Abstract

We propose a real-time capturing and 3D visualization method based on integral imaging. We applied real-time conversion algorithm to conventional integral imaging pickup system. Gap control method with depth plane adjustment is also applied to improve image quality. Implemented system provides real-time 3D images with ultra high definition resolution in 20 frames per second, and the observer can change depth planes freely. Simulations and experimental results show the validity of proposed system.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng.38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Solution of pseudoscopic problem in integral imaging for real-time processing,” Opt. Lett.38(1), 76–78 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Real-time pickup and display integral imaging system without pseudoscopic problem,” Proc. SPIE8643, 864303, 864303-7 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. B. Javidi, S. Yeom, I. Moon, and M. Daneshpanah, “Real-time automated 3D sensing, detection, and recognition of dynamic biological micro-organic events,” Opt. Express14(9), 3806–3829 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. W. J. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph.23(3), 814–824 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. F. Okano, H. Hoshino, J. Arai, and I. Yuyama, “Real-time pickup method for a three-dimensional image based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt.36(7), 1598–1603 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Li, K.-C. Kwon, K.-H. Yoo, S.-G. Gil, and N. Kim, “Real-time display for real-existing three-dimensional objects with computer-generated integral imaging,” in Proceeding of International Meeting on Information Display (IMID) 2012, Daegu, Korea, Aug. 2012 (Society for Information Display and Korean Society for Information Display), 471–472.
  8. M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, “Formation of real, orthoscopic integral images by smart pixel mapping,” Opt. Express13(23), 9175–9180 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. J. Arai, F. Okano, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Gradient-index lensarray method based on real-time integral photography for three-dimensional images,” Appl. Opt.37(11), 2034–2045 (1998).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Bredif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” Stanford Tech. Rep. CTSR 2005–02 (Stanford University, 2005).
  11. B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues [Invited],” Appl. Opt.50(34), H87–H115 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express20(18), 20130–20138 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. Y. Takaki, Y. Urano, S. Kashiwada, H. Ando, and K. Nakamura, “Super multi-view windshield display for long-distance image information presentation,” Opt. Express19(2), 704–716 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, H. Nakamura, I. Mizuno, T. Kurita, T. Aida, Y. Yamanouchi, H. Mitsumine, T. Fukaya, H. Kikuchi, and F. Sato, “High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera,” Opt. Express12(12), 2781–2794 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. E.-H. Kim, J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Profilometry without phase unwrapping using multi-frequency and four-step phase-shift sinusoidal fringe projection,” Opt. Express17(10), 7818–7830 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing,” Opt. Express12(24), 6020–6032 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J.-H. Park, M.-S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, and N. Kim, “Fresnel and Fourier hologram generation using orthographic projection images,” Opt. Express17(8), 6320–6334 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express16(12), 8800–8813 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(25), 26373–26387 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S. W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. H. Kim, J. Hahn, and B. Lee, “Mathematical modeling of triangle-mesh-modeled three-dimensional surface objects for digital holography,” Appl. Opt.47(19), D117–D127 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. S. G. Park, J.-H. Kim, and S.-W. Min, “Polarization distributed depth map for depth-fused three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express19(5), 4316–4323 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. R. Kaptein and I. Heynderickx, “Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality,” Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest38(1), 1220–1223 (2007).
  27. G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).
  28. Y. Kim, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “View image error analysis based on focal mode and virtual mode in three-dimensional display using lenses,” Proc. SPIE7956, 79560S, 79560S-6 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, “Elemental image generation method with the correction of mismatch error by sub-pixel sampling between lens and pixel in integral imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea16(1), 29–35 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt.40(29), 5217–5232 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Solution of pseudoscopic problem in integral imaging for real-time processing,” Opt. Lett.38(1), 76–78 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Real-time pickup and display integral imaging system without pseudoscopic problem,” Proc. SPIE8643, 864303, 864303-7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

2007

R. Kaptein and I. Heynderickx, “Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality,” Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest38(1), 1220–1223 (2007).

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2001

1999

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng.38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1908

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

Aida, T.

Ando, H.

Arai, J.

Baasantseren, G.

Chen, N.

Choi, H.-J.

Chung, I.

Daneshpanah, M.

Durand, F.

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fergus, R.

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, T. W.

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fukaya, T.

Hahn, J.

Heynderickx, I.

R. Kaptein and I. Heynderickx, “Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality,” Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest38(1), 1220–1223 (2007).

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Hoshino, H.

Iizuka, K.

Javidi, B.

Jung, J. H.

Jung, J.-H.

J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Solution of pseudoscopic problem in integral imaging for real-time processing,” Opt. Lett.38(1), 76–78 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Real-time pickup and display integral imaging system without pseudoscopic problem,” Proc. SPIE8643, 864303, 864303-7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express20(18), 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, “Elemental image generation method with the correction of mismatch error by sub-pixel sampling between lens and pixel in integral imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea16(1), 29–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “View image error analysis based on focal mode and virtual mode in three-dimensional display using lenses,” Proc. SPIE7956, 79560S, 79560S-6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(25), 26373–26387 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, S.

