials using terahertz-tomography techniques,” Appl. Phys. B100(1), 151–158 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

H. Hirori, A. Doi, F. Blanchard, and K. Tanaka, “Single-cycle terahertz pulses with amplitudes exceeding 1 MV/cm generated by optical rectification in LiNbO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(9), 091106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, E. Saneyoshi, and T. Araki, “Asynchronous optical sampling terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for ultrahigh spectral resolution and rapid data acquisition,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(6), 061101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Yasui, M. Jewariya, T. Yasuda, M. Schirmer, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real- time two-dimensional spatio-temporal terahertz imaging based non-collinear free-space electro-optic sampling application to functional terahertz imaging of moving object,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.19(1), (2013), doi:.
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol. (1)

K. Tanaka, H. Hirori, and M. Nagai, “THz nonlinear spectroscopy of solids,” IEEE Trans. Terahertz Sci. Technol.1(1), 301–312 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Miyamaru, T. Yonera, M. Tani, and M. Hangyo, “Terahertz two-dimensional electrooptic sampling using high speed complementary metal-oxide semiconductor camera,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.43(4A4A), L489–L491 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Laser & Photon. Rev. (1)

M. D. Thomson, M. Kreß, T. Löffler, and H. G. Roskos, “Broadband THz emission from gas plasmas induced by femtosecond optical pulses: From fundamentals to applications,” Laser & Photon. Rev.1(4), 349–368 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

E. Abraham, A. Younus, C. Aguerre, P. Desbarats, and P. Mounaix, “Refraction losses in terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Commun.283(10), 2050–2055 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasuda, T. Yasui, T. Araki, and E. Abraham, “Real-time two-dimensional terahertz tomography of moving objects,” Opt. Commun.267(1), 128–136 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Bessou, H. Duday, J. P. Caumes, S. Salort, B. Chassagne, A. Dautant, A. Ziéglé, and E. Abraham, “Advantages of terahertz radiation versus X-ray to detect hidden organic materials in sealed vessels,” Opt. Commun.285(21–22), 4175–4179 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

T. T. L. Kristensen, W. Withayachumnankul, P. U. Jepsen, and D. Abbott, “Modeling terahertz heating effects on water,” Opt. Express18(5), 4727–4739 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, G. Almási, and J. Hebling, “Design of high-energy terahertz sources based on optical rectification,” Opt. Express18(12), 12311–12327 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sunaguchi, Y. Sasaki, N. Maikusa, M. Kawai, T. Yuasa, and C. Otani, “Depth-resolving THz imaging with tomosynthesis,” Opt. Express17(12), 9558–9570 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Nguyen, M. L. Johns, L. F. Gladden, C. H. Worrall, P. Alexander, H. E. Beere, M. Pepper, D. A. Ritchie, J. Alton, S. Barbieri, and E. H. Linfield, “Three-dimensional imaging with a terahertz quantum cascade laser,” Opt. Express14(6), 2123–2129 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Yasui, K. Sawanaka, A. Ihara, E. Abraham, M. Hashimoto, and T. Araki, “Real-time terahertz color scanner for moving objects,” Opt. Express16(2), 1208–1221 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Fülöp, L. Pálfalvi, M. C. Hoffmann, and J. Hebling, “Towards generation of mJ-level ultrashort THz pulses by optical rectification,” Opt. Express19(16), 15090–15097 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nagai, E. Matsubara, and M. Ashida, “High-efficiency terahertz pulse generation via optical rectification by suppressing stimulated Raman scattering process,” Opt. Express20(6), 6509–6514 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Express18(17), 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Recur, A. Younus, S. Salort, P. Mounaix, B. Chassagne, P. Desbarats, J.-P. Caumes, and E. Abraham, “Investigation on reconstruction methods applied to 3D terahertz computed tomography,” Opt. Express19(6), 5105–5117 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Blanchard, A. Doi, T. Tanaka, H. Hirori, H. Tanaka, Y. Kadoya, and K. Tanaka, “Real-time terahertz near-field microscope,” Opt. Express19(9), 8277–8284 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

M. Jewariya, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ladder climbing on the anharmonic intermolecular potential in an amino acid microcrystal via an intense monocycle terahertz pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105(20), 203003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, “Imaging with terahertz radiation,” Rep. Prog. Phys.70(8), 1325–1379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

X. Yin, B. W. H. Ng, and D. Abbott, Terahertz Imaging for Biomedical Applications: Pattern Recognition and Tomographic Reconstruction (Springer, 2012).

G. T. Herman, Image Reconstruction from Projections: The Fundamentals of Computerized Tomography (Academic, 1980).

M. J. Aitken, Thermoluminescence Dating (Academic, 1985).

W. S. Rasband, ImageJ (U.S. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) http://imagej.nih.gov/ij/ , 1997–2012.

Supplementary Material (5)

» Media 1: MOV (45 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (516 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (47 KB)     
» Media 4: MOV (1614 KB)     
» Media 5: MOV (786 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup and schematic representation of final 3D reconstruction (in the case of 36 projections). THz-CL1 and THz-CL2: Tsurupica THz cylindrical lenses, THz-L: Tsurupica THz plano-convex lens, P: polarizer, A: analyzer, L: plano-convex lens.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temporal profile of THz electric field generated by optical rectification from LiNbO3. Collinear FSEOS detection with a (110)-oriented GaP crystal (thickness = 0.3 mm) and balanced photodiodes are used for this measurement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) 2D-ST THz image and (b) temporal waveform of the pulsed THz electric field along white line in panel (a). Non-collinear FSEOS detection with a (110)-oriented ZnTe crystal (thickness = 1 mm) and CMOS camera were used for this measurement.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dynamic range of the temporal waveform extracted from 2D-ST THz image as a function of the integration time in the case of optical rectification in LiNbO3 (tilted pulse front) and ZnTe (collinear phase-matching).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Four metallic bars. (a) Frontal view (Media 1) and picture of the sample (inset). (b1) Axial view from the upper red line in (a). (b2) Axial view from the lower red line in (a). (c) 3D reconstruction (Media 2).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

A wooden toothpick into a plastic case. (a) Frontal view (Media 3). (b1) Axial view from the upper red line in (a). (b2) Axial view from the lower red line in (a). (c) 3D reconstruction (Media 4). Inset: picture of the sample.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Medicine capsule. (a) Frontal view (inset: photograph). (b1) Axial view from the upper red line in (b). (b2) Axial view from the lower red line in (b). (c) 3D reconstruction (Media 5).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Acquisition time and laptop data processing of the fast 3D THz CT

Metrics