Abstract

Luminescence excitation spectra of active centers in bismuth-doped vitreous SiO2 and vitreous GeO2 optical fibers under the two-step excitation have been obtained for the first time. The results revealed only one bismuth-related IR active center formed in each of these fibers. The observed IR luminescence bands at 1430 nm (1650 nm) and 830 nm (950 nm), yellow-orange (red) band at 580 nm (655 nm), violet (blue) band at 420 nm (480 nm) belong to this bismuth-related active center in the vitreous SiO2 (vitreous GeO2), correspondingly.

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  1. E. M. Dianov, “On the threshold of peta-era,” Uspekhi Fisicheskikh Nauk (to be published).
  2. M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett.36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron.40(4), 283–285 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 166–168 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, Fluorescence and Optical Amplification in MCVD Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass Optical Fibres,” ECOC’2005 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25–29 September, 2005), paper Th3.3.5 (2005).
  10. I. Razdobreev, “High efficiency Bi-doped fiber laser,” 15th International Laser Physics Workshop, (Lausanne, Switzerland, 24 - 28 July 2006) (2006).
  11. A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, ”Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” CLEO/Europe (Munich, Germany, 17–22 June, 2007), paper CE_23.
  12. I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and up-conversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” ECOC’2008 (Brussel, Belgium, 21–25 September, 2008), paper Tu.3.B.4.
  13. V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based bismuth-doped fiber for ultra broad band light source and optical amplification around at 1.1μm,” Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) paper MC3 (2005).

2013

W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

2010

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron.40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

Bufetov, I. A.

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett.36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bufetova, G. A.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, O. I. Medvedkov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bismuth-doped silica-based fiber lasers operating between 1389 and 1538 nm with output power of up to 22 W,” Opt. Lett.37(13), 2589–2591 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, I. A. Bufetov, E. G. Firstova, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Combined excitation-emission spectroscopy of bismuth active centers in optical fibers,” Opt. Express19(20), 19551–19561 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Laser diode pumped bismuth-doped optical fiber amplifier for 1430 nm band,” Opt. Lett.36(13), 2408–2410 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, A. V. Shubin, S. L. Semenov, V. V. Vel’miskin, A. E. Levchenko, E. G. Firstova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical gain and laser generation in bismuth-doped silica fibers free of other dopants,” Opt. Lett.36(2), 166–168 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron.40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Mashinsky, V. B. Neustruev, V. V. Dvoyrin, S. A. Vasiliev, O. I. Medvedkov, I. A. Bufetov, A. V. Shubin, E. M. Dianov, A. N. Guryanov, V. F. Khopin, and M. Y. Salgansky, “Germania-glass-core silica-glass-cladding modified chemical-vapor deposition optical fibers: optical losses, photorefractivity, and Raman amplification,” Opt. Lett.29(22), 2596–2598 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Dianov, “On the threshold of peta-era,” Uspekhi Fisicheskikh Nauk (to be published).

Dvoyrin, V. V.

Firstov, S. V.

Firstova, E. G.

Guryanov, A. N.

Iskhakova, L. D.

Karatun, N. M.

Khopin, V. F.

Kir'yanov, A. V.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koltashev, V. V.

Levchenko, A. E.

Mashinsky, V. M.

Medvedkov, O. I.

Melkumov, M. A.

Neustruev, V. B.

Peng, M.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, Y.

W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Razdobreev, I.

I. Razdobreev, “High efficiency Bi-doped fiber laser,” 15th International Laser Physics Workshop, (Lausanne, Switzerland, 24 - 28 July 2006) (2006).

Salgansky, M. Y.

Semenov, S. L.

Semjonov, S. L.

A. S. Zlenko, V. M. Mashinsky, L. D. Iskhakova, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Koltashev, N. M. Karatun, and E. M. Dianov, “Mechanisms of optical losses in Bi:SiO2 glass fibers,” Opt. Express20(21), 23186–23200 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shubin, A. V.

