Abstract

We present an easily fabricated waveguide prism for the terahertz (THz) frequency range. The prism is made of polypropylene and uses waveguide dispersion to spatially separate frequencies over the range of 0.1 to 0.7 THz. The diffraction properties of the prism were determined using electromagnetic field simulations and the waveguide parameters were optimized to maximize frequency dispersion. Angular-dependent measurements of two prisms designs were obtained in a terahertz time-domain goniometer setup. An excellent match between simulation and measurement was found. The prism can be used as a dispersive element in novel THz systems for a variety of applications.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2013

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Broadband terahertz polarizing beam splitter on a polymer substrate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(2), 127–130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, “Multifaceted terahertz applications of parallel-plate waveguide: TE1 mode,” Electron. Lett.46(26), 40–44 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. H. Kleemann, M. Seesselberg, and J. Ruoff, “Design concepts for broadband high-efficiency DOEs,” J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications3, 08015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. P. Wallace, E. Macpherson, J. A. Zeitler, and C. Reid, “Three-dimensional imaging of optically opaque materials using nonionizing terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(12), 3120–3133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

T. Prasad, V. L. Colvin, Z. Jian, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superprism effect in a metal-clad terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Lett.32(6), 683–685 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, “Biomedical applications of terahertz technology,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.39(17), R301–R310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2000

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X. C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, E.

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Al-Naib, I. A. I.

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

Araki, T.

Astley, V.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bang, O.

Bastian, M.

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Berry, C. W.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Broadband terahertz polarizing beam splitter on a polymer substrate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(2), 127–130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Born, N.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Brock, D.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castro-Camus, E.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chee, K. L.

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

Colvin, V. L.

Cundiff, S. T.

Dekorsy, T.

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Delagnes, J. C.

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Funke, A.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gente, R.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hasek, T.

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hewitt, T. D.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X. C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Hochrein, T.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Q.

Jansen, C.

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, M. Scheller, C. Jansen, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Terahertz lenses made by compression molding of micropowders,” Appl. Opt.50(15), 2256–2262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jarrahi, M.

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Broadband terahertz polarizing beam splitter on a polymer substrate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(2), 127–130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jastrow, C.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jepsen, P. U.

Jian, Z.

Jördens, C.

B. Scherger, C. Jördens, and M. Koch, “Variable-focus terahertz lens,” Opt. Express19(5), 4528–4535 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleemann, B. H.

B. H. Kleemann, M. Seesselberg, and J. Ruoff, “Design concepts for broadband high-efficiency DOEs,” J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications3, 08015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kleinebudde, P.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Knop, K.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koch, M.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, S. T. Cundiff, and M. Koch, “Paper terahertz wave plates,” Opt. Express19(25), 24884–24889 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Scherger, C. Jördens, and M. Koch, “Variable-focus terahertz lens,” Opt. Express19(5), 4528–4535 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Scherger, M. Scheller, C. Jansen, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Terahertz lenses made by compression molding of micropowders,” Appl. Opt.50(15), 2256–2262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmer, K.

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Krumbholz, N.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kürner, T.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, A. W. M.

Leon, J.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “The transition from a TEM-like mode to a plasmonic mode in parallel-plate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(23), 231113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Macpherson, E.

Mendis, R.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “The transition from a TEM-like mode to a plasmonic mode in parallel-plate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(23), 231113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, “Multifaceted terahertz applications of parallel-plate waveguide: TE1 mode,” Electron. Lett.46(26), 40–44 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mikulics, M.

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Miles, R. E.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mittleman, D. M.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “The transition from a TEM-like mode to a plasmonic mode in parallel-plate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(23), 231113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, “Multifaceted terahertz applications of parallel-plate waveguide: TE1 mode,” Electron. Lett.46(26), 40–44 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Prasad, V. L. Colvin, Z. Jian, and D. M. Mittleman, “Superprism effect in a metal-clad terahertz photonic crystal slab,” Opt. Lett.32(6), 683–685 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mounaix, P.

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Münter, K.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Naftaly, M.

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsuma, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, K.

Peik, S.

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

Peters, O.

Pickwell, E.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, “Biomedical applications of terahertz technology,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.39(17), R301–R310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Piesiewicz, R.

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, T.

Pupeza, I.

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

Qiao, W.

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rasmussen, H. K.

Reid, C.

Ruoff, J.

B. H. Kleemann, M. Seesselberg, and J. Ruoff, “Design concepts for broadband high-efficiency DOEs,” J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications3, 08015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Salhi, M.

Sannemann, W.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sawanaka, K.

Scheller, M.

Scherger, B.

Schumann, S.

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seesselberg, M.

B. H. Kleemann, M. Seesselberg, and J. Ruoff, “Design concepts for broadband high-efficiency DOEs,” J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications3, 08015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, A.

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vieweg, N.

Voss, N.

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wallace, V. P.

Wenke, G.

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

Wiesauer, K.

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Scherger, M. Scheller, C. Jansen, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Terahertz lenses made by compression molding of micropowders,” Appl. Opt.50(15), 2256–2262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wietzke, S.

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, O. Peters, M. Scheller, N. Vieweg, M. Salhi, N. Krumbholz, C. Jördens, T. Hochrein, and M. Koch, “Terahertz imaging: applications and perspectives,” Appl. Opt.49(19), E48–E57 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X. C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K.

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yasuda, T.

Yasui, T.

Younus, A.

