Abstract

Defected circular resonators laterally confined by a metal layer with a flat side as an emitting window are numerically investigated based on the boundary element method for realizing unidirectional emission microlasers. The results indicate that Fabry-Pérot (FP) modes become high Q confined modes in the defected circular resonator with a metallic layer. The mode coupling between the FP mode and chaotic-like mode can result in high Q confined mode for unidirectional emission with a narrow far field pattern.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2012

2010

2009

2008

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, P. Regreny, C. Seassal, D. Van Thourhout, S. Verstuyft, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, C. Lagahe, and R. Baets, “Electrically pumped InP-based microdisk lasers integrated with a nanophotonic silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit,” Opt. Express15(11), 6744–6749 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 031802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Wiersig, “Boundary element method for resonance in dielectric microcavities,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.5(1), 53–60 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, H. Schomerus, and R. Schubert, “Husimi functions at dielectric interfaces: Inside-outside duality for optical systems and beyond,” Europhys. Lett.62(5), 636–642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

S. Ree and L. E. Reichl, “Classical and quantum chaos in a circular billiard with a straight cut,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics60(22 Pt A), 1607–1615 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

Bogomolny, E.

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Che, K. J.

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chern, G. D.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cho, A. Y.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S. J.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

De Waardt, H.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Di Cioccio, L.

Djellali, N.

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Djordjev, K.

S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dong, C. H.

Du, Y.

J. D. Lin, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, X. M. Lv, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Wide-angle emission and single-mode deformed circular microlasers with a flat side,” Appl. Opt.51(17), 3930–3935 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dubertrand, R.

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eijkemans, T. J.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Faist, J.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, Z. C.

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J. M.

Geluk, E. J.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gmachl, C.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, G. C.

Han, Z. F.

Hentschel, M.

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 031802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, H. Schomerus, and R. Schubert, “Husimi functions at dielectric interfaces: Inside-outside duality for optical systems and beyond,” Europhys. Lett.62(5), 636–642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ho, S. T.

Huang, Y. Y.

Huang, Y. Z.

Johnson, N. M.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. H.

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kneissl, M.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S. H.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lagahe, C.

Lebental, M.

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. H.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Levi, A. F. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. Y.

Lin, J. D.

J. D. Lin, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, X. M. Lv, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Wide-angle emission and single-mode deformed circular microlasers with a flat side,” Appl. Opt.51(17), 3930–3935 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B. Y.

Logan, R. A.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lv, X. M.

McCall, S. L.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Narimanov, E. E.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nöckel, J. U.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Notzel, R.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ou, F.

Park, H. G.

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pearton, S. J.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ree, S.

S. Ree and L. E. Reichl, “Classical and quantum chaos in a circular billiard with a straight cut,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics60(22 Pt A), 1607–1615 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

Reichl, L. E.

S. Ree and L. E. Reichl, “Classical and quantum chaos in a circular billiard with a straight cut,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics60(22 Pt A), 1607–1615 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rojo Romeo, P.

Schmit, C.

R. Dubertrand, E. Bogomolny, N. Djellali, M. Lebental, and C. Schmit, “Circular dielectric cavity and its deformations,” Phys. Rev. A77(1), 013804 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schomerus, H.

M. Hentschel, H. Schomerus, and R. Schubert, “Husimi functions at dielectric interfaces: Inside-outside duality for optical systems and beyond,” Europhys. Lett.62(5), 636–642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schubert, R.

M. Hentschel, H. Schomerus, and R. Schubert, “Husimi functions at dielectric interfaces: Inside-outside duality for optical systems and beyond,” Europhys. Lett.62(5), 636–642 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

Shin, D. J.

S. K. Kim, S. H. Kim, G. H. Kim, H. G. Park, D. J. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, “Highly directional emission from few-micron-size elliptical microdisks,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(6), 861–863 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sivco, D. L.

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slusher, R. E.

S. L. McCall, A. F. J. Levi, R. E. Slusher, S. J. Pearton, and R. A. Logan, “Whispering gallery mode microdisk lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett.60(3), 289–291 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stone, A. D.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Türeci, H. E.

