Abstract

A floating image type holographic display which projects an electronically generated holographic image together with a background image displayed on a monitor/TV to enhance the visual effects of the former image is introduced. This display can display a holographic image with a spatial volume floating in the front space of the display with use of PDLC sheets as the focused plane of the image. This display can preserve and enhance the main property of holographic image from a display chip, i.e., a spatial image with a volume. This property had not been appealed by the previous holographic displays due to the much brighter active surface image accompanied with the reconstructed image and the diffuser used for viewing the image.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. S. Kollin, S. A. Benton, and M. I. Jepsen, “Real-time display of 3-D computed hologram by scanning the image of acousto-optic modulator,” SPIE Proc. 1136 (G.M. Morris Ed.), #1136–60 (1989)
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Y. Son, S. Shestak, S. K. Kim, and V. Epikhan, “A multichannel AOM for real time electroholography,” Appl. Opt.38(14), 3101–3104 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).
  10. J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images,” (Invited Paper), Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue on: 3-D Technologies for Imaging & Display, 94(3), 502–523 (2006)
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-Y. Son, B.-R. Lee, O. O. Chernyshov, K.-A. Moon, and H. Lee, “A holographic display based on a spatial DMD array,” Opt. Lett., to be published.
  13. R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. I. L. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, 1971), pp.247–250.
  14. M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables (Dover, 1972).
  15. www.visitech.no
  16. J.-Y. Son, O. Chernyshov, M.-C. Park, W.-H. Son, B.-R. Lee, and J.-W. Kim, “A holographic display based on a Spatial Multiplexing,” SPIE Proc. 8738, 87380G1 to 9 (2013)
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Offner, “Ray tracing through a holographic system,” JOSA56(11), 1509–1512 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  18. www.dmdisplay.com

2013

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2005

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Y. Son, S. Shestak, S. K. Kim, and V. Epikhan, “A multichannel AOM for real time electroholography,” Appl. Opt.38(14), 3101–3104 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

1966

A. Offner, “Ray tracing through a holographic system,” JOSA56(11), 1509–1512 (1966).
[CrossRef]

L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Aoshima, K.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Benton, S. A.

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cameron, C.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chidichimo, G.

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Doh, K. B.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Enloe, L. H.

L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Epikhan, V.

Erdmann, J.

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, N.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Honda, T.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kato, D.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Kikuchi, H.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Kim, S. K.

Kinjo, H.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Kuga, K.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Liang, X.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lum, Z. A.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lwin, Y.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Machida, K.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Maeno, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mar, P. P.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mishina, T.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Molnar, R. A.

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murphy, J. A.

L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Nesbitt, R. S.

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, O.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Offner, A.

A. Offner, “Ray tracing through a holographic system,” JOSA56(11), 1509–1512 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Poon, T. C.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rubinstein, C. B.

L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schilling, B. W.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shestak, S.

Shimidzu, N.

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

Shinoda, K.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Slinger, C.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. L.

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Solanki, S.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Son, J. Y.

Stanley, M.

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

William Doane, J.

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. H.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, R.

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zumer, S.

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

L. H. Enloe, J. A. Murphy, and C. B. Rubinstein, “Hologram transmission via television,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.45(2), 335–339 (1966).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Computer

C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, “Computer-generated holography as a generic display technology,” IEEE Computer38(8), 46–53 (2005).
[CrossRef]

JOSA

A. Offner, “Ray tracing through a holographic system,” JOSA56(11), 1509–1512 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

T. C. Poon, K. B. Doh, B. W. Schilling, M. H. Wu, K. Shinoda, and Y. Suzuki, “Three-dimensional microscopy by optical scanning holography,” Opt. Eng.34(5), 1338–1344 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

R. S. Nesbitt, S. L. Smith, R. A. Molnar, and S. A. Benton, “Holographic recording using a digital micromirror device,” Proc. SPIE3637, 12–20 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, X. Liang, Y. Pan, R. Zheng, Z. A. Lum, P. P. Mar, Y. Lwin, and S. Solanki, “Development of full-color full-parallax digital 3D holographic display system and its prospects,” Proc. SPIE8644, 864409, 864409-10 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Erdmann, J. William Doane, S. Zumer, and G. Chidichimo, “Electrooptic response of PDLC light shutters,” Proc. SPIE1080, (1989), doi:.
[CrossRef]

SPIE

K. Maeno, N. Fukaya, O. Nishikawa, K. Sato, and T. Honda, “Electro-holographic display using 15-megapixel LCD,” SPIE2652, 15–23 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other

www.dmdisplay.com

J. S. Kollin, S. A. Benton, and M. I. Jepsen, “Real-time display of 3-D computed hologram by scanning the image of acousto-optic modulator,” SPIE Proc. 1136 (G.M. Morris Ed.), #1136–60 (1989)
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Son, B.-R. Lee, O. O. Chernyshov, K.-A. Moon, and H. Lee, “A holographic display based on a spatial DMD array,” Opt. Lett., to be published.

R. J. Collier, C. B. Burckhardt, and L. I. L. Lin, Optical Holography (Academic Press, 1971), pp.247–250.

M. Abramowitz and I. A. Stegun, Handbook of Mathematical Functions with Formulas, Graphs, and Mathematical Tables (Dover, 1972).

www.visitech.no

J.-Y. Son, O. Chernyshov, M.-C. Park, W.-H. Son, B.-R. Lee, and J.-W. Kim, “A holographic display based on a Spatial Multiplexing,” SPIE Proc. 8738, 87380G1 to 9 (2013)
[CrossRef]

K. Machida, D. Kato, T. Mishina, H. Kinjo, K. Aoshima, K. Kuga, H. Kikuchi, and N. Shimidzu, “Three-dimensional image reconstruction with a wide viewing-zone-angle using a GMR-based hologram,” Digital Holography and 3D Imaging Technical Digest, DTh2A.5, OSA (2013).

J.-Y. Son, B. Javidi, and K.-D. Kwack, “Methods for displaying 3 dimensional images,” (Invited Paper), Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue on: 3-D Technologies for Imaging & Display, 94(3), 502–523 (2006)
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Hologram recording/reconstruction geometry for a display chip.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The reconstructed image of two slanted lines of forming an equilateral triangle.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plotting of g and ξ=ϕ/θ versus γ : (a) s=ad/h and (b) s=χd for h=10 mm , P P =10.8 μm , λ=0.532 μm .

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Performances of PDLC.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

A floating image type holographic display.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

The schematics of the holographic display part.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Depth retaining performance of the PDLC sheets.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

The performances of the floating image type holographic display.

Metrics