Kang, J.-M.

Kaptein, R.

R. Kaptein and I. Heynderickx, “Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality,” Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest38(1), 1220–1223 (2007).

Kashiwada, S.

Kawakita, M.

Kikuchi, H.

Kim, E.-H.

Kim, H.

Kim, J.

Kim, J.-H.

Kim, M.-S.

Kim, N.

Kim, Y.

Kurita, T.

Lee, B.

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Solution of pseudoscopic problem in integral imaging for real-time processing,” Opt. Lett.38(1), 76–78 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Real-time pickup and display integral imaging system without pseudoscopic problem,” Proc. SPIE8643, 864303, 864303-7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express20(18), 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, J. Yeom, and B. Lee, “Elemental image generation method with the correction of mismatch error by sub-pixel sampling between lens and pixel in integral imaging,” J. Opt. Soc. Korea16(1), 29–35 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kim, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “View image error analysis based on focal mode and virtual mode in three-dimensional display using lenses,” Proc. SPIE7956, 79560S, 79560S-6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S. W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues [Invited],” Appl. Opt.50(34), H87–H115 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(25), 26373–26387 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, G. Park, J.-H. Jung, J. Kim, and B. Lee, “Color moiré pattern simulation and analysis in three-dimensional integral imaging for finding the moiré-reduced tilted angle of a lens array,” Appl. Opt.48(11), 2178–2187 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E.-H. Kim, J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Profilometry without phase unwrapping using multi-frequency and four-step phase-shift sinusoidal fringe projection,” Opt. Express17(10), 7818–7830 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Hahn, and B. Lee, “Mathematical modeling of triangle-mesh-modeled three-dimensional surface objects for digital holography,” Appl. Opt.47(19), D117–D127 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express16(12), 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing,” Opt. Express12(24), 6020–6032 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt.40(29), 5217–5232 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y. W.

Levin, A.

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

Martinez-Corral, M.

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

Matusik, W. J.

W. J. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph.23(3), 814–824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Min, S. W.

Min, S.-W.

Mitsumine, H.

Mizuno, I.

Moon, I.

Nakamura, H.

Nakamura, K.

Okano, F.

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express20(18), 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Hong, Y. Kim, H.-J. Choi, J. Hahn, J.-H. Park, H. Kim, S.-W. Min, N. Chen, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display technologies of recent interest: principles, status, and issues [Invited],” Appl. Opt.50(34), H87–H115 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(25), 26373–26387 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, M.-S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, and N. Kim, “Fresnel and Fourier hologram generation using orthographic projection images,” Opt. Express17(8), 6320–6334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, K. Hong, and B. Lee, “Recent progress in three-dimensional information processing based on integral imaging,” Appl. Opt.48(34), H77–H94 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express16(12), 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing,” Opt. Express12(24), 6020–6032 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, S.-W. Min, S. Jung, and B. Lee, “Analysis of viewing parameters for two display methods based on integral photography,” Appl. Opt.40(29), 5217–5232 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. G.

Pfister, H.

W. J. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph.23(3), 814–824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saavedra, G.

Sato, F.

Takaki, Y.

Urano, Y.

Yamanouchi, Y.

Yeom, J.

Yeom, S.

Yuyama, I.

ACM Trans. Graph.

W. J. Matusik and H. Pfister, “3D TV: a scalable system for real-time acquisition, transmission, and autostereoscopic display of dynamic scenes,” ACM Trans. Graph.23(3), 814–824 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Levin, R. Fergus, F. Durand, and T. W. Freeman, “Image and depth from a conventional camera with a coded aperture,” ACM Trans. Graph.26(3), 70 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

C. R. Acad. Sci.

G. Lippmann, “La photographie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci.146, 446–451 (1908).

Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest

R. Kaptein and I. Heynderickx, “Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality,” Display Week, Society for Information Display Digest38(1), 1220–1223 (2007).

J. Opt. Soc. Korea

Opt. Eng.

