Abstract

Optical fibers in the ribbon geometry have the potential to reach powers well above the maximum anticipated power of a circular core fiber. In this paper we report the first doped silica high order mode ribbon fiber oscillator, with multimode power above 40 W with 71% slope efficiency and power in a single high order mode above 5 W with 44% slope efficiency.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. V. Gapontsev and D. Gapontsev, “2 kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” in CLEO/Europe (2005) 12, 508.
  4. B. Samson, A. Carter, and K. Tankala, “Rare-earth fibres power up,” Nature5, 466–467 (2011).
  5. A. Jain, D. Drachenberg, O. Andrusyak, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, and L. Glebov, “Coherent and spectral beam combining of fiber lasers using volume Bragg gratings,” in Proc. of SPIE, Laser Technology for Defense and Security VI (SPIE, 2010) 7686, 768615.
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Drachenberg, I. Divliansky, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, and L. Glebov,J. W. Dawson, ed., “High-power spectral beam combining of fiber lasers with ultra high-spectral density by thermal tuning of volume Bragg gratings,” in Proc. of SPIE, Fiber Lasers VII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, J. W. Dawson, ed. (SPIE, 2011) 7914, 79141F.
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. R. Drachenberg, O. Andrusyak, I. Cohanoschi, I. Divliansky, O. Mokhun, A. Podvyaznyy, V. Smirnov, G. B. Venus, and L. B. Glebov,K. Tankala, ed., “Thermal tuning of volume Bragg gratings for high power spectral beam combining,” in Proc. of SPIE, Fiber Lasers VII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, K. Tankala, ed. (SPIE, 2010) 7580, 75801U.
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Wirth, O. Schmidt, I. Tsybin, T. Schreiber, R. Eberhardt, J. Limpert, A. Tünnermann, K. Ludewigt, M. Gowin, E. ten Have, and M. Jung, “High average power spectral beam combining of four fiber amplifiers to 8.2 kW,” Opt. Lett.36(16), 3118–3120 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. R. S. Afzal, E. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, N. Gitkind, R. Humphreys, J. Henrie, K. Brar, and D. Jander,H. Ackermann and W. L. Bohn, eds., “Spectrally beam combined fiber lasers for high power, efficiency, and brightness,” in Proc. of SPIE, High-Power Lasers 2012: Technology and Systems, H. Ackermann and W. L. Bohn, eds. (2012) 8547, 854706.
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. M. Redmond, D. J. Ripin, C. X. Yu, S. J. Augst, T. Y. Fan, P. A. Thielen, J. E. Rothenberg, and G. D. Goodno, “Diffractive coherent combining of a 2.5 kW fiber laser array into a 1.9 kW Gaussian beam,” Opt. Lett.37(14), 2832–2834 (2012).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. L. Bullington, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, J. E. Heebner, M. J. Messerly, and J. W. Dawson, “Mode conversion in rectangular-core optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.51(1), 84–88 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. V. Khitrov and V. Shkunov, “Er-doped high aspect ratio core (HARC) rectangular fiber producing 5-mJ, 13-nsec pulses at 1572 nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2012), AW4A.5.
  18. D. A. Rockwell, V. V. Shkunov, and J. R. Marciante, “Semi-guiding high-aspect-ratio core (SHARC) fiber providing single-mode operation and an ultra-large core area in a compact coilable package,” Opt. Express19(15), 14746–14762 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. D. A. Rockwell, V. V. Shkunov, and J. R. Marciante, “Semi-guiding high-aspect-ratio core (SHARC) fiber providing single-mode operation and an ultra-large core area in a compact coilable package,” Opt. Express19(15), 14746–14762 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. R. Drachenberg, M. J. Messerly, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, J. Tassano, and J. W. Dawson, “First selective mode excitation and amplification in a ribbon core optical fiber,” Opt. Express21(9), 11257–11269 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express11(1), 48–53 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, R. H. Page, L. D. Brasure, R. Wilcox, and S. Payne, “Scalable antiguided ribbon laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(7), 1521–1534 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

2012

2011

2010

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2003

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express11(1), 48–53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. J. Bochove, P. K. Cheo, and G. G. King, “Self-organization in a multicore fiber laser array,” Opt. Lett.28(14), 1200–1202 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

1984

P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982

Alunni, D.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J. P.

