Abstract

We have demonstrated that a photoconductive antenna gated with 5-fs ultrashort laser pulses can detect electric field transients of near-infrared pulses at least up to 180 THz. Measured sensitivity spectrum of the antenna shows a good agreement with a simple calculation, demonstrating the promising capability of the antenna to near infrared spectroscopy. Using this setup, near-infrared time-domain spectroscopy and characterization of phase controlled near-infrared pulses are demonstrated. Observed absorption spectrum of a polystyrene film and complex refractive index dispersion of a fused silica plate both agree well with those obtained by the conventional methods.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

E. Matsubara, M. Nagai, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband coherent electric field from far infrared to 200 THz using air plasma induced by 10 fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 011105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1990 (1)

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45, 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Akai, R.

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Alahmed, Z. A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aoki, H.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Apalkov, V.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Araki, T.

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ashida, M.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Matsubara, M. Nagai, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband coherent electric field from far infrared to 200 THz using air plasma induced by 10 fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 011105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Auston, D. H.

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45, 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Azzeer, A. M.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, J. V.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bito, M.

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard, F.

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, A.

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brandt, N. C.

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Cheung, K. P.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45, 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Chiba, H.

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Darrow, J. T.

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dekorsy, T.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Doi, A.

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Drescher, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Ernstorfer, R.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Fiebig, M.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gagnon, J.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gallmann, L.

Gerster, D.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Girard, B.

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grguraš, I.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hassan, M. T.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirori, H.

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M. C.

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Holzner, S.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, B. B.

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Huber, R.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, H. Y.

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Iaconis, C.

Ippen, E. P.

Ito, H.

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kabetani, Y.

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kampfrath, T.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Karpowicz, N.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Katayama, I.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Katsuki, H.

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawayama, I.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

Kienberger, R.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kinjo, R.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klatt, G.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Korbman, M.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kübler, C.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Leitenstorfer, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Luu, T. T.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madelung, O.

O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook (Springer, 2004).
[CrossRef]

Mährlein, S.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matsubara, E.

E. Matsubara, M. Nagai, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband coherent electric field from far infrared to 200 THz using air plasma induced by 10 fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 011105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Matuschek, N.

Meier, C.

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyamoto, K.

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moulet, A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mühlbrandt, S.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Nagai, M.

E. Matsubara, M. Nagai, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband coherent electric field from far infrared to 200 THz using air plasma induced by 10 fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 011105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, K. A.

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ohmori, K.

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paasch-Colberg, T.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Pabst, S.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pashkin, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pervak, V.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reichert, J.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Reider, G. A.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saneyoshi, E.

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Santra, R.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scheu, R.

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

Schiffrin, A.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Schultze, M.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sell, A.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimosato, H.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. R.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45, 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Spielmann, C.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

Stockman, M. I.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

Takeda, J.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tempea, G.

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tilsch, M.

Tonouchi, M.

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrafast Laser Pulses (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Tübel, S.

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Wirth, A.

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, M.

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasui, T.

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, K.-L.

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yokoyama, S.

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. C.

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Matsubara, M. Nagai, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband coherent electric field from far infrared to 200 THz using air plasma induced by 10 fs pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.101, 011105 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (7)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, “Picosecond photoconducting Hertzian dipoles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.45, 284–286 (1984).
[CrossRef]

X. C. Zhang, B. B. Hu, J. T. Darrow, and D. H. Auston, “Generation of femtosecond electromagnetic pulses from semiconductor surfaces,” Appl. Phys. Lett.56, 1011–1013 (1990).
[CrossRef]

T. Yasui, Y. Kabetani, E. Saneyoshi, S. Yokoyama, and T. Araki, “Terahertz frequency comb by multifrequency-heterodyning photoconductive detection for high-accuracy, high-resolution terahertz spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88, 241104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Hoffmann, N. C. Brandt, H. Y. Hwang, K.-L. Yeh, and K. A. Nelson, “Terahertz Kerr effect,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95, 231105 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Kübler, R. Huber, S. Tübel, and A. Leitenstorfer, “Ultrabroadband detection of multi-terahertz field transients with GaSe electro-optic sensors: Approaching the near infrared,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 3360–3362 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Sell, R. Scheu, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Field-resolved detection of phase-locked infrared transients from a compact Er:fiber system tunable between 55 and 107 THz,” Appl. Phys. Lett.93, 251107 (2008).
[CrossRef]

I. Katayama, R. Akai, M. Bito, H. Shimosato, K. Miyamoto, H. Ito, and M. Ashida, “Ultrabroadband terahertz generation using 4-N,N-dimethylamino-4′-N′-methyl-stilbazolium tosylate single crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97, 021105 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

