Abstract

In our previous work, we found that there was great potential to improve the pulse-to-pulse signal repeatability using a moderate cylindrical cavity confinement. However, the improvement was achieved only with certain experimental parameters; while under other conditions, there was no improvement or even worse repeatability. In the present work, the experimental configuration was redesigned and unexpected uncertainty from the variation of the laser and cavity alignment and the laser ablated aerosols were avoided. With these two improvements, we demonstrated that the cavity can always increase the signal repeatability. In addition, image taken by ICCD verified that the confinement improved the stability of the plasma morphology as expected.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2012

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Guo, B. Y. Zhang, X. N. He, C. M. Li, Y. S. Zhou, T. Wu, J. B. Park, X. Y. Zeng, and Y. F. Lu, “Optimally enhanced optical emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by combining spatial confinement and dual-pulse irradiation,” Opt. Express20(2), 1436–1443 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, Z. Hou, S. L. Lui, D. Jiang, J. Liu, and Z. Li, “Utilization of moderate cylindrical confinement for precision improvement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy signal,” Opt. Express20(S6), A1011–A1018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

2010

M. Weidman, M. Baudelet, S. Palanco, M. Sigman, P. J. Dagdigian, and M. Richardson, “Nd:YAG-CO2 double-pulse laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic films,” Opt. Express18(1), 259–266 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. D. Zhou, K. X. Li, Q. M. Shen, Q. L. Chen, and J. M. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express18(3), 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser-induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.25(6), 837–848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Yeates and E. T. Kennedy, “Spectroscopic, imaging, and probe diagnostics of laser plasma plumes expanding between confining surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093306–093312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Enhancement of LIBS signal by spatially confining the laser-induced plasma,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.24(5), 602–604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Characterization of laser induced plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy: A review of experiments and methods,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.63(9), 893–916 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2003

R. Hedwig, “Confinement effect in enhancing shock wave plasma generation at low pressure by TEA CO2 laser bombardment on quartz sample,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.58(3), 531–542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Aguilera, J. A.

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Characterization of laser induced plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy: A review of experiments and methods,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.63(9), 893–916 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Allen, S. D.

Aragón, C.

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Characterization of laser induced plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy: A review of experiments and methods,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.63(9), 893–916 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Babushok, V. I.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bai, X. S.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baudelet, M.

Boueri, M.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Z. X.

Chen, Q. L.

Colao, F.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser-induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.25(6), 837–848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Enhancement of LIBS signal by spatially confining the laser-induced plasma,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.24(5), 602–604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Corsi, M.

Cristoforetti, G.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, D. Iriarte, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Effect of laser-induced crater depth in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy emission features,” Appl. Spectrosc.59(7), 853–860 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dagdigian, P. J.

De Giacomo, A.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dell'Aglio, M.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

DeLucia, F. C.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dottery, E. L.

Fang, X.

Fantoni, R.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser-induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.25(6), 837–848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Enhancement of LIBS signal by spatially confining the laser-induced plasma,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.24(5), 602–604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Gorbatenko, A. A.

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gottfried, J. L.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. B.

He, X. N.

Hedwig, R.

R. Hedwig, “Confinement effect in enhancing shock wave plasma generation at low pressure by TEA CO2 laser bombardment on quartz sample,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.58(3), 531–542 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hidalgo, M.

Hou, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Hou, S. L. Lui, D. Jiang, J. Liu, and Z. Li, “Utilization of moderate cylindrical confinement for precision improvement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy signal,” Opt. Express20(S6), A1011–A1018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

Iriarte, D.

Jiang, D.

Kennedy, E. T.

P. Yeates and E. T. Kennedy, “Spectroscopic, imaging, and probe diagnostics of laser plasma plumes expanding between confining surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093306–093312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Killinger, D. K.

Labutin, T. A.

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Legnaioli, S.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, D. Iriarte, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Effect of laser-induced crater depth in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy emission features,” Appl. Spectrosc.59(7), 853–860 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lei, W. Q.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. M.

Li, K.

Li, K. X.

Li, L.

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Hou, S. L. Lui, D. Jiang, J. Liu, and Z. Li, “Utilization of moderate cylindrical confinement for precision improvement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy signal,” Opt. Express20(S6), A1011–A1018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

Long, J. M.

Lu, Y. F.

Lui, S.-

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lui, S. L.

Ma, Q. L.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Miziolek, A. W.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Motto-Ros, V.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Munson, C. A.

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ni, W.

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Omenetto, N.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Palanco, S.

Palleschi, V.

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, D. Iriarte, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Effect of laser-induced crater depth in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy emission features,” Appl. Spectrosc.59(7), 853–860 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J. B.

Popov, A. M.

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser-induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.25(6), 837–848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Enhancement of LIBS signal by spatially confining the laser-induced plasma,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.24(5), 602–604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Qian, H.

Richardson, M.

Salvetti, A.

Shao, J.

Shen, Q. M.

Sigman, M.

Stefano, C.

Tognoni, E.

