Abstract

We propose a method to control the harmonic process by using a two-color field in combination with a 400-nm few-cycle control pulse for the generation of an ultra-broadband supercontinuum with high efficiency. The ionization and acceleration steps in the harmonic process can be simultaneously controlled by using a three-color field synthesized by a 2000-nm driving pulse and two weak 800-nm and 400-nm control pulses. Then an intense supercontinuum covered by the spectral range from 140eV to 445eV is produced. The 3D macroscopic propagation is also employed to select the short quantum path of the supercontinuum, then intense isolated sub-100-as pulses with tunable central wavelengths are directly obtained within water window region. In addition, the generation of isolated attosecond pulses in the far field is also investigated. An isolated 52-as pulse can be generated by using a filter centered on axis to select the harmonics in the far field.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  2. F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ’single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.78, 1251–1254 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  22. T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  29. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  32. S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  33. J. G. Chen, S. L. Zeng, and Y. J. Yang, “Generation of isolated sub-50-as pulses by quantum path control in the multicycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043401 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  35. P. C. Li and Shih.-I. Chu, “Effects of macroscopic propagation on spectra of broadband supercontinuum harmonics and isolated-attosecond-pulse generation: coherent control of the electron quantum trajectories in two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A86, 013411 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  36. C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  37. H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Attosecond ionization control for broadband supercontinuum generation using a weak 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse,” Opt. Express20, 27226–27241 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  39. M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).
  40. E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  41. A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  42. V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  43. C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  44. M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  45. C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  46. H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: the role of the field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A55, 3204–3210 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (5)

K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation from pre-excited medium with a chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Opt. Express20, 9713–9725 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. C. Li and Shih.-I. Chu, “Effects of macroscopic propagation on spectra of broadband supercontinuum harmonics and isolated-attosecond-pulse generation: coherent control of the electron quantum trajectories in two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A86, 013411 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Du, L. Luo, X. Wang, and B. Hu, “Attosecond ionization control for broadband supercontinuum generation using a weak 400-nm few-cycle controlling pulse,” Opt. Express20, 27226–27241 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Propagation effects of isolated attosecond pulse generation with a multicycle chirped and chirped-free two-color field,” Phys. Rev. A84, 023817 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (11)

H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Wei, Q. Zhang, S. Wang, and P. Lu, “Mid-infrared modulated polarization gating for ultra-broadband supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express18, 11308–11315 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Du and B. Hu, “Broadband supercontinuum generation method combining mid-infrared chirped-pulse modulation and generalized polarization gating,” Opt. Express18, 25958–25966 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Chen, S. L. Zeng, and Y. J. Yang, “Generation of isolated sub-50-as pulses by quantum path control in the multicycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043401 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (6)

R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Hong, P. Lu, Q. Li, and Q. Zhang, “Broadband water window supercontinuum generation with a tailored mid-IR pulse in neutral media,” Opt. Lett.34, 2102–2104 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: the role of the field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ’single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Abel, M.

Abel, M. J.

M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Altucci, C.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M.

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Aquila, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arpin, P.

M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Attwood, D.

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K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
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P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
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M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
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P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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Calegari, F.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
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F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
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G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
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J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
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Z. Chang, “Single attosecond pulse and xuv supercontinuum in the high-order harmonic plateau,” Phys. Rev. A70, 043802 (2004).
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M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
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K. Zhao, Q. Zhang, M. Chini, Y. Wu, X. Wang, and Z. Chang, “Tailoring a 67 attosecond pulse through advantageous phase-mismatch,” Opt. Lett.37, 3891–3893 (2012).
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S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
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I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ’single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.78, 1251–1254 (1997).
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P. C. Li and Shih.-I. Chu, “Effects of macroscopic propagation on spectra of broadband supercontinuum harmonics and isolated-attosecond-pulse generation: coherent control of the electron quantum trajectories in two-color laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A86, 013411 (2012).
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J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
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M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
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P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
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P. Corkum, “Plasma perspective on strong-field multiphoton ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett.71, 1994–1997 (1993).
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C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).

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R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Du, H.

Ferrari, F.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Flammini, R.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frassetto, F.

Gagnon, J.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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Gallmann, L.

