Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of a bidirectional fiber soliton laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes. Two stable pulse trains in opposite directions are delivered simultaneously from the ring cavity. The counterpropagating pulses have different central wavelengths, pulse durations, and repetition rates. By adjusting the fiber birefringence and cavity length, the central wavelengths of two solitons can be the same or different. Experimental observations and analyses demonstrate that the different operating wavelengths result in the unequal repetition rates of two pulses. These unique features may be attributed to the cavity asymmetry and fiber birefringence.

© 2013 OSA

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  29. X. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9549–9557 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  32. D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2013 (3)

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, and S. Yamashita, “Enhanced stability of nitrogen-sealed carbon nanotube saturable absorbers under high-intensity irradiation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4665–4670 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. L. Huang, S. C. Lin, C. Y. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. H. Huang, G.-R. Lin, L. J. Li, C. Y. Su, and W. H. Cheng, “Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2460–2465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2619–2621 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27447–27453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (8)

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, H. Lu, and L. N. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Coexistence of strong and weak pulses in a fiber laser with largely anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5874–5887 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, “Bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a four-port circulator,” Opt. Lett. 36(11), 2089–2091 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu and D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(6), 063834 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (5)

2008 (4)

K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “All-fiber bidirectional passively mode-locked ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 33(1), 64–66 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Aditya, S.

Aguiló, M.

Akhmediev, N. N.

Ankiewicz, A.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. M.

Chen, W.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, X. Z.

Cheng, K. N.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, W. H.

Chiu, J. C.

Cho, W. B.

Díaz, F.

Duan, L.

Duan, L. N.

Feng, H.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuse, K.

Gao, Y.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Han, D.

Haus, H.

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, P. L.

Huang, S. H.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ivanenko, A.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kashiwagi, K.

Kieu, K.

Kobtsev, S.

Kukarin, S.

Kuo, H. H.

Lam, H. Q.

Lan, Y. F.

Lederer, M. J.

Lee, C. K.

Lee, S.

Li, L. J.

Li, X.

Lin, A.

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lin, G.-R.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. L. Huang, S. C. Lin, C. Y. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. H. Huang, G.-R. Lin, L. J. Li, C. Y. Su, and W. H. Cheng, “Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2460–2465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, J. J.

Lin, S. C.

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9549–9557 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(1), 142–147 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. M.

Liu, X.-M.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lu, C.

Lu, F.

Lu, H.

Lu, K.

Lu, K. Q.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, A.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

Mansuripur, M.

Mao, D.

Martinez, A.

Mateos, X.

Milne, W. I.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nelson, L. E.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ng, J.

Ouyang, C.

Petrov, V.

Pujol, M. C.

Rivier, S.

Rotermund, F.

Rozhin, A. G.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scardaci, V.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A.

Set, S. Y.

Shu, C.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shum, P.

Smirnov, S.

Song, C.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Steinmeyer, G.

Su, C. Y.

Sun, H.

Sun, Z.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamura, K.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

Wang, L.

Wang, L. R.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, H. Lu, and L. N. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

White, I. H.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, J. H.

Wong, W.

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Xu, W.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yamashita, S.

Yang, X.

Yeh, C. Y.

Yim, J. H.

Yun, L.

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T. Y.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J (1)

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J 4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (2)

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. 23(4), 045105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. 18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (5)

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(4), 045109 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (15)

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Coexistence of strong and weak pulses in a fiber laser with largely anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(7), 5874–5887 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. L. Huang, S. C. Lin, C. Y. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. H. Huang, G.-R. Lin, L. J. Li, C. Y. Su, and W. H. Cheng, “Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 20(3), 2460–2465 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(12), 9549–9557 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu and D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express 13(1), 142–147 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, H. Lu, and L. N. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27447–27453 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express 17(7), 5711–5715 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, and S. Yamashita, “Enhanced stability of nitrogen-sealed carbon nanotube saturable absorbers under high-intensity irradiation,” Opt. Express 21(4), 4665–4670 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 023835 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(6), 063834 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053828 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 4th ed. (Academic Press, Boston, 2007).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the fiber laser and (b) mode-locker assembly. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; CW, clockwise; CCW, counterclockwise; OC, optical coupler; SMF, single-mode fiber; PC, polarization controller; SWNT, single-wall carbon nanotubes; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra of the CW pulses (a) and the CCW pulses (c). Autocorrelation traces of the CW pulses (b) and the CCW pulses (d). Insets are the corresponding RF spectra. (e) Oscilloscope trace of the CW pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of CW and CCW pulses. Insets are corresponding RF spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra of CW and CCW pulses. Insets are corresponding RF spectra.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δt=LΔ β 1 .
Δ β 1 =DΔλ.
Δf= Δt / t 2 = LDΔλ / t 2 .
Δ λ m =± λ 2 2πc τ 0 m 8 Z 0 L 1 ,
Z 0 =0.5π τ 0 2 / | β 2 | .

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