Abstract

In this paper, we report on the experimental investigation of the polarization properties of the plasmonic modes along a silver nanowire waveguide on a glass substrate. Two orthogonal polarization light components at the distal end of the nanowire are observed in the far-field. The near-field mapping with a scanning near-field optical microscopic probe exhibiting an in-plane polarization sensitivity reveals the two polarization components of the propagating plasmonic modes along the nanowire.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (3)

2012 (4)

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express20(17), 19006–19015 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, T.-H. Lan, C.-H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun.3, 998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zhang, J. Du, H. Shi, S. Yin, L. Xia, B. Jia, M. Gu, and C. Du, “Three-dimensional nanoscale far-field focusing of radially polarized light by scattering the SPPs with an annular groove,” Opt. Express18(14), 14664–14670 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. R. Encina, E. M. Perassi, and E. A. Coronado, “Near-field enhancement of multipole plasmon resonances in Ag and Au nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4489–4497 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

Allovon, M.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Aussenegg, F. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, K.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barthe, F.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bielefeldt, H.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boccara, A. C.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bourzeix, S.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bruno, A.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cerullo, G.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. D.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Coronado, E. A.

E. R. Encina, E. M. Perassi, and E. A. Coronado, “Near-field enhancement of multipole plasmon resonances in Ag and Au nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4489–4497 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cui, J. M.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ditlbacher, H.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, C. H.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Du, C.

Du, J.

Dufresne, E. R.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duo, L.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Encina, E. R.

E. R. Encina, E. M. Perassi, and E. A. Coronado, “Near-field enhancement of multipole plasmon resonances in Ag and Au nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4489–4497 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fang, Y.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Finazzi, M.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, R.

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Funato, M.

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Q.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gu, M.

Guo, G. C.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, G.-C.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

Hafner, J. H.

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Håkanson, U.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, Z. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hao, F.

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecht, B.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hofer, F.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hohenau, A.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Imura, K.

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Inouye, Y.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jia, B.

Kaneta, A.

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kawakami, Y.

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. K.

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kottmann, J.

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kreibig, U.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Labardi, M.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, T.-H.

X. Li, T.-H. Lan, C.-H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun.3, 998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Q. Li and M. Qiu, “Plasmonic wave propagation in silver nanowires: guiding modes or not?” Opt. Express21(7), 8587–8595 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

X. Li, T.-H. Lan, C.-H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun.3, 998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Licoppe, C.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lim, J. K.

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Link, S.

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A.-P.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Martin, O.

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mersali, B.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mignard, F.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moison, J. M.

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nagahara, T.

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nordlander, P.

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novotny, L.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, H.

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ouyang, Z.

Perassi, E. M.

E. R. Encina, E. M. Perassi, and E. A. Coronado, “Near-field enhancement of multipole plasmon resonances in Ag and Au nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4489–4497 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pikus, Y.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pohl, D. W.

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polli, D.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Powell, C. J.

Pucci, A.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Q. Li and M. Qiu, “Plasmonic wave propagation in silver nanowires: guiding modes or not?” Opt. Express21(7), 8587–8595 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Reed, M. A.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ren, X.-F.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, M.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Routenberg, D. A.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ruggeri, G.

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, A. W.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schultz, S.

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shi, H.

Smith, D.

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Srituravanich, W.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steele, J. M.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, F. W.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sun, F.-W.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Tien, C.-H.

X. Li, T.-H. Lan, C.-H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun.3, 998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tong, L.

Y. Wang, Y. Ma, X. Guo, and L. Tong, “Single-mode plasmonic waveguiding properties of metal nanowires with dielectric substrates,” Opt. Express20(17), 19006–19015 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, D.

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, S.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wei, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wiley, B. J.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xia, L.

Xia, Y.

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xiao, Y. F.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S.

Xiong, X.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Xu, H.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yan, M.

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Y.-X.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, C. L.

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zou, C.-L.

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

S. Lal, J. H. Hafner, N. J. Halas, S. Link, and P. Nordlander, “Noble metal nanowires: from plasmon waveguides to passive and active devices,” Acc. Chem. Res.45(11), 1887–1895 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

C. L. Zou, F. W. Sun, Y. F. Xiao, C. H. Dong, X. D. Chen, J. M. Cui, Q. Gong, Z. F. Han, and G. C. Guo, “Plasmon modes of silver nanowire on a silica substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett.97(18), 183102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Labardi, A. Pucci, G. Ruggeri, G. Cerullo, M. Finazzi, and L. Duo, “Unexpected polarization behavior at the aperture of hollow-pyramid near-field probes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(22), 223112 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Bourzeix, J. M. Moison, F. Mignard, F. Barthe, A. C. Boccara, C. Licoppe, B. Mersali, M. Allovon, and A. Bruno, “Near-field optical imaging of light propagation in semiconductor waveguide structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett.73(8), 1035–1037 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