Gerrity, M.

M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gilbertson, S.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gullikson, E.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009).
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Han, K.

R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009).
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He, H.

R. Lu, H. He, Y. Guo, and K. Han, “Theoretical study of single attosecond pulse generation with a three-colour laser field,” J. Phys. B42, 225601 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Heinzmann, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hofstetter, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong, W.

Hu, B.

Ivanov, M.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Corkum, N. Burnett, and M. Ivanov, “Subfemtosecond pulses,” Opt. Lett.19, 1870–1872 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, C.

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
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C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
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Kanai, T.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the ’single-cycle’ regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett.78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khan, S.

S. Gilbertson, S. Khan, Y. Wu, M. Chini, and Z. Chang, “Isolated attosecond pulse generation without the need to stabilize the carrier-envelope phase of driving lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 093902 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khan, S. D.

H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kieffer, J.-C.

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kienberger, R.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, C. M.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
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Kim, K.

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K. T.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kleineberg, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
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Kling, M. F.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kosuge, A.

T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krainov, V.

M. Ammosov, N. Delone, and V. Krainov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atoms ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Krausz, F.

F. Krausz and M. Ivanov, “Attosecond physics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.81, 163–234 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
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P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
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E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
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C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
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C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
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C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
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Leone, S. R.

M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
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M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A49, 2117–2132 (1994).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
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Li, R.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
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C. Jin, A.-T. Le, and C. Lin, “Medium propagation effects in high-order harmonic generation of Ar and N2,” Phys. Rev. A83, 023411 (2011).
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C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
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P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
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E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
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E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
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P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
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M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
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E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
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M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
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V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
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Nam, C. H.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
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Neumark, D.

Neumark, D. M.

M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
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F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
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T. Pfeifer, L. Gallmann, M. Abel, D. Neumark, and S. Leone, “Single attosecond pulse generation in the multicycle-driver regime by adding a weak second-harmonic field,” Opt. Lett.31, 975–977 (2006).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
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M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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P. Balcou, P. Salieres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Generalized phase-matching conditions for high harmonics: the role of the field-gradient forces,” Phys. Rev. A55, 3204–3210 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sansone, G.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K.

A. L’Huillier, P. Balcou, S. Candel, K. Schafer, and K. Kulander, “Calculations of high-order harmonic-generation processes in xenon at 1064nm,” Phys. Rev. A46, 2778–2790 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, B. E.

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Seabery, M.

M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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H. Mashiko, S. Gilbertson, C. Li, S. D. Khan, M. M. Shakya, E. Moon, and Z. Chang, “Double optical gating of high-order harmonic generation with carrier-envelope phase stabilized lasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett.100, 103906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiner, A. D.

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, X.

Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spielmann, Ch.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, Ch. Spielmann, G. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature (London)414, 509–513 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Steiner, C. P.

M. J. Abel, T. Pfeifer, P. M. Nagel, W. Boutu, M. J. Bell, C. P. Steiner, D. M. Neumark, and S. R. Leone, “Isolated attosecond pulses from ionization gating of high-harmonic emission,” Chem. Phys.366, 9–14 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Stockman, M. I.

M. I. Stockman, M. F. Kling, U. Kleineberg, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond nanoplasmonic-field microscope,” Nat. Photonics1, 539–544 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, E.

E. Takahashi, P. Lan, O. Mücke, Y. Nabekawa, and K. Midorikawa, “Infrared two-color multicycle laser field synthesis for generating an intense attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 233901 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lan, E. Takahashi, and K. Midorikawa, “Optimization of infrared two-color multicycle field synthesis for intense-isolated-attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A82, 053413 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Toma, E.

P. Paul, E. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Auge, Ph. Balcou, H. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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J. J. Carrera, X. M. Tong, and Shih.-I. Chu, “Creation and control of a single coherent attosecond xuv pulse by few-cycle intense laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A74, 023404 (2006).
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Tosa, V.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tosa, K. Kim, and C. Nam, “Macroscopic generation of attosecond-pulse trains in strongly ionized media,” Phys. Rev. A79, 043828 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

Trallero-Harrero, C.

