Abstract

1520 and 1560 nm acousto-optic Q-switched pulse lasers with high peak power and narrow width were respectively realized in Er:Yb:RAl3(BO3)4 (R = Y and Lu) crystals end-pumped by a 970 nm diode laser. For Er:Yb:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal, 1520 nm laser with 350 μJ energy, 32 ns width and 10.9 kW peak power, and 1560 nm laser with 520 μJ energy, 67 ns width and 7.8 kW peak power were respectively obtained at pulse repetition frequency of 1 kHz. For Er:Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 crystal, 1520 nm laser with 210 μJ energy, 45 ns width and 4.7 kW peak power, and 1560 nm laser with 380 μJ energy, 102 ns width and 3.7 kW peak power were respectively obtained at pulse repetition frequency of 1 kHz. Pulse performances of 1520 and 1560 nm lasers were compared and the narrower pulse width of 1520 nm laser was ascribed to the higher stimulated emission cross-section.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

H. Y. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, C. H. Huang, Y. M. Duan, Y. Wei, Y. D. Huang, and G. Zhang, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er, Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(2), 111–115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

2007

2006

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. Boquillon, “Free-running and Q-switched performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAG laser emitting at 1.65μm,” Proc. SPIE6190, 619009, 619009-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003

G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and J. A. Tellefsen, “Q-switching of an Er-Yb:glass microchip laser using an acousto-optical modulator,” Opt. Commun.217(1-6), 317–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Lara, “Navigating the features and limitations of laser power and energy meters,” Laser Focus World39, 137–141 (2003).

2001

2000

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1989

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(2), 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Asaka, K.

Binks, D. J.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Boquillon, J.

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. Boquillon, “Free-running and Q-switched performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAG laser emitting at 1.65μm,” Proc. SPIE6190, 619009, 619009-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N. K.

Chen, Y. J.

Chi, S.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B27(11), B63–B92 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Theory of the optimally coupled Q-switched laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.25(2), 214–220 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Denker, B. I.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Y. M.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, C. H. Huang, Y. M. Duan, Y. Wei, Y. D. Huang, and G. Zhang, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er, Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(2), 111–115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J. X.

Fluck, R.

Gagarskii, S. V.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galagan, B. I.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Georgiou, E.

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. Boquillon, “Free-running and Q-switched performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAG laser emitting at 1.65μm,” Proc. SPIE6190, 619009, 619009-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gini, E.

Gong, X. H.

Gorbachenya, K. N.

Hamazu, K.

Häring, R.

Hellström, J. E.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, Y.

Huang, C. H.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, C. H. Huang, Y. M. Duan, Y. Wei, Y. D. Huang, and G. Zhang, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er, Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(2), 111–115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huang, J. H.

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “1560 nm acousto-optic Q-switched and intracavity frequency doubling laser performances of Er:Yb:RAl3(BO3)4 (R=Y and Lu) crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.48(5), 616–621 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, J. H. Huang, X. H. Gong, Z. D. Luo, and Y. D. Huang, “Spectroscopic and laser properties of Er3+:Yb3+:LuAl3(BO3)4 crystal at 1.5-1.6 microm,” Opt. Express18(13), 13700–13707 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y. D.

Hung, C. M.

Ivashko, A. M.

Ivleva, L.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, G.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and J. A. Tellefsen, “Q-switching of an Er-Yb:glass microchip laser using an acousto-optical modulator,” Opt. Commun.217(1-6), 317–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kim, J. W.

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kisel, V. E.

Koporulina, E. V.

Korchagin, A. A.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurilchik, S. V.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Lai, Y.

Laporta, P.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lara, H.

H. Lara, “Navigating the features and limitations of laser power and energy meters,” Laser Focus World39, 137–141 (2003).

Laurell, F.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and J. A. Tellefsen, “Q-switching of an Er-Yb:glass microchip laser using an acousto-optical modulator,” Opt. Commun.217(1-6), 317–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leonyuk, N. I.

Li, P.

Li, Y. J.

Lin, Y. F.

Longhi, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z. D.

Maltsev, V. V.

Melchior, H.

Musset, O.

