Abstract

We have investigated parametric seeding of a microresonator frequency comb (microcomb) by way of a pump laser with two electro-optic-modulation sidebands. We show that the pump-sideband spacing is precisely replicated throughout the microcomb’s optical spectrum, and we demonstrate a record absolute line-spacing stability for microcombs of 1.6 × 10−13 at 1 s. The spectrum of a microcomb is complex, and often non-equidistant subcombs are observed. Our results demonstrate that parametric seeding can not only control the subcombs, but can lead to the generation of a strictly equidistant microcomb spectrum.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. G. Ycas, F. Quinlan, S. A. Diddams, S. Osterman, S. Mahadevan, S. Redman, R. Terrien, L. Ramsey, C. F. Bender, B. Botzer, and S. Sigurdsson, “Demonstration of on-sky calibration of astronomical spectra using a 25 ghz near-ir laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express20, 6631–6643 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  9. S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” PRXin press and arXiv:1205.4272v1 (2012).
  10. P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 263901– (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Laser-machined ultra-high-q microrod resonators for nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 221119–4 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).
  18. K. Saha, Y. Okawachi, B. Shim, J. S. Levy, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, M. A. Foster, M. R. E. Lamont, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Modelocking and femtosecond pulse generation in chip-based frequency combs,” Opt. Express21, 1335–1343 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. K. Chembo, D. V. Strekalov, and N. Yu, “Spectrum and dynamics of optical frequency combs generated with monolithic whispering gallery mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 103902–4 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  23. M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 74–77 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. T. Carmon, L. Yang, and K. Vahala, “Dynamical thermal behavior and thermal self-stability of microcavities,” Opt. Express12, 4742–4750 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. D. V. Strekalov and N. Yu, “Generation of optical combs in a whispering gallery mode resonator from a bichromatic pump,” Phys. Rev. A79, 041805–4 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of29, 2693–2701 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. Xiao, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of a 20 ghz train of subpicosecond pulses with a stabilized optical-frequency-comb generator,” Opt. Lett.34, 85–87 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  29. T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (2)

2012 (6)

G. G. Ycas, F. Quinlan, S. A. Diddams, S. Osterman, S. Mahadevan, S. Redman, R. Terrien, L. Ramsey, C. F. Bender, B. Botzer, and S. Sigurdsson, “Demonstration of on-sky calibration of astronomical spectra using a 25 ghz near-ir laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express20, 6631–6643 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 263901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, “Spectral and temporal characterization of a fused-quartz-microresonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A84, 053833– (2011).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

Y. K. Chembo, D. V. Strekalov, and N. Yu, “Spectrum and dynamics of optical frequency combs generated with monolithic whispering gallery mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 103902–4 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (3)

2008 (4)

A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. Gerginov, C. E. Tanner, S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, and L. Hollberg, “High-resolution spectroscopy with a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.30, 1734–1736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of29, 2693–2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Araujo-Hauck, C.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arcizet, O.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bartels, A.

Bender, C. F.

Bergquist, J. C.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Botzer, B.

Brasch, V.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Cai, M.

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carmon, T.

Chembo, Y. K.

Y. K. Chembo, D. V. Strekalov, and N. Yu, “Spectrum and dynamics of optical frequency combs generated with monolithic whispering gallery mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 103902–4 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, T.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D’Odorico, S.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Del’Haye, P.

P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Laser-machined ultra-high-q microrod resonators for nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 221119–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 263901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” PRXin press and arXiv:1205.4272v1 (2012).

Diddams, S. A.

P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Laser-machined ultra-high-q microrod resonators for nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 221119–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 263901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. G. Ycas, F. Quinlan, S. A. Diddams, S. Osterman, S. Mahadevan, S. Redman, R. Terrien, L. Ramsey, C. F. Bender, B. Botzer, and S. Sigurdsson, “Demonstration of on-sky calibration of astronomical spectra using a 25 ghz near-ir laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express20, 6631–6643 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, “Spectral and temporal characterization of a fused-quartz-microresonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A84, 053833– (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Xiao, L. Hollberg, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of a 20 ghz train of subpicosecond pulses with a stabilized optical-frequency-comb generator,” Opt. Lett.34, 85–87 (2009).
[CrossRef]

V. Gerginov, C. E. Tanner, S. A. Diddams, A. Bartels, and L. Hollberg, “High-resolution spectroscopy with a femtosecond laser frequency comb,” Opt. Lett.30, 1734–1736 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” PRXin press and arXiv:1205.4272v1 (2012).