C. Trallero-Harrero, C. Jin, B. E. Schmidt, A. D. Shiner, J.-C. Kieffer, P. B. Corkum, D. M. Villeneuve, C. D. Lin, F. Légaré, and A. T. Le, “Generation of broad XUV continuous high harmonic spectra and isolated attosecond pulses with intense mid-infrared lasers,” J. Phys. B45, 011001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Umesh, G.

K. T. Kim, C. M. Kim, M.-G. Baik, G. Umesh, and C. H. Nam, “Single sub-50-attosecond pulse generation from chirp-compensated harmonic radiation using material dispersion,” Phys. Rev. A69, 051805 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Velotta, R.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Altucci, V. Tosa, and R. Velotta, “Beyond the single-atom response in isolated attosecond-pulse generation,” Phys. Rev. A75, 061401(R) (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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Villoresi, P.

C. Altucci, R. Velotta, V. Tosa, P. Villoresi, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, C. Vozzi, F. Calegari, M. Negro, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Interplay between group-delay-dispersion-induced polarization gating and ionization to generate isolated attosecond pulses from multicycle lasers,” Opt. Lett.35, 2798–2880 (2010).
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E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ferrari, F. Calegari, M. Lucchini, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, G. Sansone, and M. Nisoli, “High-energy isolated attosecond pulses generated by above-saturation few-cycle fields,” Nat. Photonics4, 875–879 (2010).
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F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, M. Negro, G. Sansone, F. Frassetto, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, M. Nisoli, S. De Silvestri, and S. Stagira, “Efficient continuum generation exceeding 200 eV by intense ultrashort two-color driver,” Opt. Lett.34, 3125–3127 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, F. Calegari, C. Vozzi, L. Avaldi, R. Flammini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, C. Altucci, R. Velotta, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Isolated single-cycle attosecond pulses,” Science314, 443–446 (2006).
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H. Du, H. Wang, and B. Hu, “Isolated short attosecond pulse generated using a two-color laser and a high-order pulse,” Phys. Rev. A81, 063813 (2010).
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Wang, X.

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T. Sekikawa, A. Kosuge, T. Kanai, and S. Watanabe, “Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet,” Nature (London)432, 605–608 (2004).
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Wu, J.

C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010).
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C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010).
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Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
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E. Goulielmakis, M. Schultze, M. Hofstetter, V. Yakovlev, J. Gagnon, M. Uiberacker, A. Aquila, E. Gullikson, D. Attwood, R. Kienberger, F. Krausz, and U. Kleineberg, “Single-cycle nonlinear optics,” Science320, 1614–1617 (2008).
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J. G. Chen, S. L. Zeng, and Y. J. Yang, “Generation of isolated sub-50-as pulses by quantum path control in the multicycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043401 (2010).
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Z. Zeng, Y. Cheng, X. Song, R. Li, and Z. Xu, “Generation of an extreme ultraviolet supercontinuum in a two-color laser field,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 203901 (2007).
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M. -C. Chen, P. Arpin, T. Popmintchev, M. Gerrity, B. Zhang, M. Seabery, D. Popmintchev, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Bright, coherent, ultrafast soft X-Ray harmonics spanning the water window from a tabletop light source,” Phys. Rev. Lett.105, 173901 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. T.

C. L. Xia, G. T. Zhang, J. Wu, and X. S. Liu, “Single attosecond pulse generation in an orthogonally polarized two-color laser field combined with a static electric field,” Phys. Rev. A81, 043420 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Zhao, K.

Zhao, S. F.

S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008).
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Nat. Photonics (2)

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[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (3)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuska, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London)427, 817–821 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

