Abstract

We report on the experimental observation of a bidirectional fiber soliton laser passively mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes. Two stable pulse trains in opposite directions are delivered simultaneously from the ring cavity. The counterpropagating pulses have different central wavelengths, pulse durations, and repetition rates. By adjusting the fiber birefringence and cavity length, the central wavelengths of two solitons can be the same or different. Experimental observations and analyses demonstrate that the different operating wavelengths result in the unequal repetition rates of two pulses. These unique features may be attributed to the cavity asymmetry and fiber birefringence.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
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2013

A. Martinez, K. Fuse, and S. Yamashita, “Enhanced stability of nitrogen-sealed carbon nanotube saturable absorbers under high-intensity irradiation,” Opt. Express21(4), 4665–4670 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

P. L. Huang, S. C. Lin, C. Y. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. H. Huang, G.-R. Lin, L. J. Li, C. Y. Su, and W. H. Cheng, “Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express20(3), 2460–2465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, and H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2619–2621 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Smirnov, S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, and A. Ivanenko, “Three key regimes of single pulse generation per round trip of all-normal-dispersion fiber lasers mode-locked with nonlinear polarization rotation,” Opt. Express20(24), 27447–27453 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A84(2), 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Ouyang, P. Shum, K. Wu, J. H. Wong, H. Q. Lam, and S. Aditya, “Bidirectional passively mode-locked soliton fiber laser with a four-port circulator,” Opt. Lett.36(11), 2089–2091 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, H. Lu, and L. N. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A84(5), 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Coexistence of strong and weak pulses in a fiber laser with largely anomalous dispersion,” Opt. Express19(7), 5874–5887 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

X. M. Liu and D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A82(6), 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A82(5), 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

2008

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, and U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett.33(7), 729–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kieu and M. Mansuripur, “All-fiber bidirectional passively mode-locked ring laser,” Opt. Lett.33(1), 64–66 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2005

1998

1997

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys.68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aditya, S.

Aguiló, M.

Akhmediev, N. N.

Ankiewicz, A.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chang, C. M.

Chen, W.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. Z.

Cheng, K. N.

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, W. H.

Chiu, J. C.

Cho, W. B.

Díaz, F.

Duan, L.

Duan, L. N.

Feng, H.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fuse, K.

Gao, Y.

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Han, D.

Haus, H.

H. Haus and W. Wong, “Solitons in optical communications,” Rev. Mod. Phys.68(2), 423–444 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hennrich, F.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, P. L.

Huang, S. H.

Ippen, E. P.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ivanenko, A.

Jones, D. J.

L. E. Nelson, D. J. Jones, K. Tamura, H. A. Haus, and E. P. Ippen, “Ultrashort-pulse fiber ring lasers,” Appl. Phys. B65(2), 277–294 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwagi, K.

Kieu, K.

Kobtsev, S.

Kukarin, S.

Kuo, H. H.

Lam, H. Q.

Lan, Y. F.

Lederer, M. J.

Lee, C. K.

Lee, S.

Li, L. J.

Li, X.

Lin, A.

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, G.-R.

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Huang, S. C. Lin, C. Y. Yeh, H. H. Kuo, S. H. Huang, G.-R. Lin, L. J. Li, C. Y. Su, and W. H. Cheng, “Stable mode-locked fiber laser based on CVD fabricated graphene saturable absorber,” Opt. Express20(3), 2460–2465 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, J. J.

Lin, S. C.

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin and G.-R. Lin, “Kelly sideband variation and self four-wave-mixing in femtosecond fiber soliton laser mode-locked by multiple exfoliated graphite nano-particles,” Laser Phys. Lett.10(4), 045109 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, and G.-R. Lin, “Single- and double-walled CNT based saturable absorbers for passively mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys.23(4), 045105 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. N. Cheng, Y. H. Lin, S. Yamashita, and G.-R. Lin, “Harmonic order dependent pulsewidth shortening of a passively mode-locked fiber laser with carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” IEEE Photon. J4(5), 1542–1552 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Y.-C.

