Abstract

An all-optical 3D photoacoustic imaging probe that consists of an optical fiber probe for ultrasound detection and a bundle of hollow optical fibers for excitation of photoacoustic waves was developed. The fiber probe for ultrasound is based on a single-mode optical fiber with a thin polymer film attached to the output end surface that works as a Fabry Perot etalon. The input end of the hollow fiber bundle is aligned so that each fiber in the bundle is sequentially excited. A thin and flexible probe can be obtained because the probe system does not have a scanning mechanism at the distal end.

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2012

2011

B. Wang and S. Emelianov, “Thermal intravascular photoacoustic imaging,” Biomed. Opt. Express2(11), 3072–3078 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Z. Zhang and P. C. Beard, “A miniature all-optical photoacoustic imaging probe,” Proc. SPIE7899, 78991F (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

H. Tsuda, K. Kumakura, and S. Ogihara, “Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain,” Sensors (Basel)10(12), 11248–11258 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

2008

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of vascular anatomy in small animals using an optical detection system,” Proc. SPIE6437, 64370S (2007).
[CrossRef]

2003

2000

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, “Characterization of a polymer film optical fiber hydrophone for use in the range 1 to 20 MHz: a comparison with PVDF needle and membrane hydrophones,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 256–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

P. C. Beard, F. Perennes, and T. N. Mills, “Transduction mechanisms of the Fabry-Perot polymer film sensing concept for wideband ultrasound detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control46(6), 1575–1582 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

1979

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Aglyamov, S. R.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Amirian, J. H.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arai, Y.

Ashkenazi, S.

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beard, P.

E. A. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of vascular anatomy in small animals using an optical detection system,” Proc. SPIE6437, 64370S (2007).
[CrossRef]

Beard, P. C.

E. Z. Zhang and P. C. Beard, “A miniature all-optical photoacoustic imaging probe,” Proc. SPIE7899, 78991F (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, “Characterization of a polymer film optical fiber hydrophone for use in the range 1 to 20 MHz: a comparison with PVDF needle and membrane hydrophones,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 256–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, F. Perennes, and T. N. Mills, “Transduction mechanisms of the Fabry-Perot polymer film sensing concept for wideband ultrasound detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control46(6), 1575–1582 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, F. Pérennès, E. Draguioti, and T. N. Mills, “Optical fiber photoacoustic-photothermal probe,” Opt. Lett.23(15), 1235–1237 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buma, T.

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chao, C. Y.

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, R.

Chen, S. L.

Draguioti, E.

Drlik, P.

Emelianov, S.

Emelianov, S. Y.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Favazza, C.

Guo, L. J.

B. Y. Hsieh, S. L. Chen, T. Ling, L. J. Guo, and P. C. Li, “All-optical scanhead for ultrasound and photoacoustic dual-modality imaging,” Opt. Express20(2), 1588–1596 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, J. D.

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hou, Y.

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsieh, B. Y.

Hu, Z.

Huang, S. W.

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hurrell, A. M.

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, “Characterization of a polymer film optical fiber hydrophone for use in the range 1 to 20 MHz: a comparison with PVDF needle and membrane hydrophones,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 256–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ioritani, N.

Iwai, K.

Jelinkova, H.

Kasai, T.

Kohler, O.

Kumakura, K.

H. Tsuda, K. Kumakura, and S. Ogihara, “Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain,” Sensors (Basel)10(12), 11248–11258 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laufer, J.

E. A. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of vascular anatomy in small animals using an optical detection system,” Proc. SPIE6437, 64370S (2007).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Li, P. C.

Ling, T.

Maslov, K.

Matsuura, Y.

McCollough, W. V.

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mills, T. N.

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, “Characterization of a polymer film optical fiber hydrophone for use in the range 1 to 20 MHz: a comparison with PVDF needle and membrane hydrophones,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 256–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, F. Perennes, and T. N. Mills, “Transduction mechanisms of the Fabry-Perot polymer film sensing concept for wideband ultrasound detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control46(6), 1575–1582 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, F. Pérennès, E. Draguioti, and T. N. Mills, “Optical fiber photoacoustic-photothermal probe,” Opt. Lett.23(15), 1235–1237 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyagi, M.