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeitler, J. A.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. P. Wallace, E. Macpherson, J. A. Zeitler, and C. Reid, “Three-dimensional imaging of optically opaque materials using nonionizing terahertz radiation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A25(12), 3120–3133 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. C.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X. C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing

E. Abraham, A. Younus, J. C. Delagnes, and P. Mounaix, “Non-invasive investigation of art paintings by terahertz imaging,” Appl. Phys. A-Materials Science & Processing100(3), 585–590 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Liu, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “The transition from a TEM-like mode to a plasmonic mode in parallel-plate waveguides,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(23), 231113 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Jansen, S. Wietzke, V. Astley, D. M. Mittleman, and M. Koch, “Mechanically flexible polymeric compound one-dimensional photonic crystals for terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96(11), 111108 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X. C. Zhang, “Two-dimensional electro-optic imaging of THz beams,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(8), 1026–1028 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

R. Mendis and D. M. Mittleman, “Multifaceted terahertz applications of parallel-plate waveguide: TE1 mode,” Electron. Lett.46(26), 40–44 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Jastrow, K. Münter, R. Piesiewicz, T. Kürner, M. Koch, and T. Kleine-Ostmann, “300 GHz transmission system,” Electron. Lett.44(3), 213–214 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.

B. Scherger, N. Born, C. Jansen, S. Schumann, M. Koch, and K. Wiesauer, “Compression molded terahertz transmission blaze-grating,” IEEE Terahertz Sci. and Technol.2(5), 556–561 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. Mendis and D. Grischkowsky, “Plastic ribbon THz waveguides,” J. Appl. Phys.88(7), 4449–4451 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications

B. H. Kleemann, M. Seesselberg, and J. Ruoff, “Design concepts for broadband high-efficiency DOEs,” J. European Optical Society-Rapid Publications3, 08015 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves

C. Jördens, K. L. Chee, I. A. I. Al-Naib, I. Pupeza, S. Peik, G. Wenke, and M. Koch, “Dielectric fibres for low-loss transmission of millimetre waves and its application in couplers and splitters,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves31, 214–220 (2010).

C. W. Berry and M. Jarrahi, “Broadband terahertz polarizing beam splitter on a polymer substrate,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(2), 127–130 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. Gente, N. Born, N. Voss, W. Sannemann, J. Leon, M. Koch, and E. Castro-Camus, “Determination of leaf water content from terahertz time-domain spectroscopic data,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves34(3-4), 316–323 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. Qiao, K. Yang, A. Thoma, and T. Dekorsy, “Dielectric relaxation of HCl and NaCl solutions investigated by terahertz time-domain spectroscopy,” J. Infrared Millim. Terahertz Waves33(10), 1029–1038 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

J. Pharm. Sci.

D. Brock, J. A. Zeitler, A. Funke, K. Knop, and P. Kleinebudde, “Critical factors in the measurement of tablet film coatings using terahertz pulsed imaging,” J. Pharm. Sci.102(6), 1813–1824 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.

E. Pickwell and V. P. Wallace, “Biomedical applications of terahertz technology,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.39(17), R301–R310 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Polym. Test.

N. Krumbholz, T. Hochrein, N. Vieweg, T. Hasek, K. Kretschmer, M. Bastian, M. Mikulics, and M. Koch, “Monitoring polymeric compounding processes inline with THz time-domain spectroscopy,” Polym. Test.28(1), 30–35 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

M. Naftaly and R. E. Miles, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy for material characterization,” Proc. IEEE95(8), 1658–1665 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Other

K. J. Ebeling, Integrated Optoelectronics: Waveguide Optics, Photonics, Semiconductors, 1st ed. (Springer, 2013).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The effective refractive index of PP for p-polarized THz waves for three different modes. The solid line describes the data for a 700 µm thick waveguide and the dashed line for the 910 µm thick waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The electromagnetic wave beam path through the waveguide prism.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental setup of the THz path on a goniometer. The THz emitter and detector are fiber coupled. The THz beam is collimated and then focused onto the thin edge of the waveguide prism.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Comparison of THz data for two different exit angles of 18° and 28° with an incident angle of −10°, a prism thickness of 700 μm and p-polarized waves. (a) shows the time domain pulses (b) is a comparison of two frequency spectra, the reference spectrum is included to show the fall off in amplitude with increasing frequency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dispersion curves for the prism with a thickness of 700 μm for five different angles of incidence. The lines show the theoretical values while points show the frequency maxima of the experimental data.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Two-dimensional representation of the dependence of the exit angle of the THz frequency for an incident angle of −10° with a prism thickness of 700 μm and p-polarized waves. The color bar indicates the amplitude ratio for the reference measurement in dB. All ratios beyond −25dB were set to black color and all ratios above 5 dB were set to white.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dispersion curves for 910 μm thick sample for five different angles of incidence. The lines describing the theoretical values while the frequency maxima points are derived from the measurement data.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dispersion of different modes in a 700 µm thick waveguide for an incident angle of 0° with p-polarized waves. The lines describe the theoretical data, the spots the frequency maxima of the experimental results. Only the zero and second order mode propagate through the wave-guide.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

θ c = sin 1 ( 1 n )
2kndcosθ4φ=2πm
ϕ s = tan 1 ( n 2 sin 2 θ1 ncosθ )
ϕ p = tan 1 ( n 2 n 2 sin 2 θ1 ncosθ )
n eff =nsinθ
δ=α+ sin 1 ( sinγ n eff 2 sin 2 α cosγsinα )γ

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