Abstract

We exploit an ultra-low-magnification unstable resonator to develop a high-pulse-energy side-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:YLF/Cr4+:YAG laser with improving beam quality. A wedged laser crystal is employed in the cavity to control the emissions at 1047 nm and 1053 nm independently through the cavity alignment. The pulse energies at 1047 nm and 1053 nm are found to be 19 mJ and 23 mJ, respectively. The peak powers for both wavelengths are higher than 2 MW. Furthermore, the developed Nd:YLF lasers are employed to pump a monolithic optical parametric oscillator for confirming the applicability in nonlinear wavelength conversions.

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  1. W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).
  3. D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Peuser, W. Platz, P. Zeller, T. Brand, M. Haag, and B. Köhler, “High-power, longitudinally fiber-pumped, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator-amplifier,” Opt. Lett.31(13), 1991–1993 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. C. Bollig, C. Jacobs, M. J. D. Esser, E. H. Bernhardi, and H. M. von Bergmann, “Power and energy scaling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF laser through gain optimization,” Opt. Express18(13), 13993–14003 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett.23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. V. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(1), 59–63 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. B. Frei and J. E. Balmer, “1053-nm-wavelength selection in a diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt.33(30), 6942–6946 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. H. Zbinden and J. E. Balmer, “Q-switched Nd:YLF laser end pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Lett.15(18), 1014–1016 (1990).
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  15. C. F. Rae, J. A. C. Terry, B. D. Sinclair, M. H. Dunn, and W. Sibbett, “Single-frequency, end-pumped Nd:YLF laser excited by a 12-mJ diode-laser array,” Opt. Lett.17(23), 1673–1675 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Beach, J. Davin, S. Mitchell, W. Benett, B. Freitas, R. Solarz, and P. Avizonis, “Passively Q-switched transverse-diode-pumped Nd3+:YLF laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett.17(2), 124–126 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation, 2nd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2005), Chap. 5–7.
  20. J. E. Murray, “Pulsed Gain and Thermal Lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 488–491 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  24. S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

C. Bollig, C. Jacobs, M. J. D. Esser, E. H. Bernhardi, and H. M. von Bergmann, “Power and energy scaling of a diode-end-pumped Nd:YLF laser through gain optimization,” Opt. Express18(13), 13993–14003 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Peuser, W. Platz, P. Zeller, T. Brand, M. Haag, and B. Köhler, “High-power, longitudinally fiber-pumped, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator-amplifier,” Opt. Lett.31(13), 1991–1993 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).

1998 (2)

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. A. Clarkson, P. J. Hardman, and D. C. Hanna, “High-power diode-bar end-pumped Nd:YLF laser at 1.053 microm,” Opt. Lett.23(17), 1363–1365 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

A. V. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(1), 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. Frei and J. E. Balmer, “1053-nm-wavelength selection in a diode-laser-pumped Nd:YLF laser,” Appl. Opt.33(30), 6942–6946 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

T. Graf and J. E. Balmer, “High-power Nd:YLF laser end pumped by a diode-laser bar,” Opt. Lett.18(16), 1317–1319 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1990 (1)

1983 (1)

J. E. Murray, “Pulsed Gain and Thermal Lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 488–491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Afzal, R. S.

M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Avizonis, P.

Baldochi, S. L.

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

Beach, R.

Becouarn, L.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Benett, W.

Bernhardi, E. H.

Bi, Y.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Binks, D. J.

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).

Bollig, C.

Brand, T.

Cha, B. H.

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H. L.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Davin, J.

de Rossi, W.

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deana, A. M.

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Debuisschért, T.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dunn, M. H.

Esser, M. J. D.

Frede, M.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Frei, B.

Freitas, B.

Golding, P. S.

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).

Graf, T.

Haag, M.

Hahn, S.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Halldorsson, T.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hardman, P. J.

Häring, R.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Heinemann, S.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, H.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. C.

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y. J.

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. P.

Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Huss, R.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacobs, C.

Kandasamy, R.

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. G.

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y. K.

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).

Köhler, B.

Kong, Y.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kracht, D.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krichbaumer, W.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lallier, E.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. L.

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, R.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado, E. P.

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mathieu, D.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mehnert, A.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mitchell, S.

Mukhopadhyay, P. K.

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murray, J. E.

J. E. Murray, “Pulsed Gain and Thermal Lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 488–491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, E.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, J.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oak, S. M.

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okishev, A. V.

A. V. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(1), 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peuser, P.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Peuser, W. Platz, P. Zeller, T. Brand, M. Haag, and B. Köhler, “High-power, longitudinally fiber-pumped, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG oscillator-amplifier,” Opt. Lett.31(13), 1991–1993 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Platz, W.

Pocholle, J.-P.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rae, C. F.

Raffy, J.

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ranieri, I. M.

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Reichert, P.

M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, M. S.

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, N. P.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Seka, W.

