Abstract

Microwave Photonics, a symbiotic field of research that brings together the worlds of optics and radio frequency is currently facing several challenges in its transition from a niche to a truly widespread technology essential to support the ever-increasing values for speed, bandwidth, processing capability and dynamic range that will be required in next generation hybrid access networks. We outline these challenges, which are the subject of the contributions to this focus issue.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  43. D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
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  44. A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz band wireless link using radio-over-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
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  45. F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
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  46. A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
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  47. X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
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  48. J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
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  51. E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic microwave filters monolithically integrated in InPInGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
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  52. H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
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  53. P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express18(23), 23784–23789 (2010).
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  54. J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  55. D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
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  56. W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(6), 6156–6163 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  57. P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  58. M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6172–6182 (2010).
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  59. M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]

2013

J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, J. Mora, I. Gasulla, J. Sancho, J. Lloret, and S. Sales, “Microwave Photonic signal processing,” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 571–586 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

H. Shahoei and J. P. Yao, “Tunable microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow and fast light effects in a tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Express20(13), 14009–14014 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, Z. Dong, J. Yu, N. Chi, Y. Shao, and G. K. Chang, “Fiber wireless transmission system of 108 Gb/s data over 80 km fiber and 2x2 MIMO wireless links at 100 GHz W-band frequency,” Opt. Lett.37, 5106–5108 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Sancho, J. Bourderionnet, J. Lloret, S. Combrié, I. Gasulla, S. Xavier, S. Sales, P. Colman, G. Lehoucq, D. Dolfi, J. Capmany, and A. De Rossi, “Integrable microwave filter based on a photonic crystal delay line,” Nat Commun3, 1075 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

A. M. Weiner, “Ultrafast optical pulse shaping: A tutorial review,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3669–3692 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of microwave arbitrary waveforms,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3723–3736 (2011).
[CrossRef]

“See special Technology Focus on Microwave Photonics,” Nat. Photonics1, 723–736 (2011).

P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Zibar, R. Sambaraju, A. Caballero, J. Herrera, U. Westergren, A. Walber, J. B. Jensen, J. Marti, and I. T. Monroy, “High-capacity wireless signal generation and demodulation in 75- to 110-GHz band employing all-optical OFDM,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(12), 810–812 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F.-M. Kuo, C.-B. Huang, J.-W. Shi, N. Chen, H.-P. Chuang, J. E. Bowers, and C. Pang, “Remotely up-converted 20-Gbit/s error-free wireless on-off-keying data transmission at W-band using an ultra-wideband photonic transmitter-mixer,” IEEE Photonics Journal3(2), 209–219 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. T. Schermer, F. Bucholtz, and C. A. Villarruel, “Continuously-tunable microwave photonic true-time-delay based on a fiber-coupled beam deflector and diffraction grating,” Opt. Express19(6), 5371–5378 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lloret, J. Sancho, M. Pu, I. Gasulla, K. Yvind, S. Sales, and J. Capmany, “Tunable complex-valued multi-tap microwave photonic filter based on single silicon-on-insulator microring resonator,” Opt. Express19(13), 12402–12407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Norberg, R. S. Guzzon, J. Parker, L. A. Johansson, and L. A. Coldren, “Programmable photonic microwave filters monolithically integrated in InPInGaAsP,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(11), 1611–1619 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Berger, J. Bourderionnet, F. Bretenaker, D. Dolfi, and M. Alouini, “Time delay generation at high frequency using SOA based slow and fast light,” Opt. Express19(22), 21180–21188 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Burla, D. Marpaung, L. Zhuang, C. Roeloffzen, M. R. Khan, A. Leinse, M. Hoekman, and R. Heideman, “On-chip CMOS compatible reconfigurable optical delay line with separate carrier tuning for microwave photonic signal processing,” Opt. Express19(22), 21475–21484 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kanno, K. Inagaki, I. Morohashi, T. Sakamoto, T. Kuri, I. Hosako, T. Kawanishi, Y. Yoshida, and K. Kitayama, “40 Gb/s W-band (75-110 GHz) 16-QAM radio-over-fiber signal generation and its wireless transmission,” Opt. Express19(26), B56–B63 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

W. Xue, S. Sales, J. Capmany, and J. Mørk, “Wideband 360 ° microwave photonic phase shifter based on slow light in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(6), 6156–6163 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pu, L. Liu, W. Xue, Y. Ding, H. Ou, K. Yvind, and J. M. Hvam, “Widely tunable microwave phase shifter based on silicon-on-insulator dual-microring resonator,” Opt. Express18(6), 6172–6182 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Dong, N. N. Feng, D. Feng, W. Qian, H. Liang, D. C. Lee, B. J. Luff, T. Banwell, A. Agarwal, P. Toliver, R. Menendez, T. K. Woodward, and M. Asghari, “GHz-bandwidth optical filters based on high-order silicon ring resonators,” Opt. Express18(23), 23784–23789 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Marpaung, C. Roeloffzen, A. Leinse, and M. Hoekman, “A photonic chip based frequency discriminator for a high performance microwave photonic link,” Opt. Express18(26), 27359–27370 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Weiner, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. W. Chen, A. W. Fang, J. D. Peters, Z. Wang, J. Bovington, D. Liang, and J. E. Bowers, “Integrated Microwave Photonic Filter on a Hybrid Silicon Platform,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.58(11), 3213–3219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Khan, H. Shen, Y. Xuan, L. Zhao, S. Xiao, D. E. Leaird, A. M. Wiener, and M. Qi, “Ultrabroad bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectralshaper,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 117–122 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Ferrara, Y. Park, L. Razzari, B. E. Little, S. T. Chu, R. Morandotti, D. J. Moss, and J. Azaña, “On-chip CMOS compatible all-optical integrator,” Nat. Commun.1, 1028 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

