Abstract

Noise performance of dual-pump, multi-sideband parametric mixer operated in phase-insensitive mode is investigated theoretically and experimentally. It is shown that, in case when a large number of multicasting idlers are generated, the noise performance is strictly dictated by the dispersion characteristics of the mixer. We find that the sideband noise performance is significantly degraded in anomalous dispersion region permitting nonlinear noise amplification. In contrast, in normal dispersion region, the noise performance converges to the level of four-sideband parametric process, rather than deteriorates with increased sideband creation. Low noise generation mandates precise dispersion-induced phase mismatch among pump and sideband waves in order to control the noise coupling. We measure the noise performance improvement for a many-sideband, multi-stage mixer by incorporating new design technique.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, M. Vasilyev, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier with unequalized inputs,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 722–724 (2011).
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    [CrossRef]
  31. Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. R. Slavík, A. Bogris, J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. Vojtěch, P. Periklis, D. Syvridis, and D. J. Richardson, “Field-Trial of an All-Optical PSK Regenerator/Multicaster in a 40 Gbit/s, 38 Channel DWDM Transmission Experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 512–520 (2012).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

2012 (7)

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. Vojtěch, P. Periklis, D. Syvridis, and D. J. Richardson, “Field-Trial of an All-Optical PSK Regenerator/Multicaster in a 40 Gbit/s, 38 Channel DWDM Transmission Experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 512–520 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Turitsyn, M. Sorokina, and S. Derevyanko, “Dispersion-dominated nonlinear fiber-optic channel,” Opt. Lett.37(14), 2931–2933 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

2010 (3)

2009 (2)

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

C. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

1999 (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.37(2), 67–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Adleman, J. R.

Agrawal, G. P.

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Alic, N.

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 × 40 Gb/s in single parametric gate,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, M. Vasilyev, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier with unequalized inputs,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 722–724 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Aparicio, J. M.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Blessing, D. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bogris, A.

Bres, C.-S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brès, C.

C. Brès, A. O. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 × 40 Gb/s in single parametric gate,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brès, C. S.

Caves, C. M.

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Centanni, J. C.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

Chraplyvy, A. R.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Derevyanko, S.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ford, J.

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Grüner-Nielsen, L.

R. Slavík, A. Bogris, J. Kakande, F. Parmigiani, L. Grüner-Nielsen, R. Phelan, J. Vojtěch, P. Periklis, D. Syvridis, and D. J. Richardson, “Field-Trial of an All-Optical PSK Regenerator/Multicaster in a 40 Gbit/s, 38 Channel DWDM Transmission Experiment,” J. Lightwave Technol.30(4), 512–520 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huynh, C. K.

Jacobs, E. W.

Jiang, R.

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R.

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kakande, J.

Kalogerakis, G.

Karlsson, M.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, M. Vasilyev, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier with unequalized inputs,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 722–724 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

Kubota, H.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, B. P. P.

Kylemark, P.

Lin, Q.

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lundström, C.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, M. Vasilyev, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier with unequalized inputs,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 722–724 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

Marki, C. F.

C. Brès, A. O. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 × 40 Gb/s in single parametric gate,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

McKinstrie, C.

McKinstrie, C. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. J. van Enk, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Multicolor multipartite entanglement produced by vector four-wave mixing in a fiber,” Opt. Express16(4), 2720–2739 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moro, S.

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mukherjee, B.

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.37(2), 67–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Myslivets, E.

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Parmigiani, F.

Periklis, P.

Phelan, R.

Puttnam, B. J.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Radic, S.

C. K. Huynh, Z. Tong, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, S. Zlatanovic, E. W. Jacobs, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of phase-insensitive multicasting in multi-stage parametric mixers,” Opt. Express21(1), 804–814 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. P. P. Kuo, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting via frequency comb generation in a bandwidth-enhanced fiber optical parametric mixer,” J. Lightwave Technol.29(23), 3515–3522 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, and S. Radic, “Reconfigurable parametric channelized receiver for instantaneous spectral analysis,” Opt. Express19(4), 3531–3541 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Brès, A. O. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, J. M. Chavez Boggio, C. F. Marki, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Optical demultiplexing of 320 Gb/s to 8 × 40 Gb/s in single parametric gate,” J. Lightwave Technol.28(4), 434–442 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. J. van Enk, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Multicolor multipartite entanglement produced by vector four-wave mixing in a fiber,” Opt. Express16(4), 2720–2739 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kylemark, J. Ren, M. Karlsson, S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise in dual-pumped fiber-optical parametric amplifiers: theory and experiments,” J. Lightwave Technol.25(9), 2837–2846 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Raymer, M.

