Abstract

This paper proposes a novel 3D constellation-masked method to ensure the physical security in hierarchical optical orthogonal frequency division multiplexing access (OFDMA) system. The 3D constellation masking is executed on the two levels of hierarchical modulation and among different OFDM subcarriers, which is realized by the masking vectors. The Lorenz chaotic model is adopted for the generation of masking vectors in the proposed scheme. A 9.85 Gb/s encrypted hierarchical QAM OFDM signal is successfully demonstrated in the experiment. The performance of illegal optical network unit (ONU) with different masking vectors is also investigated. The proposed method is demonstrated to be secure and efficient against the commonly known attacks in the experiment.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2013

N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012

2011

1949

C. E. Shannon, “Communication theory of secrecy systems,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.28, 656–715 (1949).

Bao, Y.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cao, P.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Chahed, T.

A. Jdidi and T. Chahed, “Joint use of hierarchical modulation and relays in OFDMA networks,” in proc. VTC11, 1–6 (2011).

Chandrasekhar, S.

Chang, G. K.

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Chen, B. W.

Chen, H. Y.

Chow, C. W.

Cvijetic, N.

Dong, T.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Fan, S.

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Giddings, R. P.

Gu, G.

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Hu, X.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Hugues-Salas, E.

Jdidi, A.

A. Jdidi and T. Chahed, “Joint use of hierarchical modulation and relays in OFDMA networks,” in proc. VTC11, 1–6 (2011).

Ji, Y.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Jin, X. Q.

Koonen, A. M. J.

N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lau, A.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, B.

Liu, C.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Liu, X.

Lu, C.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Quinlan, T.

Shannon, C. E.

C. E. Shannon, “Communication theory of secrecy systems,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.28, 656–715 (1949).

Shieh, W.

Sotiropoulos, N.

N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Su, C.

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Tang, J. M.

Waardt, H.

N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Walker, S.

Xin, X.

Ye, C.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Yeh, C. H.

Yi, A.

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Yin, X.

Zhang, L.

L. Zhang, X. Xin, B. Liu, and X. Yin, “Physical secure enhancement in optical OFDMA-PON based on two-dimensional scrambling,” Opt. Express20(26), B32–B37 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Zhu, M.

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

C. E. Shannon, “Communication theory of secrecy systems,” Bell Syst. Tech. J.28, 656–715 (1949).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. Sotiropoulos, A. M. J. Koonen, and H. Waardt, “Next-generation TDM-PON based on multilevel differential modulation,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.25(5), 418–421 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhu, L. Zhang, S. Fan, C. Su, G. Gu, and G. K. Chang, “Efficient delivery of integrated wired and wireless services in UDWDM-RoF-PON coherent access network,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.24(13), 1127–1129 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

Photon. Technol. Lett.

T. Dong, Y. Bao, Y. Ji, A. Lau, Z. Li, and C. Lu, “Bidirectional hybrid OFDM-WDM-PON system for 40-Gb/s downlink and 10-Gb/s uplink transmission using RSOA remodulation,” Photon. Technol. Lett.24(22), 2024–2026 (2012).
[CrossRef]

VTC

A. Jdidi and T. Chahed, “Joint use of hierarchical modulation and relays in OFDMA networks,” in proc. VTC11, 1–6 (2011).

Other

L. Zhang, P. Cao, X. Hu, C. Liu, M. Zhu, A. Yi, C. Ye, Y. Su, and G. K. Chang, “Enhanced multicast performance for a 60-GHz Gigabit wireless service over optical access network based on 16-QAM-OFDM hierarchical modulation,” in Proc. OFC’13, paper OTu3D.1 (2013).

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