Abstract

We propose a symmetric 40-Gb/s aggregate rate time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) system with the capability of simultaneous downstream differential phase shift keying (DPSK) signal demodulation and upstream signal chirp management based on delay interferometer (DI). With the bi-pass characteristic of DI, we experimentally demonstrate the bidirectional transmission of signals at 10-Gb/s per wavelength, and achieve negligible power penalties after 50-km single mode fiber (SMF). For the uplink transmission with DI, a ~11-dB optical power budget improvement at a bit error ratio of 1e-3 is obtained and the extinction ratio (ER) of signal is also improved from 3.4 dB to 13.75 dB. Owing to this high ER, the upstream burst-mode transmitting is successfully presented in term of time-division multiplexing. Moreover, in our experiment, a ~38-dB power budget is obtained to support 256 users with 50-km SMF transmission.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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  1. Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 587–593 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in Proc. OFC2012, paper PDP5D.7.
  3. F. Effenberger, “XG-PON1 versus NG-PON2: Which one will win?” in Proc. ECOC 2012, paper Tu.4.B.1.
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Taguchi, H. Nakamura, K. Asaka, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Itoh, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40-km reach symmetric 40-Gbit/sλ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using synchronized gain-clamping SOA,” in Proc. OFC2013, paper OW4D.6.
  5. Z. Li, L. Yi, M. Bi, J. Li, H. He, X. Yang, and W. Hu, “Experimental demonstration of a symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON,” in Proc. OFC 2013, Paper NTh4F.3.
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(7), 644–647 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, and M. Martinelli, “Remotely-pumped network-embedded self-tuning transmitter for 80-Gb/s conventional hybrid TDM/WDM PON with 256-split,” Opt. Express21(4), 4376–4381 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Zhu, S. Xiao, Z. Zhou, W. Guo, L. Yi, M. Bi, W. Hu, and B. Geller, “An upstream multi-wavelength shared PON based on tunable self-seeding Fabry-Pérot laser diode for upstream capacity upgrade and wavelength multiplexing,” Opt. Express19(9), 8000–8010 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. G. Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. V. Dijk, and R. Brenot, “10-Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing,” in Proc. OFC 2011, 2011, Paper OThT2.
  10. K. Hoon, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s Directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(14), 965–967 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. L. Wei, C. Sánchez, R. P. Giddings, E. Hugues-Salas, and J. M. Tang, “Significant improvements in optical power budgets of real-time optical OFDM PON systems,” Opt. Express18(20), 20732–20745 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
  14. A. H. Gnauck and P. J. Winzer, “Optical phase-shift-keyed transmission,” J. Lightwave Technol.23(1), 115–130 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, and K. Kasahara, “A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(9), 1933–1943 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw., Technol.22(2), 362–371 (2004).
  17. W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Accurate bit-error-ratio computation in nonlinear CRZ-OOK and CRZ-DPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(9), 2165–2167 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. Sotiropoulos, T. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, “TDM-PON with 30 Gb/s D8PSK downstream and 10 Gb/s OOK upstream based on a digital incoherent receiver,” Opt. Express20(27), 29096–29104 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using downstream DPSK and upstream wavelength-shifted ASK for rayleigh backscattering mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON migration scheme,” IEEE Photon. Journal5(2), 7900407 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  20. W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Genay, P. Chanclou, T. Duong, N. Brochier, and E. Pincemin, “Bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON access networks integrating downstream 10Gbit/s DPSK and upstream 2.5Gbit/s OOK on the same wavelength,” in Proc. ECOC2006, Paper Th3.6.6.

2013 (4)

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using downstream DPSK and upstream wavelength-shifted ASK for rayleigh backscattering mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON migration scheme,” IEEE Photon. Journal5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Y. Luo, X. Zhou, F. Effenberger, X. Yan, G. Peng, Y. Qian, and Y. Ma, “Time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network (TWDM-PON) for next generation PON stage 2 (NG-PON2),” J. Lightwave Technol.31(4), 587–593 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Marazzi, P. Parolari, M. Brunero, R. Brenot, S. Barbet, and M. Martinelli, “Remotely-pumped network-embedded self-tuning transmitter for 80-Gb/s conventional hybrid TDM/WDM PON with 256-split,” Opt. Express21(4), 4376–4381 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

N. Sotiropoulos, T. Koonen, and H. de Waardt, “TDM-PON with 30 Gb/s D8PSK downstream and 10 Gb/s OOK upstream based on a digital incoherent receiver,” Opt. Express20(27), 29096–29104 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw., Technol.22(2), 362–371 (2004).

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Accurate bit-error-ratio computation in nonlinear CRZ-OOK and CRZ-DPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(9), 2165–2167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Mizuochi, K. Ishida, T. Kobayashi, J. Abe, K. Kinjo, K. Motoshima, and K. Kasahara, “A comparative study of DPSK and OOK WDM transmission over transoceanic distances and their performance degradations due to nonlinear phase noise,” J. Lightwave Technol.21(9), 1933–1943 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Abe, J.

Barbet, S.

Bi, M.

Brenot, R.

Brunero, M.

Chan, C. K.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. K.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chow, C. W.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using downstream DPSK and upstream wavelength-shifted ASK for rayleigh backscattering mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON migration scheme,” IEEE Photon. Journal5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Effenberger, F.

Geller, B.

Giddings, R. P.

Gnauck, A. H.

Guo, W.

Hoon, K.