Raymer, M. G.

Ren, J.

Richardson, D. J.

Sahasrabuddhe, L. H.

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.37(2), 67–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

Slavík, R.

Sorokina, M.

Syvridis, D.

Tamura, K.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tipsuwannakul, E.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Toda, H.

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tong, Z.

C. K. Huynh, Z. Tong, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, S. Zlatanovic, E. W. Jacobs, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of phase-insensitive multicasting in multi-stage parametric mixers,” Opt. Express21(1), 804–814 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, M. Karlsson, M. Vasilyev, and P. A. Andrekson, “Noise performance of a frequency nondegenerate phase-sensitive amplifier with unequalized inputs,” Opt. Lett.36(5), 722–724 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turitsyn, S.

Uesaka, K.

van Enk, S. J.

Vasilyev, M.

Vojtech, J.

Wiberg, A. O.

Wiberg, A. O. J.

Wong, K. K. Y.

Yoshida, E.

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu, M.

Zlatanovic, S.

IEEE Commun. Mag. (1)

L. H. Sahasrabuddhe and B. Mukherjee, “Light trees: optical multicasting for improved performance in wavelength routed networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag.37(2), 67–73 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Radic, “Parametric signal processing,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 670–680 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, M. Karlsson, and A. Bogris, “Ultra-low noise, broadband phase-sensitive amplifiers and their applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(2), 1016–1032 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, A. H. Gnauck, J. C. Centanni, and A. R. Chraplyvy, “Multiple-band bit-level switching in two-pump fiber parametric devices,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(3), 852–854 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. Lin, R. Jiang, C. F. Marki, C. J. McKinstrie, R. Jopson, J. Ford, G. P. Agrawal, and S. Radic, “40-Gb/s optical switching and wavelength multicasting in a two-pump parametric device,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.17(11), 2376–2378 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Brès, A. O. J. Wiberg, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Wavelength multicasting of 320-Gb/s channel in self-seeded parametric amplifier,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(14), 1002–1004 (2009).
[CrossRef]

E. Myslivets, C. Lundström, J. M. Aparicio, S. Moro, A. O. J. Wiberg, C.-S. Bres, N. Alic, P. A. Andrekson, and S. Radic, “Spatial equalization of zero dispersion wavelength profiles in nonlinear fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.21(24), 1807–1809 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

Nat. Photonics (1)

Z. Tong, C. Lundström, P. A. Andrekson, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Karlsson, D. J. Blessing, E. Tipsuwannakul, B. J. Puttnam, H. Toda, and L. Grüner-Nielsen, “Towards ultrasensitive optical links enabled by low-noise phase-sensitive amplifiers,” Nat. Photonics5(7), 430–436 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (10)

C. McKinstrie, S. Radic, and M. Raymer, “Quantum noise properties of parametric amplifiers driven by two pump waves,” Opt. Express12(21), 5037–5066 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, M. Yu, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Quantum noise properties of parametric processes,” Opt. Express13(13), 4986–5012 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Generation of wideband frequency combs by continuous-wave seeding of multistage mixers with synthesized dispersion,” Opt. Express20(3), 3331–3344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. McKinstrie, S. J. van Enk, M. G. Raymer, and S. Radic, “Multicolor multipartite entanglement produced by vector four-wave mixing in a fiber,” Opt. Express16(4), 2720–2739 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Full characterization of the signal and idler noise figure spectra in single-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifiers,” Opt. Express18(3), 2884–2893 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. Bogris, C. Lundström, C. J. McKinstrie, M. Vasilyev, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, “Modeling and measurement of the noise figure of a cascaded non-degenerate phase-sensitive parametric amplifier,” Opt. Express18(14), 14820–14835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. S. Brès, S. Zlatanovic, A. O. J. Wiberg, and S. Radic, “Reconfigurable parametric channelized receiver for instantaneous spectral analysis,” Opt. Express19(4), 3531–3541 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Spectral linewidth preservation in parametric frequency combs seeded by dual pumps,” Opt. Express20(16), 17610–17619 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Broadband parametric multicasting via four-mode phase-sensitive interaction,” Opt. Express20(17), 19363–19373 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. Huynh, Z. Tong, E. Myslivets, A. O. J. Wiberg, J. R. Adleman, S. Zlatanovic, E. W. Jacobs, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of phase-insensitive multicasting in multi-stage parametric mixers,” Opt. Express21(1), 804–814 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

