Abstract

We proposed a polarization rotator inspired by stimulated Raman adiabatic passage model from quantum optics, which is composed of a signal waveguide and an ancillary waveguide. The two orthogonal modes in signal waveguide and the oblique mode in ancillary waveguide form a Λ-type three-level system. By controlling the width of signal waveguide and the gap between two waveguides, adiabatic conversion between two orthogonal modes can be realized in the signal waveguide. With such adiabatic passage, polarization conversion is completed within 150 μm length, with the efficiencies over 99% for both conversions between horizontal polarization and vertical polarization. In addition, such a polarization rotator is quite robust against fabrication error, allowing a wide range of tolerances for the rotator geometric parameters. Our work is not only significative to photonic simulations of coherent quantum phenomena with engineered photonic waveguides, but also enlightens the practical applications of these phenomena in optical device designs.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (3)

2012 (12)

K. Chung, T. J. Karle, M. Rab, A. D. Greentree, and S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, “Broadband and robust optical waveguide devices using coherent tunnelling adiabatic passage,” Opt. Express20, 23108–23116 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. A. Ramos, S. R. Garcia, A. O. Monux, I. M. Fernandez, R. Zhang, H. G. Bach, and M. Schell, “Polarization rotator for InP rib waveguide,” Opt. Lett.37, 335–337 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Ding, L. Liu, C. Peucheret, and H. Y. Ou, “Fabrication tolerant polarization splitter and rotator based on a tapered directional coupler,” Opt. Express20, 20021–20027 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. V. Velasco, M. L. Calvo, P. Cheben, A. O. Monux, J. H. Schmid, C. A. Ramos, I. M. Fernandez, J. Lapointe, M. Vachon, S. Janz, and D. X. Xu, “Ultracompact polarization converter with a dual subwavelength trench built in a silicon-on-insulator waveguide,” Opt. Lett.37, 365–367 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Compact polarization rotator based on surface plasmon polariton with low insertion loss,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 707–714 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. N. Caspers, M. Z. Alam, and M. Mojahedi, “Compact hybrid plasmonic polarization rotator,” Opt. Lett.37, 4615–4617 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Pello, J. van der Tol, S. Keyvaninia, R. van Veldhoven, H. Ambrosius, G. Roelkens, and M. Smit, “High-efficiency ultrasmall polarization converter in InP membrane,” Opt. Lett.37, 3711–3713 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. X. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light: Science and Applications1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Aspuru-Guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys.8, 285–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (6)

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. X. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express19, 10940–10949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun.2, 566 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. M. H. Leung, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 381–389 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Chen, C. R. Doerr, and Y. K. Chen, “Compact polarization rotator on silicon for polarization-diversified circuits,” Opt. Lett.36, 469–471 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

J. Zhang, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 53–60 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photon.3, 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yue, L. Zhang, M. P. Song, R. G. Beausoleil, and A. E. Willner, “Higher-order-mode assisted silicon-on-insulator 90 degree polarization rotator,” Opt. Express17, 20694–20699 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Longhi, “Quantum-optical analogies using photonic structures,” Laser & Photon. Rev.3, 243–261 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys.79, 135–174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. N. Feng, R. Sun, J. Michel, and L. C. Kimerling, “Low-loss compact-size slotted waveguide polarization rotator and transformer,” Opt. Lett.32, 2131–2133 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (3)

1998 (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys.70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Alam, M. Z.

Ambrosius, H.

Aspelmeyer, M.

P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental one-way quantum computing,” Nature434, 169–176 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aspuru-Guzik, A.

A. Aspuru-Guzik and P. Walther, “Photonic quantum simulators,” Nat. Phys.8, 285–291 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bach, H. G.

Barwicz, T.

T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bauters, J.

D. X. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light: Science and Applications1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Beausoleil, R. G.

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys.70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bongioanni, I.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun.2, 566 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bowers, J. E.

D. X. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light: Science and Applications1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. X. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express19, 10940–10949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bromberg, Y.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brooks, C.

Calvo, M. L.

Cao, T. T.

Caspers, J. N.

Cheben, P.

Chen, L.

Chen, S. W.

Chen, S. Y.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. D.

Chen, Y. K.

Chung, K.

Crespi, A.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun.2, 566 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Zou, J. M. Cui, F. W. Sun, X. Xiong, X. B. Zou, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Photonic bound state in the continuum for strong light-matter interaction,” arXiv: 1305.5297 (2013).

Dai, D. X.

D. X. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light: Science and Applications1, 1 (2012).
[CrossRef]

D. X. Dai and J. E. Bowers, “Novel concept for ultracompact polarization splitter-rotator based on silicon nanowires,” Opt. Express19, 10940–10949 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. C. Wang and D. X. Dai, “Ultrasmall Si-nanowire-based polarization rotator,” J.Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 747–753 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Deng, H.