K. Hoon, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s Directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(14), 965–967 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Hugues-Salas, E.

Hung, W.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ishida, K.

Ji, Y.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Jin, W.

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw., Technol.22(2), 362–371 (2004).

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Accurate bit-error-ratio computation in nonlinear CRZ-OOK and CRZ-DPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(9), 2165–2167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kahn, J. M.

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Accurate bit-error-ratio computation in nonlinear CRZ-OOK and CRZ-DPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(9), 2165–2167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw., Technol.22(2), 362–371 (2004).

Kasahara, K.

Kinjo, K.

Kobayashi, T.

Koonen, T.

Lau, T.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Li, Z.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[CrossRef]

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Lu, C.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Luo, Y.

Ma, Y.

Marazzi, L.

Martinelli, M.

Mizuochi, T.

Motoshima, K.

Pak, Z. A.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Parolari, P.

Peng, G.

Qian, Y.

Sánchez, C.

Sotiropoulos, N.

Tang, J. M.

Tian, D.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Tong, F.

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J. L.

Wei, W.

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

Xiao, S.

Yan, X.

Yeh, C. H.

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using downstream DPSK and upstream wavelength-shifted ASK for rayleigh backscattering mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON migration scheme,” IEEE Photon. Journal5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yi, L.

Yuan, B.

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

Zhou, X.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, M.

IEEE Photon. Journal (1)

C. W. Chow and C. H. Yeh, “Using downstream DPSK and upstream wavelength-shifted ASK for rayleigh backscattering mitigation in TDM-PON to WDM-PON migration scheme,” IEEE Photon. Journal5(2), 7900407 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Yi, Z. Li, M. Bi, W. Wei, and W. Hu, “Symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON with 39dB power budget,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(7), 644–647 (2013).
[CrossRef]

K. Hoon, “Transmission of 10-Gb/s Directly modulated RSOA signals in single-fiber loopback WDM PONs,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.23(14), 965–967 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Hung, C. K. Chan, L. K. Chen, and F. Tong, “An optical network unit for WDM access networks with downstream DPSK and upstream remodulated OOK data using injection-locked FP laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.15(10), 1476–1478 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Tian, B. Yuan, Y. Ji, Z. A. Pak, T. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA demodulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Accurate bit-error-ratio computation in nonlinear CRZ-OOK and CRZ-DPSK systems,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.16(9), 2165–2167 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightw., Technol. (1)

W. Jin and J. M. Kahn, “Impact of chromatic and polarization-mode dispersions on DPSK systems using interferometric demodulation and direct detection,” J. Lightw., Technol.22(2), 362–371 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (4)

Other (6)

G. Valicourt, D. Make, C. Fortin, A. Enard, F. V. Dijk, and R. Brenot, “10-Gbit/s modulation of reflective SOA without any electronic processing,” in Proc. OFC 2011, 2011, Paper OThT2.

N. Genay, P. Chanclou, T. Duong, N. Brochier, and E. Pincemin, “Bidirectional WDM/TDM-PON access networks integrating downstream 10Gbit/s DPSK and upstream 2.5Gbit/s OOK on the same wavelength,” in Proc. ECOC2006, Paper Th3.6.6.

Y. Ma, Y. Qian, G. Peng, X. Zhou, X. Wang, J. Yu, Y. Luo, X. Yan, and F. Effenberger, “Demonstration of a 40Gb/s time and wavelength division multiplexed passive optical network prototype system,” in Proc. OFC2012, paper PDP5D.7.

F. Effenberger, “XG-PON1 versus NG-PON2: Which one will win?” in Proc. ECOC 2012, paper Tu.4.B.1.
[CrossRef]

K. Taguchi, H. Nakamura, K. Asaka, T. Mizuno, Y. Hashizume, T. Yamada, M. Itoh, H. Takahashi, S. Kimura, and N. Yoshimoto, “40-km reach symmetric 40-Gbit/sλ-tunable WDM/TDM-PON using synchronized gain-clamping SOA,” in Proc. OFC2013, paper OW4D.6.

Z. Li, L. Yi, M. Bi, J. Li, H. He, X. Yang, and W. Hu, “Experimental demonstration of a symmetric 40-Gb/s TWDM-PON,” in Proc. OFC 2013, Paper NTh4F.3.
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Architecture of the proposed TWDM-PON system, inset (i) optical spectrum of downstream signals at the output of AWG multiplexer, (ii) optical spectra of upstream OOK and downstream DPSK signals (iii) optical spectra of tuned upstream signals

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

DI curves for bidirectional transmission, and the inset is the schematic diagram of DI

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectra of the upstream signal without and with DI. The 10 GHz-FSR DI transmittance spectra are also depicted. (b) and (c) are captured waveforms after 50-km SMF transmission without and with DI when the modulation pattern is “1101 0010 11”

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Eye diagrams for (a) signals without DI in BtB case, (b) signals without DI after 50-km SMF transmission, (c) signals with DI after 50-km SMF transmission

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) and (b) are the captured waveforms for ONU1, ONU2, and the multiplexed ONU1 and ONU2 with burst mode operation

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) BERs and eye diagrams for downstream signals over 50-km SMF transmission, (b) BER of upstream signals with DI over 25-km SMF, BtB single wavelength and 25-km SMF without DI (c) BERs and eye diagrams for upstream signals over 25-km and 50-km SMF

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparisons of the ER and BER performance for the upstream signals with different chirp management schemes for our proposed schemes

Metrics