Abstract

This work reports on the Q-switched pulsed laser generation from double-cladding Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides. Double-cladding waveguides with different combination of diameters were inscribed into a sample of Nd:YAG ceramic. With an additional semiconductor saturable absorber, stable pulsed laser emission at the wavelength of 1064 nm was achieved with pulses of 21 ns temporal duration and ~14 μJ pulse energy at a repetition rate of 3.65 MHz.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (4)

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jia, J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, and F. Chen, “Efficient waveguide lasers in femtosecond laser inscribed double-cladding waveguides of Yb:YAG ceramics,” Opt. Mater. Express3(5), 645–650 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tan, Q. Luan, F. Liu, S. Akhmadaliev, S. Zhou, and F. Chen, “Swift carbon ion irradiated Nd:YAG ceramic optical waveguide amplifier,” Opt. Express21(12), 13992–13997 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (3)

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1991 (1)

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Akhmadaliev, S.

Ams, M.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aung, Y. L.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bai, F.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bain, F. M.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bennion, I.

Bo, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

Brown, C. T. A.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Calmano, T.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express18(15), 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, F.

Chen, X.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.-C.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Cui, D.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, P.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Feng, X.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gao, L.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Grivas, C.

C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guo, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express18(15), 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue and Y. L. Aung, “Ceramic laser materials,” Nat. Photonics2(12), 721–727 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jaque, D.

Jia, Y.

Jiang, B.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kar, A. K.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

Kelley, P. L.

J. J. Zayhowski and P. L. Kelley, “Optimization of Q-switched Lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.27(9), 2220–2225 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W.-K.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ko, D.-K.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kong, J.

Kurkov, A. S.

Lagatsky, A. A.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.-M.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.-Y.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. L.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, F.

Liu, H.

Liu, W.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Luan, Q.

Marshall, G. D.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Meilán, P. F.

Men, S.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mendez, C.

Mezentsev, V. K.

Moser, M.

Nilsson, J.

Noh, Y.-C.

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Okhrimchuk, A. G.

Pan, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Paschke, A.-G.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Peng, Q.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Siebenmorgen, T. Calmano, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Highly efficient Yb:YAG channel waveguide laser written with a femtosecond-laser,” Opt. Express18(15), 16035–16041 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piper, J. A.

M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Psaila, N. D.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, L.

Richardson, D. J.

Rodenas, A.

Roso, L.

Shen, H.

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y.

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

Sholokhov, E. M.

Sibbett, W.

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
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F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
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Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
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T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
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Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
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S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
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Appl. Phys. B (2)

Y. Chen, W. Liu, Y. Bo, B. Jiang, J. Xu, J. Li, Y. Xu, Y. Pan, J. L. Xu, X. Feng, Y. Guo, Y. Shen, F. Yang, L. Yuan, H. Yuan, Q. Peng, D. Cui, and Z. Xu, “High-efficiency high-power QCW diode-side-pumped zigzag Nd:YAG ceramic slab laser,” Appl. Phys. B111(1), 111–116 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, J. Siebenmorgen, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, H. Yagi, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, “Characterization of an Yb:YAG ceramic waveguide laser, fabricated by the direct femtosecond-laser writing technique,” Appl. Phys. B103(1), 1–4 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

F. M. Bain, W. F. Silva, A. A. Lagatsky, R. R. Thomson, N. D. Psaila, A. K. Kar, W. Sibbett, D. Jaque, and C. T. A. Brown, “Microspectroscopy of ultrafast laser inscribed channel waveguides in Yb:tungstate crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(14), 141108 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Lee, N. E. Yu, C. Jung, B.-A. Yu, I.-B. Sohn, S.-C. Choi, Y.-C. Noh, D.-K. Ko, W.-S. Yang, H.-M. Lee, W.-K. Kim, and H.-Y. Lee, “Second-harmonic generation in periodically poled lithium niobate waveguides fabricated by femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(17), 171103 (2006).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Tan and F. Chen, “Proton-implanted optical channel waveguides in Nd:YAG laser ceramics,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.43(7), 075105 (2010).
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F. Chen and J. R. Vázquez de Aldana, “Optical waveguides in crystalline dielectric materials produced by femtosecond-laser micromachining,” Laser Photonics Rev. (Wiley online early view) DOI:
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M. Ams, G. D. Marshall, P. Dekker, J. A. Piper, and M. J. Withford, “Ultrafast laser written active devices,” Laser Photonics Rev.3(6), 535–544 (2009).
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Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Men, Z. Liu, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, H. Shen, F. Bai, L. Gao, X. Xu, R. Wei, and X. Chen, “A graphene passively Q-switched Nd:YAG ceramic laser at 1123 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(3), 035803 (2013).
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Opt. Express (5)

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C. Grivas, “Optically pumped planar waveguide lasers, Part I: Fundamentals and fabrication techniques,” Prog. Quantum Electron.35(6), 159–239 (2011).
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Other (2)

A. Okhrimchuk, “Femtosecond fabrication of waveguides in ion-doped laser crystal,” in Coherence and Ultrashort Pulse Laser Emission, F. J. Duarte, ed., (InTech, 2010).

T. Calmano, A.-G. Paschke, S. Mueller, C. Kraenkel, and G. Huber, “Q-Switched Operation of a fs-Laser Written Nd:YAG/Cr4+:YAG Monolithic Waveguide Laser,” in OSA Technical Digest Series (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper IF2A.4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross-section microscope image of the femtosecond laser inscribed double cladding Nd:YAG ceramics waveguides Nos. 1-6, which are composed of inner and outer concentric tubular claddings. The diameters of the double cladding waveguides are No. 1 30μm/100μm, No. 2 30μm/150μm, No. 3 30μm/200μm, No. 4 40μm/100μm, No. 5 40μm/150μm and No. 6 40μm/200μm, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic plot of the experimental setup for the pulsed laser generation in the double-cladding Nd:YAG ceramic waveguides.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Slope efficiency (a) and threshold (b) of the output pulsed laser as a function of the waveguide Nos. The pulse train and the laser oscillation spectra of the pulsed laser are shown in the inset of (a) and (b) in the waveguide No.3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near-field modal profiles of the laser emission at 1064 nm from the double-cladding waveguides numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. The red dashed lines indicate the position of the fs-laser inscribed tubular inner claddings.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Results for the generated pulsed laser from No. 1 waveguide by the Q-switching method using a SESAM as the out-coupling mirror. Repetition rate, average output power (a), pulse duration and pulse energy (b) as a function of launched pump power.

Equations (3)

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J pul = P ave f rep
E p h v L σ L AΔR η out
τ p 3.52 T R ΔR

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