T. Kampfrath, A. Sell, G. Klatt, A. Pashkin, S. Mährlein, T. Dekorsy, M. Wolf, M. Fiebig, A. Leitenstorfer, and R. Huber, “Coherent terahertz control of antiferromagnetic spin waves,” Nat. Photonics5, 31–34 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Schiffrin, T. Paasch-Colberg, N. Karpowicz, V. Apalkov, D. Gerster, S. Mühlbrandt, M. Korbman, J. Reichert, M. Schultze, S. Holzner, J. V. Barth, R. Kienberger, R. Ernstorfer, V. S. Yakovlev, M. I. Stockman, and F. Krausz, “Optical-field-induced current in dielectrics,” Nature493, 70–74 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Exp. (1)

A. Doi, F. Blanchard, H. Hirori, and K. Tanaka, “Near-field THz imaging of free induction decay from a tyrosine crystal,” Opt. Exp.18, 18419–18424 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

I. Katayama, H. Aoki, J. Takeda, H. Shimosato, M. Ashida, R. Kinjo, I. Kawayama, M. Tonouchi, M. Nagai, and K. Tanaka, “Ferroelectric soft mode in a SrTiO3thin film impulsively driven to the anharmonic regime using intense picosecond terahertz pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett.108, 097401 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, “Intense few-cycle laser fields: Frontiers of nonlinear optics,” Rev. Mod. Phys.72, 545–591 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Science (3)

A. Wirth, M. T. Hassan, I. Grguraš, J. Gagnon, A. Moulet, T. T. Luu, S. Pabst, R. Santra, Z. A. Alahmed, A. M. Azzeer, V. S. Yakovlev, V. Pervak, F. Krausz, and E. Goulielmakis, “Synthesized light transients,” Science334, 195–200 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Katsuki, H. Chiba, B. Girard, C. Meier, and K. Ohmori, “Visualizing picometric quantum ripples of ultrafast wave-packet interference,” Science311, 1589–1592 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Drescher, M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, G. Tempea, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, P. B. Corkum, and F. Krausz, “X-ray pulses approaching the attosecond frontier,” Science291, 1923–1927 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrafast Laser Pulses (2000).
[CrossRef]

O. Madelung, Semiconductors: Data Handbook (Springer, 2004).
[CrossRef]

Refractive index database ( http://refractiveindex.info/ ).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Calculated and observed sensitivity spectrum of the photoconductive antenna gated with 5-fs laser pulses. The pink, red and orange curves represent the calculated sensitivity for Gaussian gate pulses with pulse duration of 2 fs, 4 fs, and 5 fs respectively. The blue curve represents the measured sensitivity, and the dotted curve represents the raw spectrum before calibration. (b) Schematic of the experimental setup for ultrabroadband terahertz generation and detection. NCM: negative chirp mirror; BS: beam splitter; WP: wedge pair; PC antenna: photoconductive antenna; PM: parabolic mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Observed waveform of a near-infrared pulse generated from a DAST crystal and detected with a photoconductive antenna. Inset shows a magnification of the oscillatory component. (b) Fourier transform of the obtained waveform. The spectrum extending up to 180 THz can be seen. A sharp absorption due to the CO2 in air is also observed at 70 THz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured electric field waveform transmitted through a polystyrene film with a thickness of 40 μm and the reference waveform. (b) Intensity transmittance spectrum (time domain) calculated from the ratio of Fourier transforms of observed waveforms shown in (a). The result observed using a conventional Fourier transform infrared spectrometer is also shown. (c) The time-frequency image obtained from the windowed Fourier transform of the waveform transmitted through polystyrene film shown in (a). The window function is a Hanning function with a window size of 300 fs, scanned at 10-fs steps. The solid and dotted lines represent the peak positions of the sample and reference time-frequency images, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Time-frequency images obtained from the windowed Fourier transform of observed waveforms transmitted through two fused silica plates, a single fused silica plate, and no fused silica plates. Dotted curves represent the peak positions of the time-frequency images. (b) The corresponding waveforms. Note that each spectrum in (a) and each waveform in (b) are shifted by 2.4 ps per fused silica plate. (c) Obtained complex refractive index dispersion of the fused silica plate. Real and imaginary parts are shown in red and orange dots, respectively. Dashed curve represents the Sellmeier equation for fused silica take from the reference [21].

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

N ( t ) d t I ( t ) n ( t t ) .
J ( T ) d t e μ N ( t T ) E ( t ) .
J ( ω ) e μ N ( ω ) E ( ω ) ,

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