A. Hirata, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, T. Kosugi, K. Murata, T. Nagatsuma, N. Kukutsu, and Y. Kado, “Transmission characteristics of 120-GHz band wireless link using radio-over-fiber technologies,” J. Lightwave Technol.26(15), 2338–2344 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped microwave pulses using superimposed chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.20(11), 882–884 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang and J. P. Yao, “Photonic generation of chirped millimeter-wave pulses based on nonlinear frequency-to-time mapping in a nonlinearly chirped fiber Bragg grating,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.56(2), 542–553 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, “All-fiber chirped microwave pulses generation based on spectral shaping and wavelength-to-time conversion,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.55(9), 1958–1963 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany and D. Novak, “Microwave photonics combines two worlds,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 319–330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Ismail, C.-P. Liu, J. E. Mitchell, and A. J. Seeds, “High-dynamic-range wireless-over-fiber link using feedforward linearization,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(11), 3274–3282 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Z. Jia, J. Yu, and G.-K. Chang, “A full-duplex radio-over-fiber system based on optical carrier suppression and reuse,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(16), 1726–1728 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Minasian, “Photonic signal processing of microwave signals,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 832–846 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Kurniawan, A. Nirmalathas, C. Lim, D. Novak, and R. Waterhouse, “Performance analysis of optimized millimeter-wave fiber radio links,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.54(2), 921–928 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

J. Chou, Y. Han, and B. Jalali, “Adaptive RF-photonic arbitrary waveform generator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(4), 581–583 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

2001

C. Lim, A. Nirmalathas, D. Novak, R. S. Tucker, and R. B. Waterhouse, “Technique for increasing optical spectral efficiency in millimeter-wave WDM fiber-radio,” Electron. Lett.37(16), 1043–1045 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, W. V. Sorin, and K. Y. Lau, “Elimination of the fibre chromatic dispersion penalty on 1550 nm millimetre-wave optical transmission,” Electron. Lett.33(6), 512–513 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995

H. Schmuck, “Comparison of optical millimeter-wave system concepts with regard to chromatic dispersion,” Electron. Lett.31(21), 1848–1849 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Lindsay, G. A. Knight, and S. T. Winnall, “Photonic mixers for wide bandwidth RF receiver applications,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech.43(9), 2311–2317 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

J. J. O’Reilly, P. M. Lane, R. Heidemann, and R. Hofstetter, “Optical generation of very narrow linewidth millimetre wave signals,” Electron. Lett.28, 2309–2311 (1992).

Agarwal, A.

Ahmed, Z.

G. H. Smith, D. Novak, and Z. Ahmed, “Technique for optical SSB generation to overcome dispersion penalties in fibre-radio systems,” Electron. Lett.33(1), 74–75 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alouini, M.

Arlunno, V.

X. Pang, A. Caballero, A. Dogadeev, V. Arlunno, L. Deng, R. Borkowski, J. S. Pederson, D. Zibar, X. Yu, and I. T. Monroy, “25 Gb/s QPSK hybrid fiber-wireless transmission in the W-band (75-110 GHz) with remote antenna unit for in-building wireless networks,” IEEE Photonics Journal4(3), 691–698 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Asghari, M. H.

Azaña, J.

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J. Zhang, J. Yu, N. Chi, Z. Dong, X. Li, and G. K. Chang, “Multichannel 120 Gb/s data transmission over 2x2 MIMO fiber-wireless link at W-band,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(8), 780–783 (2013).
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P. Samadi, L. R. Chen, C. L. Callender, P. Dumais, S. Jacob, and D. Celo, “RF arbitrary waveform generation using tunable planar lightwave circuits,” Opt. Commun.284(15), 3737–3741 (2011).
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C. Marpaung, R. Roeloffzen, A. Heideman, S. Leinse, Sales, and J. Capmany, “Integrated MicrowavePhotonics,” Laser Photon. Rev.7(4), 506–538 (2013).
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[CrossRef]

H. Toda, T. Yamashita, K.-I. Kitayama, and T. Kuri, “A DWDM mm-wave fiber-radio system by optical frequency interleaving for high spectral efficiency,” Proc. of Microwave Photonics (MWP), 85–88, Long Beach, USA (2001)

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