E. Priori, G. Cerullo, M. Nisoli, S. Stagira, S. De Silvestri, P. Villoresi, L. Poletto, P. Ceccherini, C. Altucci, R. Bruzzese, and C. de Lisio, “Nonadiabatic three-dimentional model of high-order harmonic generation in the few-optical cycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A61, 063801 (2000).
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S. F. Zhao, X. X. Zhou, P. C. Li, and Z. J. Chen, “Isolated short attosecond pulse produced by using an intense few-cycle shaped laser and an ultraviolet attosecond pulse,” Phys. Rev. A78, 063404 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Chen, S. L. Zeng, and Y. J. Yang, “Generation of isolated sub-50-as pulses by quantum path control in the multicycle regime,” Phys. Rev. A82, 043401 (2010).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electric field of the 2000-nm driving pulse (thin blue curve) and the corresponding ADK ionization rate (bold black curve), and (b) The dependence of the emitted photon energy on the ionization and recombination times of the electron in the driving pulse.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Electric field of the two-color field (thin blue curve) synthesized by a 2000-nm driving pulse and a 800-nm control pulse, and the corresponding ADK ionization rate(bold black curve), and (b) The dependence of the emitted photon energy on the ionization and recombination times of the electron in the two-color field.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Electric field of the three-color field (thin blue curve) synthesized by a 2000-nm driving pulse, a 800-nm control pulse and a 400-nm control pulse, and the corresponding ADK ionization rate (bold black curve), and (b) The dependence of the emitted photon energy on the ionization and recombination times of the electron in the three-color field. The labels ”increased” denote that the ionization rate is increased.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Harmonic spectra generated by using the 2000-nm driving field (dash black curve), the two-color field (dot red curve), and the three-color field (solid blue curve), and (b) time-frequency distribution in the three-color field.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The harmonic spectrum after 3D propagation in the three-color field.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The temporal profiles of the isolated attosecond pulses centered at different frequencies by filtering the harmonics after 3D propagation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) and (b) are the temporal profiles of the attosecond pulses by filtering the 300th–380th and 380th–460th harmonics, respectively. (c) and (d) are the corresponding spatiotemporal profiles.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Attosecond-pulse generation in the far field by filtering the 300th–380th harmonics. (a) spatiotemporal distribution of the attosecond pulse in the far field (z = 500mm). (b) The temporal profile of the attosecond pulse in the far field using a spatial filter with a radius of 100μm (shown by the solid white curve in (a)).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Attosecond-pulse generation in the far field by filtering the 270th–420th harmonics. (a) spatiotemporal distribution of the attosecond pulse in the far field (z = 500mm). (b) The temporal profile of the attosecond pulse in the far field using a spatial filter with a radius of 100μm (shown by the solid white curve in (a)).

Equations (12)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

d n l = i t d t [ π ε + i ( t t ) / 2 ] 3 / 2 × d * [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] d [ p s t ( t , t ) A ( t ) ] × exp [ i S s t ( t , t ) ] E ( t ) g ( t ) + c . c .
p s t ( t , t ) = 1 t t t t A ( t ) d t ,
S s t ( t , t ) = ( t t ) I p 1 2 p s t 2 ( t , t ) ( t t ) + 1 2 t t A 2 ( t ) d t ,
d ( p ) = i 2 7 / 2 π ( 2 I p ) 5 / 4 p ( p 2 + 2 I p ) 3 .
g ( t ) = exp [ t ω ( t ) d t ] ,
ω ( t ) = ω p | C n * | 2 ( 4 ω p ω t ) 2 n * 1 exp ( 4 ω p 3 ω t ) ,
ω p = I p , ω t = e | E f ( t ) | 2 m e I p , n * = Z ( I p h I p ) 1 / 2 , | C n * | 2 = 2 2 n * n * Γ ( n * + 1 ) Γ ( n * ) ,
a q = | 1 T 0 T a ( t ) e i q ω t d t | 2 ,
2 E ( ρ , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 = ω p 2 ( ρ , z , t ) c 2 E ( ρ , z , t ) ,
2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) 1 c 2 2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 = ω p 2 ( ρ , z , t ) c 2 E h ( ρ , z , t ) + μ 0 2 P n l ( ρ , z , t ) t 2 .
E h f ( r f , z f , ω ) = i k E h ( r , z , ω ) z f z J 0 ( k r r f z f z ) exp [ i k ( r 2 + r f 2 ) 2 ( z f z ) ] r d r ,
E ( t ) = E 1 f 1 ( t ) cos ( ω 1 t + ϕ 1 ) + E 2 f 2 ( t + τ delay 2 ) cos [ ω 2 ( t + τ delay 2 ) + ϕ 2 ] + E 3 f 3 ( t + τ delay 3 ) cos [ ω 3 ( t + τ delay 3 ) + ϕ 3 ] ,

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