Abstract

We demonstrate a Linearized Ring Assisted Mach-Zehnder Interferometer (L-RAMZI) modulator in a miniature silicon device. We measure a record high degree of linearization for a silicon device, with a Spurious Free Dynamic Range (SFDR) of 106dB/Hz2/3 at 1GHz, and 99dB/Hz2/3 at 10GHz.

© 2013 OSA

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  12. F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

2010 (6)

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464, 80–84 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Dong, S. Liao, H. Liang, W. Qian, X. Wang, R. Shafiiha, D. Feng, G. Li, X. Zheng, A. V. Krishnamoorthy, and M. Asghari, “High-speed and compact silicon modulator based on a racetrack resonator with a 1 V drive voltage,” Opt. Lett.35, 3246–3248 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2007 (1)

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Noise figure reduction in externally modulated analog fiber-optic links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 312–314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

Ackerman, E. I.

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Almeida, V. R.

Ang, K.-W.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Asghari, M.

Assefa, S.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464, 80–84 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayazi, A.

Baehr-Jones, T.

Basak, J.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Betts, G. E.

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

Brimont, A.

F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Chen, L.

Chiu, Y.-J.

Chow, F.-S.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cox, C. H.

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Cox, Analog Optical Links: Theory and Practice (Cambridge University, 2004).
[CrossRef]

Devenport, J.

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Noise figure reduction in externally modulated analog fiber-optic links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 312–314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dong, F.

Dong, P.

Dumon, P.

Fang, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, Q.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fedeli, J.

F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Feng, D.

Galan, J.

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Gardes, F.

Geis, M. W.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Grein, M. E.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gutierrez, A.

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrera, J.

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Hochberg, M.

Ippen, E. P.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, J.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karim, A.

A. Karim and J. Devenport, “Noise figure reduction in externally modulated analog fiber-optic links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.19, 312–314 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keating, A.

Khilo, A.

Khurgin, J.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kimerling, L. C.

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Krauss, T. F.

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

Kwong, D.-L.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, G.

Liang, H.

Liao, L.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liao, S.

Lim, A. E.-J.

Liow, T.-Y.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M.

Liu, A.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, B.

Liu, J.

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Lo, G.-Q.

M. Streshinsky, A. Ayazi, Z. Xuan, A. E.-J. Lim, G.-Q. Lo, T. Baehr-Jones, and M. Hochberg, “Highly linear silicon traveling wave Mach-Zehnder carrier depletion modulator based on differential drive,” Opt. Express21, 3818–3825 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lyszczarz, T. M.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Marris-Morini, D.

F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

Michel, J.

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mirshafiei, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O’Faolain, L.

Panepucci, R. R.

Paniccia, M.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piprek, J.

Prince, J. L.

C. H. Cox, E. I. Ackerman, G. E. Betts, and J. L. Prince, “Limits on the performance of RF-over-fiber links and their impact on device design,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.54, 906–920 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

Rasigade, G.

Reed, G. T.

Rong, H.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. Paniccia, “A continuous-wave raman silicon laser,” Nature433, 725–728 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rusch, L. A.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sanchis, P.

F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Shafiiha, R.

Shim, J.

Song, J.-F.

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sorace, C. M.

A. Khilo, C. M. Sorace, and F. X. Kärtner, “Broadband linearized silicon modulator,” Opt. Express19, 4485–4500 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Spector, S. J.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Streshinsky, M.

Sun, X.

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vacondio, F.

F. Vacondio, M. Mirshafiei, J. Basak, A. Liu, L. Liao, M. Paniccia, and L. A. Rusch, “A silicon modulator enabling RF over fiber for 802.11 OFDM signals,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 141–148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, L.

F. Gardes, A. Brimont, P. Sanchis, G. Rasigade, D. Marris-Morini, L. O’Faolain, F. Dong, J. Fedeli, P. Dumon, L. Vivien, T. F. Krauss, G. T. Reed, and J. Martí, “High-speed modulation of a compact silicon ring resonator based on a reverse-biased pn diode,” Opt. Express17, 21986–21991 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gutierrez, J. Galan, J. Herrera, A. Brimont, D. Marris-Morini, J. Fedeli, L. Vivien, and P. Sanchis, “High linear ring-assisted MZI electro-optic silicon modulators suitable for radio-over-fiber applications,” in “Group IV Photonics (GFP), 2012 IEEE 9th International Conference on,” (IEEE, 2012), pp. 57–59.
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464, 80–84 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Xia, F.

S. Assefa, F. Xia, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Reinventing germanium avalanche photodetector for nanophotonic on-chip optical interconnects,” Nature464, 80–84 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, X.

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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Yoon, J. U.

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (4)

T.-Y. Liow, K.-W. Ang, Q. Fang, J.-F. Song, Y.-Z. Xiong, M.-B. Yu, G.-Q. Lo, and D.-L. Kwong, “Silicon modulators and germanium photodetectors on SOI: monolithic integration, compatibility, and performance optimization,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 307–315 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Sun, J. Liu, L. C. Kimerling, and J. Michel, “Toward a germanium laser for integrated silicon photonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 124–131 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

S. J. Spector, C. M. Sorace, M. W. Geis, M. E. Grein, J. U. Yoon, T. M. Lyszczarz, E. P. Ippen, and F. Kartner, “Operation and optimization of silicon-diode-based optical modulators,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 165–172 (2010).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

X. Xie, J. Khurgin, J. Kang, and F.-S. Chow, “Linearized Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15, 531–533 (2003).
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[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

RAMZI linearization concept. a) Schematic of L-RAMZI modulator in push pull configuration. b) Comparison of traditional MZI modulator sinusoidal response, ring resonator phase response, and simulated L-RAMZI response. Note that the vertical axis for the MZI and RAMZI curves is for transmission, while for the Ring it is for phase.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Microscope image of fabricated L-RAMZI modulator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental Setup to measure SFDR. Two signal generator outputs are attenuated (Att), combined (+), and filtered to remove harmonics; this signal is split (+) to provide a push-pull drive to the modulator, with π phaseshift in one arm. A laser output is polarized (Pol) and coupled to the device via a lensed fiber. The device output is amplified with an EDFA and filtered to remove ASE noise. The harmonic content of the received signal at the detector (Det) is measured on an RF spectrum analyzer.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plot of fundamental, F, and F/IM3 ratio (nomalized to F = −50dBm) vs. wavelength for standard biasing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measurements of F1,2 and IM31,2 versus input power, noise level, and SFDR for standard bias position; both rings at anti-resonance.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Simulated waveguide effective index as a function of applied voltage to the pn junction.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plot of fundamental, F, F/IM3 ratio (normalized to F = −50dBm), and a linearly scaled version of photocurrent (green dashes) vs. wavelength for one ring at anti-resonance, one at resonance.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measurements of F1,2 and IM31,2 versus input power, noise level, and SFDR for one ring near anti-resonance, the other near resonance at a frequency of 1GHz and 10GHz.

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