Nemec, M.

Nito, K.

O’Donnell, M.

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ogihara, S.

H. Tsuda, K. Kumakura, and S. Ogihara, “Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain,” Sensors (Basel)10(12), 11248–11258 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okagami, Y.

Perennes, F.

P. C. Beard, F. Perennes, and T. N. Mills, “Transduction mechanisms of the Fabry-Perot polymer film sensing concept for wideband ultrasound detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control46(6), 1575–1582 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pérennès, F.

Pridham, R. G.

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Saito, S.

Sanguinetti, M. P.

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sethuraman, S.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, Y. W.

Shung, K. K.

Smalling, R. W.

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spisar, M.

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stanton, T. K.

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sulc, J.

Tsuda, H.

H. Tsuda, K. Kumakura, and S. Ogihara, “Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain,” Sensors (Basel)10(12), 11248–11258 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, B.

Wang, L. V.

Yang, H. C.

Yang, J. M.

Yao, J.

Zavoral, M.

Zhang, E. A.

E. A. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of vascular anatomy in small animals using an optical detection system,” Proc. SPIE6437, 64370S (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, E. Z.

E. Z. Zhang and P. C. Beard, “A miniature all-optical photoacoustic imaging probe,” Proc. SPIE7899, 78991F (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. W. Huang, Y. Hou, S. Ashkenazi, and M. O’Donnell, “High-resolution ultrasonic imaging using an etalon detector array,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93(11), 113501 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biomed. Opt. Express

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control

P. C. Beard, F. Perennes, and T. N. Mills, “Transduction mechanisms of the Fabry-Perot polymer film sensing concept for wideband ultrasound detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control46(6), 1575–1582 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. D. Hamilton, T. Buma, M. Spisar, and M. O’Donnell, “High frequency optoacoustic arrays using etalon detection,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 160–169 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Y. Chao, S. Ashkenazi, S. W. Huang, M. O’Donnell, and L. J. Guo, “High-frequency ultrasound sensors using polymer microring resonators,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 957–965 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Sethuraman, S. R. Aglyamov, J. H. Amirian, R. W. Smalling, and S. Y. Emelianov, “Intravascular photoacoustic imaging using an IVUS imaging catheter,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control54(5), 978–986 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Beard, A. M. Hurrell, and T. N. Mills, “Characterization of a polymer film optical fiber hydrophone for use in the range 1 to 20 MHz: a comparison with PVDF needle and membrane hydrophones,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control47(1), 256–264 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

T. K. Stanton, R. G. Pridham, W. V. McCollough, and M. P. Sanguinetti, “On fiber‐optic hydrophone noise ‐ equivalent pressure,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am.66(6), 1893–1894 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Proc. SPIE

E. Z. Zhang and P. C. Beard, “A miniature all-optical photoacoustic imaging probe,” Proc. SPIE7899, 78991F (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Zhang, J. Laufer, and P. Beard, “Three-dimensional photoacoustic imaging of vascular anatomy in small animals using an optical detection system,” Proc. SPIE6437, 64370S (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (Basel)

H. Tsuda, K. Kumakura, and S. Ogihara, “Ultrasonic sensitivity of strain-insensitive fiber Bragg grating sensors and evaluation of ultrasound-induced strain,” Sensors (Basel)10(12), 11248–11258 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (16)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of optical fiber probe system for ultrasound detection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measurement system for photoacoustic signal detection.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Photoacoustic signal detected by optical fiber probe.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Frequency spectrum of photoacoustic signal.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Correlation between film thickness and signal frequency.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Correlation between signal frequency and signal intensity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reception directivity of optical fiber probe.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Frequency spectrum of photoacoustic signal received by the PVDF hydrophone.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical fiber probe output and PVDF hydrophone output.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Cutting section of the measured sample for photo acoustic imaging.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Result of B-mode imaging of blood vessel phantom.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Schematic of proposed photoacoustic imaging system.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

Distal end of bundled hollow optical fiber.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

(a) Sample image and (b) obtained raw image of sample’s surface

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Surface image (a) after smoothing process and (b) after interpolation process.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Obtained 3D image of sample.

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