M. Nakazawa, K. Tamura, H. Kubota, and E. Yoshida, “Coherence degradation in the process of supercontinuum generation in an optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol.4(2), 215–223 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields (1)

C. M. Caves, “Quantum limits on noise in linear amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. D Part. Fields26(8), 1817–1839 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, “Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fiber,” Rev. Mod. Phys.78(4), 1135–1184 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (5)

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, E. Myslivets, C. K. Huynh, B. P. P. Kuo, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of a multi-sideband parametric multicasting mixer with normal dispersion,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), paper OW3C.4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Z. Tong, A. O. J. Wiberg, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Noise performance of an eight-sideband parametric mixer,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference (OFC), paper OTh4I.5 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. O. J. Wiberg, Z. Tong, L. Liu, J. L. Ponsetto, V. Ataie, E. Myslivets, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Demonstration of 40 GHz analog-to-digital conversion using copy-and-sample-all parametric processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2012), paper OW3C.2.
[CrossRef]

E. Desurvire, Erbium-doped Fiber Amplifiers (John Wiley and Sons, 1994).

A. O. Wiberg, C. Brès, B. P. Kuo, J. Chavez Boggio, N. Alic, and S. Radic, “Polychromatic sampling for high-speed real-time processing,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWB1.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated signal/idler CE and NF evolution curves along HNLF length. The mixer possesses (a) zero dispersion, (b) anomalous dispersion and (c) normal dispersion, respectively. Signal and idler wavelengths in simulations are 1548.5 nm and 1553.3 nm, respectively. HNLF dispersion parameters are stated in text.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated optical spectra (with averaged noise) of mixers with (a) zero dispersion, (b) anomalous dispersion and (c) normal dispersion. The HNLF length is fixed at 200 m, and the resolution bandwidth is 0.1 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated single-pump output noise spectra within (a) zero dispersion and (b) normal dispersion regimes, respectively. Pump wavelength is 1550.9 nm, and its launch power is 1 W. Other parameters are the same as used in Fig. 2(a) and 2(c).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Brief principle of the localized parametric interactions induced by finite normal dispersion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Simulated NF spectra of parametric mixers with different sideband count. Output sidebands are approximately equalized in calculations. Input signal power is fixed at −3 dBm for each case. Single-stage setup was used for 4- and 8-sideband calculations, while three-stage scheme were implemented for many-sideband cases. Two different dispersion-flattened (parabolic profile) HNLFs were used for HNLF2: one is fully within normal dispersion regime, with a maximum dispersion value of −0.1 ps/nm/km (red curve), and the other is partially within anomalous dispersion regime, with a maximum dispersion value of merely 0.02 ps/nm/km (green curve).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Experimental setup for measuring noise performance of parametric mixers with limited (< 10) sidebands. TFL: tunable fiber laser; LD: laser diode; PC: polarization controller; EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier; VOA: variable optical attenuator; WDM: wavelength-division-multiplexing coupler; PD: photodetector; ESA: electrical spectrum analyzer; RF: radio frequency; NFA: noise figure analyzer.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

CE and NF spectral comparison between 8-, 4-, and 2-sideband parametric mixers (optical spectra shown on the right side) operating near transparency.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Experimental setup of parametric multicasting with many sidebands. ECL: external-cavity laser; DFB: distributed feedback laser; MZM: Mach-Zehnder modulator, PM: phase modulator, PS: phase shifter, OP: optical processor, TDL: tunable delay line. Inset figure shows measured average dispersion of HNLF2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical spectra after (a) HNLF1 and (b) HNLF2. Measurement resolution is 0.1 nm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

(a) Measured and (b) simulated NF and CE spectra of a 3-stage multicasting mixer with many sidebands.

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