R. Fujimoto, A. Kaneta, K. Okamoto, M. Funato, and Y. Kawakami, “Interference of the surface plasmon polaritons with an Ag waveguide probed by dual-probe scanning near-field optical microscopy,” Appl. Surf. Sci.258(19), 7372–7376 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. K. Lim, K. Imura, T. Nagahara, S. K. Kim, and H. Okamoto, “Imaging and dispersion relations of surface plasmon modes in silver nanorods by near-field spectroscopy,” Chem. Phys. Lett.412(1-3), 41–45 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Q. Li, S. Wang, Y. Chen, M. Yan, L. Tong, and M. Qiu, “Experimental demonstration of plasmon propagation, coupling, and splitting in silver nanowire at 1550-nm wavelength,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.17(4), 1107–1111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

E. R. Encina, E. M. Perassi, and E. A. Coronado, “Near-field enhancement of multipole plasmon resonances in Ag and Au nanowires,” J. Phys. Chem. A113(16), 4489–4497 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (5)

Y. Fang, Z. Li, Y. Huang, S. Zhang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and H. Xu, “Branched silver nanowires as controllable plasmon routers,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1950–1954 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Bao, Y. Fang, Y. Huang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Correlation between incident and emission polarization in nanowire surface plasmon waveguides,” Nano Lett.10(5), 1831–1835 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Liu, J. M. Steele, W. Srituravanich, Y. Pikus, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Focusing surface plasmons with a plasmonic lens,” Nano Lett.5(9), 1726–1729 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. W. Sanders, D. A. Routenberg, B. J. Wiley, Y. Xia, E. R. Dufresne, and M. A. Reed, “Observation of plasmon propagation, redirection, and fan-out in silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.6(8), 1822–1826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, F. Hao, Y. Huang, Y. Fang, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Directional light emission from propagating surface plasmons of silver nanowires,” Nano Lett.9(12), 4383–4386 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

X. Li, T.-H. Lan, C.-H. Tien, and M. Gu, “Three-dimensional orientation-unlimited polarization encryption by a single optically configured vectorial beam,” Nat. Commun.3, 998 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Kottmann, O. Martin, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, “Plasmon resonances of silver nanowires with a nonregular cross section,” Phys. Rev. B64(23), 235402 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

S. Zhang, H. Wei, K. Bao, U. Håkanson, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, and H. Xu, “Chiral surface plasmon polaritons on metallic nanowires,” Phys. Rev. Lett.107(9), 096801 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ditlbacher, A. Hohenau, D. Wagner, U. Kreibig, M. Rogers, F. Hofer, F. R. Aussenegg, and J. R. Krenn, “Silver nanowires as surface plasmon resonators,” Phys. Rev. Lett.95(25), 257403 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Hecht, H. Bielefeldt, L. Novotny, Y. Inouye, and D. W. Pohl, “Local excitation, scattering, and interference of surface plasmons,” Phys. Rev. Lett.77(9), 1889–1892 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silver nanowires for photonics applications (1)

X. Xiong, C.-L. Zou, X.-F. Ren, A.-P. Liu, Y.-X. Ye, F.-W. Sun, and G.-C. Guo, “Silver nanowires for photonics applications,” Laser & Photo. Rev. doi: (2013).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Pucci, F. Neubrech, J. Aizpurua, T. Cornelius, and M. Chapelle, “Electromagnetic nanowire resonances for field-enhanced spectroscopy,” in One-Dimensional Nanostructures, Z. Wang, ed. (Springer-New York, 2008).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The experimental setup for the far-field and near-field characterization of the polarization components of the plasmonic mode and the schematic illustration of excitation of the Ag NW on a substrate. The incident beam with an electric field, E with an incident wave vector, K and a polarisation angle (θ) is focused on one facet of the Ag NW. (b) Scanning electron microscopy image of the NW. (c) and (d) show the bright and dark spots at the distal end for the parallel and perpendicular incident polarization orientations, respectively (The scale bar is 2µm and the double headed arrows indicate the incident polarization orientation). (e) Emission intensity from the distal end of the NW as a function of the excitation polarization angle (θ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Emission intensity from the distal end of the NW as a function of the analyzer angle for different excitation polarization orientations with respect to the axis of the NW. Plasmonic mode distribution on the Ag NW when the analyzer in front of the CCD detector is (b) parallel and (c) perpendicular to the axis of the NW (The scale bar is 2µm, the double headed arrows indicate the excitation polarization orientation and the dashed arrows indicate the direction of analyzer).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) The intensity of the focal spot of an objective lens by an in-plane polarization sensitive probe as a function of the incident polarization rotation angle. Comparison of the simulated focal spots of a plasmonic lens obtained by COMSOL and experimentally obtained by a polarization sensitive SNOM probe. The SNOM optical images when the preferred polarization sensitive direction of the probe is (b) parallel and (c) perpendicular to the excitation direction. Simulation result of the transverse components (d, e) and the longitudinal component (f) of the plasmonic lens at the focal plane (The scale bar is 350 nm and the two headed arrows indicate the direction of probe sensitivity).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Near-field optical imaging of the propagating plasmonic mode along the Ag NW when the preferred polarization sensitive direction of the SNOM probe is rotated in (a) parallel and (b) perpendicular to the axis of the NW (black dotted line indicates the NW orientation). Simulation result of (c) ׀Ex׀2 and (d) ׀Ey׀2 components of the distribution of the plasmonic mode (The scale bar is 350 nm and the two headed arrows indicate the direction of probe sensitivity).

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