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Corsi, G. Cristoforetti, M. Hidalgo, D. Iriarte, S. Legnaioli, V. Palleschi, A. Salvetti, and E. Tognoni, “Effect of laser-induced crater depth in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy emission features,” Appl. Spectrosc.59(7), 853–860 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, Z. Hou, S. L. Lui, D. Jiang, J. Liu, and Z. Li, “Utilization of moderate cylindrical confinement for precision improvement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy signal,” Opt. Express20(S6), A1011–A1018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Waterbury, R. D.

Weidman, M.

West, L.

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T.

Xie, P.

Yeates, P.

P. Yeates and E. T. Kennedy, “Spectroscopic, imaging, and probe diagnostics of laser plasma plumes expanding between confining surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093306–093312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yu, J.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, T.

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H. P.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, X. Y.

Zhang, B. Y.

Zheng, L. J.

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, W.

Zhou, W. D.

Zhou, Y. S.

Zorov, N. B.

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Spectrosc.

J. Anal. At. Spectrom.

L. Li, Z. Wang, T. Yuan, Z. Hou, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A simplified spectrum standardization method for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.26(11), 2274–2280 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hou, Z. Wang, S.- Lui, T. Yuan, L. Li, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “Improving data stability and prediction accuracy in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by utilizing a combined atomic and ionic line algorithm,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.28(1), 107–113 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Enhancement of LIBS signal by spatially confining the laser-induced plasma,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.24(5), 602–604 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Popov, F. Colao, and R. Fantoni, “Spatial confinement of laser-induced plasma to enhance LIBS sensitivity for trace elements determination in soils,” J. Anal. At. Spectrom.25(6), 837–848 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Yeates and E. T. Kennedy, “Spectroscopic, imaging, and probe diagnostics of laser plasma plumes expanding between confining surfaces,” J. Appl. Phys.108(9), 093306–093312 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

D. K. Killinger, S. D. Allen, R. D. Waterbury, C. Stefano, and E. L. Dottery, “Enhancement of Nd:YAG LIBS emission of a remote target using a simultaneous CO2 laser pulse,” Opt. Express15(20), 12905–12915 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Weidman, M. Baudelet, S. Palanco, M. Sigman, P. J. Dagdigian, and M. Richardson, “Nd:YAG-CO2 double-pulse laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of organic films,” Opt. Express18(1), 259–266 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. D. Zhou, K. X. Li, Q. M. Shen, Q. L. Chen, and J. M. Long, “Optical emission enhancement using laser ablation combined with fast pulse discharge,” Opt. Express18(3), 2573–2578 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. N. He, W. Hu, C. M. Li, L. B. Guo, and Y. F. Lu, “Generation of high-temperature and low-density plasmas for improved spectral resolutions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,” Opt. Express19(11), 10997–11006 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Guo, W. Hu, B. Y. Zhang, X. N. He, C. M. Li, Y. S. Zhou, Z. X. Cai, X. Y. Zeng, and Y. F. Lu, “Enhancement of optical emission from laser-induced plasmas by combined spatial and magnetic confinement,” Opt. Express19(15), 14067–14075 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. B. Guo, B. Y. Zhang, X. N. He, C. M. Li, Y. S. Zhou, T. Wu, J. B. Park, X. Y. Zeng, and Y. F. Lu, “Optimally enhanced optical emission in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy by combining spatial confinement and dual-pulse irradiation,” Opt. Express20(2), 1436–1443 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, Z. Hou, S. L. Lui, D. Jiang, J. Liu, and Z. Li, “Utilization of moderate cylindrical confinement for precision improvement of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy signal,” Opt. Express20(S6), A1011–A1018 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.

C. Aragón and J. A. Aguilera, “Characterization of laser induced plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy: A review of experiments and methods,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.63(9), 893–916 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Cristoforetti, A. De Giacomo, M. Dell'Aglio, S. Legnaioli, E. Tognoni, V. Palleschi, and N. Omenetto, “Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: Beyond the McWhirter criterion,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 86–95 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Tognoni, G. Cristoforetti, S. Legnaioli, and V. Palleschi, “Calibration-Free Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy: State of the art,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(1), 1–14 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Babushok, F. C. DeLucia, J. L. Gottfried, C. A. Munson, and A. W. Miziolek, “Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.61(9), 999–1014 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Q. L. Ma, V. Motto-Ros, W. Q. Lei, M. Boueri, X. S. Bai, L. J. Zheng, H. P. Zeng, and J. Yu, “Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(11), 896–907 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, L. Li, L. West, Z. Li, and W. Ni, “A spectrum standardization approach for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.68, 58–64 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. B. Zorov, A. A. Gorbatenko, T. A. Labutin, and A. M. Popov, “A review of normalization techniques in analytical atomic spectrometry with laser sampling: From single to multivariate correction,” Spectrochim. Acta, B At. Spectrosc.65(8), 642–657 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Average intensity of C(I)193.09nm varied with the location of the laser spot

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

RSD of C(I) 193.09nm under different laser energy (a) and delay time (b)

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plasma images of cases with and without cavity (delay time 1μs, laser energy 60 mJ/pulse)

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plasma temperature (a,b) and electron density (c,d) under different laser energy (a,c) and delay time (b,d). The error bar represents the standard deviation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 RSD of C(I)193.09nm under different configurations (laser energy = 90 mJ, delay time = 1μs)

Metrics