E. Georgiou, O. Musset, and J. Boquillon, “Free-running and Q-switched performance of a diode-pumped Er:Yb:YAG laser emitting at 1.65μm,” Proc. SPIE6190, 619009, 619009-9 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, J.

Osiko, V. V.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Pasiskevicius, V.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and J. A. Tellefsen, “Q-switching of an Er-Yb:glass microchip laser using an acousto-optical modulator,” Opt. Commun.217(1-6), 317–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pilipenko, O. V.

Prikhod’ko, K. V.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rafailov, E. U.

Richards, B. D. O.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Sahu, J. K.

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

J. W. Kim, D. Y. Shen, J. K. Sahu, and W. A. Clarkson, “Fiber-laser-pumped Er:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 361–371 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sibbett, W.

Svelto, C.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Svelto, O.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S.

J. E. Hellström, G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, B. Denker, S. Sverchkov, B. Galagan, and L. Ivleva, “Passive Q-switching at 1.54 μm of an Er-Yb:GdCa4O(BO3)3 laser with a Co2+:MgAl2O4 saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. B81(1), 49–52 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sverchkov, S. E.

S. V. Gagarskiǐ, B. I. Galagan, B. I. Denker, A. A. Korchagin, V. V. Osiko, K. V. Prikhod’ko, and S. E. Sverchkov, “Diode-pumped ytterbium-erbium glass microlasers with optical Q-switching based on frustrated total internal reflection,” Quantum Electron.30(1), 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

P. Laporta, S. Taccheo, S. Longhi, O. Svelto, and C. Svelto, “Erbium-ytterbium microlasers: optical properties and lasing characteristics,” Opt. Mater.11(2-3), 269–288 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tellefsen, J. A.

G. Karlsson, V. Pasiskevicius, F. Laurell, and J. A. Tellefsen, “Q-switching of an Er-Yb:glass microchip laser using an acousto-optical modulator,” Opt. Commun.217(1-6), 317–324 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tolstik, N. A.

Troshin, A. E.

Tsang, Y. H.

Y. H. Tsang, D. J. Binks, B. D. O. Richards, and A. Jha, “Spectroscopic and lasing studies of Ce3+:Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(10), 729–735 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Tsang and D. J. Binks, “Record performance from a Q-switched Er3+:Yb3+:YVO4 laser,” Appl. Phys. B96(1), 11–17 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Y.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, C. H. Huang, Y. M. Duan, Y. Wei, Y. D. Huang, and G. Zhang, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er, Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(2), 111–115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yanagisawa, T.

Yasukevich, A. S.

Zhang, G.

H. Y. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, Y. F. Lin, C. H. Huang, Y. M. Duan, Y. Wei, Y. D. Huang, and G. Zhang, “Actively Q-switch operation of diode-pumped Er, Yb:YAl3(BO3)4 laser at 1.5-1.6μm,” Laser Phys. Lett.8(2), 111–115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K. Sh.

Zhu, H. Y.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the 970 nm diode-end-pumped acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) pulse lasers at 1520 and 1560 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Pulse energy of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1520 nm laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Spectrum of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:LuAB laser at PRF of 1 kHz is also shown.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pulse width of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1520 nm laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Pulse profiles of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:RAB lasers at PRF of 1 kHz are also shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Peak power of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1520 nm pulse laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Spatial profiles of output beams of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:RAB lasers at PRF of 1 kHz are also shown.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Pulse energy of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1560 nm laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Spectrum of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:LuAB laser at PRF of 1 kHz is also shown.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Pulse width of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1560 nm laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Pulse profiles of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:RAB lasers at PRF of 1 kHz are also shown.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Peak power of the acousto-optic Q-switched 1560 nm pulse laser at absorbed pump power of 13.7 W versus PRF in Er:Yb:RAB (R = Y and Lu) crystals. Spatial profiles of output beams of the acousto-optic Q-switched Er:Yb:RAB lasers at PRF of 1 kHz are also shown.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Pulse parameters of some diode-end-pumped actively Q-switched 1.5-1.6 μm lasers based on Er-Yb codoped materials

Equations (1)

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t w = 8.1 t rt ln( G rt ) = 8.1 t rt σ n i l ,

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