G. D. Chern, H. E. Türeci, A. D. Stone, R. K. Chang, M. Kneissl, and N. M. Johnson, “unidirectional lasing from InGaN multiple-quantum-well spiral-shaped micropillars,” Appl. Phys. Lett.83(9), 1710–1712 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turkiewicz, J. P.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

Van Otten, F. W. M.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

Van Veldhoven, P. J.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Verstuyft, S.

Wang, S. J.

Wiersig, J.

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 031802 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wiersig, “Boundary element method for resonance in dielectric microcavities,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.5(1), 53–60 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, J. L.

J. D. Lin, L. X. Zou, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, Q. F. Yao, X. M. Lv, J. L. Xiao, and Y. Du, “Wide-angle emission and single-mode deformed circular microlasers with a flat side,” Appl. Opt.51(17), 3930–3935 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y. F.

Yang, Y.

Yang, Y. D.

Yao, Q. F.

Zhu, Y.

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zou, C. L.

Zou, L. X.

Appl. Opt.

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[CrossRef]

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S. J. Choi, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus, “Microdisk lasers vertically coupled to output waveguides,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1330–1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Wang, J. D. Lin, Y. Z. Huang, Y. D. Yang, K. J. Che, J. L. Xiao, Y. Du, and Z. C. Fan, “AlGaInAs-InP microcylinder lasers connected with an output Waveguide,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.22(18), 1349–1351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

J. Wiersig, “Boundary element method for resonance in dielectric microcavities,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.5(1), 53–60 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nat. Photonics

M. T. Hill, Y. S. Oei, B. Smalbrugge, Y. Zhu, T. De Vries, P. J. Van Veldhoven, F. W. M. Van Otten, T. J. Eijkemans, J. P. Turkiewicz, H. De Waardt, E. J. Geluk, S. H. Kwon, Y. H. Lee, R. Notzel, and M. K. Smit, “Lasing in metallic-coated nanocavities,” Nat. Photonics1(10), 589–594 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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[CrossRef]

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Unidirectional light emission from high-Q modes in optical microcavities,” Phys. Rev. A73(3), 031802 (2006).
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Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Wiersig and M. Hentschel, “Combining directional light output and ultralow loss in deformed microdisks,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100(3), 033901 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science

C. Gmachl, F. Capasso, E. E. Narimanov, J. U. Nöckel, A. D. Stone, J. Faist, D. L. Sivco, and A. Y. Cho, “High-power directional emission from microlasers with chaotic resonators,” Science280(5369), 1556–1564 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Scheme diagram of the defected mircoresonator confined by a metallic layer (a), and the ray trajectories of 200 reflections with initial angle of 60° at the distance d = 3.98 μm (b), 3.7 μm (c), and 3 μm (d) in the resonator with the radius R1 = 4 μm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scattering spectra for the defected circular microresonators at d = 3.9 μm (a) and 3.1μm (b), with the radius R1 = 4 μm and the metallic thickness t = 100 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Mode intensity patterns and corresponding FFPs for symmetric mode at wavelength 1608.6 nm (a) and anti-symmetric mode at 1608.3 nm (b) at d = 3.9 μm, and symmetric mode at 1634 nm (c) and anti-symmetric mode at 1583.2 nm (d) at d = 3.1 μm, in defected circular resonators with the radius R1 = 4 μm and the metallic thickness t = 100 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Symmetric mode wavelengths for branches 1’ and 2’ versus the flat side length in the defected circular resonators with the radius R1 = 4 μm and the metallic thickness t = 100 nm. The symmetric Fabry-Pérot-like mode of Fig. 3(c) is in the middle of branch 1’ at l = 5.06 μm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Mode quality factor and the directionality factor versus the flat side length for branches 1’ (a) and 2’ (b), respectively, in the defected circular resonators with the radius R1 = 4 μm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Mode intensity patterns (up) and corresponding FFPs (down) for the modes of branch 1’ at l = 4.96 μm (a), 5.1 μm (b) and 5.19 μm (c),and branch 2’ at l = 5.268 μm (d), respectively, in the defected circular resonators with the radius R1 = 4 μm and the metallic thickness t = 100 nm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Husimi projections (a) for the FP-like mode field of Fig. 6(b) and 6(b) for chaotic-like mode of Fig. 6(c), two horizontal lines sinχc = ± 1/n1 enclose the leaky region. The central rectangle area formed by the four lines marks the emission window corresponding to the flat side and the leaky regions.

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