A. V. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(1), 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Selker, M. D.

M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, S. K.

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sibbett, W.

Silva, D. F.

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sinclair, B. D.

Singh, A.

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solarz, R.

Streicher, J.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. Y.

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, Y. S. Tzeng, C. Y. Tang, Y. P. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Tunable GHz pulse repetition rate operation in high-power TEM00-mode Nd:YLF lasers at 1047 nm and 1053 nm with self mode locking,” Opt. Express20(16), 18230–18237 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Terry, J. A. C.

Tzeng, Y. S.

von Bergmann, H. M.

Wang, G.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Werner, C.

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wetter, N. U.

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wilhelm, R.

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Z.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

Zeller, P.

Zezell, D. M.

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. M. Deana, I. M. Ranieri, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Compact, diode-side-pumped and Q-switched Nd:YLiF4 laser cavity operating at 1053 nm with diffraction limited beam quality,” Appl. Phys. B106(4), 877–880 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Huang, C. Y. Tang, W. L. Lee, Y. P. Huang, S. C. Huang, and Y. F. Chen, “Efficient passively Q-switched Nd:YLF TEM00-mode laser at 1053 nm: selection of polarization with birefringence,” Appl. Phys. B108(2), 313–317 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. E. Murray, “Pulsed Gain and Thermal Lensing of Nd:LiYF4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.19(4), 488–491 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, Y. P. Lan, and H. L. Chang, “Analytical Model for Design Criteria of Passively Q-Switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.37(3), 462–468 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Selker, R. S. Afzal, and P. Reichert, “A pulse transmission mode Q-switched Nd:YLF laser pumped by cylindrical microlens-collimated diode bars,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.30(7), 1616–1622 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. V. Okishev and W. Seka, “Diode-pumped Nd:YLF master oscillator for the 30-kJ (UV), 60-beam OMEGA laser facility,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.3(1), 59–63 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg. (1)

M. S. Ribeiro, D. F. Silva, E. P. Maldonado, W. de Rossi, and D. M. Zezell, “Effects of 1047-nm neodymium laser radiation on skin wound healing,” J. Clin. Laser Med. Surg.20(1), 37–40 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. J. Binks, P. S. Golding, and T. A. King, “Compact all-solid-state high repetition rate tunable ultraviolet source for airborne atmospheric gas sensing,” J. Mod. Opt.47(11), 1899–1912 (2000).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (3)

W. Krichbaumer, H. Herrmann, E. Nagel, R. Häring, J. Streicher, C. Werner, A. Mehnert, T. Halldorsson, S. Heinemann, P. Peuser, and N. P. Schmitt, “A diode-pumped Nd:YAG lidar for airborne cloud measurements,” Opt. Laser Technol.25(5), 283–287 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, Y. G. Kim, B. H. Cha, and Y. K. Kim, “A diode-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 40 ns pulse width and 73 W green output power,” Opt. Laser Technol.36(4), 265–271 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, R. Li, Y. Bi, C. Hu, Y. Kong, G. Wang, H. Zhang, and Z. Xu, “Experimental study of high-power pulse side-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Laser Technol.37(2), 163–166 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Proc. SPIE (2)

T. Debuisschért, D. Mathieu, J. Raffy, L. Becouarn, E. Lallier, and J.-P. Pocholle, “High beam quality unstable cavity infrared optical parametric oscillator,” Proc. SPIE3267, 170–180 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kracht, S. Hahn, R. Huss, J. Neumann, R. Wilhelm, M. Frede, and P. Peuser, “High efficiency, passively Q-switched Nd:YAG MOPA for spaceborne laser-altimetry,” Proc. SPIE6100, 548–555 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

S. K. Sharma, P. K. Mukhopadhyay, A. Singh, R. Kandasamy, and S. M. Oak, “A simple, compact, and efficient diode-side-pumped linear intracavity frequency doubled Nd:YAG rod laser with 50 ns pulse width and 124 W green output power,” Rev. Sci. Instrum.81(7), 073104 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

N. Hodgson and H. Weber, Laser Resonators and Beam Propagation, 2nd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2005), Chap. 5–7.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental set-up of Nd:YLF laser.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output energies under free-running operation with respected to the launched pump energies.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Temporal shape for the laser pulses in the single pulse regime at (a) 1047 nm and (b) 1053 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output transverse mode distributions at (a) 1047 nm and (b) 1053 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal shape for the pump pulses and signal pulses of external OPO at (a) 1047 nm and (b) 1053 nm.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

ω i = λ L * π g j * g i * (1 g 1 * g 2 * ) ; i,j=1,2 ; ij,
g i * = g i d j f th (1 d i ρ i ),
g i =1 d 1 + d 2 ρ i ; i,j=1,2 ; ij,
L * = d 1 + d 2 d 1 d 2 f th .
Δ=( L f th )( g 1 + g 2 +2 g 1 g 2 4 )ε.

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