Abstract

We demonstrate all-fiber hybrid photon-plasmon circuits by integrating Ag nanowires with optical fibers. Relying on near-field coupling, we realize a photon-to-plasmon conversion efficiency up to 92% in a fiber-based nanowire plasmonic probe. Around optical communication band, we assemble an all-fiber resonator and a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) with Q-factor of 6 × 106 and extinction ratio up to 30 dB, respectively. Using the MZI, we demonstrate fiber-compatible plasmonic sensing with high sensitivity and low optical power.

© 2013 OSA

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2012

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(4), 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Liu, Z. P. Li, and H. X. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small8(17), 2641–2646 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt.14(12), 125503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011

H. Wei, Z. X. Wang, X. R. Tian, M. Käll, and H. X. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat Commun2, 387 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-35-8-1160 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. B. Lin, J. P. Guo, and R. G. Lindquist, “Demonstration of an ultra-wideband optical fiber inline polarizer with metal nano-grid on the fiber tip,” Opt. Express17(20), 17849–17854 (2009), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/oe/abstract.cfm?uri=oe-17-20-17849 .
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. W. Chen, V. Sandoghdar, and M. Agio, “Highly efficient interfacing of guided plasmons and photons in nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3756–3761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer single-nanowire optical sensors,” Nano Lett.8(9), 2757–2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

R. Kirchain and L. Kimerling, “A roadmap for nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 303–305 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Alduino and M. Paniccia, “Interconnects: Wiring electronics with light,” Nat. Photonics1(3), 153–155 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Ding, S. R. Andrews, and S. A. Maier, “Internal excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Phys. Rev. A75(6), 063822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance: a comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J.7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: Merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-optic chemical sensors and biosensors,” Anal. Chem.78(12), 3859–3874 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. A. Janunts, K. S. Baghdasaryan, K. V. Nerkararyan, and B. Hecht, “Excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Opt. Commun.253(1–3), 118–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

B. J. Murray, E. C. Walter, and R. M. Penner, “Amine vapor sensing with silver mesowires,” Nano Lett.4(4), 665–670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

Y. G. Sun, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Uniform silver nanowires synthesis by reducing AgNO3 with Ethylene Glycol in the presence of seeds and Poly (Vinyl Pyrrolidone),” Chem. Mater.14(11), 4736–4745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, and E. Brynda, “Novel spectral fiber optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.74(1–3), 106–111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

C. Ronot-Trioli, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Monochromatic excitation of surface plasmon resonance in an optical-fibre refractive-index sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.54(1–3), 589–593 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993

R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1990

N. Takato, T. Kominato, A. Sugita, K. Jinguji, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based integrated optic Mach-Zehnder Multi/Demultiplexer family with channel spacing of 0.01-250 nm,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(6), 1120–1127 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Agio, M.

X. W. Chen, V. Sandoghdar, and M. Agio, “Highly efficient interfacing of guided plasmons and photons in nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3756–3761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aichele, T.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alduino, A.

A. Alduino and M. Paniccia, “Interconnects: Wiring electronics with light,” Nat. Photonics1(3), 153–155 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, S. R.

W. Ding, S. R. Andrews, and S. A. Maier, “Internal excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Phys. Rev. A75(6), 063822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ashcom, J. B.

L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baghdasaryan, K. S.

N. A. Janunts, K. S. Baghdasaryan, K. V. Nerkararyan, and B. Hecht, “Excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Opt. Commun.253(1–3), 118–124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bao, J. M.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barth, M.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, J.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Brynda, E.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, and E. Brynda, “Novel spectral fiber optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.74(1–3), 106–111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. R.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt.14(12), 125503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. W.

X. W. Chen, V. Sandoghdar, and M. Agio, “Highly efficient interfacing of guided plasmons and photons in nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3756–3761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, Y.

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ctyroky, J.

R. Slavik, J. Homola, J. Ctyroky, and E. Brynda, “Novel spectral fiber optic sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.74(1–3), 106–111 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Leon, N. P.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ding, W.

W. Ding, S. R. Andrews, and S. A. Maier, “Internal excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Phys. Rev. A75(6), 063822 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(4), 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duan, J. Y.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dufresne, E. R.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, S.

