Abstract

We report the fabrication of new dehydrated halo-tellurite glass fibers with low OH content (1ppm in weight) and low OH-induced attenuation of 10dB/m in 3-4 µm region. It shows halo-tellurite glass fibers a promising candidate for nonlinear applications in 2-5µm region.

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References

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  1. A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett.25(1), 25–27 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. D. K. Serkland and P. Kumar, “Tunable fiber-optic parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett.24(2), 92–94 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Szigeti, “Polarisability and dielectric constant of ionic crystals,” Trans. Faraday Soc.45, 155–166 (1949).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Y. Boniort, C. Brehm, P. H. DuPont, D. Guignot, and C. Le Sergent, “Infrared glass optical fibers for 4 and 10 micron bands,” Proc. 6th ECOC York (London: IEE, 1980) 61–64 (1980).
  8. M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. S. Kapany and R. J. Simms, “Recent developments of infrared fiber optics,” Infrared Phys.5(2), 69–80 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Feng, W. H. Loh, J. C. Flanagan, A. Camerlingo, S. Dasgupta, P. Petropoulos, P. Horak, K. E. Frampton, N. M. White, J. H. V. Price, H. N. Rutt, and D. J. Richardson, “Single-mode tellurite glass holey fiber with extremely large mode area for infrared nonlinear applications,” Opt. Express16(18), 13651–13656 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express16(10), 7161–7168 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).
  15. P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).
  17. A. E. Comyns, Fluoride Glasses (John Wiley & Sons, 1989).
  18. S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).
  20. H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, M. R. Oermann, K. Knight, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded tellurite glass and fibers with low OH content for mid-infrared applications,” Opt. Mater. Express2(4), 432–442 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. Shi, X. Feng, P. Horak, K. K. Chen, P. S. Teh, S.-U. Alam, W. H. Loh, D. J. Richardson, and M. Ibsen, “1.06 µm picosecond pulsed, normal dispersion pumping for generating efficient broadband infrared supercontinuum in meter-length single-mode tellurite holey fiber with high Raman gain coefficient,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(22), 3461–3469 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

2008 (2)

2003 (3)

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

2002 (1)

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

1996 (1)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

1995 (1)

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

N. S. Kapany and R. J. Simms, “Recent developments of infrared fiber optics,” Infrared Phys.5(2), 69–80 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1949 (1)

B. Szigeti, “Polarisability and dielectric constant of ionic crystals,” Trans. Faraday Soc.45, 155–166 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Alam, S.-U.

Beales, K. J.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Boling, N. L.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Brun, P.

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Camerlingo, A.

Carter, S. F.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. K.

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, S.

Domachuk, P.

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Fabian, H.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

Feng, X.

Flanagan, J. C.

Frampton, K.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frampton, K. E.

France, P. W.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Furniss, D.

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

George, A. K.

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. J.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grzesik, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

Haken, U.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

Hanada, T.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Heitmann, W.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

Hewak, D. W.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horak, P.

Humbach, O.

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

Ibsen, M.

Kapany, N. S.

N. S. Kapany and R. J. Simms, “Recent developments of infrared fiber optics,” Infrared Phys.5(2), 69–80 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, K. M.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Knight, K.

Kuan, K.

Kumar, P.

Loh, W. H.

Lucas, J.

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

MacChesney, J. B.

S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C. A.

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

Monro, T. M.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, M. R. Oermann, K. Knight, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded tellurite glass and fibers with low OH content for mid-infrared applications,” Opt. Mater. Express2(4), 432–442 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moore, R.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nagel, S.

S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
[CrossRef]

O’Donnell, M. D.

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

Oermann, M. R.

Omenetto, F. G.

Owyoung, A.

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Parker, J. M.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Petropoulos, P.

Picqué, N.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Poulain, M.

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Price, J. H. V.

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, D. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rutt, H. N.

Schliesser, A.

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, A. B.

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

Serkland, D. K.

Shi, J.

Simms, R. J.

N. S. Kapany and R. J. Simms, “Recent developments of infrared fiber optics,” Infrared Phys.5(2), 69–80 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Szigeti, B.

B. Szigeti, “Polarisability and dielectric constant of ionic crystals,” Trans. Faraday Soc.45, 155–166 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).

Teh, P. S.

Tikhomirov, V. K.

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

Tucknott, J.

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Walker, K.

S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

White, N. M.

Williams, J. R.

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Wolchover, N. A.

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. W. France, S. F. Carter, J. R. Williams, K. J. Beales, and J. M. Parker, “OH-absorption in fluoride glass infra-red fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(14), 607–608 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Kiang, K. Frampton, T. M. Monro, R. Moore, J. Tucknott, D. W. Hewak, D. J. Richardson, and H. N. Rutt, “Extruded single-mode non-silica glass holey optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.38(12), 546–547 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Nagel, J. B. MacChesney, and K. Walker, “An overview of the modified chemical vapor deposition (MCVD) process and performance,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.18(4), 459–476 (1982).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Boling, A. J. Glass, and A. Owyoung, “Empirical relationships for predicting non-linear refractive-index changes in optical solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.14(8), 601–608 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

N. S. Kapany and R. J. Simms, “Recent developments of infrared fiber optics,” Infrared Phys.5(2), 69–80 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier coefficients and chromatic dispersions for some tellurite glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78(10), 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

O. Humbach, H. Fabian, U. Grzesik, U. Haken, and W. Heitmann, “Analysis of OH absorption bands in synthetic silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids203(1), 19–26 (1996).

M. D. O’Donnell, C. A. Miller, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, and A. B. Seddon, “Fluorotellurite glasses with improved mid-infrared transmission,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids331(1–3), 48–57 (2003).

X. Feng, S. Tanabe, and T. Hanada, “Hydroxyl groups in erbium-doped germanotellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids281(1–3), 48–54 (2001).

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

M. Poulain, M. Poulain, J. Lucas, and P. Brun, “Verres fluores au tetrafluorure de zirconium proprietes optiques d’un verre dope au Nd3+,” Mater. Res. Bull.10(4), 243–246 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

A. Schliesser, N. Picqué, and T. W. Hänsch, “Mid-infrared frequency combs,” Nat. Photonics6(7), 440–449 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, “Colloquium: Femtosecond optical frequency combs,” Rev. Mod. Phys.75(1), 325–342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

P. St. J. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science299(5605), 358–362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trans. Faraday Soc. (1)

B. Szigeti, “Polarisability and dielectric constant of ionic crystals,” Trans. Faraday Soc.45, 155–166 (1949).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. Y. Boniort, C. Brehm, P. H. DuPont, D. Guignot, and C. Le Sergent, “Infrared glass optical fibers for 4 and 10 micron bands,” Proc. 6th ECOC York (London: IEE, 1980) 61–64 (1980).

A. E. Comyns, Fluoride Glasses (John Wiley & Sons, 1989).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical photograph of a tellurite glass rod with 16mm OD. (b) OH-induced attenuation of dehydrated TZN, TZNX and TLX bulk glasses. Sample thickness of TZN, TZNX and TLX is 4.20mm, 8.75mm, and 2.70mm respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Comparison of OH-induced attenuation of dehydrated (a) TZNX and (b) TLX glass unclad fibers (red curve for left axis) and bulks (blue curve for right axis).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Refractive index and (b) dispersion curves of TZN and TLX glasses. Inset of (b): detailed curves of TZN, and TLX near their zero dispersion wavelengths. (c) Relative reduced Raman intensities of studied tellurite glasses and referenced silica

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