Abstract

The effects of substrates with technological interest for solar cell industry are examined on the plasmonic properties of Ag nanoparticles fabricated by dewetting technique. Both surface matching (boundary element) and propagator (finite difference time domain) methods are used in numerical simulations to describe plasmonic properties and to interpret experimental data. The uncertainty on the locations of nanoparticles by the substrate in experiment is explained by the simulations of various Ag nanoparticle configurations. The change in plasmon resonance due to the location of nanoparticles with respect to the substrate, interactions among them, their shapes, and sizes as well as dielectric properties of substrate are discussed theoretically and implications of these for the experiment are deliberated.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (3)

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. Hohenester and A. Trügler, “MNPBEM – A Matlab toolbox for the simulation of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(2), 370–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. B. Dunbar, T. Pfadler, and L. Schmidt-Mende, “Highly absorbing solar cells--a survey of plasmonic nanostructures,” Opt. Express 20(S2Suppl 2), A177–A189 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

A. Centeno, F. Xie, and N. Alford, “Light absorption and field enhancement in two-dimensional arrays of closely spaced silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(2), 325–333 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

U. Guler and R. Turan, “Effect of particle properties and light polarization on the plasmonic resonances in metallic nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 18(16), 17322–17338 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

T. L. Temple, G. D. K. Mahanama, H. S. Reehal, and D. M. Bagnall, “Influence of localized surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles on the performance of silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(11), 1978–1985 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(19), 191113 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

S. K. Gray and T. Kupka, “Propagation of light in metallic nanowire arrays: Finite-difference time-domain studies of silver cylinders,” Phys. Rev. B 68(4), 045415 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

Alford, N.

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bagnall, D. M.

T. L. Temple, G. D. K. Mahanama, H. S. Reehal, and D. M. Bagnall, “Influence of localized surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles on the performance of silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(11), 1978–1985 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bao, K.

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bermel, P.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bianco, G. V.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bruno, G.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Capezzuto, P.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Catchpole, K. R.

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(19), 191113 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Centeno, A.

Chilkoti, A.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ciracì, C.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Derkacs, D.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Djurisic, A. B.

Dunbar, R. B.

Elazar, J. M.

Fernández-Domínguez, A. I.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giangregorio, M. M.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gray, S. K.

S. K. Gray and T. Kupka, “Propagation of light in metallic nanowire arrays: Finite-difference time-domain studies of silver cylinders,” Phys. Rev. B 68(4), 045415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Guler, U.

Halas, N. J.

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hill, R. T.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hohenester, U.

U. Hohenester and A. Trügler, “MNPBEM – A Matlab toolbox for the simulation of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(2), 370–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ibanescu, M.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Johnson, S. G.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jung, J.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Klenk, R.

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krc, J.

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kupka, T.

S. K. Gray and T. Kupka, “Propagation of light in metallic nanowire arrays: Finite-difference time-domain studies of silver cylinders,” Phys. Rev. B 68(4), 045415 (2003).
[Crossref]

Larsen, A. N.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lim, S. H.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Losurdo, M.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lux-Steiner, M. Ch.

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahanama, G. D. K.

T. L. Temple, G. D. K. Mahanama, H. S. Reehal, and D. M. Bagnall, “Influence of localized surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles on the performance of silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(11), 1978–1985 (2009).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Majewski, M. L.

Mar, W.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matheu, P.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nielsen, B. B.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oskooi, A. F.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, K.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pedersen, T. G.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pendry, J. B.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pfadler, T.

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Plasmonic solar cells,” Opt. Express 16(26), 21793–21800 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. R. Catchpole and A. Polman, “Design principles for particle plasmon enhanced solar cells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(19), 191113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Rakic, A. D.

Reehal, H. S.

T. L. Temple, G. D. K. Mahanama, H. S. Reehal, and D. M. Bagnall, “Influence of localized surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles on the performance of silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(11), 1978–1985 (2009).
[Crossref]

Roundy, D.