Augst, S. J.

Barankov, R. A.

Beach, R. J.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, R. H. Page, L. D. Brasure, R. Wilcox, and S. Payne, “Scalable antiguided ribbon laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(7), 1521–1534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bochove, E. J.

Bouwmans, G.

Brasure, L. D.

Brooks, C. D.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bullington, A. L.

Carter, A.

B. Samson, A. Carter, and K. Tankala, “Rare-earth fibres power up,” Nature5, 466–467 (2011).

Cheo, P. K.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Cooper, P. Wang, R. B. Williams, J. K. Sahu, W. A. Clarkson, A. M. Scott, and D. Jones, “High-power Yb-doped multicore ribbon fiber laser,” Opt. Lett.30(21), 2906–2908 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cooper, L. J.

Cutter, K. P.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

de Fornel, F.

P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Dimarcello, F. V.

Drachenberg, D. R.

Eberhardt, R.

Facq, P.

P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Feit, M. D.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, R. H. Page, L. D. Brasure, R. Wilcox, and S. Payne, “Scalable antiguided ribbon laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B19(7), 1521–1534 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fienup, J. R.

Ghalmi, S.

Goodno, G. D.

Gowin, M.

Hayden, J. S.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Heebner, J. E.

Honea, E. C.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jander, D. R.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jean, F.

P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y.

Jones, D.

Jones, P.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jung, M.

King, G. G.

Knight, J.

Krashkevich, D.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Limpert, J.

Loftus, T. H.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ludewigt, K.

Madasamy, P.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marciante, J. R.

Mead, R. W.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Messerly, M. J.

Mitchell, S. C.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monberg, E.

Nicholson, J. W.

Nilsson, J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Page, R. H.

Pax, P. H.

Payne, D.

Payne, S.

Payne, S. A.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Percival, R.

Ramachandran, S.

Redmond, S. M.

Richardson, D. J.

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ripin, D. J.

Rockwell, D. A.

Rothenberg, J. E.

Russell, P.

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

Samson, B.

B. Samson, A. Carter, and K. Tankala, “Rare-earth fibres power up,” Nature5, 466–467 (2011).

Schimpf, D. N.

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Scott, A. M.

Shkunov, V. V.

Sridharan, A. K.

Tankala, K.

B. Samson, A. Carter, and K. Tankala, “Rare-earth fibres power up,” Nature5, 466–467 (2011).

Tassano, J.

ten Have, E.

Thielen, P. A.

Thomas, A. M.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tsybin, I.

Tünnermann, A.

Wadsworth, W.

Wang, P.

Wilcox, R.

Williams, R. B.

Wirth, C.

Wisk, P.

Yan, M. F.

Yu, C. X.

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

P. Facq, F. de Fornel, and F. Jean, “Tunable single-mode excitation in multimode fibres,” Electron. Lett.20(15), 613 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

P. Madasamy, D. R. Jander, C. D. Brooks, T. H. Loftus, A. M. Thomas, P. Jones, and E. C. Honea, “Dual-Grating Spectral Beam Combination of High-Power Fiber Lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.15(2), 337–343 (2009).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

R. J. Beach, M. D. Feit, S. C. Mitchell, K. P. Cutter, S. A. Payne, R. W. Mead, J. S. Hayden, D. Krashkevich, and D. Alunni, “Phase-locked antiguided multiple-core ribbon fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(5), 670–672 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc.Am. B

D. J. Richardson, J. Nilsson, and W. A. Clarkson, “High power fiber lasers: current status and future perspectives [Invited],” J. Opt. Soc.Am. B27(11), B63 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nature

