Abstract

A transmission-type structure based on woodpile photonic crystal layers is proposed for use in color filters. Selective bandpass filters for red, green, and blue wavelength bands are constructed using optimally designed multilayered woodpile photonic crystals. The R/G/B color filtering for a wide range of incidence angles of light is demonstrated numerically, and the operation principle and design method are described.

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

2010

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Liu and M. Ueda, “High refractive index polymers: fundamental research and practical applications,” J. Mater. Chem.19(47), 8907–8919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, “Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultrahigh effective refractive index over a broad bandwidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(9), 093903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E.-H. Cho, H.-S. Kim, B.-H. Cheong, O. Prudnikov, W. Xianyua, J.-S. Sohn, D.-J. Ma, H.-Y. Choi, N.-C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Two-dimensional photonic crystal color filter development,” Opt. Express17(10), 8621–8629 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, “Fabrication of transmission color filters using silicon subwavelength gratings on quartz substrates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(20), 2126–2128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

J. Jerbin and M. Gu, “Experimental evidence for superprism effects in three-dimensional polymer,” Adv. Mater.18, 221–224 (2005).

2003

1999

R. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays20(3), 119–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Arsenault, A. C.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Athale, R. A.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Catrysse, P. B.

Cheong, B.-H.

Cho, E.-H.

Choi, H.-Y.

Choi, S.-E.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Diest, K.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dionne, J. A.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, X.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Euliss, G.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

J. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, “Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultrahigh effective refractive index over a broad bandwidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(9), 093903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fukunaga, T.

Ge, J.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genet, C.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gu, M.

J. Jerbin and M. Gu, “Experimental evidence for superprism effects in three-dimensional polymer,” Adv. Mater.18, 221–224 (2005).

Guo, L. J.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hane, K.

Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, “Fabrication of transmission color filters using silicon subwavelength gratings on quartz substrates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(20), 2126–2128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jerbin, J.

J. Jerbin and M. Gu, “Experimental evidence for superprism effects in three-dimensional polymer,” Adv. Mater.18, 221–224 (2005).

Johnson, E. G.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, Y.

Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, “Fabrication of transmission color filters using silicon subwavelength gratings on quartz substrates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(20), 2126–2128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-S.

Kim, J.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Laux, E.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu and M. Ueda, “High refractive index polymers: fundamental research and practical applications,” J. Mater. Chem.19(47), 8907–8919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Luo, X.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, D.-J.

Manners, I.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mirotznik, M. S.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Neifeld, M. A.

Ozin, G. A.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Park, N.-C.

Park, W.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-P.

Prudnikov, O.

Puzzo, D. P.

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sabnis, R.

R. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays20(3), 119–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shambat, G.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shen, J.-T.

J. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, “Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultrahigh effective refractive index over a broad bandwidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(9), 093903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, H.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Shimono, M.

Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, “Fabrication of transmission color filters using silicon subwavelength gratings on quartz substrates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(20), 2126–2128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shin, J.

J. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, “Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultrahigh effective refractive index over a broad bandwidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(9), 093903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skauli, T.

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smolski, V. O.

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sohn, J.-S.

Spain, M.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ueda, M.

J. Liu and M. Ueda, “High refractive index polymers: fundamental research and practical applications,” J. Mater. Chem.19(47), 8907–8919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wandell, B. A.

Wei, X.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.-K.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xianyua, W.

Xu, T.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamanaka, H.

Yin, Y.

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

J. Jerbin and M. Gu, “Experimental evidence for superprism effects in three-dimensional polymer,” Adv. Mater.18, 221–224 (2005).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

X. Wei, H. Shi, X. Dong, Y. Lu, and C. Du, “A high refractive index metamaterial at visible frequencies formed by stacked cut-wire plasmonic structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(1), 011904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Displays

R. Sabnis, “Color filter technology for liquid crystal displays,” Displays20(3), 119–129 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Y. Kanamori, M. Shimono, and K. Hane, “Fabrication of transmission color filters using silicon subwavelength gratings on quartz substrates,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.18(20), 2126–2128 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem.

J. Liu and M. Ueda, “High refractive index polymers: fundamental research and practical applications,” J. Mater. Chem.19(47), 8907–8919 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophtonics

G. Shambat, M. S. Mirotznik, G. Euliss, V. O. Smolski, E. G. Johnson, and R. A. Athale, “Photonic crystal filters for multi-band optical filtering on a monolithin substrate,” J. Nanophtonics3(1), 031506 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Nano Lett.

K. Diest, J. A. Dionne, M. Spain, and H. A. Atwater, “Tunable color filters based on metal-insulator-metal resonators,” Nano Lett.9(7), 2579–2583 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Commun

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat Commun1(5), (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics

H. Kim, J. Ge, J. Kim, S.-E. Choi, H. Lee, H. Lee, W. Park, Y. Yin, and S. Kwon, “Structural colour printing using a magnetically tunable and lithographically fixable photonic crystal,” Nat. Photonics3(9), 534–540 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Arsenault, D. P. Puzzo, I. Manners, and G. A. Ozin, “Photonic-crystal full-colour displays,” Nat. Photonics1(8), 468–472 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Laux, C. Genet, T. Skauli, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Plasmonic photon sorters for spectral and polarimetric imaging,” Nat. Photonics2(3), 161–164 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. Shin, J.-T. Shen, and S. Fan, “Three-dimensional metamaterials with an ultrahigh effective refractive index over a broad bandwidth,” Phys. Rev. Lett.102(9), 093903 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

H. Kim, J. Park, and B. Lee, Fourier Modal Method and its Applications in Computational Nanophotonics (CRC, 2012).

US Patent 7145614/B2, “Reflective display device using photonic crystals,” (2006).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Mechanism of transmission-type color filters: (a) red, (b) green, and (c) blue filters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Single woodpile photonic crystal slab.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The band-rejecting properties (transmission efficiency) of the proposed woodpile structure with various refractive indices for (a) TE polarization of light, and (b) TM polarization of light. The number of stacking rods is set to 6.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Transmission-type color filters of woodpile structure: (a) index modulation type with the same period, and (b) period modulation type with same permittivity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission structural color of an index-modulation-type woodpile layer structure and the characteristics of light transmission under RGB LED light through the WPCML structure: (a) red color filter, (b) green color filter, and (c) blue color filter.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Transmission structural color of a period-modulation-type woodpile layer structure and the characteristics of light transmission under RGB LED light through the WPCML structure: (a) red color filter, (b) green color filter, and (c) blue color filter.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Structural parameters of index modulation type

Tables Icon

Table 2 Structural parameters of period modulation type

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