A. F. Oskooi, D. Roundy, M. Ibanescu, P. Bermel, J. D. Joannopoulos, and S. G. Johnson, “MEEP: A flexible free-software package for electromagnetic simulations by the FDTD method,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 181(3), 687–702 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sacchetti, A.

M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schmid, M.

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt-Mende, L.

Smith, D. R.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Søndergaard, T.

J. Jung, T. G. Pedersen, T. Søndergaard, K. Pedersen, A. N. Larsen, and B. B. Nielsen, “Electrostatic plasmon resonances of metal nanospheres in layered geometries,” Phys. Rev. B 81(12), 125413 (2010).
[Crossref]

Temple, T. L.

T. L. Temple, G. D. K. Mahanama, H. S. Reehal, and D. M. Bagnall, “Influence of localized surface plasmon excitation in silver nanoparticles on the performance of silicon solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(11), 1978–1985 (2009).
[Crossref]

Topic, M.

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trügler, A.

U. Hohenester and A. Trügler, “MNPBEM – A Matlab toolbox for the simulation of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(2), 370–381 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turan, R.

Urzhumov, Y.

C. Ciracì, R. T. Hill, J. J. Mock, Y. Urzhumov, A. I. Fernández-Domínguez, S. A. Maier, J. B. Pendry, A. Chilkoti, and D. R. Smith, “Probing the ultimate limits of plasmonic enhancement,” Science 337(6098), 1072–1074 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, F.

Xu, H.

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, E. T.

D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, L. L.

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Appl. Opt. (1)

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D. Derkacs, S. H. Lim, P. Matheu, W. Mar, and E. T. Yu, “Improved performance of amorphous silicon solar cells via scattering from surface plasmon polaritons in nearby metallic nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(9), 093103 (2006).
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U. Hohenester and A. Trügler, “MNPBEM – A Matlab toolbox for the simulation of plasmonic nanoparticles,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 183(2), 370–381 (2012).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, K. Bao, N. J. Halas, H. Xu, and P. Nordlander, “Substrate-induced fano resonances of a plasmonic nanocube: A Route to Increased-Sensitivity Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors Revealed,” Nano Lett. 11(4), 1657–1663 (2011).
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Nanotechnology (1)

M. Schmid, R. Klenk, M. Ch. Lux-Steiner, M. Topič, and J. Krč, “Modeling plasmonic scattering combined with thin-film optics,” Nanotechnology 22(2), 025204 (2011).
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H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, “Plasmonics for improved photovoltaic devices,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 205–213 (2010).
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M. Losurdo, M. M. Giangregorio, G. V. Bianco, A. Sacchetti, P. Capezzuto, and G. Bruno, “Enhanced absorption in Au nanoparticles/a-Si:H/c-Si heterojunction solar cells exploiting Au surface plasmon resonance,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 93(10), 1749–1754 (2009).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The SEM images and the corresponding measured total reflection data of Ag NP decorated Si, SiO2, Si3N4, and ITO surfaces by dewetting method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The scattering cross section for a prolate spheroid. Principal axis ratio is defined for the starting Ag sphere with diameter D0 = 100 nm. (b) Scattering cross section as size of Ag sphere changes in homogenous medium of air. (c) Scattering cross section as the homogenous medium dielectric constant changes for an Ag sphere of diameter D = 100 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Various positions of Ag nano sphere (sphere radius = 30 nm – blue triangles, 60 nm – green spheres, 90 nm – red stars) and ITO film. (a) Ag nano sphere is in Air (b) Ag nano sphere is on ITO film (c) Ag nano hemi-sphere is on ITO film (d) Ag nano sphere is immersed in ITO film.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental and theoretical plasmon resonance changes as a function of NP diameter placed in (a) Si medium (b) SiO2 medium (c) Si3N4 medium (d) ITO medium. Different symbols show different NP locations.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

The size distribution of Ag NPs on ITO surface is shown on the left. Inset displays the SEM image of it. On the right, the measured and the FDTD calculated scattering efficiencies are presented.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Interaction of three similar sized Ag NPs with each other.

Equations (2)

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P(ω)=Re( n E ω (x)× H ω (x)da ),
C sca (ω)= P(ω) I(ω) ,

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