Ferdous, F.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, T. M.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Foster, M. A.

K. Saha, Y. Okawachi, B. Shim, J. S. Levy, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, M. A. Foster, M. R. E. Lamont, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Modelocking and femtosecond pulse generation in chip-based frequency combs,” Opt. Express21, 1335–1343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

K. Saha, Y. Okawachi, B. Shim, J. S. Levy, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, M. A. Foster, M. R. E. Lamont, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Modelocking and femtosecond pulse generation in chip-based frequency combs,” Opt. Express21, 1335–1343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gavartin, E.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gerginov, V.

Gondarenko, A.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetsky, M.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gorodetsky, M. L.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Grudinin, I. S.

Hansch, T. W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartinger, K.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Herr, T.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Hollberg, L.

Holzwarth, R.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R. L.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ilchenko, V. S.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, S.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, A. R.

Jones, R. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jost, J. D.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Kentischer, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kippenberg, T. J.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Kirchner, M. S.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kondratiev, N. M.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Kourogi, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of29, 2693–2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lamont, M. R. E.

Leaird, D. E.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemke, N.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Levy, J. S.

K. Saha, Y. Okawachi, B. Shim, J. S. Levy, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, M. A. Foster, M. R. E. Lamont, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Modelocking and femtosecond pulse generation in chip-based frequency combs,” Opt. Express21, 1335–1343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipson, M.

K. Saha, Y. Okawachi, B. Shim, J. S. Levy, R. Salem, A. R. Johnson, M. A. Foster, M. R. E. Lamont, M. Lipson, and A. L. Gaeta, “Modelocking and femtosecond pulse generation in chip-based frequency combs,” Opt. Express21, 1335–1343 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ludlow, A.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mahadevan, S.

Maleki, L.

I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “Generation of optical frequency combs with a caf2 resonator,” Opt. Lett.34, 878–880 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Manescau, A.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsko, A. B.

A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miao, H.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K. D.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, M. T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakagawa, K.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of29, 2693–2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Oates, C. W.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Kourogi, K. Nakagawa, and M. Ohtsu, “Wide-span optical frequency comb generator for accurate optical frequency difference measurement,” Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of29, 2693–2701 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Okawachi, Y.

Osterman, S.

Painter, O.

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papp, S. B.

P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Laser-machined ultra-high-q microrod resonators for nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 221119–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, S. B. Papp, and S. A. Diddams, “Hybrid electro-optically modulated microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 263901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Papp and S. A. Diddams, “Spectral and temporal characterization of a fused-quartz-microresonator optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. A84, 053833– (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. B. Papp, P. Del’Haye, and S. A. Diddams, “Mechanical control of a microrod-resonator optical frequency comb,” PRXin press and arXiv:1205.4272v1 (2012).

Pasquini, L.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Quinlan, F.

G. G. Ycas, F. Quinlan, S. A. Diddams, S. Osterman, S. Mahadevan, S. Redman, R. Terrien, L. Ramsey, C. F. Bender, B. Botzer, and S. Sigurdsson, “Demonstration of on-sky calibration of astronomical spectra using a 25 ghz near-ir laser frequency comb,” Opt. Express20, 6631–6643 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ramsey, L.

Redman, S.

Riemensberger, J.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rosenband, T.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Rubiola, E.

Safdi, B.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saha, K.

Salem, R.

Savchenkov, A. A.

A. A. Savchenkov, E. Rubiola, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Phase noise of whispering gallery photonic hyper-parametric microwave oscillators,” Opt. Express16, 4130–4144 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Schliesser, A.

P. Del’Haye, O. Arcizet, A. Schliesser, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Full stabilization of a microresonator-based optical frequency comb,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 053903–4 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, W.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seidel, D.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shim, B.

Sigurdsson, S.

Solomatine, I.

A. A. Savchenkov, A. B. Matsko, V. S. Ilchenko, I. Solomatine, D. Seidel, and L. Maleki, “Tunable optical frequency comb with a crystalline whispering gallery mode resonator,” Phys. Rev. Lett.101, 093902–4 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srinivasan, K.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Steinmetz, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Strekalov, D.