Ding, Y. H.

Doerr, C. R.

Dong, C. H.

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dowling, J. P.

P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys.79, 135–174 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dzibrou, D. O.

Fan, L.

J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

Fei, Y. H.

Feng, N. N.

Fernandez, I. M.

Fukuda, H.

N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, H. Shinojima, and S. Itabashi, “Polarization rotator based on silicon wire waveguides,” Opt. Express16, 2628–2635 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Furusawa, A.

J. L. O’Brien, A. Furusawa, and J. Vuckovic, “Photonic quantum technologies,” Nat. Photon.3, 687–695 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, S. R.

Grattan, K. T. V.

D. M. H. Leung, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 381–389 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Greentree, A. D.

Guo, G. C.

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Zou, J. M. Cui, F. W. Sun, X. Xiong, X. B. Zou, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Photonic bound state in the continuum for strong light-matter interaction,” arXiv: 1305.5297 (2013).

Han, Z. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Zou, J. M. Cui, F. W. Sun, X. Xiong, X. B. Zou, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Photonic bound state in the continuum for strong light-matter interaction,” arXiv: 1305.5297 (2013).

Haus, H. A.

Huang, Y.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E.

T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ismail, N.

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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D. M. H. Leung, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 381–389 (2011).
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Lo, G. Q.

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
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J. Zhang, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 53–60 (2010).
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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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Rahman, B. M. A.

D. M. H. Leung, B. M. A. Rahman, and K. T. V. Grattan, “Numerical analysis of asymmetric silicon nanowire waveguide as compact polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. J.3, 381–389 (2011).
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T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
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P. Kok, W. J. Munro, K. Nemoto, T. C. Ralph, J. P. Dowling, and G. J. Milburn, “Linear optical quantum computing with photonic qubits,” Rev. Mod. Phys.79, 135–174 (2007).
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M. Komatsu, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, “Compact polarization rotator based on surface plasmon polariton with low insertion loss,” IEEE Photon. J.4, 707–714 (2012).
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A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun.2, 566 (2011).
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T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
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T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
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C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 041104 (2012).
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C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, J. M. Cui, X. D. Chen, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Broadband integrated polarization beam spiltter with surface plasmon,” Opt. Lett.36, 3630–3632 (2011).
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Takesue, H.

N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
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P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental one-way quantum computing,” Nature434, 169–176 (2005).
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J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

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Weiner, A. M.

J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

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P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental one-way quantum computing,” Nature434, 169–176 (2005).
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J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

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A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
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Xu, Q. Y.

Xuan, Y.

J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

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N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
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Yamauchi, J.

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H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
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P. Walther, K. J. Resch, T. Rudolph, E. Schenck, H. Weinfurter, V. Vedral, M. Aspelmeyer, and A. Zeilinger, “Experimental one-way quantum computing,” Nature434, 169–176 (2005).
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H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
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J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
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H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
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J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
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J. Zhang, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 53–60 (2010).
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Zhang, L.

Zhang, L. B.

Zhang, R.

Zhou, H. F.

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Zhu, S. Y.

J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
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Zou, X. B.

C. L. Zou, J. M. Cui, F. W. Sun, X. Xiong, X. B. Zou, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Photonic bound state in the continuum for strong light-matter interaction,” arXiv: 1305.5297 (2013).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. J. Zhang, S. Das, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Li, S. Y. Chen, H. F. Zhou, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and J. T. L. Thong, “Efficient and broadband polarization rotator using horizontal slot waveguide for efficient photonics,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 021105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Zhang, M. B. Yu, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “Silicon-waveguide-based mode evolution polarization rotator,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.16, 53–60 (2010).
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IEEE Photon. J. (2)

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J. Zhang, S. Y. Zhu, H. J. Zhang, S. Y. Chen, G. Q. Lo, and D. L. Kwong, “An ultracompact surface plasmon polariton-effect-based polarization rotator,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23, 1606–1608 (2011).
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Z. C. Wang and D. X. Dai, “Ultrasmall Si-nanowire-based polarization rotator,” J.Opt. Soc. Am. B25, 747–753 (2008).
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D. X. Dai, J. Bauters, and J. E. Bowers, “Passive technologies for future large-scale photonic integrated circuits on silicon: polarization handling, light non-reciprocity and loss reduction,” Light: Science and Applications1, 1 (2012).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, “Integrated photonic quantum gates for polarization qubits,” Nat. Commun.2, 566 (2011).
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T. Barwicz, M. Watts, M. Popovic, P. Rakich, L. Socci, F. Kartner, E. Ippen, and H. Smith, “Polarization-transparent microphotonic devices in the strong confinement limit,” Nat. Photon.1, 57–60 (2007).
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N. Matsuda, H. L. Jeannic, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, W. J. Munro, K. Shimizu, K. Yamada, Y. Tokura, and H. Takesue, “A monolithically integrated polarization entangled photon pair source on a silicon chip,” Sci. Rep.2, 817 (2012).
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Science (1)