Umnikov, A. A.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vasiliev, S. A.

Vel’miskin, V. V.

Vel'miskin, V. V.

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wondraczek, L.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, W.

W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Zlenko, A. S.

Zollfrank, C.

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

V. V. Dvoyrin, A. V. Kir'yanov, V. M. Mashinsky, O. I. Medvedkov, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Absorption, Gain, and Laser Action in Bismuth-Doped Aluminosilicate Optical Fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron.46(2), 182–190 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

M. Peng, C. Zollfrank, and L. Wondraczek, “Origin of broad NIR photoluminescence in bismuthate glass and Bi-doped glasses at room temperature,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter21(28), 285106 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Laser Phys.

W. Xie, Y. Qiu, and Y. Wang, “Upconversion fluorescence of bismuth doped silica fibers,” Laser Phys.23(1), 015702 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. Lett.

I. A. Bufetov and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett.6(7), 487–504 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Quantum Electron.

E. M. Dianov, “On the nature of near-IR emitting Bi centres in glass,” Quantum Electron.40(4), 283–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Bufetov, S. L. Semjonov, V. V. Vel'miskin, S. V. Firstov, G. A. Bufetova, and E. M. Dianov, “Optical properties of active bismuth centres in silica fibres containing no other dopants,” Quantum Electron.40(7), 639–641 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Uspekhi Fisicheskikh Nauk

E. M. Dianov, “On the threshold of peta-era,” Uspekhi Fisicheskikh Nauk (to be published).

Other

V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, E. M. Dianov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Absorption, Fluorescence and Optical Amplification in MCVD Bismuth-Doped Silica Glass Optical Fibres,” ECOC’2005 (Glasgow, Scotland, 25–29 September, 2005), paper Th3.3.5 (2005).

I. Razdobreev, “High efficiency Bi-doped fiber laser,” 15th International Laser Physics Workshop, (Lausanne, Switzerland, 24 - 28 July 2006) (2006).

A. Al Choueiry, A. M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, L. Bigot, V. G. Truong, M. Douay, and I. Razdobreev, ”Spectroscopic study of bismuth-doped silica glass,” CLEO/Europe (Munich, Germany, 17–22 June, 2007), paper CE_23.

I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Visible luminescence and up-conversion processes in Bi-doped silica-based fibers pumped by IR radiation,” ECOC’2008 (Brussel, Belgium, 21–25 September, 2008), paper Tu.3.B.4.

T. Haruna, M. Kakui, T. Taru, S. Ishikawa, and M. Onishi, “Silica-based bismuth-doped fiber for ultra broad band light source and optical amplification around at 1.1μm,” Optical Amplifiers and Their Applications, Technical Digest (CD) paper MC3 (2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The luminescence measurement scheme. The directions of a pump and luminescence radiation propagation are pointed with solid and dotted arrows, correspondingly. The fiber splice is shown as a dot.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

а) Energy level scheme for Bi:SiO2 (left) and Bi:GeO2 (right) fibers. The excitation frequencies and wavelengths corresponding to the energy levels are shown with respect to the ground state; b) Schematic of the TSE luminescence process. The energy levels of the active centers are indicated by numbers (1, 2 and 3).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

a) Luminescence spectra of Bi:SiO2 and Bi:GeO2 fibers upon TSE (2-Bi:SiO2, 3-Bi:GeO2) and one-photon excitation (1-Bi:SiO2, 4-Bi:GeO2). b) Luminescence intensity λem = 830 nm (Bi:SiO2) and 950 nm (Bi:GeO2) vs. λex2 while λex1 was invariable.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

a) Luminescence spectra of Bi:GeO2 fiber excited at 450 nm (1) and 925 nm (2). These measurements were performed at Т = 77К. b) Scheme of E3 level excitation of BAC in Bi:GeO2. c) Blue luminescence spectrum of BAC in GeO2 providing simultaneous 657 and 1568 nm excitation at Т = 77 К. The spectrum shows also the scattered excitation light at 657 nm.

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