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gagnaire, H.

C. Ronot-Trioli, A. Trouillet, C. Veillas, and H. Gagnaire, “Monochromatic excitation of surface plasmon resonance in an optical-fibre refractive-index sensor,” Sens. Actuators A Phys.54(1–3), 589–593 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gattass, R. R.

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
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H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
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B. J. Murray, E. C. Walter, and R. M. Penner, “Amine vapor sensing with silver mesowires,” Nano Lett.4(4), 665–670 (2004).
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H. Wei, Z. X. Wang, X. R. Tian, M. Käll, and H. X. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat Commun2, 387 (2011).
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X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
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A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolfbeis, O. S.

O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-optic chemical sensors and biosensors,” Anal. Chem.78(12), 3859–3874 (2006).
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Wu, G. Z.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt.14(12), 125503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. N.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. G. Sun, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Uniform silver nanowires synthesis by reducing AgNO3 with Ethylene Glycol in the presence of seeds and Poly (Vinyl Pyrrolidone),” Chem. Mater.14(11), 4736–4745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, Y. F.

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, J. J.

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H. X.

N. Liu, Z. P. Li, and H. X. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small8(17), 2641–2646 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wei, Z. X. Wang, X. R. Tian, M. Käll, and H. X. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat Commun2, 387 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, J. C.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt.14(12), 125503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xue, C. Y.

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, R. X.

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
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Yang, P. D.

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, Q.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, R.

C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
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Yang, S. M.

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.12(3), 213–220 (1993).
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Yin, X. F.

F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer single-nanowire optical sensors,” Nano Lett.8(9), 2757–2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, Y. D.

Y. G. Sun, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Uniform silver nanowires synthesis by reducing AgNO3 with Ethylene Glycol in the presence of seeds and Poly (Vinyl Pyrrolidone),” Chem. Mater.14(11), 4736–4745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yu, H. K.

Y. G. Ma, X. Y. Li, H. K. Yu, L. M. Tong, Y. Gu, and Q. H. Gong, “Direct measurement of propagation losses in silver nanowires,” Opt. Lett.35(8), 1160–1162 (2010), http://www.opticsinfobase.org/ol/abstract.cfm?uri=ol-35-8-1160 .
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X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y. L.

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer single-nanowire optical sensors,” Nano Lett.8(9), 2757–2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X. N.

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
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C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(4), 041104 (2012).
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Anal. Chem.

O. S. Wolfbeis, “Fiber-optic chemical sensors and biosensors,” Anal. Chem.78(12), 3859–3874 (2006).
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C. H. Dong, X. F. Ren, R. Yang, J. Y. Duan, J. G. Guan, G. C. Guo, and G. P. Guo, “Coupling of light from an optical fiber taper into silver nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett.95(22), 221109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Dong, C. L. Zou, X. F. Ren, G. C. Guo, and F. W. Sun, “In-line high efficient fiber polarizer based on surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100(4), 041104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

Y. G. Sun, Y. D. Yin, B. T. Mayers, T. Herricks, and Y. N. Xia, “Uniform silver nanowires synthesis by reducing AgNO3 with Ethylene Glycol in the presence of seeds and Poly (Vinyl Pyrrolidone),” Chem. Mater.14(11), 4736–4745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.

N. Takato, T. Kominato, A. Sugita, K. Jinguji, H. Toba, and M. Kawachi, “Silica-based integrated optic Mach-Zehnder Multi/Demultiplexer family with channel spacing of 0.01-250 nm,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Comm.8(6), 1120–1127 (1990).
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IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

N. P. de Leon, M. D. Lukin, and H. Park, “Quantum plasmonic circuits,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.18(6), 1781–1791 (2012).
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IEEE Sens. J.

A. K. Sharma, R. Jha, and B. D. Gupta, “Fiber-optic sensors based on surface plasmon resonance: a comprehensive review,” IEEE Sens. J.7(8), 1118–1129 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt.