B. Samson, A. Carter, and K. Tankala, “Rare-earth fibres power up,” Nature5, 466–467 (2011).

Opt. Express

W. Wadsworth, R. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. Knight, and P. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express11(1), 48–53 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. Sahu, D. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express12(25), 6088–6092 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. K. Sridharan, P. H. Pax, J. E. Heebner, D. R. Drachenberg, J. P. Armstrong, and J. W. Dawson, “Mode-converters for rectangular-core fiber amplifiers to achieve diffraction-limited power scaling,” Opt. Express20(27), 28792–28800 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. R. Drachenberg, M. J. Messerly, P. H. Pax, A. K. Sridharan, J. Tassano, and J. W. Dawson, “First selective mode excitation and amplification in a ribbon core optical fiber,” Opt. Express21(9), 11257–11269 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. N. Schimpf, R. A. Barankov, and S. Ramachandran, “Cross-correlated (C2) imaging of fiber and waveguide modes,” Opt. Express19(14), 13008–13019 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Rockwell, V. V. Shkunov, and J. R. Marciante, “Semi-guiding high-aspect-ratio core (SHARC) fiber providing single-mode operation and an ultra-large core area in a compact coilable package,” Opt. Express19(15), 14746–14762 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Rockwell, V. V. Shkunov, and J. R. Marciante, “Semi-guiding high-aspect-ratio core (SHARC) fiber providing single-mode operation and an ultra-large core area in a compact coilable package,” Opt. Express19(15), 14746–14762 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Other

A. Jain, D. Drachenberg, O. Andrusyak, G. Venus, V. Smirnov, and L. Glebov, “Coherent and spectral beam combining of fiber lasers using volume Bragg gratings,” in Proc. of SPIE, Laser Technology for Defense and Security VI (SPIE, 2010) 7686, 768615.
[CrossRef]

D. Drachenberg, I. Divliansky, V. Smirnov, G. Venus, and L. Glebov,J. W. Dawson, ed., “High-power spectral beam combining of fiber lasers with ultra high-spectral density by thermal tuning of volume Bragg gratings,” in Proc. of SPIE, Fiber Lasers VII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, J. W. Dawson, ed. (SPIE, 2011) 7914, 79141F.
[CrossRef]

D. R. Drachenberg, O. Andrusyak, I. Cohanoschi, I. Divliansky, O. Mokhun, A. Podvyaznyy, V. Smirnov, G. B. Venus, and L. B. Glebov,K. Tankala, ed., “Thermal tuning of volume Bragg gratings for high power spectral beam combining,” in Proc. of SPIE, Fiber Lasers VII: Technology, Systems, and Applications, K. Tankala, ed. (SPIE, 2010) 7580, 75801U.
[CrossRef]

V. Gapontsev and D. Gapontsev, “2 kW CW ytterbium fiber laser with record diffraction-limited brightness,” in CLEO/Europe (2005) 12, 508.

R. S. Afzal, E. Honea, M. Savage-Leuchs, N. Gitkind, R. Humphreys, J. Henrie, K. Brar, and D. Jander,H. Ackermann and W. L. Bohn, eds., “Spectrally beam combined fiber lasers for high power, efficiency, and brightness,” in Proc. of SPIE, High-Power Lasers 2012: Technology and Systems, H. Ackermann and W. L. Bohn, eds. (2012) 8547, 854706.
[CrossRef]

V. Khitrov and V. Shkunov, “Er-doped high aspect ratio core (HARC) rectangular fiber producing 5-mJ, 13-nsec pulses at 1572 nm,” in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (2012), AW4A.5.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Air clad rare-earth doped ribbon fiber. The central ribbon core has a higher refractive index than its surroundings, and thus preferentially guides light (as intended).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ribbon fiber oscillator experimental setup with optional mode selection. The cross-section of the spatial filter (top left) is designed such that only the two far field lobes of the desired mode can pass the filter

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Beam diagnostic setup with removable beam samplers BS-1, BS-2, and BS-3.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output power v.s. coupled pump power for a multimode ribbon fiber oscillator showing 71% slope efficiency.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output spectrum of the multimode ribbon fiber oscillator centered at 1035 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Beam waists profiles for both the x (narrow) and y (wide) planes. (M2)x = 1.6. (M2)y = 15.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Near field intensity pattern of a 7-lobed mode of a hypothetical ribbon fiber with dimensions of 100x10 µm and NA = 0.05. Note: the phase of each lobe alternates between 0 and π.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Far field intensity pattern of a 7-lobed mode of a hypothetical ribbon fiber with dimensions of 100x10 µm and NA = 0.05.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Ribbon fiber oscillator operating in a single high order mode. Output power v.s. coupled pump power showing a slope efficiency of 44%

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Near field (top) and far field (bottom) of a single high order mode ribbon fiber oscillator. The modal purity is nearly unchanged from threshold (0. 65 W) to 5 W

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