F. Okano, J. Arai, H. Hoshino, and I. Yuyama, “Three-dimensional video system based on integral photography,” Opt. Eng.38(6), 1072–1077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

B. Javidi, S. Yeom, I. Moon, and M. Daneshpanah, “Real-time automated 3D sensing, detection, and recognition of dynamic biological micro-organic events,” Opt. Express14(9), 3806–3829 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Martinez-Corral, B. Javidi, R. Martínez-Cuenca, and G. Saavedra, “Formation of real, orthoscopic integral images by smart pixel mapping,” Opt. Express13(23), 9175–9180 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, K. Hong, J. Yeom, J. Hong, J.-H. Jung, Y. W. Lee, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “A frontal projection-type three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express20(18), 20130–20138 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Takaki, Y. Urano, S. Kashiwada, H. Ando, and K. Nakamura, “Super multi-view windshield display for long-distance image information presentation,” Opt. Express19(2), 704–716 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Kawakita, K. Iizuka, H. Nakamura, I. Mizuno, T. Kurita, T. Aida, Y. Yamanouchi, H. Mitsumine, T. Fukaya, H. Kikuchi, and F. Sato, “High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera,” Opt. Express12(12), 2781–2794 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E.-H. Kim, J. Hahn, H. Kim, and B. Lee, “Profilometry without phase unwrapping using multi-frequency and four-step phase-shift sinusoidal fringe projection,” Opt. Express17(10), 7818–7830 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, Y. Kim, J. Kim, S.-W. Min, and B. Lee, “Three-dimensional display scheme based on integral imaging with three-dimensional information processing,” Opt. Express12(24), 6020–6032 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, M.-S. Kim, G. Baasantseren, and N. Kim, “Fresnel and Fourier hologram generation using orthographic projection images,” Opt. Express17(8), 6320–6334 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Park, G. Baasantseren, N. Kim, G. Park, J.-M. Kang, and B. Lee, “View image generation in perspective and orthographic projection geometry based on integral imaging,” Opt. Express16(12), 8800–8813 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-H. Jung, K. Hong, G. Park, I. Chung, J.-H. Park, and B. Lee, “Reconstruction of three-dimensional occluded object using optical flow and triangular mesh reconstruction in integral imaging,” Opt. Express18(25), 26373–26387 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Jung, J. Yeom, J. Hong, K. Hong, S. W. Min, and B. Lee, “Effect of fundamental depth resolution and cardboard effect to perceived depth resolution on multi-view display,” Opt. Express19(21), 20468–20482 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. G. Park, J.-H. Kim, and S.-W. Min, “Polarization distributed depth map for depth-fused three-dimensional display,” Opt. Express19(5), 4316–4323 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Today

B. Lee, “Three-dimensional displays, past and present,” Phys. Today66(4), 36–41 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

Y. Kim, J. Yeom, J.-H. Jung, J. Hong, and B. Lee, “View image error analysis based on focal mode and virtual mode in three-dimensional display using lenses,” Proc. SPIE7956, 79560S, 79560S-6 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Kim, J.-H. Jung, and B. Lee, “Real-time pickup and display integral imaging system without pseudoscopic problem,” Proc. SPIE8643, 864303, 864303-7 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Li, K.-C. Kwon, K.-H. Yoo, S.-G. Gil, and N. Kim, “Real-time display for real-existing three-dimensional objects with computer-generated integral imaging,” in Proceeding of International Meeting on Information Display (IMID) 2012, Daegu, Korea, Aug. 2012 (Society for Information Display and Korean Society for Information Display), 471–472.

R. Ng, M. Levoy, M. Bredif, G. Duval, M. Horowitz, and P. Hanrahan, “Light field photography with a hand-held plenoptic camera,” Stanford Tech. Rep. CTSR 2005–02 (Stanford University, 2005).

Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: MOV (64 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (669 KB)     
» Media 3: MOV (1176 KB)     

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Diagram of pickup system using a CCD and a lens array.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diagram of various pickup and 3D display methods: (a) multiple camera pickup method, (b) multi-view display, (c) lens array pickup method, and (d) integral imaging.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Possible display lens array planes in real-time pixel mapping algorithm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Principles of pixel mapping algorithm with various display lens array plane: (a) captured image with a lens array and a CCD, (b) corrected elemental image obtained by pixel mapping algorithm with k = 0, (c) with k = 1, and (d) with k = 2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Principles of gap control method with depth plane adjustment method: (a) color separation problem in integral imaging, (b) gap control method, (c) gap control method with depth plane adjustment, (d) simulation result of color separation problem (g = f), (e) simulation result of gap control method (k = 0, g = 1.5f), and (f) simulation result of gap control method with depth plane adjustment (k = 1, g = 1.5f).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Implementation of proposed real-time capturing and 3D visualization system

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Experimental results of proposed real-time capturing and 3D visualization system: (a) left view, center view, and right view of reconstructed 3D images (Media 1), (b) real-time 3D visualization of objects (Media 2), and (c) reconstructed 3D image of 3D objects and a human hand (Media 3)

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental results of proposed real-time capturing and 3D visualization system with different k values: (a) when central depth plane is located around hamburger object (k = 1) and (b) when central depth plane is located 1 cm behind mushroom object (k = 2).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Specification of implemented system

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

D k = p l p p kf=knf,
( i j s t )=( 1 0 k 0 0 1 0 k 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 )( i j s t )+( kn kn n+1 n+1 ),

Metrics