Q. J. Lu, D. R. Chen, G. Z. Wu, B. J. Peng, and J. C. Xu, “A hybrid plasmonic microresonator with high quality factor and small mode volume,” J. Opt.14(12), 125503 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

Y. F. Xiao, B. B. Li, X. Jiang, X. Y. Hu, Y. Li, and Q. H. Gong, “High quality factor, small mode volume, ring-type plasmonic microresonator on a silver chip,” J. Phys. B43(3), 035402 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett.

B. J. Murray, E. C. Walter, and R. M. Penner, “Amine vapor sensing with silver mesowires,” Nano Lett.4(4), 665–670 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Gu, L. Zhang, X. F. Yin, and L. M. Tong, “Polymer single-nanowire optical sensors,” Nano Lett.8(9), 2757–2761 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Guo, M. Qiu, J. M. Bao, B. J. Wiley, Q. Yang, X. N. Zhang, Y. G. Ma, H. K. Yu, and L. M. Tong, “Direct coupling of plasmonic and photonic nanowires for hybrid nanophotonic components and circuits,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4515–4519 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. N. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Barth, S. Schietinger, S. Fischer, J. Becker, N. Nüsse, T. Aichele, B. Löchel, C. Sönnichsen, and O. Benson, “Nanoassembled plasmonic-photonic hybrid cavity for tailored light-matter coupling,” Nano Lett.10(3), 891–895 (2010).
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X. W. Chen, V. Sandoghdar, and M. Agio, “Highly efficient interfacing of guided plasmons and photons in nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(11), 3756–3761 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat Commun

H. Wei, Z. X. Wang, X. R. Tian, M. Käll, and H. X. Xu, “Cascaded logic gates in nanophotonic plasmon networks,” Nat Commun2, 387 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol.

R. X. Yan, J. H. Park, Y. Choi, C. J. Heo, S. M. Yang, L. P. Lee, and P. D. Yang, “Nanowire-based single-cell endoscopy,” Nat. Nanotechnol.7(3), 191–196 (2011).
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Nat. Photonics

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics1(11), 641–648 (2007).
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R. Kirchain and L. Kimerling, “A roadmap for nanophotonics,” Nat. Photonics1(6), 303–305 (2007).
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A. Alduino and M. Paniccia, “Interconnects: Wiring electronics with light,” Nat. Photonics1(3), 153–155 (2007).
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S. Kawata, Y. Inouye, and P. Verma, “Plasmonics for near-field nano-imaging and superlensing,” Nat. Photonics3(7), 388–394 (2009).
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D. K. Gramotnev and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonics beyond the diffraction limit,” Nat. Photonics4(2), 83–91 (2010).
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Nature

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
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L. M. Tong, R. R. Gattass, J. B. Ashcom, S. L. He, J. Y. Lou, M. Y. Shen, I. Maxwell, and E. Mazur, “Subwavelength-diameter silica wires for low-loss optical wave guiding,” Nature426(6968), 816–819 (2003).
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Opt. Commun.

N. A. Janunts, K. S. Baghdasaryan, K. V. Nerkararyan, and B. Hecht, “Excitation and superfocusing of surface plasmon polaritons on a silver-coated optical fiber tip,” Opt. Commun.253(1–3), 118–124 (2005).
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Opt. Express

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Phys. Rev. A

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H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

R. X. Yan, P. Pausauskie, J. X. Huang, and P. D. Yang, “Direct photonic-plasmonic coupling and routing in single nanowires,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.106(50), 21045–21050 (2009).
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R. C. Jorgenson and S. S. Yee, “A fiber-optic chemical sensor based on surface plasmon resonance,” Sens. Actuators B Chem.12(3), 213–220 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (Basel)

Q. Zhang, C. Y. Xue, Y. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, D. Sun, and J. J. Xiong, “Fiber surface modification technology for fiber-optic localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors,” Sensors (Basel)12(3), 2729–2741 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small

N. Liu, Z. P. Li, and H. X. Xu, “Polarization-dependent study on propagating surface plasmons in silver nanowires launched by a near-field scanning optical fiber tip,” Small8(17), 2641–2646 (2012).
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X. Guo, Y. G. Ma, Y. P. Wang, and L. M. Tong, “Nanowire plasmonic waveguides, circuits and devices,” Laser & Photon. Rev. 2013, doi: .

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