A. Peruzzo, M. Lobino, J. C. F. Matthews, N. Matsuda, A. Politi, K. Poulios, X. Q. Zhou, Y. Lahini, N. Ismail, K. Worhoff, Y. Bromberg, Y. Silberberg, M. G. Thompson, and J. L. O’Brien, “Quantum walks of correlated photons,” Science329, 1500–1503 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

J. C. Wirth, J. Wang, B. Niu, Y. Xuan, L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, D. E. Leaird, M. H. Qi, and A. M. Weiner, “Efficient silicon-on-insulator polarization rotator based on mode evolution,” in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (IEEE, 2012), pp. JW4A.83.

C. L. Zou, J. M. Cui, F. W. Sun, X. Xiong, X. B. Zou, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Photonic bound state in the continuum for strong light-matter interaction,” arXiv: 1305.5297 (2013).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) STIRAP model in atomic system. (b) Analogue of STIRAP in waveguide system, with the white arrows indicating the electric field directions of the three modes. (c) The effective refractive index difference between V(H) and O modes along z direction. (d) The coupling strengths of V and H modes with O mode along z direction. (e) and (f) are the dynamics of the eigenstates of along z direction, which realize polarization conversions.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) The effective refractive indices of V and H modes against the waveguide width, respectively. (b) The coupling strengths of V and H modes with O mode against the gap between SW and AW, respectively. (c) Schematic illustration of the polarization rotator, with a SW of varying width and an AW of curved trend. Inset: the cross-section view of this rotator.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Dependence of Error on L for different δw, with R = 1502, d0 = 0.03, δz = 4.5. (b) Dependence of Error on L for different R, with δw = 0.016, d0 = 0.03, δz = 4.5. (c) Dependence of Error on L for different d0, with δw = 0.016, R = 1502, δz = 4.5. (d) Dependence of Error on L for different δz, with δw = 0.016, R = 1502, d0 = 0.03. All the numbers are in the order of μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Tolerance of δw, with R = 1502, d0 = 0.03, δz = 4.5, L = 150. (b) Tolerance of R, with δw = 0.016, d0 = 0.03, δz = 4.5, L = 150. (c) Tolerance of d0, with δw = 0.016, R = 1502, δz = 4.5, L = 150. (d) Tolerance of δz, with δw = 0.016, R = 1502, d0 = 0.03, L = 150. All the numbers are in the order of μm. And the grey area indicates a conversion efficiency over 99%.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of Error on λ, with δw = 0.016, R = 1502, d0 = 0.03, δz = 4.5, L = 150, which are all in the order of μm.

Equations (16)

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0 / h ¯ = ω 1 | 1 1 | + ω 2 | 2 2 | + ω 3 | 3 3 | + ( Ω p e i ω p t | 1 2 | + Ω s e i ω s t | 2 3 | + h . c . ) .
0 / h ¯ = Ω p | 1 2 | + Ω s | 2 3 | + h . c ..
0 / h ¯ = ( 0 Ω p 0 Ω p 0 Ω s 0 Ω s 0 ) .
| ψ D = cos θ | 1 sin θ | 3 ,
/ k 0 = n V | V V | + n H | H H | + n O | O O | + g V ( | V O | + | O V | ) + g H ( | H O | + | O H | ) ,
/ k 0 = Δ n V | V V | + Δ n H | H H | + g V ( | V O | + | O V | ) + g H ( | H O | + | O H | ) .
/ k 0 = ( Δ n V g V 0 g V 0 g H 0 g H Δ n H ) ,
w ( z ) = w 0 + δ w L ( z δ z ) .
d ( z ) d 0 + z 2 / R .
g V ( H ) ( z ) g V ( H ) ( 0 ) w ( z ) e z 2 / D R ,
i d d z | Ψ ( z ) = ( z ) | Ψ ( z ) ,
| Ψ ( z ) = 𝔗 | Ψ ( 0 ) = e i 0 z ( s ) d s | Ψ ( 0 ) .
𝔗 | V = e i ϕ 1 | H , 𝔗 | H = e i ϕ 2 | V , 𝔗 | O = e i ϕ 3 | O ,
𝔗 = ( 0 0 e i ϕ 1 0 e i ϕ 3 0 e i ϕ 2 0 0 ) .
| 𝔗 | = ( 0.0772839 0.00844906 0.996973 0.0268221 0.999597 0.00928259 0.996648 0.0270963 0.0771882 ) .
Error = 1 η V H × η H V ,

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