Abstract

We report on a method for estimation of angle-dependent mode coupling and attenuation in step-index plastic optical fibers (SI-POFs) from the shapes of impulse responses at two different fiber lengths. While alternating the fiber lengths, deviations between simulated and reference impulse responses are minimized by optimizing both mode coupling and attenuation parameters using pattern-search routines. Applying a matrix-based finite-difference approach to Gloge’s time-dependent power flow equation fast computation of simulated impulse responses is enabled. We demonstrate that mode-dependent coupling and attenuation parameters converge to values that reconstruct fiber characteristics reported by other authors. We show that our results can be used for prediction of impulse responses, yielding determination of frequency responses, fiber bandwidths and coupling lengths. We conclude that our method enables characterization of SI-POFs from fiber impulse response measurements.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex method for function minimization,” Comput. J.7, 308–313 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Gloge, “Optical power flow in multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.51, 1767–1783 (1972).
  14. B. Drljača, S. Savović, and A. Djordjevich, “Calculation of frequency response in step-index plastic optical fibers using the time-dependent power flow equation,” Opt. Laser Eng.49, 618–622 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Rousseau and L. Jeunhomme, “Numerical solution of the coupled-power equation in step-index optical fibers,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory25, 577–585 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Influence of the angle-dependence of mode-coupling on optical power distribution in step-index plastic optical fibers,” Opt. Laser Technol.44, 180–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2007 (2)

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Method for calculating the coupling coefficient in step-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.46, 1477–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1978 (1)

R. Olshansky and S. M. Oaks, “Differential mode attenuation measurements in graded-index fibers,” Appl. Opt.47, 1830–1835 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

M. Rousseau and L. Jeunhomme, “Numerical solution of the coupled-power equation in step-index optical fibers,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory25, 577–585 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (2)

1973 (1)

D. Gloge, “Impulse response of clad optical multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.52, 801–816 (1973).

1972 (1)

D. Gloge, “Optical power flow in multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.51, 1767–1783 (1972).

1965 (1)

J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex method for function minimization,” Comput. J.7, 308–313 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Aldabaldetreku, G.

Arrue, J.

Breyer, F.

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

Charbonnier, B.

Daum, W.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook(Springer, 2008).

Djordjevich, A.

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Influence of the angle-dependence of mode-coupling on optical power distribution in step-index plastic optical fibers,” Opt. Laser Technol.44, 180–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Drljača, S. Savović, and A. Djordjevich, “Calculation of frequency response in step-index plastic optical fibers using the time-dependent power flow equation,” Opt. Laser Eng.49, 618–622 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Method for calculating the coupling coefficient in step-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.46, 1477–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Djordjevich and S. Savović, “Numerical solution of the power flow equation in step-index plastic optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1437–1442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Drljaca, B.

B. Drljača, S. Savović, and A. Djordjevich, “Calculation of frequency response in step-index plastic optical fibers using the time-dependent power flow equation,” Opt. Laser Eng.49, 618–622 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Durana, G.

Gambling, W. A.

Garcés, I.

Gaudino, R.

Gloge, D.

D. Gloge, “Impulse response of clad optical multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.52, 801–816 (1973).

D. Gloge, “Optical power flow in multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.51, 1767–1783 (1972).

Goldberg, David E.

David E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning (Addison-Wesley Professional, 1989).

Greiss, I.

Hanik, N.

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

Ishigure, T.

Jeunhomme, L.

M. Rousseau and L. Jeunhomme, “Numerical solution of the coupled-power equation in step-index optical fibers,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory25, 577–585 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kano, M.

Koike, Y.

Koonen, A. M. J.

Krauser, J.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook(Springer, 2008).

Kruglov, R.

Lee, J.

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

Lopez-Higuera, M.

Loquai, S.

Losada, M. A.

Mateo, J.

Matsumura, H.

Mead, R.

J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex method for function minimization,” Comput. J.7, 308–313 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Nelder, J. A.

J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex method for function minimization,” Comput. J.7, 308–313 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Oaks, S. M.

R. Olshansky and S. M. Oaks, “Differential mode attenuation measurements in graded-index fibers,” Appl. Opt.47, 1830–1835 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Okonkwo, C. M.

Olshansky, R.

R. Olshansky and S. M. Oaks, “Differential mode attenuation measurements in graded-index fibers,” Appl. Opt.47, 1830–1835 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. Olshansky, “Mode coupling effects in graded-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.14, 935–945 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ouzzif, M.

Payne, D. N.

Randel, S.

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

Rousseau, M.

M. Rousseau and L. Jeunhomme, “Numerical solution of the coupled-power equation in step-index optical fibers,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory25, 577–585 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Savovic, S.

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Influence of the angle-dependence of mode-coupling on optical power distribution in step-index plastic optical fibers,” Opt. Laser Technol.44, 180–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

B. Drljača, S. Savović, and A. Djordjevich, “Calculation of frequency response in step-index plastic optical fibers using the time-dependent power flow equation,” Opt. Laser Eng.49, 618–622 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Method for calculating the coupling coefficient in step-index optical fibers,” Appl. Opt.46, 1477–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Djordjevich and S. Savović, “Numerical solution of the power flow equation in step-index plastic optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B21, 1437–1442 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tangdiongga, E.

Visani, D.

Yang, H.

Zamzow, P. E.

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook(Springer, 2008).

Ziemann, O.

Zubia, J.

Appl. Opt. (4)

AT&T Tech. J. (2)

D. Gloge, “Impulse response of clad optical multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.52, 801–816 (1973).

D. Gloge, “Optical power flow in multimode fibers,” AT&T Tech. J.51, 1767–1783 (1972).

Comput. J. (1)

J. A. Nelder and R. Mead, “A simplex method for function minimization,” Comput. J.7, 308–313 (1965).
[CrossRef]

IEEE T. Microw. Theory (1)

M. Rousseau and L. Jeunhomme, “Numerical solution of the coupled-power equation in step-index optical fibers,” IEEE T. Microw. Theory25, 577–585 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Eng. (1)

B. Drljača, S. Savović, and A. Djordjevich, “Calculation of frequency response in step-index plastic optical fibers using the time-dependent power flow equation,” Opt. Laser Eng.49, 618–622 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. Savović and A. Djordjevich, “Influence of the angle-dependence of mode-coupling on optical power distribution in step-index plastic optical fibers,” Opt. Laser Technol.44, 180–184 (2012).
[CrossRef]

POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application (1)

F. Breyer, N. Hanik, J. Lee, and S. Randel, “Getting impulse response of SI-POF by solving the time-dependent power flow equation using Crank-Nicholson scheme,” in POF Modelling: Theory, Measurement and Application,C. A. Bunge and H. Poisel, eds. (Books on Demand GmbH, 2007), pp. 111–120.

Other (2)

David E. Goldberg, Genetic Algorithms in Search, Optimization, and Machine Learning (Addison-Wesley Professional, 1989).

O. Ziemann, J. Krauser, P. E. Zamzow, and W. Daum, POF Handbook(Springer, 2008).

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