G.-R. Lin and Y.-C. Lin, “Directly exfoliated and imprinted graphite nano-particle saturable absorber for passive mode-locking erbium-doped fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(12), 880–886 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. Han and X. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, and G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A84(5), 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, H. Lu, and L. Duan, “Coexistence of unequal pulses in a normal dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(17), 16303–16308 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A84(2), 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A82(5), 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, “Dissipative soliton evolution in ultra-large normal-cavity-dispersion fiber lasers,” Opt. Express17(12), 9549–9557 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, “Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Express13(1), 142–147 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X. M.

Liu, X.-M.

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

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[CrossRef]

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Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
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Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
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Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
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[CrossRef]

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F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
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L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, L. R. Wang, H. Lu, and L. N. Duan, “Dual-wavelength step-like pulses in an ultra-large negative-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express19(5), 3996–4001 (2011).
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X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
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X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
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Yang, X.

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L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(2), 512–519 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
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Appl. Phys. B

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Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(14), 141103 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J

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[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. J.

L. Yun and X. Liu, “Generation and propagation of bound-state pulses in a passively mode-locked figure-eight laser,” IEEE Photon. J.4(2), 512–519 (2012).
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[CrossRef]

X.-M. Liu, T. Wang, C. Shu, L. R. Wang, A. Lin, K. Q. Lu, T. Y. Zhang, and W. Zhao, “Passively harmonic mode-locked erbium-doped fiber soliton laser with a nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys.18(11), 1357–1361 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, and Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, A. Luo, W. Xu, C. Song, Y. Gao, and W. Chen, “Sideband controllable soliton all-fiber ring laser passively mode-locked by nonlinear polarization rotation,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(8), 582–585 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, D. Mao, and H. Feng, “Ultra-broadband high-energy pulse generation and evolution in a compact erbium-doped all-fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(5), 376–381 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

F. Wang, A. G. Rozhin, V. Scardaci, Z. Sun, F. Hennrich, I. H. White, W. I. Milne, and A. C. Ferrari, “Wideband-tuneable, nanotube mode-locked, fibre laser,” Nat. Nanotechnol.3(12), 738–742 (2008).
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Opt. Express

J. C. Chiu, Y. F. Lan, C. M. Chang, X. Z. Chen, C. Y. Yeh, C. K. Lee, G.-R. Lin, J. J. Lin, and W. H. Cheng, “Concentration effect of carbon nanotube based saturable absorber on stabilizing and shortening mode-locked pulse,” Opt. Express18(4), 3592–3600 (2010).
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L. Yun, X. M. Liu, and D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
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K. Kashiwagi, S. Yamashita, and S. Y. Set, “In-situ monitoring of optical deposition of carbon nanotubes onto fiber end,” Opt. Express17(7), 5711–5715 (2009).
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X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Li, H. Sun, A. Lin, K. Lu, Y. Wang, and W. Zhao, “Multistability evolution and hysteresis phenomena of dissipative solitons in a passively mode-locked fiber laser with large normal cavity dispersion,” Opt. Express17(10), 8506–8512 (2009).
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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the fiber laser and (b) mode-locker assembly. LD, laser diode; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; EDF, erbium-doped fiber; CW, clockwise; CCW, counterclockwise; OC, optical coupler; SMF, single-mode fiber; PC, polarization controller; SWNT, single-wall carbon nanotubes; PVA, polyvinyl alcohol.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical spectra of the CW pulses (a) and the CCW pulses (c). Autocorrelation traces of the CW pulses (b) and the CCW pulses (d). Insets are the corresponding RF spectra. (e) Oscilloscope trace of the CW pulses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optical spectra of CW and CCW pulses. Insets are corresponding RF spectra.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optical spectra of CW and CCW pulses. Insets are corresponding RF spectra.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δt=LΔ β 1 .
Δ β 1 =DΔλ.
Δf= Δt / t 2 = LDΔλ / t 2 .
Δ λ m =± λ 2 2πc τ 0 m 8 Z 0 L 1 ,
Z 0 =0.5π τ 0 2 / | β 2 | .

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