A. B. Matsko, A. A. Savchenkov, D. Strekalov, V. S. Ilchenko, and L. Maleki, “Optical hyperparametric oscillations in a whispering-gallery-mode resonator: Threshold and phase diffusion,” Phys. Rev. A71, 033804–10 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

Y. K. Chembo, D. V. Strekalov, and N. Yu, “Spectrum and dynamics of optical frequency combs generated with monolithic whispering gallery mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 103902–4 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov and N. Yu, “Generation of optical combs in a whispering gallery mode resonator from a bichromatic pump,” Phys. Rev. A79, 041805–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, C. E.

Taylor, J.

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Terrien, R.

Thorpe, M. J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Turner-Foster, A. C.

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Udem, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vahala, K.

Vahala, K. J.

J. Li, H. Lee, T. Chen, and K. J. Vahala, “Low-pump-power, low-phase-noise, and microwave to millimeter-wave repetition rate operation in microcombs,” Phys. Rev. Lett.109, 233901– (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Cai, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Observation of critical coupling in a fiber taper to a silica-microsphere whispering-gallery mode system,” Phys. Rev. Lett.85, 74–77 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Varghese, L. T.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Y.

T. Herr, V. Brasch, J. D. Jost, C. Y. Wang, N. M. Kondratiev, M. L. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Mode-locking in an optical microresonator via soliton formation,” arXiv:1211.0733 (2012).

Wang, J.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiner, A. M.

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wilken, T.

T. Steinmetz, T. Wilken, C. Araujo-Hauck, R. Holzwarth, T. W. Hansch, L. Pasquini, A. Manescau, S. D’Odorico, M. T. Murphy, T. Kentischer, W. Schmidt, and T. Udem, “Laser frequency combs for astronomical observations,” Science321, 1335–1337 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

Y., W. C.

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, K. Y.

J. Li, H. Lee, K. Y. Yang, and K. J. Vahala, “Sideband spectroscopy and dispersion measurement in microcavities,” Opt. Express20, 26337–26344 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L.

Ycas, G. G.

Ye, J.

M. J. Thorpe, K. D. Moll, R. J. Jones, B. Safdi, and J. Ye, “Broadband cavity ringdown spectroscopy for sensitive and rapid molecular detection,” Science311, 1595–1599 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

Y. K. Chembo, D. V. Strekalov, and N. Yu, “Spectrum and dynamics of optical frequency combs generated with monolithic whispering gallery mode resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 103902–4 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov and N. Yu, “Generation of optical combs in a whispering gallery mode resonator from a bichromatic pump,” Phys. Rev. A79, 041805–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. S. Grudinin, N. Yu, and L. Maleki, “Generation of optical frequency combs with a caf2 resonator,” Opt. Lett.34, 878–880 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. Del’Haye, S. A. Diddams, and S. B. Papp, “Laser-machined ultra-high-q microrod resonators for nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.102, 221119–4 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nat Photon (4)

F. Ferdous, H. Miao, D. E. Leaird, K. Srinivasan, J. Wang, L. Chen, L. T. Varghese, and A. M. Weiner, “Spectral line-by-line pulse shaping of on-chip microresonator frequency combs,” Nat Photon5, 770–776 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Levy, A. Gondarenko, M. A. Foster, A. C. Turner-Foster, A. L. Gaeta, and M. Lipson, “Cmos-compatible multiple-wavelength oscillator for on-chip optical interconnects,” Nat Photon4, 37–40 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Herr, K. Hartinger, J. Riemensberger, W. C. Y., E. Gavartin, R. L. Holzwarth, M. Gorodetsky, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Universal formation dynamics and noise of kerr-frequency combs in microresonators,” Nat Photon6, 480–487 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Lee, T. Chen, J. Li, K. Y. Yang, S. Jeon, O. Painter, and K. J. Vahala, “Chemically etched ultrahigh-q wedge-resonator on a silicon chip,” Nat Photon6, 369–373 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. M. Fortier, M. S. Kirchner, F. Quinlan, J. Taylor, J. C. Bergquist, T. Rosenband, N. Lemke, A. Ludlow, Y. Jiang, C. W. Oates, and S. A. Diddams, “Generation of ultrastable microwaves via optical frequency division,” Nat. Photon.5, 425 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

P. Del’Haye, A. Schliesser, O. Arcizet, T. Wilken, R. Holzwarth, and T. J. Kippenberg, “Optical frequency comb generation from a monolithic microresonator,” Nature450, 1214–1217 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

D. V. Strekalov and N. Yu, “Generation of optical combs in a whispering gallery mode resonator from a bichromatic pump,” Phys. Rev. A79, 041805–4 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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